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  • 401.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Idrott och människosyn: (del 2 av 5)2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2017-12-29, p. 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 402.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Idrott på gott och ont: (del 1 av 5)2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2017-12-28, p. 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 403.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Idrotten behöver sina passionerade fans: (del 5 av 5)2018In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 2018-01-04, p. 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 404.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Introduction to the three volumes of Marx's Capital2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 169-171Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 405.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Israel, J /Hermansson, H-E Det nya klassamhället1997In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 6, p. 23-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 406.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Joe Humphreys Foul Play: What’s Wrong with Sports2010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 407.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Johannisson, K Kroppens tunna skal1998In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 1, p. 22-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 408.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Lena Andersson i nyliberalismens garn2016In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 13 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 409.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Liedman, S-E I skuggan av framtiden1998In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 3, p. 21-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 410.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Making Sense of Sports: Fifth Edition Ellis Cashmore Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge2012In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 411.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Marcel Fournier (2013) Émile Durkheim: A biography2013In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 50, no 3/4, p. 353-355Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 412.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Marcel Fournier (2013) Émile Durkheim: A biography. Polity Press: Recension2013In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3-4, p. 353-355Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 413.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Max Weber och kroppens sociologi2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the social body in sociology, represented by the classical sociologist Max Weber. Traditional sociology has not taken the body into account. The body has been considered to belong to the realm of the natural sciences. Sociology has seen the body merely as an instrument or a tool for social action. The mind/body dichotomy, homo duplex, prevails in sociology. The purpose of this investigation is to show that Weber does not totally neglect the social body. I claim that the body is “absent but present” in Weber’s texts. The above-mentioned view that the body is ignored by sociology must, in other words, be modified. I claim that Weber’s texts imply a conception, although rudimentary, of the social body. This conception co-exists, however, with Weber’s tendency to see the body as a natural object. This is in accordance with the general picture of the way sociology treats the body. To examine the question of the social body I turn to philosophy. I believe that some philosophers have been interested in viewing the body as a social rather than a natural object. Plato, René Descartes, Friedrich Nietzsche, Immanuel Kant and finally Maurice Merleau-Ponty have all tried to come to terms with the relationship between the mind and the body. The above-mentioned philosophers, with the exception of Kant, are all therefore concerned with the body as more than simply a biological organism. They try to reconcile the dualistic difference between body and mind. They are, however, mainly concerned with finding a philosophical answer to how mankind can attain knowledge about the object. They are concerned with epistemology and ontology. Sociology, on the other hand, is more concrete and its corresponding concepts are “subject” and “structure”. Sociology fills these concepts with a more non-epistemological and ontological content. He has been described as a subjective sociologist or a micro sociologist, but I claim that this does not give the whole picture. Weber also sees individual intentions and purposes as determined by objective and structural constraints. I divide the works of Weber into two parts. I have named the subjectivist approach “the empowered individual”. Here Weber works at the level of the individual subject. He focuses on the subject’s own experience. The ethically shaped, and therefore systematically self-controlled, body becomes a vehicle for being in the world. The body is subjected to the governing ascetic ethic. The feelings and desires of the body become rationalised into a method and a system. In this way a far-reaching rational discipline is created, a so called “ethical conduct of life is created”. In the writings of Weber the “conduct in life” is described by the concept “habitus”. However, Weber is classical in the sense that he considers habitus as a mental attitude. Other works by Weber include a discussion of the constraining structural surroundings, but Weber prefers to use the concept “life orders” rather than “structures”. Weber describes a number of different life orders which he says form the specific cultural habits adopted by individuals in society. Life orders are the disciplinary apparatus that organize the mind and the body of the individuals. Weber asserts that as a consequence of the power of the life order, a specific everyday habitus of the body and mind is created, i.e. a aesthetic lifestyle.

  • 414.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Max Weber och rationaliseringsformerna2000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 415.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Max Webers verklighetsvetenskap2001Book (Other academic)
  • 416.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Michael Heinrich, Introduktion till de tre volymerna av Marx Kapitalet.2014In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 169-171Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 417.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Mikael Holmqvist, Djursholm: Sveriges ledarsamhälle. Stockholm: Atlantis, 20152016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 3, p. 323-325Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 418.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Peter Craig & Paul Beedie (red) Sport Sociology: Second Edition2014In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224, no 140116Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 419.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Radkau, Joachim (2009) Max Weber. A biography. Polity Press2011In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 71-72Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 420.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Reformism och revolution hänger ihop!2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 22 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 421.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Rob Beamish & Ian Ritchie Fastest, Highest, Strongest: A Critique of High-Performance Sport. 2008In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652–7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 422.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Simskola om klass, kön och kolonialisering2017In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 11 janArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 423.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Socialdemokratin måste se rött igen2016In: Dalademokraten, ISSN 1103-9183, no 29 novArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 424.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Stephen Wagg et al Key Concepts in Sports Studies London: Sage Publications 20092010In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 425.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Sverker Lindström Det stora sveket: Den olympiska rörelsen i diktaturens tjänst.2008In: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 426.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Thavenius, J Den motsägelsefulla bildningen1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 5, p. 24-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 427.
    Alkvist, Lars-Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Theweleit, K Mansfantasier1996In: Tidskriften Folkhögskolan, no 8, p. 23-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 428.
    Allansson, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musikens påverkan på film: En studie i musikens påverkan på tittarens tolkning av en karaktär.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att bidra med en djupare förståelse för hur musik påverkar

    uppfattningen av en karaktär i en film. Uppsatsen jämför resultaten från de som studerar inom

    ämnet musikproduktion med de som studerar inom ämnet bildproduktion på Högskolan

    Dalarna. Den undersökning som har bedrivits var av både kvantitativ och kvalitativ karaktär.

    Deltagarna i undersökningen har fått se en filmsekvens i tre olika versioner. Först utan musik,

    sedan med skräckmusik och avslutningsvis med spänningsmusik. Undersökningen är baserad

    på Johnny Wingstedts teorier om hur vi påverkas av musiken i vår vardag. Beroende på vilken

    musik de fick höra i samband med klippen så påverkades deras uppfattning av både

    karaktären samt handlingen i filmen.

  • 429.
    Allard, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Wedin, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Translanguaging and social justice: The case of education for immigrant persons who are deaf or hard of hearing2017In: New Perspectives on Translanguaging and Education / [ed] Paulsrud, BethAnne; Rosén, Jenny; Straszer, Boglárka; Wedin, Åsa, London: Multilingual Matters, 2017, p. 90-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 430.
    Allard, Matilda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jonsson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i åkeribranschen: Regleringar i en kontroversiell bransch2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a subject which has got a lot of attention during recent years. Demand for businesses to take responsibility for the environment are rising as customers want more information about how companies work with environmental sustainability. It is mandatory since the year 2017 for large companies to disclose this information but for small companies it is still optional. The transport industry has a heavy impact on the environment but is still necessary in modern society, which makes it an interesting industry to study. The purpose of the essay is to examine Swedish transport companies view on sustainability disclosure and how it compares to environmental regulations. The method used in this essay is a qualitative method with four semistructured personal interviews and ten structured telephone interviews.Key findings are that the companies that take part in this essay present sustainability to their customers through reports but not in the financial statement. Sustainability disclosure is not perceived as an issue, environmental regulations such as the new Euroclasses have higher affect on the companies. The most important stakeholders for the companies are the customers, which makes customer relationship valuable.

  • 431.
    Allbris, Dimitri
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsbehov hos anhörigvårdare till demenssjuka patienter2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att klargöra vilka omvårdnadsbehov anhörigvårdare till demenssjuka patienter hade. Vidare avsågs att evidensgradera dessa omvårdnadsbehov hos anhörigvårdare för dementa. Denna undersökning genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie och omfattade en sammanställning av 16 kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Samtliga artiklar granskades efter två granskningsmönster modifierade efter förlagor av Forsberg och Wangström (2003) och Willman, Stoltz och Bahtsevani (2006), en modell för kvalitativa och en för kvantitativa artiklar, om 28 bedömningskriterier vardera. Av 16 artiklar låg 4 till underlag för evidensbedömning av fynd vilande på starkt vetenskapligt underlag, 7 utgjorde stöd för måttligt vetenskapligt underlag och 5 befanns ha otillräcklig vetenskaplig grund för att bidra till bevisvärde för resultatet i denna studie. För att evidensbestämma resultaten användes graderingskriterier enligt Bahtsevani (2008). Huvudresultatet manifesterade anhörigvårdares omvårdnadsbehov inom 3 områden: avlastning för anhörigvårdare, stöd från sjukvårdspersonalens sida samt information om demens. Resultatet hjälper anhörigvårdare att förstå sin situation och sina behov, vilket ökar deras livskvalitet. Resultatet diskuterades utgående från Orems omvårdnadsteoretiska referensram.

  • 432.
    Allwood, Carl Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Barns minnesprestationer i rättsprocessen2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 21-27Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 433.
    Alm, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Jacobsson, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Möjligheter och risker med sponsorsamarbeten: En studie om vad evenemang beaktar när de ingår sponsorsamarbeten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine which possibilities and risks an event consider when

    they are entering a sponsorship agreement. The results show that the possibilities that were

    identified as the main part in a sponsorship agreement for the events included liquid assets or

    services. A second possibility that were identified is the sponsorship activation that the

    sponsor does which can create an additional value for the event towards their participants and

    spectators. A third possibility that was identified in this study was that the brand image

    transfer from the sponsor to the event makes it possible for the event to achieve image related

    advantages. A fourth possibility, which the events are not fully maximizing, is the opportunity

    that comes with co-branding outside the context of the events. The main reason for events to

    enter sponsorship agreements is not primarily to strengthen their brand image, other

    advantages that the event seeks are seen as the main reasons for the events to enter a

    sponsorship agreement. Therefore the events are not fully maximizing the opportunities that

    brand image transfer offers.

    The risks that events recognize in a sponsorship agreement primarily consist of image-related

    risks. A risk is that an undesired brand image transfer may transfer from the sponsor to the

    event and that the events has a hard time to effect any harmful activities that the sponsor may

    do outside of the sponsorship context, which can harm the event by negative associations.

    Events acknowledge the risks in a sponsorship agreements and one of the events in this study

    says that a sponsorship agreement consists of many risks but that they need to take some risks,

    because without any sponsors the event would be very dull. Despite the risks, the events are

    entering sponsorship agreements because the possibilities outweigh the risks they are taking.

    The events in our study was chosen because they are some of the biggest and most wellknown

    events in Sweden that occur at a yearly basis, and additionally because they were

    considered to have knowledge and experiences about the possibilities and risks that comes

    with agreeing sponsorship deals. Qualitative method was the methodological choice of this

    study and we used semi-structured interviews to collect data and to learn about the

    experiences that our respondents had in the area of which possibilities and risks events are

    considering when entering a sponsorship agreement.

  • 434.
    Alm, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Westlund, Gunn
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Besvär hos patienter efter en rectalcanceroperation: En litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 435.
    Alm, Hanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Lindström, Heidi
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hur sjuksköterskor kommunicerar och bemöter patienter med demenssjukdom: en litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor bemöter och kommunicerar med patienter med demenssjukdom. Författarna använde sig utav sökmotorn Elin och databasen Cinahl. Använda sökord var: Dementia, Treatment, Care, Nurse*, Nursing, Communication i olika kombinationer. Till resultatet användes 17 vetenskapliga artiklar som var publicerade mellan år 2000 och 2010 och var engelskspråkiga. Litteraturstudien bestod av elva kvalitativa och sex kvantitativa artiklar. Artiklarnas kvalitet värderades med hjälp av granskningsmallar. Resultatet visade att dåligt bemötande och kommunikation förekom från sjuksköterskor till patienter med demenssjukdom. Sjuksköterskor tilltalade patienter med demenssjukdom på ett infantilt språk och andra ignorerade dem. Metoder och råd kring hur sjuksköterskor kan bemöta och kommunicera med patienter med demenssjukdom fanns. Bland annat framkom att när sjuksköterskor använde sig utav personcentrerad vård ökade både positiv verbal och icke-verbal kommunikation hos patienterna med demenssjukdom. Kommunikationen ökade även när sjuksköterskorna använde sig utav metoden Snozelen, lika så genom att använda sig utav en 12- sidig minnesbok som stöd vid samtal. Stöd och hjälp från sjuksköterskan, främjar kommunikationen för patienter med demenssjukdom.

  • 436.
    Alm-Arvius, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Ädel, Annelie
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Figurative and Non-figurative Aspects of Polysemy in the Word Language2012In: The Stockholm 2012 Metaphor Festival : Table of Contents : Abstracts, 2012, p. 6-7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 437.
    Almgren Almeria, Kristina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete ur enhetschefers perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie genomförd i Falu kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the 1990s, public organizations underwent several major changes that led to unit managers within the municipal activity increased responsibility and authority, making the unit manager role more complex. Reports indicate difficulties in recruiting and retaining managers. Therefore, it is important to examine how the Head of Unit's, work to develop a more attractive job role. An attractive role is created by giving employees good prospects in the job content, job satisfaction and working conditions. The manager’s positon includes three roles of which the employee role of the theory is not especially priority or made visible. The study aims to identify what makes the unit manager’s profession an attractive job, and how it can be developed. In the study, a qualitative research method has been used to achieve a deeper understanding of the Heads of Unit working situation. This has contributed to a hermeneutic approach being chosen, as we strive to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. The study was conducted in the municipality of Falun, where six heads of units in nursing management were interviewed. The result shows that unit managers are satisfied with their work situation and find their work attractive. Factors as diverse as, freedom, problem solving, social contacts, and portions of the recognition belong to the attractive factors. Heads of Unit describe, three development areas to increase the attractiveness. The first relates to the organization as a whole, where weaknesses exist in the communications and planning. Other development area is about the pace of work by personalizing the working groups as well as time for reflection and recuperation. The third development field the unit managers highlight, is the lack of recognition from the organization. Besides the Heads of Unit shortcomings, we have identified a development area to increase the attractiveness. Lack of colleagues to "bounce ideas" means that work is perceived as lonely. To counteract loneliness we can manage group guidance as an alternative, where reflection and feedback is included. The theory indicate that this also leads to increased self-esteem, commitment.

  • 438.
    Almgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Motivation in English language acquisition: English as a foreign language in upper secondary school2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about students’ motivation to learn English and the aim is to find out if their scores on the national test can be correlated with their reported level of motivation. As English has become a global language, it is taught in Swedish school as an obligatory subject. When speaking about learning English, it is common to approach the subject of what motivates students to learn. Theories developed on the subject suggest that there are different kinds of motivation and this thesis focuses on integrative and instrumental motivation and the L2 motivational system, which have been said to be important aspects of motivation. The study was done by handing out a questionnaire to 45 students in an upper secondary school, containing statements and questions about their motivation to learn English, and then comparing their answers with their grades. When analyzing the results, it was found that there is a correlation between the answers to the statements and the students’ scores on the national test. The lower scoring students showed more tendencies to disagree with the statements while the higher scoring students more often agreed. These findings suggest that motivation can have a visible effect on students’ performance in English.

  • 439.
    Almgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Varför grammatik?: Svensklärares attityder till grammatikundervisning Författare: Malin2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie om svensklärares attityd till grammatikundervisning. Jag har undersökt vad några svensklärare på gymnasieskolor i Mellansverige har för uppfattning om grammatik, deras egen grammatikundervisning, och grammatik i styrdokumenten. För att försöka svara på frågeställningarna har sex stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med svensklärare på några olika skolor i området. Intervjuerna har visat att det finns skilda åsikter bland de medverkande lärarna kring frågor om deras egen erfarenhet av grammatik, deras undervisning, grammatikens roll i svenskämnet och styrdokumentens behandling av grammatiken. Det upptäcktes även likheter i, till exempel, deras uppfattningar om grammatikens nytta och det faktum att de flesta var missnöjda med styrdokumenten samt att elevernas förkunskaper när de börjar på gymnasiet inte alltid är tillräckliga. Studiens resultat ger en inblick i några svensklärares attityder till grammatikundervisning, men är inte generaliserbar och speglar inte hur alla svensklärares åsikter ser ut.

  • 440.
    Almgren, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish.
    Älskade och hatade grammatik: En systematisk litteraturstudie kring attityder till grammatikundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s aim is to investigate what research in the field of grammar shows about attitudes toward grammar teaching, and if the grammar teaching in the present time is satisfactory. This study is a systematic literature study and contains database searching to find scientific studies and theses. The result found in this study shows that research in the field is very thin and not updated in the most recent years. The first research question is about attitudes towards grammar teaching, and several of the results show that grammar has a bad reputation and is often perceived as boring and difficult, and that this view of grammar often can correlate to classrooms where traditional grammar teaching is used. Amongst teachers, many of them find grammar hard to justify to their students. The second research question is about how well grammar teaching works in our time. This is difficult to find an answer to since the research is not very extensive in the field, but judging by the negative attitudes towards the subject, there seem to be room for improvement

  • 441.
    Almoussa Alhasan, Abdulhalim
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Svenska i praktiken - med fokus på sfi-elever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med studien är att få kunskap om vad det är som gör att elever som studerar svenska för invandrare (sfi) väljer att gå på praktik. Jag vill också veta hur deras erfarenheter ser ut när det kommer till möjligheten om lärande och interaktion på dessa praktikplatser. Till studien används en kvalitativ metod med samtalsintervjuer som undersökningsmetod. För undersökningen samlas data in från andraspråkselever genom intervjuer. Detta på grund av att i intervjuer finns det möjligheter för deltagarna att relativt fritt kan berätta utifrån de frågorna eller teman som jag har tagit upp. Uppsatsen lyfter fram relationen mellan triangelbegreppen, praktik, lärande och interaktion på praktikplatsen. Informanternas uppfattning visar att det finns en ömsesidig relation mellan de tre begreppen, men systemet kan variera från skola till skola eller praktikplats till praktikplats. Innan att eleverna går på praktik borde de ha en tillräcklig hög nivå i det svenska språket för att möjliggöra och motivera både elever och personal på arbetsplatsen att skapa en interaktiv miljö. Informanterna beskriver hur bristen på svenska på arbetsplatsen kan vara ett hinder för informanternas integration. Detta skiljer sig mellan olika informanter i och med att det finns olika åsikter som beror på elevernas bakgrund och tänkande.

  • 442.
    Almquist, Ylva B
    et al.
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Modin, Bitte
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Popular peers and firstborn siblings are better off2017In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 313-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree’ is an idiom that ultimately is reflected in the reproduction of inequality patterns across generations. Representatives of the child’s own generation, such as siblings and peers, may however play a key role by either reinforcing or counteracting this reproduction. Based on a Stockholm cohort now approaching retirement, we explore whether the inheritance of parents’ misfortunes, here reflected through poverty, varies in strength depending on the cohort members’ position in the sibship or peer group.

  • 443.
    Almqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hammerin, Malin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Intern kontroll: En fallstudie på Trafikverket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internal control is something that’s grown more important for enterprises to keep in mind. The community is increasingly affected by the IT-development which demands a bigger degree of security. Enterprises needs to make sure that their systems are up to date and secure enough to keep it safe from unauthorized to take part of sensitive information. Internal control can exist in a major part of the work. If an enterprise have a goal for no harm or serious injury at work, internal control is necessary to reach that goal.

    The purpose for this essay is to examine how five different departments of Trafikverket practices internal control. How internal control is described. How the guidance from the managements is described and how it reaches the rest of the enterprise. This will lead to a proposal of improvement of the internal control at Trafikverket.

    We focus our frame of reference on the COSO-model and its five components. The components included in the COSO-model are control environment, risk valuation, control activities, information and communication and monitoring.

    The essay is a case-study of Trafikverket. We have chosen a qualitative method and interviewed five respondents from the different departments on Trafikverket. The respondents we interviewed works with internal control in their everyday work or have a god insight in the subject. We used a semi structured interview guide with questions based on the COSO framework.

    The results from our study shows that it exist big variations between how the departments work with internal control. It emerged that there are new guidelines for how the work should be done. This makes it necessary with education to implement the new ways to work. How the departments use the COSO-model varies. Some of them have incorporated the model in their new ways to work others have never heard of it.

    The conclusion of our study shows that the COSO-model and it´s components contribute to a functioning internal control. Implementing the components is important and the most important feature to good internal control is the corporate management. Education within the enterprise is the most effective way to inform the staff about the model and to implement it.

  • 444. Almqvist, Rolf
    Inventering av värmecentraler i Hedemora kommun2000Report (Other academic)
  • 445.
    Almsalati, Hussam
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Life cycle assessment of villas made by Fiskarhedenvillan, comparison between wood and brick facade2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Awareness of climate change has resulted in enormous challenges for developed and

    developing countries. The frightening truth about our environmental situation has led to

    investigations of the causes of these changes and to obstruct these sources gradually but

    quickly. The alarming increase of average temperature of the earth has caused much worry

    around the world. Gas emissions in the atmosphere greatly affect the environment, where

    CO

    2 emissions is one of the most serious factors contributing to the global warming

    potential. As the building sector emits 40% of global energy use and one-third of global

    greenhouse gas emissions, engineers must be educated to choose the best materials that

    lead to reducing CO

    2 emissions. This means selecting materials that have less negative

    impact on the environment and are more “environmentally friendly”.

    This study shows how much CO

    2e emissions are released into the atmosphere from a

    wooden structure villa that consists of two stories, a storage and a garage, with a total area

    of 229.6m2. The results of this case will be compared to a second case, where the external

    wooden siding is replaced with brick veneer. This result of this comparison provides us

    with a guideline in for how the selected materials impact the environment, illuminating the

    importance in choosing the right materials according to their CO

    2e emission levels. In this

    way, the building sector can actively work to reduce the environmental impact.

    To achieve these goals, this study performed via life cycle assessment LCA methodology

    by using the One-Click LCA program. LCA is identified as a technique to assess the

    environmental impact and resources used through a product’s life cycle. This study utilized

    the LCA methodology (cradle to grave), which means starting from the extraction of raw

    materials, to product production, manufacturing, product usage and its end of life. The

    study lifespan was estimated to be 50 years.

    The results of the study verify that the wooden villa is more environmentally friendly than

    the villa made of brick, where carbon dioxide equivalent emission can be reduced to more

    than half by utilizing wood. Implementing the life cycle assessment study to any building

    aids in making the decision to choose the right materials for building according to CO

    2e

    emission. And in this way, the environmental impact caused by the building sector will be

    greatly reduced.

  • 446.
    Almsalati, Hussam
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Life cycle assessment of villasmade by Fiskarhedenvillan, comparison between wood and brick facade2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Awareness of climate change has resulted in enormous challenges for developed and developing countries. The frightening truth about our environmental situation has led to investigations of the causes of these changes and to obstruct these sources gradually but quickly. The alarming increase of average temperature of the earth has caused much worry around the world. Gas emissions in the atmosphere greatly affect the environment, where CO2 emissions is one of the most serious factors contributing to the global warming potential. As the building sector emits 40% of global energy use and one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions, engineers must be educated to choose the best materials that lead to reducing CO2 emissions. This means selecting materials that have less negative impact on the environment and are more “environmentally friendly”.

    This study shows how much CO2e emissions are released into the atmosphere from a wooden structure villa that consists of two stories, a storage and a garage, with a total area of 229.6m2. The results of this case will be compared to a second case, where the external wooden siding is replaced with brick veneer. This result of this comparison provides us with a guideline in for how the selected materials impact the environment, illuminating the importance in choosing the right materials according to their CO2e emission levels. In this way, the building sector can actively work to reduce the environmental impact.

    To achieve these goals, this study performed via life cycle assessment LCA methodology by using the One-Click LCA program. LCA is identified as a technique to assess the environmental impact and resources used through a product’s life cycle. This study utilized the LCA methodology (cradle to grave), which means starting from the extraction of raw materials, to product production, manufacturing, product usage and its end of life. The study lifespan was estimated to be 50 years.

    The results of the study verify that the wooden villa is more environmentally friendly than the villa made of brick, where carbon dioxide equivalent emission can be reduced to more than half by utilizing wood. Implementing the life cycle assessment study to any building aids in making the decision to choose the right materials for building according to CO2e emission. And in this way, the environmental impact caused by the building sector will be greatly reduced.

  • 447.
    Al-Saady, Rahma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Barlari, Yareska
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sociology.
    Det dolda våldet i nära relationer: En kvalitativ studie om hur kvinnor med olika bakgrund resonerar kring och förhåller sig till olika våldsformer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence directed against women, most of which occurs in the form of violence in close relationships, is a reflection of uneven power structure between men and women. Thus violence against women is considered a power exercise, where women's rights and fundamental freedoms are subjected to violation. Violence may contain hidden forms, which occurs when these forms are not named or defined. These forms are rarely involved in physical violence and therefore they remain invisible.

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the knowledge about how women of different backgrounds resonate and define the hidden forms of violence, namely psychological, controlling and sexual violence. In addition, we want to investigate whether the socialization process can affect women's attitude towards the various forms of violence.

    The empirical material consists of individual interviews with six women with different backgrounds. Based on the radical phenomenon and family violence perspective, which constitutes central perspective for this paper, as well as the hermeneutic and thematic analysis method, we have analyzed the empirical data of the study.

    The results show that women's socialization relative to men can be influenced by both the social heritage and social learning. It also appears that the women in some respects have definitional difficulties in some forms of violence. In addition, it appears that women's attitude to different forms of violence is influenced by a number of factors, not least the social heritage, which is a recurring theme in the empirical material.

  • 448.
    Alsaloum, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Karim, Sandy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Transkulturell omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter medolika kulturella bakgrunder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:The aim of this study was to describe how nurses perceive the care of patients withdifferent cultural backgrounds.

    Method:The study conducted as a literature review of 15 scientific articles with qualitative and quantitative approaches.

    Results:The results were presented in threecategories; the categories are communication challenges, challenges in professionalismand the challenge of meeting with relatives.

    Conclusion:It is challenging in many ways to care for patients with different cultural backgrounds. Nurses' lack of knowledge about different cultures and communication barriers in the care relationship can affect health negatively

  • 449.
    Al-Samahiji, Alexander
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy Technology.
    Incorporating Solar Energy Into an Aluminium Smelter’s Energy Mix: A study using Aluminium Bahrain2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was aimed at studying the possibility of integrating solar energy in to an existing aluminium smelter in the Kingdom of Bahrain owned by Aluminium Bahrain (ALBA). The smelter was powered by its own in-house natural gas fed power plants. ALBA was chosen as the subject of the study for of two reasons. Firstly, the power station at ALBA was similar in technology to those powering the national grid. Secondly, the nominal power of ALBA was not dissimilar to that of the national grid. This meant that the techniques and technologies investigated were useful in the context of the national grid as well. A literature review was initially conducted to better understand how the current aluminium smelters work, what the possibilities were for introducing solar energy and what has been done previously. The study used publically available information to deduce the energy consumption of the ALBA smelter on an annual basis. For the year 2011 this was found to be in the order of 15.2TWh when ALBA had 2,249MW of nominal plant capacity installed and had consumed about 132MMBCF of natural gas. With the planned pot-line 6 expansion an additional 1,792MW capacity would be added with the corresponding additional gas use and increased energy output. The completion of pot-line 6, scheduled for Q1 2019, would also make ALBA the world’s largest single-site aluminium smelter.  This energy demand information was then used with PVSyst and System Advisor Model simulation software. The aim was to determine what photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP) energy plants capable of meeting ALBA’s needs would be in terms of power, energy outputs and land usage. Although powering a modern aluminium smelter is possible with today’s solar technology, the area of land required would be very large. It was deduced that using PV fixed tilt arrays, a PV plant of 9.2GWp would be required to deliver the annual energy requirements of ALBA covering a theoretical land area of some 200km2. Utilising CSP plants of central tower and concentric heliostat design would need about 358km2 whereas parabolic trough collector technology would need about 240km2. However a CSP plant utilising linear Fresnel collectors would need about 105km2 of land area. These contiguous land areas are not available in the Kingdom of Bahrain and so alternatives would have to be studied for locating such plants. Another issue would be to find a robust and reliable storage technology to power the plant during the evenings and other times of low solar resource.  It was found that the existing roof areas of ALBA’s pot-lines and cast house would be sufficient to house a PV plant of 6.5MWp utilising standard 250Wp PV modules. This would be larger than the largest plant currently installed in the country which stands at 5MWp developed by Bapco. The plant would produce some 9.7GWh of energy per average year and could be utilised by ALBA. Alternatively, the PV plant could be connected directly to the national grid and thus provide another source of income to ALBA whilst helping in the national drive for harnessing renewable energy. It should be noted that there are more suitable roof areas available at ALBA meaning that the PV plant size could be larger and if more powerful modules are used, the nominal plant capacity would also be increased delivering more annual energy. Due mainly to time constraints, it was not possible to investigate some areas that were highlighted during the course of the study. These included plant costs, energy storage options, modelling and simulating CSP derived heat injection into gas power turbines, water usage requirements and mitigation techniques and the technologies for maintaining the collectors clean and reflective in the harsh desert climate of the country. These are all areas for further work.

  • 450. Al-Sarraj, Razaw
    et al.
    Qie, Weigang
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Statistics.
    Evaluation of variance component estimators based on Henderson's Method2011Report (Other academic)
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