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  • 4051.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    The place of result clauses2005In: 21st Scandinavian Conference in Linguistics, Trondheim, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4052.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    The positioning of result clauses2004In: Ninth Nordic Conference for English Studies, Aarhus, Denmark, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4053.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    The Pragmatics of Marking Community Membership2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4054.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    The Pragmatics of Reduced Forms2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4055.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    The Pragmatics of Reduced Forms in an Internet Community of Practice2014In: Lodz Studies in Language 33: Cognitive and Pragmatics Aspects of Speech Actions / [ed] Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2014, p. 167-183Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4056.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    The Status of Vietnamese English2009In: Higher Seminar in Language and Culture, Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, Sweden, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4057.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Topic- and mode-sensitive interaction strategies: Functions of ellipsis in oral communication2015In: Research in Language, ISSN 1731-7533, E-ISSN 2083-4616, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 334-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we discuss ellipsis as an interactive strategy by analysing the author’s textchat corpus and the VOICE corpus of English as a Lingua Franca. It is found that there were fewer repetitions in the textchat data, and this is explained as a consequence of the textchat mode. Textchat contributions are preserved as long as the chat is active or has been saved, and therefore users can scroll through and review the discussion, compared to the more fleeting nature of oral conversation. As a result, repetition is less necessary. The frequency of other functions identified could be attributed to the topic of discourse. Discussions involve much ellipsis used to develop discourse, although some were self-presentations with repetition used to confirm details. Back-channel support and comments were often low because speakers instead used forms like yeah as supportive utterances.

  • 4058.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Using Metonymic and Reduced Language as Stance Markers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4059.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Using Metonymic and Reduced Language as Stance Markers2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4060.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Views of Net-based Language Learning through Adobe Connect2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4061.
    White, Jonathan
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Where are Result Clauses in English?2005In: Studies in Generative Grammar, ISSN 0167-4331, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 511-532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I discuss where result clauses are positioned in English sentences. A number of factors affect their position. Firstly there are semantic properties such as scope. If these are the only factors, then we have a compositional structure. This turns out not to be the case, since there is c-command test evidence that the finiteness of the result clause is relevant. Infinitival result clauses are attached lower down than finite ones are. However, the degree word and result clause in narrow-scope readings are part of a constituent, with the former selecting the latter. I therefore propose that covert movement is required to explain the c-command data. With wide-scope readings, on the other hand, the degree word and result clause do not form a constituent. A problem arises with how selection holds, and I propose that covert movement is required.

  • 4062.
    White, Jonathan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Messina Dahlberg, Giulia
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköpings Högskola.
    Methodological Challenges and Opportunities of Big/Rich Data in Online Language Learning2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4063.
    Wickström, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Sanctuary- En kvinnlig ledare och vetenskapsman.: En karaktärsanalys av Helen Magnus.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats innehåller en karaktärsanalys av karaktären Helen Magnus med syfte att ta reda på hur hon är gestaltad som vetenskapsman, ledare och kvinnlig protagonist. Helen Magnus är huvudkaraktär i TV-serien Sanctuary (2008 – 2011) och är en stark, drivande kvinna som är ledare över ett stort globalt nätverk. Till min hjälp använde jag mig av två olika teoretiska perspektiv i analysen. Den ena var Jens Eders karaktärsklocka som innehåller fyra olika perspektiv som kan användas i analysen av en karaktär. Karaktärsklockan kom väl till hands vid analysen av Helen Magnus som ledare och kvinnlig protagonist. Det andra teoretiska perspektivet var Eva Flickers olika stereotyper som kvinnliga vetenskapsmän inom film ofta hamnar i. Dessa stereotyper var användbara för att förstå hur Helen Magnus gestaltas som vetenskapsman. Jag ställde Helen emot de olika stereotyperna för att se hur mycket hon stämde överens med dem. Det resultat jag fick ut av det var att hon inte till fullo stämde in på någon av dem. Som vetenskapsman gestaltas hon som passionerad, klok och erfaren. Som ledare och protagonist gestaltas hon som omhändertagande, bestämd och respekterad.

  • 4064.
    Wide, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Fasens påverkan vid inspelning och post-produktion av akustiska trummor: Fasen som medel för att uppnå eftersträvade ljudegenskaper2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det problemområde som denna kandidatuppsats behandlar är fasens påverkan vid inspelning och post-produktion utav akustiska trummor. Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats är att bidra till kunskapsläget inom det ljudtekniska forskningsområdet med praktisk tillämpbar kunskap om fasen som fenomen och dess påverkan vid inspelning och post-produktion utav akustiska trummor. Vidare så ämnar även uppsatsen att problematisera det till synes invanda tankemönstert hos många ljudproducenter och ljudtekniker att fasens påverkan är minimal. En konkretisering utav syftet ledde till följande forskningsfrågor: 1.Hur påverkar fasen ljudet då en beståndsdel i trumsetet är inspelat med fleramikrofoner på nära avstånd? 2.Hur påverkar fasrelationen mellan rumsmikrofoner/överhäng ochnärmikrofoner ljudet? För att finna svar på dessa forskningsfrågor genomfördes ett experiment. Inför detta experiment samlades empiri i form utav inspelade trumspår in. Sedan manipulerades fasförhållandena i efterhand och de effekter som fasen hade på ljudet dokumenterades. Ur det resultat som framställdes utav det genomförda experimentet kan man urskilja flera mönster gällande fasens påverkan vid inspelning och post-produktion utav trummor. Vad detta resultat innebär rent praktiskt för ljud- och musikproducenter är ett underlag för utveckling utav metoder för att uppnå eftersträvade ljudegenskaper i sina produkioner.

  • 4065.
    Wigger, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, German.
    Atemschaukel - Eine thematische und sprachliche Analyse des Romans von Herta Müller in Anlehnung an Beispielen aus der Trümmerliteratur Wolfgang Borcherts2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 4066.
    Wijk, Adam
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Brobergs IF, bandyn och Söderhamn: Förutsättningar och utveckling 1961-19842015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetets syfte är att undersöka vilka mål eller målsättningar bandyföreningen Brobergs IF hade gällande den sportsliga verksamheten och organiseringen omkring denna mellan åren 1961-1984. Materialet som använts till undersökning har hämtats från Brobergs IF:s egna arkiv. I arkivet finns årsberättelser, styrelseprotokoll, korrespondens och ekonomiska redovisningar.

    Resultatet visar att styrelsen i Brobergs IF fokuserade på frågor som handlade om den arena de själva ägde mellan åren 1930-1976 och det var ovanligt att styrelsen diskuterade satsningar som handlade om bandylaget. Under den undersökta perioden ökade föreningens omsättning med mer än det dubbla vilket tyder på att bandyn gick mot en professionaliserad idrott. Undersökningen visar också att Brobergs IF hade ett samarbetet med Söderhamns kommun där kommunen givit bidrag till Brobergs IF, oftast för driften av arenan och i gengäld fick kommunens ungdomar utnyttja arenan.

  • 4067.
    Wijk, Ulrika
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    "We don't want to sit and wait": widow cleansing, stigma and vulnerability in rural Zambia. A case study2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Since HIV /AIDS pandemic hit Africa it has left Africa with millions of widows. Manywidows have to take part in cultural practices such as widow cleansing, that involves differentrituals such sexual cleansing but also symbolic rituals, due to the fear of the dead husband'sspirit. If the widow refuses the cleansing she is stigmatized by the family and society.Furthermore the interpretation of the customary laws after the husbands death lead to loss ofproperty and land that puts the widow, her children and others dependent on her income in avulnerable situation. Most research done on widow cleansing is focusing on the sexualcleansing and the HIV pandemic.The aim of this thesis is to study widow cleansing and the stigmatization and vulnerabilitythat widows face in Lamba society in Zambia. The study is based on the experiences ofwidows belonging to local Baptist churches in Mpongwe district. The study also covers thesewidows' experience of an income-generating project and explores whether and if so howparticipation in the project affected them as stigmatized and vulnerable persons. The studyshows that the widows had been an invisible group and also forgotten by the community andthat economic empowerment of widows did not break the stigmatization of the widows thatwere not cleansed. The study concludes that widow cleansing and the followingstigmatization and vulnerability that widows meet must be studied in relation to local powerstructures.

  • 4068.
    Wik, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    FILMENS NARRATIVA GRAMMATIK: Cohns Visuella narrativa grammatik modifierad för rörliga bilder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den kognitiva forskaren och teoretikern inom tecknade serier, Neil Cohn, har utvecklat en narrativ grammatisk teori som både förklarar hur människan uppfattar tecknade serier och fungerar som ett ramverk för narrativa analyser av serier. Cohn anser att teorin också kan användas för att analysera film. Avsaknaden av en liknande teori för film gör det intressant att testa i vilken utsträckning teorin kan appliceras på rörliga bilder. Uppsatsen har först beskrivit Cohns teori och relevanta skillnader mellan film och tecknade serier. Med dessa skillnader i åtanke har uppsatsen analyserat fem olika filmscener genom Cohns teori. I slutsatsen konstaterades det att teorin går att applicera på film i samma utsträckning som på tecknade serier. Teorin kan användas för att förstå bildernas samverkan och hjälpa regissören i arbetet att få en översikt över filmsekvensernas narrativ. Teorin är också användbar under manusbearbetning, i regi av främst foto och klippning och vid arbetet av bildmanus.

  • 4069.
    Wikberg, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Zorn, två berättelser: En jämförelse mellan filmen Zorn och biografin Emma Zorn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anders Zorn var en av världens främste konstnärer kring sekelskiftet 1900. Han levde ett

    innehållsrikt och hektiskt liv tillsammans med hustrun Emma Zorn. Uppsatsen syftar till att

    jämföra två berättelser om Zorn. Gunnar Hellström gjorde 1994 spelfilmen Zorn som handlar

    om en del ur makarna Zorns liv. Denna film jämförs med Birgitta Sandströms biografi Emma

    Zorn som behandlar samma period som skildras i filmen på ett detaljerat sätt.

    Frågeställningarna som uppsatsen utgår ifrån är: Hur skiljer sig Birgitta Sandströms bild av

    Anders Zorn från den Gunnar Hellström målar upp i sin film Zorn och är det möjligt att peka

    på några speciella aspekter som skiljer sig mer än andra? Samt vad kan skillnaderna mellan

    berättelserna bero på? Syftet är att belysa likheter och skillnader mellan dessa verk för att

    påvisa att det alltid förekommer tolkningar, både av upphovsmannen men också hos

    åskådaren samt att de val upphovsmannen gör har betydelse. Det finns flera delar ur filmen

    som stämmer överens med biografins beskrivning men det finns också stora skillnader.

    Generellt skildras makarna Zorns liv mer dramatiskt och negativt i Hellströms film jämfört

    med i biografin. Det går att peka på framförallt tre aspekter av Zorns liv som skiljer sig mer

    än andra. Dessa är makarna Zorns stormiga förhållande, Zorns oäkta barn och älskarinnor

    samt Emma Zorn som en mycket inaktiv och hemmasittandes person. Det som skiljer sig mest

    mellan filmen och biografin är det sistnämnda.

  • 4070.
    Wike, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Deutsch oder Schwedisch?: Empirische Studie zur Verwendung der Zielsprache im gymnasialen Fremdsprachenunterricht2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By observing and interviewing four certified German teachers this empirical study aims to investigate how and when teachers use German versus Swedish in their German as a second language teaching. The language use was time measured, and it was also investigated in which situations the different languages were used. The findings in this study suggest that there are big differences between the investigated teachers. In the interviews all the teachers stated that their aim was to use German as much as they could while teaching, but the observations in this study show that the half of the investigated teachers act in very different ways in the classrooms in comparison to what they say, and that they use Swedish to a much bigger extent than German. All the teachers mean that it is immensely important that the pupils get to listen to the target language and the general thought is that Swedish should only be used when teaching grammar, but otherwise should German be spoken since the German lessons are the only occasions when the pupils get to listen to the target language. Reasons that are given for the use of Swedish are that it saves time and that there is much more convenient to speak Swedish than German, both for them as teachers as for the pupils who otherwise may have problems in understanding instructions etc. If the pupils have problems in understanding the teachers it also means that there will be a lack of interest in learning German, of which they use Swedish in order to keep up the spirit among the pupils. Surprisingly a teacher who has German as native language use Swedish to a very big extent in this study. She means that she finds it new and strange to use German in Sweden, but also that she finds Swedish as a much more effective language to use in class, and furthermore that the students seem to have something against language teaching, and German in general, which makes it difficult to keep the classes in the target language. To sum up it can be said that the choice of language by the teachers depends on their personalities and thoughts, but also on the Classroom climate in general

  • 4071.
    Wike, Cecilia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Welche Sprache soll man im Fremdsprachunterricht verwenden?: Literaturstudie zur Verwendung der Zielsprache im Fremdsprachenunterricht2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By examining relevant academic literature this essay aims to investigate how and when teachers are supposed to use the target language in their language teaching. Many studies have shown that the target language is the obvious choice in language teaching, whereas other studies have shown that there are big advantages in using the first language instead. In this literature study the data was collected mainly from the databases LIBRIS, Linguistics Collection and ERIC (EBSCO), and thereafter the nine steps model of Polit and Beck (2017, pp. 88–109) was used for identifying relevant data. The findings in this study suggest that there are both pros and cons with using the first language in foreign language teaching. Some of the pros are that there is suggested to be easier to include all the students in the teaching, and that they develop a better understanding when hearing the instructions in their first language. At the same time however, some researchers mean that a mixture of the L1 and the target language can lead to confusion for both the teachers and the students. In this study there is also shown that many teachers hesitate to use the target language in their teaching due to lack of knowledge in their teaching area, a further explanation is that it goes faster and is seen as more effective to hold the teaching in the first language. Even though it is suggested that the first language makes the foreign language teaching easier the most researchers and teachers mean that it is immensely important to hear the target language being spoken, since the students otherwise will find it hard to be motivated to learn a language that they never hear. A method that is being positively spoken upon is Code-switching, which means that the speaker switches between the first language and the target language. This can be seen as a tool that can be used in many different ways in order to include as many students as possible in the language teaching.

  • 4072.
    Wilhelmson, Mika
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Representations of culture in EIL: Cultural representation in Swedish EFL textbooks2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The English language has become an international language and is globally used as a lingua franca. Therefore, there has been a shift in English-language education toward teaching English as an interna-tional language (EIL). Teaching from the EIL paradigm means that English is seen as an international language used in communication by people from different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. As the approach to English-language education changes from the traditional native-speaker, target country context, so does the role of culture within English-language teaching. The aim of this thesis is to in-vestigate and analyse cultural representations in two Swedish EFL textbooks used in upper-secondary school to see how they correspond with the EIL paradigm. This is done by focusing on the geograph-ical origin of the cultural content as well as looking at what kinds of culture are represented in the textbooks. A content analysis of the textbooks is conducted, using Kachru’s Concentric Circles of English as the model for the analysis of the geographical origin. Horibe’s model of the three different kinds of culture in EIL is the model used for coding the second part of the analysis. The results of the analysis show that culture of target countries and "Culture as social custom" dominate the cultural content of the textbook. Thus, although there are some indications that the EIL paradigm has influ-enced the textbooks, the traditional approach to culture in language teaching still prevails in the ana-lysed textbooks. Because of the relatively small sample included in the thesis, further studies need to be conducted in order to make conclusions regarding the Swedish context as a whole.

  • 4073.
    Wilhelmson, Mika
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    What Culture?: Cultural representations in English as a foreign language textbooks2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching the cultural aspect of foreign language education is a complex and sometimes

    difficult task, especially since English has become an international language used in different

    settings and contexts throughout the world. Building on the idea that the spread of

    the English language and its international status in the world has made English an important

    school subject to develop students’ cross-cultural and intercultural awareness, this

    paper has studied what research reveals about the influence this has had on cultural representations

    in English as a Foreign Language (EFL) textbooks. Findings from a systematic

    literature review that analyzed four different international studies on the topic are presented.

    The study showed that EFL textbooks often present stereotypical and overgeneralized

    representations of culture and that the cultural aspect of EFL education is not adequately

    addressed since focus tends to lean towards language proficiency. Results also

    indicated that though steps are made to include cultural representations from different

    international contexts, the target culture of countries where English is the first language

    remains dominant in EFL textbooks. The findings are discussed in correlation with the

    Swedish national curriculum and syllabus.

  • 4074.
    Wilhelmsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Sannarum, Alexandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Musikvideos emotionella påverkan på publiken: En undersökning om hur rörlig bildkan bidra till budskapet i en låt.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay we have chosen to immerse ourselves in music videos and figure out how and if the audience is affected by music videos. If so, how the interaction works when combining two different art forms, which in this case is sound and moving picture. With the help of theory and previous research, we have sought out information on this topic in order to carry out a qualitative study, where we have selected two popular songs to focus on, with associated music videos. The two music videos we decided to use in our survey are, Who You Are with Jessie J (2011) and A Different Way with Dj Snake and Lauv (2017).

  • 4075.
    Wilhelmsson, Lotta
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    De mänskliga rättigheternas framtid: En studie av kritik riktad mot de mänskliga rättigheterna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4076.
    Willebrand Bünger, Kristian
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Comparative Literature.
    ett’ sånt här bakland…: Ett postkolonialistiskt perspektiv på Sara Lidmans Din tjänare hör och Vredens barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4077.
    Wilson, Nicole
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    Ruling Bodies in Feminist Speculative Fiction: Body Politics and Reproductive Rights in The Handmaid’s Tale and The Carhullan Army2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4078.
    Winarve, Fanny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Swedish as Second Language.
    Attityder om modersmålsundervisning i skolan, - några ungdomar i förberedelseklass berättar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats problemställning behandlar attityder till modersmål hos elever i gymnasieålder som

    går i förberedelseklasser. Uppsatsen fokuserar på att ringa in elevernas egna åsikter kring

    modersmålsundervisningen i skolan, vilket också är syftet med undersökningen. Eleverna har svarat

    på varför man deltar, eller varför man valt att inte göra det, om man tycker att man har nytta av sin

    modersmålsundervisning även i andra ämnen och hur man tycker att bemötandet är från andra elever

    och lärare angående att man läser modersmål i skolan. Detta då tidigare forskning visat att

    modersmålsundervisning är betydelsefullt för flerspråkselevers utveckling också inom andra ämnen,

    samt att omgivningens åsikter spelar in om elever väljer att delta i modersmålsundervisning eller inte.

    Studien har gjorts genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer som hållits med tio stycken elever, både med

    elever som läser modersmål i skolan och som inte gör det. Centrala teoretiska begrepp i uppsatsen är

    attityd och identitet. Resultatet visar på flera olika orsaker till varför man läser modersmål och till

    varför man valt bort det. Exempel på detta är att man vill fokusera på att lära sig svenska först och

    för någon finns det inte någon lärare tillgänglig. Resultatet visar också att man finner

    modersmålsundervisningen mer eller mindre viktig och att man inte alltid deltar för att man själv vill.

  • 4079.
    Windahl, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Spanish.
    Las picaduras de abeja: Un análisis retórico del humor en La Colmena de Camilo José Cela2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [es]

    El presente trabajo tiene el objetivo de analizar los rasgos humorísticos y figuras retóricas en La Colmena de Camilo José Cela. La tesina se basa en las teorías de la superioridad, de la descarga, de la incongruencia y las teorías sociológicas y antropológicas según el estudio de José Antonio Llera. Nuestra investigación ha examinado particularmente el humor negro, grotesco y la ironía presente en la obra de Cela. Hemos podido concluir y afirmar que Cela usa el humor y la ironía a través de descripciones grotescas las cuales forman parte de su critica social y como mecanismo de defensa. Hemos establecido que el autor usa el humor para reflejar su propia elección subjetiva de la realidad de la posguerra. Finalmente hemos constatado que el humor es algo añadido lo cual se muestra a través de sus comentarios omniscientes.

  • 4080.
    Windahl, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musikens maskuliniteter: En kvalitativ studie kring könshierarkier i musikbranschen ur ett feministiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen faller inom ämnesområdet musikproduktion, där yrket musikproducent

    studeras ur ett feministiskt perspektiv. Studien utgår från att kvinnliga

    musikproducenter är underrepresenterade i Sverige och att musikproduktion i större

    drag är synonymt med manlighet. Med utgångspunkt av Equalizerprojektet, vars mål är

    att på snabbare sikt göra musikbranschen mer jämställd, syftar den här studien till att

    analysera manliga musikproducenters tankar och upplevelser av branschen.

    Genom en kvalitativ metod har semistrukturerade intervjuer gjorts med fyra verksamma

    manliga musikproducenter under november månad år 2017. Respondenternas

    reflektioner har sedan analyserats utifrån pionjärer inom feminism och

    maskulinitetsforskning. Genom dessa teorier får vi en inblick i komplexa hierarkier, där

    män kategoriseras i underordnade, överordnade och delaktiga maskuliniteter, varpå

    några av dessa maskulina beteenden är med och bidrar till en icke jämställd

    musikbransch.

    Efter studien konstateras att samtliga respondenter tillhör en underordnad maskulinitet

    där de själva anser sig vara besvärade av en dominant manlighet som är starkt rådande

    inom yrket. De upplever att det ger utdelning att anamma samma starka maskulina

    jargong, vilket bidrar till att den dominanta maskuliniteten upprätthålls. Två av

    respondenterna påvisar en stark feministiskt medvetenhet, både på strukturell nivå samt

    individnivå. Resterande respondenter visar en positiv inställning till att musikbranschen

    bör bli mer jämställd, samtidigt som de själva anser att de skulle kunna göra mer för att

    förändra rådande strukturella normer.

  • 4081.
    Winge, Emmelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Livsfrågor- ett mångtydigt begrepp: En litteraturstudie om religionsdidaktisk syn på begreppet livsfrågor och närliggande begrepp2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturstudien undersöker olika forskares tolkningar av begreppet livsfrågor samt närliggande begrepp så som existentiella frågor och livsåskådning. Syftet är att undersöka vad religionsdidaktisk forskning anser att livsfrågor är, och hur man kan koppla dessa tolkningar till läroplanen för grundskolan 2011, utifrån de didaktiska frågorna vad och varför? Detta examensarbete är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie, med en systematisk metod när det kommer till sökningsprocessen, vilket innebär att samla in information från vetenskapliga avhandlingar, rapporter och artiklar som berör det valda området.

    Materialet som valdes ut till denna studie var, Falkevall (2010), Livsfrågor och religionskunskap- en belysning av ett centralt begrepp i svensk religionsdidaktik, Gunnarsson (2009), Livsfrågor och livsåskådning, Grönlien Zetterqvist (2009), En vidlyftig begreppsflora? Närläsning av en sjuttiontalsdialog, samt Axelson (2008), Film och mening- en receptionstudie om spelfilm, filmpublik och existentiella frågor.

    Resultatet är indelat efter forskarnas/författarnas namn. Fokus i resultatet är att redovisa varje forskares/författares tolkningar och resonemang kring begreppet livsfrågor och närliggande begrepp, där framgår det att en del resonemang är likartade men att det finns olika uppfattningar kring begreppen. I den jämförande analysen är fokus på att se likheter och/eller skillnader i författarnas resonemang, vilket visar att tolkningar kan göras för att se mer likheter i forskarnas/ författarnas tankar och resonemang kring begreppen. Diskussionen berör hur kopplingar till läroplanen och dess begreppsflora tolkas med utgångspunkt i den sammanfattande bilden av forskarnas/författarnas bild av begreppen.

  • 4082.
    Winge, Emmelie
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    UNDERVISA OM LIVSFRÅGOR: Livsfrågornas roll i skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att undersöka hur yrkesverksamma lärare i samhällsorienterade ämnen mellan årskurserna 6-9, ser på begreppet livsfrågor samt hur undervisning bedrivs rörande livsfrågor. Undersökningsmetoderna för studien var en enkät som skickades ut till 68 stycken lärare, varav 21 stycken deltog i undersökningen samt intervjuer med tre verksamma lärare. Resultatet visade att de flesta lärarna ansåg att livsfrågor är ett brett begrepp som kan innefatta personliga frågor till mera öppna frågor som berör mer på en gruppnivå i samhället och som kanske är mer beroende av vilken kontext man lever i. Begreppet är starkt knutet enligt de flesta i studien till etik och moral, moraliska ideal, människosyn, värderingar och att försöka förstå hur andra människor lever och tänker. Vad som även blev synligt var att undervisning i ämnet inte sker separat utan blir en del i andra delar inom religionskunskap, men även att livsfrågor inte bara är något som rör bara religionskunskapsämnet utan även de andra samhällsorienterande ämnena. Diskussion är det främsta verktyget lärarna använde sig av i undervisning rörande livsfrågor, men populärkultur är även något man använder sig av liksom läroböcker och internetsidor avsedda för SO-undervisning. En slutsats kan vara att livsfrågor är inget som man undervisar om separat, då undervisningen bör ha ett mål, något att bedöma vilket blir svårt om eleverna enbart ska utgå från sina egna livsfrågor. Därför menar några lärare i studien att livsfrågor blir som en röd tråd som går igenom alla de samhällsorienterande ämnena för att olika synsätt ska bli synliga.

  • 4083.
    Wingkvist, Carl-Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Wladimir Kaminers literarische Welt: Eine Analyse des Buches Militärmusik von Wladimir Kaminer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the narrative style in Wladimir Kaminer´s novel Militärmusik. The focus of the analysis is on the fictionality of the text and the narrator´s perspective. The study also examines how humour is created in the text and the author's selection of topics.

  • 4084.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Exploring knowledge of music in multimodal narrative settings2013In: Multimodalities: Book of abstracts, 2013, p. 14-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Music, used for narrative purposes in multimodal settings such as film, television and computer games is becoming one of the largest sources of musical experience in contemporary society. Although typically experienced on an unconscious and unreflected level, this kind of music actively contributes narrative meaning in multimodal interplay with other representational modes such as moving image, speech and sound effects. It seems that by engaging in social activities such as watching movies and playing computer games, we learn how to make sense of such musical functions, gaining knowledge necessary for interpreting stories multimodally told (Wingstedt, Brändström & Berg, 2010). A study was performed to make available for observation representations of knowledge, what could be described as ‘evidence of learning‘ of musical narrative functions (Wingstedt, 2008; Wingstedt, Brändström & Berg, 2008). A software tool (REMUPP) was designed, where seven musical parameters (semiotic resources of music) could modify musical expression in real time. Twenty-three participants, 12-13 years old, were given the task of designing music to fit different 3D-animated visual settings. They also answered a questionnaire giving information about their musical training and media habits. After each session they were interviewed in a stimulated recall situation, where they commented on their achieved musical expressions. Numerical data from the software was used to analyse textual aspects of the musical expressions, actualising ideational and interpersonal meanings. This was combined with analyses of the interviews and results of the questionnaires. The results indicated clearly expressed knowledge of culturally available musical narrative conventions. Combining analyses of the verbal expressions with the musical expressions contributed to a fuller and more nuanced account of the participants’ expressed musical knowledge. The results showed strong correlations to factors such as the participants’ musical backgrounds and habits of playing computer games and watching movies – highlighting the impact of the increasing availability of narrative media on our attitudes and knowledge.

  • 4085.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Expressing values and attitudes in the advertising jingle through the interplay of music, voice and lyrics2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4086.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    From Phonograph Records to Movies: The recontextualization of pre-existing music into film soundtracks2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4087.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Functions of narrative media music: a multimodal and social semiotic perspective2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4088.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Funktionell analys av musik i film och andra multimodalt berättande gestaltningar2012In: På tal om musikproduktion. Elva bidrag till ett nytt kunskapsområde / [ed] Ternhag, Gunnar; Wingstedt, Johnny, Göteborg: Bo Ejeby Förlag , 2012, p. 160-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4089.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Ideational meaning potentials of narrative media music2012In: 6th International Conference on Multimodality: Abstracts, 2012, p. 130-130Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The question of musical meaning has been controversial and much debated over the years, especially music’s ability to express any kind of ‘content’ or ideational meaning. Wingstedt (2005, 2008) and Wingstedt et al. (2010) have discussed how narrative media music (music in film, computer games etc) can be categorized into six basic narrative functions: the informative, descriptive, emotive, guiding, rhetorical and temporal functions. These can in turn be put in relation to Halliday’s three metafunctions of communicational meaning (ideational, interpersonal, textual). This paper/presentation will discuss how narrative media music can express ideational meanings in defined narrative contexts, in interaction with other modes such as moving image, speech and sound design. The ideational metafunction is the content dimension of communication, representing what goes on in the world, ‘who does what, with or to whom and where’ (Kress et al, 2001:9). In multimodal narrative settings, music will typically contribute ideational meaning by informative and descriptive functions. In performing informative functions, music will often make use of culturally known and recognizable features expressed through different genres or specific musical compositions or performances. Typical examples are how music is used to establish cultural settings, as when playing ‘French music’ when a filmic narrative cuts to a location set in Paris – or using musical style to convey certain time periods or to indicate social events or status. The descriptive functions of narrative media music are akin to programme music, a type of art music attempting to render an extra-musical setting or narrative. This includes setting out to metaphorically describe attributes of physical atmosphere or environment, such as ‘the ocean’, ‘the pastoral’ or ‘the city’ – or by mimetically expressing physical movement, a technique that, when emphasized, is known as Mickey Mousing. Also, expressing mental processes or ‘observed emotions’ (rather than ‘experienced’), can be seen as descriptive functions of music. Musical narrative tools such as the use of leitmotifs (a recurring motif associated with characters, places or ideas of the narrative) will function on both an informative and descriptive level, symbolically representing a specific phenomenon and at the same time describing its attributes. The dramaturgical position of the music as being either diegetic (part of the spatio-temporal world of the story) or non-diegetic will also affect how ideational meaning is manifested. The different functions will be illustrated by using examples from various film scenes.

  • 4090.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    'If You Have Nothing To Say – Sing It!': On the Interplay of Music, Voice and Lyrics in the Advertising Jingle2017In: Music as Multimodal Discourse: Semiotics, Power and Protest / [ed] Lyndon C.S. Way and Simon McKerrell, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017, 1, p. 135-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4091.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    “If you’ve got nothing to say – sing it!”: On the interplay of music, voice and lyrics in the advertising jingle2014In: CADAAD 5: Abstract Book / [ed] Alexandra Fodor, Tamás Eitler, Judit Pethő-Szirmai, Kata Vadai, Beatrix Molnár, Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early days of radio, music has been used to sell goods and establish brand identities (Taylor, 2012). From this, the practice of the advertising jingle has developed. Van Leeuwen (2005:106) states that “discourses consist of a version of social practice plus ideas about it and attitudes to it”. This presentation discusses and exemplifies how ideas and attitudes are expressed by combining music, voice and language in the advertising jingle. In examining discursive aspects of the jingle, different (or additional) factors must be taken into consideration compared with just looking at the spoken word. In combing words and music, each mode individually bears meaning but meaning also emerges from the interweaving of the modes involved (Wingstedt 2008, 2010).

    On a structural level, music will contribute means for time-based constructions different from what is usually found in ‘speech alone’. First, it makes possible repetition of chosen expressions such as product name, slogans or connotative keywords. Furthermore, musical meter, period, rhythm and phrasing provide frameworks for selected language components to achieve salience. An important feature for building brand identity is also how music can be made highly recognizable, often by means of melody.

    Interpersonally, pitch level or direction regulates aspects of engagement, attitude and energy, and connect directly to verbal content, making music perform what van Leeuwen (2005) calls “sound acts”. Metrical regularities or irregularities creates or breaks expectations, which involves and activates the listener. Advantage is also taken of music’s strong ability to express emotions and moods.

    Instrumentation, how music “dress up” (or down), and also musical genres, come with cultural or subcultural associations to attitudes, values and ideologies. Central to the sound of the jingle is the projection of the human voice, which carries both verbal, musical and other sound-specific qualities, as described by van Leeuwen (1999) and Machin (2010). All this, together with musical expression styles and production techniques, are used as means for establishing the “image” of a brand, based on how music can convey discourses on social status or authenticity. In the presentation, recordings are analysed and compared to illustrate how social practices, ideas and attitudes come together in music, voice and language.

  • 4092.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Metafunktioner, dieges och interaktivitet2012In: På tal om musikproduktion. Elva bidrag till ett nytt kunskapsområde / [ed] Ternhag, Gunnar; Wingstedt, Johnny, Göteborg: Bo Ejeby Förlag , 2012, p. 182-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4093.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Music as a carrier of values, attitudes and ideologies in advertising: a multimodal discourse analysis2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4094.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Musik som medel för att uttrycka värderingar, attityder och ideologier2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4095.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Resources of mediated voice quality in providing a sense of presence in online learning situations.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4096.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Tecken på lärande om musikens berättande funktioner i multimodala kontexter2015In: Abstracts Mirac 2015 / [ed] Thomas Florén, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4097.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The Aesthetic Potential of Vocal Sound in Online Learning Situations2018In: Multimodality and Aesthetics / [ed] Elise Seip Tønnessen & Frida Forsgren, London and New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 186-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4098.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    The potential of sound to provide a sense of presence in online learning situations2014In: Next Generation Learning Conference, NGL 2014, March 19–20 2014, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: Book of Abstract, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2014, p. 53-53Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary society, important activities of our daily lives are increasingly audiovisually mediated such as in film, television, games, advertising etc. In these activities, principles for storytelling and communication are used, building on socially developed conventions (Wingstedt, 2008). The voice (dialogue or voice over) in audiovisual modes of communication is often used as a resource for contributing a sense of presence, engagement, identification and immersion. This paper presents the design and preliminary results of a pilot study, where the purpose was to investigate how narrative principles for audiovisual storytelling can be applied to online learning environments. Focus is primarily on how resources for mediating the human voice can contribute to a sense of presence and immersion in the learning situation. Theories of Multimodality (Kress, 2010) and Social semiotics (van Leeuwen, 1999, 2005, and others) are used as a point of departure. In using Halliday’s (1978) three metafunctions of communication as a model – describing communicational meaning as being ideational (content), interpersonal (interaction) and textual (structure) – this study focuses on how interpersonal meaning is realized through the mode of sound.  Empirical data was collected in two kinds of online learning situations: 1) Japanese language lessons, performed in real time, and; 2) recorded lectures in the course Analysis of music productions (in the Music- and sound design programme). As one important purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity of the research method, it was decided to include these two disparate but common forms of online teaching/learning. In all, 16 lessons were evaluated. Half of the lessons were carried on “as usual”, using standard technical solutions for sound production and transmission. The other half of the lessons were “produced”, where aspects such as frequency range, sound level, noise, pitch and proximity were treated using professional audio technology and methods. The preferred sound ideal was not necessarily ”naturalism” but rather the heightened sense of ”hyper realism” often heard in film, where the voice sound is used to achieve a sense of immersion, continuity and presence. Each of the 16 lessons was followed by an online survey, where the students rated different communicational aspects of the session. In all, 147 individual surveys were collected. The preliminary results of these surveys will be presented, and an evaluation of different aspects of the research methodology will be discussed. 

  • 4099.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production. Department of music and media, Luleå University of Technology.
    Brändström, Sture
    Berg, Jan
    Making meaning of media music: expressions of knowledge about musical narrative functionsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 4100.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Florén, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    Ickeverbal kommunikation i studio2016Conference paper (Refereed)
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