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  • 4501. Ågerfalk, Pär J
    et al.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Pragmatization of Conceptual Modelling2002In: Proceedings of the Xth European Conference of Information Systems, Gdansk Polen, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4502.
    Ågren, Simon
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Produktion av marknadsförings- och korrespondensmaterial för DUCIS2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The report describes the production of graphic correspondence and marketing material for DUCIS (Dalarna University Centre for Irish Studies). A logotype symbol is created on the basis of an element from the Celtic art, and a graphic material that harmonies with this ideal of style is built around the symbol. A unique visiting card, correspondence card and letterhead is produced to strengthen the identity of DUCIS outwards. The work proceeds with an international education folder which is an important element in the marketing work for the MA-education which starts in the autumn of 2003. Two posters, one for the opening of DUCIS in may 2003 and one for a conference in 2004, are produced. Finally, a redesign of the book cover for NIS, Nordic Irish Studies, is carried out. The report describes the working process consisting of meetings, practical work and other elements within the process. The conclusion is that the work has been quite successful and that this, to a large extent, depended on an engaged and supporting commissioner. The commissioner also is very satisfi ed with the results. The in-depth studies of the project is about the art and design of the Celtic culture throughout history. The text gives an account for the history and expressions of Celtic art from its birth, 2800 years ago, until its death in 13th century Ireland and Scotland. Special attention is payed to the golden age of Christian Celtic art on the british islands, the era from which the pattern of the DUCIS logotype originates.

  • 4503.
    Åhnström, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Place marketing in small Swedish municipalities: A case study of Avesta municipality2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Kotler et al (1999) tell that places are facing some major challenges: the globalization, the urban evolution, a growing competition of attracting scarce resources and that places have to rely on their own local resources to face the growing competition. Due to these factors it is getting harder for places to retain and attract residents, especially for smaller places. But Hospers (2011) tells that communities and cities undertake place marketing in order to fight these challenges and to be attractive for both existing and potential residents.

    Purpose: The aim of this research is to find out how small Swedish municipalities promote themselves in order to retain and attract residents.

    Method: A case study strategy with a semi-structured interview and documentary secondary data as data collection methods.

    Findings: It is beneficial for small Swedish municipalities to promote unique and realistic characteristics as they want to be identified with and to promote existing residents in promotion campaigns in order to display that the municipality value the residents. Furthermore, it is also beneficial for small Swedish municipalities to promote a well thought through place brand that builds on a set of characteristics that form a place’s brand identity. However, promotion of the place brand and unique and realistic characteristics together with the reputation of an area create images of a place. In order to create a good reputation of a place existing residents must be satisfied as they can be seen as ambassadors for the municipality and spread a good word-of-mouth to potential residents.

  • 4504.
    Åkerblom, Leif
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Tourist Information Systems based on Trail Network Information2003In: ENTER2003, Helsinki, Finland, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4505.
    Åkerlund, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Användbarhetstester i ERP-system: för ökad användbarhet efter konfigurering2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business system or ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is moving toward developing into so -called global systems. The systems’ functionality should be adapted to the businesses’ and users’ needs. Thus the notion of usability becomes essential.

    Usability of ERP systems is a limited research area. At the same time, it is widely known that ERP-systems’ user interface is a complex issue, which affects usability in a negative way for the users. To investigate the usefulness of usability testing methods can be applied. This was also something that was implemented in the current study when SSAB EMEA wanted to test the user interface usability of the new ERP system that is planned to be implemented soon.

    The study's research questions were: How experienced ERP system users its usefulness? and, How can usability tests be helpful in the configuration of the user interface of an ERP system?. The purpose of this study was to create a deeper understanding of how usability testing can be helpful before configuring the user interface of an ERP system, so that users perceive it useful. A case study was conducted through group interviews and usability tests, where ten users participated.

    The results were analyzed and presented using five usability criteria for ERP systems. Firstly, Navigation shows that users felt the system navigator with folder structure as difficult while shortcuts in the form of icons and links were seen as something positive. Learnability shows that users experienced in the previous system IFS7 found it easy to learn the new system IFS8. Users who lacked previous experience, however, experienced problems and frustration when the system required no obvious commands to perform tasks. Following guidance, also these users experienced that the system was easy to learn. Presentation shows that all the users were positive about the possibility of adapting the user interface along their own work role and how their selves operate. The system's adaptation to the users and the business, Customization, shows that the users were positive towards the system shortcuts in the form of icons and links to activities. Additionally, the users were positive about the prefilled data which were based on the logged in user. Finally, the Task support shows that users requested help functions that already existed in the system, but that was not noticed by the users.

    The implications of the study come to create a deeper understanding of usability in IFS8. This helps to SSAB EMEA, can configure the user interface for enhanced usability. In addition, the study indicates that users are in need of an organized training in the system before it is deployed, in order to enable them to conduct their activities in a satisfactory manner.

  • 4506.
    Åkerman, Hampus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Larsson, Eric
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Lipton - Det smarta trähuset: Energieffektivisering av Dalahus lägenhetskomplex i trä2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Earth's climate is affecting all countries and Sweden is no exception. With agrowing global environmental problem everyone needs to contribute to change.The project's contribution to the environment is to show how energyconsumption of a multi-family apartment block can be reduced. By calculatingUm for the house Lipton's current building envelope and identify the parts whereimprovements could be made, and compile the elements of design which aremost promising for improving the building envelope. Technical measures witch isnot directly related to the building envelope, such as demand controlledventilation, electrically efficient fans and other energy-smart solutions will beutilized to reduce Lipton specific energy consumption.Buildings lose heat through the building envelope but by harnessing the sun'senergy, think carefully about the building's placement, increase insulationthickness and use smart ventilation solutions, the project aims to reduce thehouse Liptons specific energy consumption to at least half of Boverkets energydemands in 2014 for new buildings in climate zone 2 which is set to110 kWh/m2 year.To calculate the specific energy consumption in use phase, a simple calculationprogram, TMF-Energy 2.3, will be used. In the project, the heating system,water/sewer and use of household energy is not to be included.The original design of the house Lipton has a specific energy consumption of56.9 kWh/m2 year which is relatively low and almost half of Boverkets energyrequirementsThe energy consumption of Lipton will be decreased by:• Improving Um for Lipton's building envelope.• Using a double-shell technology.Högskolan Dalarna• Plan where the house is located for favorable outer conditions• Using demand-controlled ventilation with energy efficient fans

  • 4507.
    Åkerström, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Blomqvist, Andreas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Tillbyggnad av miljonprogramsvilla: Olika tillbyggnader anpassade för miljonprogramsvillor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many villas built under the "miljonprogram" is in need of extension due to being too narrow in addition of being worn out. For this reason, many families chose to move out of these villas in favor of buying a bigger and more modern house. This means that the "miljonprogram" villas are in need of refurbishment to not lose too much value and popularity. Refurbishment of these villas can be done in many ways. One being a extension of the house, changing the truss or just a flat overall refurbishment. The method varies depending on the build of the house, as most if not all houses are constucted in different ways. A purpose of this report is to present a variety of how these villas can be rebuilt in favor of higher standards and a bigger living area. Various proposals will be presented where each development is made in different ways. Another purpose of the report is to compile the material costs for the various additions.

    This is done in order to gain an economic perception of the various additions and which add-on option is most economically sustainable

    The test object used in the report is stationed in Falun. The building is a typical miljonprograms villa with a pitched roof. The façade material for the villa consists of non-bearing façade pointers. The various additions to the project are based on the test object's original drawings. The new blueprints for the villa is drawn in the architectureprogram Revit.

    In the results section, various supplementary proposals are presented and finally an economic comparison is made.

    This is made to get an economic view of the various additions proposed in this report. Where the prices are compared in SEK per square meter.

    The discussion section discusses, among other things, the various additions suggested earlier.

    How the surfaces of the test object are trying to be preserved and the though process behind the new additions.

    Finally, economic aspects are discussed in the results part of the report. Four different conclusions are included in the report.

    One conclusion is that a mansard chair creates many new surfaces upstairs, and that it is also economically advantageous from a material cost perspective.

  • 4508.
    Åkeson, Lina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Mattsson, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Vitpunktsförskjutningens påverkan på ICC-profiler vid användande av optiska vitmedel2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The connection between fluorescence and color management still is a relatively unexplored area. The following composition analyses the theory that when printing on fluorescent ink jet paper using ICCprofiles a more yellow print will appear. In theory the ICC-profile compensate for blue light that fluoresce from the paper with the complementary color, yellow. The human eye apprehands this fluorescent light as white. When categorizing a number of ink jet qualities some tests to indicate change of color in the final print were made. Five qualities were chosen for further analyses, each with different white point. The TC3.5CMYK target was prined on an ink jet printer and measured with different filters for the measurement equipment, GretagMacbeth Spectrolino. U- and UV-filters were used during the testings. From the measurement data ICC-profiles were made to make it possible to watch how the profiles compensate for the blue change of color that appeared in the data. Although a distinct change of color into blue were discernible in the measured data there is no evident proof that this cause a final print that is more yellow. Other conclusions and results are to be read at the end of this composition.

  • 4509.
    Åkesson, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic/Arts Technology.
    Troubleshooting med avseende på avsättningar på gummiduk, Bobergs tryckeri AB2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bobergs printing house in Falun has during some time had problems regarding deposits on blankets in theirs Müller Martini UV-printing presses. Deposits appear in both image areas and non-image areas. These areas have been analyzed and the deposits on non-image areas contain chalk, clay and talc. The question remains how these material bond to the blanket surface. The chalk and clay comes from the paper. The talc comes from the ink. Deposits from image areas contain pigment and talc from the printing ink. The dampening water has also been analyzed. The result shows some sort of problem with the hardness regulator for the clean water. The pH-level should be increased a few steps.

  • 4510.
    Ålander, Atte
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Electricity Supply Solutions for an Educational Center in Tanzania2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate electricity supply solutions for an educationalcenter that is being built in Chonyonyo Tanzania. Off-grid power generation solutions andfurther optimization possibilities were studied for the case.The study was done for Engineers Without Borders in Sweden. Who are working withMavuno Project on the educational center. The school is set to start operating in year 2015with 40 girl students in the beginning. The educational center will help to improve genderequality by offering high quality education in a safe environment for girls in rural area.It is important for the system to be economically and environmentally sustainable. Thearea has great potential for photovoltaic power generation. Thus PV was considered as theprimary power generation and a diesel generator as a reliable backup. The system sizeoptimization was done with HOMER. For the simulations HOMER required componentdata, weather data and load data. Common components were chose with standardproperties, the loads were based on load estimations from year 2011 and the weather datawas acquired from NASA database. The system size optimization result for this base casewas a system with 26 kW PW; 5.5 kW diesel generator, 15 kW converter and 112 T-105batteries. The initial cost of the system was 55 875 €, the total net present cost 92 121 €and the levelized cost of electricity 0.264 €/kWh.In addition three optimization possibilities were studied. First it was studied how thesystem should be designed and how it would affect the system size to have night loads(security lights) use DC and could the system then be extended in blocks. As a result it wasfound out that the system size could be decreased as the inverter losses would be avoided.Also the system extension in blocks was found to be possible. The second study was aboutinverter stacking where multiple inverters can work as one unit. This type of connectionallows only the required number of inverters to run while shutting down the excess ones.This would allow the converter-unit to run with higher efficiency and lower powerconsumption could be achieved. In future with higher loads the system could be easilyextendable by connecting more inverters either in parallel or series depending on what isneeded. Multiple inverters would also offer higher reliability than using one centralizedinverter. The third study examined how the choice of location for a centralized powergeneration affects the cable sizing for the system. As a result it was found that centralizedpower generation should be located close to high loads in order to avoid long runs of thickcables. Future loads should also be considered when choosing the location. For theeducational center the potential locations for centralized power generation were found outto be close to the school buildings and close to the dormitories.

  • 4511.
    Ålund, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Östlin, Sarah
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Hållbar konsumtion i livsmedelsbutiker: En undersökning om kundens förutsättningar för hållbara val2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The Swedes overuse the resources of the world in a rapid pace. Consumption must be more sustainable if future generations are to have a good future. Victuals have a major impact on the environment, therefore food consumption is an important part of the work on sustainable con-sumption. Here, food chains together with customers have the potential to contribute to sustain-able consumption. If the customer is to be able to act sustainably, the conditions must be offered in a market. There are no studies about the customer's prerequisites for sustainable choices in different consumer markets.Purpose The purpose of the study is to account for the customer's ability to make sustainable choices in grocery stores.Method The study is based on a qualitative method for data collection. In this study, an investigation has been conducted in all food stores in Falun to collect data about the customer's conditions for making sustainable choices. The factors investigated are communication, product range and price in selected product categories. The empiric has been sorted and categorized and then dis-cussed in relation to the theory.Conclusion The conclusion we reached through our study shows that there are opportunities for the cus-tomer to make sustainable choices in grocery stores. Since the world's resources are insufficient in the way people live and consume today, an important issue is to communicate the value of choosing sustainable products as widely as possible and this is a sustainability work that must be done collectively.

  • 4512.
    Ångström, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Karlsson, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Materials Technology.
    Studie av fasomvandlingar vid värmebehandling av bi-metallblad i kontinuerlig process2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Håkansson Sågblad manufactures saw blades for metal cutting. The saw blades are of the bimetal type, which means they are build with one part of hot worked steel and one part of high speed steel. Håkansson have invested in a new production line for a quicker tempering, the line is still under optimization.

    The aim of this work is to determine phase transformations in the high speed steel in the tooth tip during heat treatment. There should also be a suggestion for adjusting temperatures and speed during tempering of the saw blades. To meet the aim some samples from both the old and the new producing line were made and studied, focusing on the high speed steel in the tooth tip. The samples was studied in microscope and the hardness tested. The samples showed a structure of martensite, rest austenite and carbides, in different fractions for different samples. Hardness varies from 920 to 970 HV, which was in the expected range. Samples from the new line showed a higher fraction of rest austenite than other samples. Rest austenite will increase the hardness in further tempering.

    Therefore temperature in tempering furnaces should be higher or the temperature in the preheating assembly should be higher. To avoid a high fraction of rest austenite in finished saw blades.

  • 4513.
    Åsberg, Jimmy
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Analys av SCA Ortvikens massafabrik gällande totala utrustningseffektiviteten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about the pulp´s implements, a system for measuring their overall equipment efficiency at the plants. This is called OEE-measurement system where the input parameters are availability, plant utilization and quality. Today Ortviken got a problem whit that there is no good way to measure the pulp´s availability and plant utilization of the equipment included in the facility. When it comes to their quality measurement, it is the one they've come along and is considered a good and working method to keep track of the quality. In this report I will bring forward a proposal on how the pulp mill can break down their measurements on individual devices. This proposal will provide a basis for the pulp mill, better able to more quickly find faults that exist out there in the plant and where they can find measures that improve the lot of the plant's total equipment efficiency

  • 4514.
    Åsén, Emil
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Effekten av elektronisk Word of Mouth inom ett onlineforum2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe how electronic Word of Mouth within an online forum influence visitors purchase decision. Previous studies about electronic Word of Mouth within online forums have focused on identifying potential factors that can influence visitors purchasing decisions. But they have not investigated visitors own perception of the effect of electronic Word of Mouth. Therefore there is a knowledge gap for this study to explore. A survey was made available to visitors of an online forum. The online forum that was chosen is called Swedroid and has a focus on consumer electronics. The information about products available in the online forum is classified as electronic Word of Mouth. The results from the survey show that a clear majority of respondents believe that the online forum contains relevant product information, which can be used to support a purchase choice. However, a lower proportion of the information in the forum is considered a decisive factor in purchasing. The analysis show two possible reasons behind this. The information that repsondent have come in contact with could be insufficient for making a purchase decision. Or information may have been negative, which causes the visitor to not buy the product. The conclusion is that electronic Word of Mouth within an online forum influences visitors purchasing choices by visitors getting in contact with credible and relevant information, but its effect on purchasing choices is influenced by the content of the information.

  • 4515.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Aktiviteter och lärande för attraktivt arbete: utvecklingsprocesser inom verkstadsindustrin2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingsarbetet utgår från ett nätverk av mindre verkstadsföretag som under mer än fem års tid varit engagerade i utvecklingsprocesser för att skapa mer attraktiva arbeten. Arbetet har genomförts inom ramen för att…-projektet i samverkan mellan Högskolan Dalarna och Arbetslivsinstitutet. Det övergripande syftet är att utveckla kunskap om och förståelse för utvecklingsprocesser med utgångspunkt i att skapa mer attraktivt arbete. Särskilt intresse ägnas åt hur dynamiken i utvecklingsprocesserna kan analyseras utifrån ett lärandeperspektiv. Ett resonemang förs om utvecklingsprocessernas karaktär och om egenskaper i arbetets attraktivitet. Ansatsen kan beskrivas som interaktiv forskning med tät interaktion med praktiker i verkstadsföretag och i lokalt utvecklingsarbete. Metodansatsen är aktions-, och processorienterad. Attraktivt arbete ses som ett processuellt begrepp, dvs ett strävansmål utifrån individers upplevelser, vilka är stadda under förändring. En distinktion görs mellan en skalbetonad (tilldragande) och en innehållsbetonad (behållande) egenskap. Avhandlingen baseras på fyra delstudier. Utifrån tidigare forskning och eget material skapas en analysram över utvecklingsprocessers dynamik avseende aktivitetsnivåer och lärdimensioner. Processer kan ut¬ifrån ramen karaktäriseras som ställföreträdande förändring, skalförändrande utveckling, temporärt förändrande utveckling eller reflektiv utveckling. Faktaunderlag och diskussioner har i en spegelmetod utgjort grund för företagens reflektion om interna och externa förhållanden. Aktiviteter för att skapa attraktiva arbeten har skett på diagnos-, intentions-, och handlingsnivå. Analysramen tillämpas på dels utvecklingsprocesser inom fem verkstadsföretag, dels lokalt utvecklingsarbetet för mer attraktiv industriutbildning.

  • 4516.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Bildredigering som stöd vid arbetsmiljöarbetet.: beskrivning av en metod med Moveit-egenskaper.2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Åteg M, Andersson I-M. (2007) Bildredigering som stöd vid arbetsmiljöarbetet – Beskrivning av en metod med Moveit-egenskaper. Arbetslivsrapport 2007:15. Rapporten utgår från forskningsområdet ”Hur kan och bör arbetsmiljöarbete bedrivas och integreras i organisationers kärnverksamhet?” vid tema SMARTA, Arbetslivsinstitutet. I ett tidigare arbete har ett antal egenskaper hos metoder identifierats som viktiga för motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete, s.k. Moveit-egenskaper. Syftet är att beskriva en metod – Bildredigering – för användning av redigering av bilder som ett hjälpmedel i, och för att skapa ökad motivation för, arbetsmiljöarbete. Den ansats som användningen av metoden bygger på utgår från en hög grad av interaktion med personalen på den aktuella arbetsplatsen eller motsvarande. Denna arbetsform har tidigare beskrivits som konsultativ. Metoden Bildredigering beskrivs ingående, med särskild betoning på hur man praktiskt går till väga för att redigera bilder så att de kan utgöra ett stöd i arbetsmiljöarbetet och samtidigt bidra till att skapa motivation för deltagande i detta arbete. Avsikten med rapporten är att ge tillräcklig information och kunskap om metoden så att den kan användas av aktörer inom arbetsmiljöområdet. Exempel ges också från tillämpningar av metoden. För att underlätta bedömningen av i vilka situationer Bildredigering kan vara lämplig för att stärka motivation för och integration av arbetsmiljöarbete analyseras metoden i relation till ett tidigare utvecklat redskap. Slutsatser från rapporten är att Bildredigering är en lämplig metod för att göra lättillgängliga illustrationer av förändringar i befintliga miljöer, men också för att visualisera information om arbetsmiljöförhållanden utifrån t.ex. föreskrifter. Bildredigering stöder också ett flertal av de egenskaper som tidigare identifierats som viktiga för att skapa motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete. Samtidigt är det viktigt att metoden genomförs på ett sådant sätt att dessa egenskaper gynnas, dvs. ett interaktivt och konsultativt arbetssätt. Framför allt har Bildredigering egenskaper som bidrar till att involvera anställda och chefer i diskussioner om arbetsförhållanden, arbetsmiljöfrågor och arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 4517.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Change processes for attractive work in small manufacturing companies2009In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 35-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article originates from research in interaction between researchers and companies in a network, which has led to an increasing awareness among managers on issues such as reasons behind difficulties in attracting competent labor. Particularly, attention has been directed toward the importance of work environment improvements that increase the attractivity of industrial work. To deal with such challenges, for more than 5 years a number of small engineering companies, with research support, have been engaged in change processes based on the concept of attractive work. The purpose of the article is to develop knowledge and understanding for how small engineering companies can create more attractive work. One goal is to make it possible to draw conclusions about the employees’ experiences of changes in the attractivity of industrial work. Efforts in this direction have been conducted through work environment assessments (before and after the changes) and through administration of a questionnaire. The results show that it is possible to analyze how employees experience changes in the attractivity of work. This is most interesting from the perspective that the results can be used for assisting further improvements.

  • 4518.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moveit. Motivations- och engagemangsskapande metoder i arbetsmiljöarbetet2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att göra en beskrivning av vad som avses med begreppet Moveit i ett sammanhang av arbetsmiljöinriktade förändringsprocesser. Med utgångspunkt i tidigare forskning och litteratur samt egna erfarenheter analyseras viktiga förutsättningar för motivation och engagemang i arbetsmiljöarbete. Exempel ges på redan existerande metoder som har en potentiell motivations- och engagemangsskapande effekt, d v s en ”Moveit-effekt” avseende arbetsmiljö-arbete på arbetsplatser. Moveit har sitt ursprung i ett uppfattat behov av en strategi för hur motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete kan skapas genom användning av olika metoder. En betydande del av den strategi som Moveit utgör bygger på särskilda egenskaper som framstått som viktiga för motivation och engagemang för arbets-miljöarbete. En utgångspunkt är ett uppfattat behov av att skapa motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete på arbetsplatser. I en del fall kan det handla om chefer som upplever ett behov av att skapa bättre arbetsmiljöer, men har svårt att få med sig de anställda i förändringsarbetet. I andra fall kan det vara företagsledningen som behöver få vägledning i hur arbetsmiljöarbetet kan initieras på ett sådant sätt att motivation och engagemang kan skapas och stärkas inför ett mer kontinuerligt för-bättringsarbete. Det förekommer också att arbetsgivare behöver mer insikt i och ett större intresse för arbetsmiljöfrågor, för att de anställda ska få möjlighet att an-vända sig av sina idéer och förslag på förbättringar. Rapporten, som är ett resultat av ett delprojekt inom ramen för tema SMARTA vid Arbetslivsinstitutet, har utmynnat i sex egenskaper som utgör ett viktigt innehåll i Moveit-metoder i ett sammanhang av arbetsmiljöinriktade förändringsprocesser. Dessa egenskaper omfattar interaktivitet, förändringskompetens, arbetsmiljökunskap, handlingsutrymme, systematik samt integrerbarhet.

  • 4519.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Neely, Greg
    Laring, Jonas
    Nygren, Olle
    Arbetsmiljöarbete och motivation.: teoretisk översikt och konstruktion av ett frågeformulär.2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Åteg M, Andersson I-M, Neely G, Rosén, Laring J, Nygren O. (2007) Arbetsmiljöarbete och motivation. Teoretisk översikt och konstruktion av ett frågeformulär. Arbetslivsrapport, Arbetslivsinstitutet, Stockholm. Den här rapporterade studien behandlar behovet av att skapa motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete. Studien utgår från frågan om utvecklade och spridda metoder för arbetsmiljöarbete fungerar i bemärkelsen att de inte bara leder till arbetsmiljöförbättringar, utan också om de medför en ökad motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete hos deltagarna. För att kunna behandla sådana frågor är det dock nödvändigt med en förståelse för motivation och dess förutsättningar i sammanhang av arbetsmiljöarbete. Studien har haft två syften. Ett första syfte har varit att skapa en förståelse för motivationens roll i arbetsmiljöarbete och utifrån motivationsteori beskriva och analysera förutsättningar för motivation. Ett andra syfte var att föra ett resonemang om möjligheten att med hjälp av ett frågeformulär mäta potentiella förändringar i motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete. Motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete kan påverkas av dels att förändringsarbete skapar nya förutsättningar för arbetet, dels av hur förändringsarbetet organiseras. Deltagande i aktiviteter inom arbetsmiljöområdet har visats leda till ytterligare motivation. En orsak kan vara att individer som deltar i sådana aktiviteter erhåller positiv uppmärksamhet och olika former av belöningar, erkänsla och uppmuntran, vilket motiverar dem att utföra ytterligare aktiviteter. Samtidigt har det visats att ett gott säkerhetsklimat på en arbetsplats ger högre motivation. Högre motivation leder till högre deltagande i arbetsmiljöarbetet, dvs. att individen i högre utsträckning väljer att delta i att skapa en säkrare miljö. Det finns ett flertal etablerade metoder för att mäta motivation för arbete. Det finns dock mindre forskning och färre instrument för att mäta motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete. I studien utvecklades ett frågeformulär, som bygger på att respondenten svarar utifrån tre perspektiv: den egna synen, synen på arbetskamraternas och synen på ledningens intresse, ansvar, delaktighet i arbetsmiljöarbetet. I den tidigare forskningen finns stöd för denna uppdelning, dock tydligast när det gäller den egna synen och synen på ledningen. Ett antal faktorer har identifierats som kan stärka frågeformulärets validitet. Fortsatt utveckling av formuläret är därför aktuellt. Tidigare studier har visat att uppföljningar av åtgärder på arbetsmiljöområdet sällan följs upp och att effekterna inte utvärderats. Att mäta motivation till följd av arbetsmiljöinriktade aktiviteter är ett bidrag till möjligheterna att göra sådana utvärderingar och uppföljningar. Det finns ett intresse både från forskarhåll, från FHV-företag och från företag och arbetsplatser att genomföra mätningar av de anställdas motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 4520.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Researching attractive work: Analyzing a model of attractive work using theories on applicant attraction, retention and commitment.2011In: Arbetsliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to critically examine a content model of attractive work, based on a theoretical overview of attraction research in the fields of recruitment, of retention, and of employee commitment. Theories used within attraction research are reviewed and summarized with emphasis on what can be learned from each theory, and on factors or aspects that have received empirical support. A content model of attractive work, aiming at providing an overall picture of the dimensions and qualities contributing to attraction is examined against the factors or aspects identified in the theories. The examination focuses on the level of correspondence between the model and the theories, but also on aspects or processes presented in the theories that are not included in the content model, and therefore provide opportunities for improvement of the model. A conclusion is that the content model of attractive work gives an overall picture of dimensions and qualities that contribute to make a work attractive, but, there are still factors relevant for work attraction that the model does not explicitly describe.

  • 4521.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Pontén, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Nyttan som utgångspunkt för interaktivt förhållningssätt2004In: Interaktiv forskning - utmaningar i praktiken, Stockholm, Sverige, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4522.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Pontén, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attraktivt arbete: en modell för utveckling2004In: 50. Nordisk arbetsmiljökonferens, Reykjavik, Island, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4523.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Hedlund, Ann
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Pontén, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attraktivt arbete: från anställdas uttalanden till skapandet av en modell2004Book (Other academic)
  • 4524.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Nygren, Olle
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Laring, Jonas
    Neely, Greg
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Metoder och verktyg för motivation till och integration av arbetsmiljöarbete2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten utgår från forskningsområdet "Hur kan och bör arbetsmiljöarbete bedrivas och integreras i organisationers kärnverksamhet?" vid tema SMARTA, Arbetslivsinstitutet. I ett tidigare arbete har ett antal egenskaper identifierats som viktiga för motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete, sk Moveit-egenskaper. Dessa egenskaper och deras roll i arbetsmiljöarbetet ställs här i relation till perspektivet integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete, där arbetsmiljön ingår i styrsystemet och arbetsmiljöarbete betraktas som en del av styrningen av produktion och verksamhet. Syftet är att utveckla förståelsen för viktiga aspekter i arbetsmiljöarbetet utifrån en målsättning att metoder ska bidra till ett integrerat och kontinuerligt fungerande arbetsmiljöarbete. Den metodansats som rapporten utgår från bygger till stor del på interaktion med företagshälsovårdcentraler, konsulter och ergonomer samt på tidigare forskning. Ett viktigt steg i interaktionen har varit workshops som arrangerats vid tre tillfällen och vid olika platser - Borlänge, Göteborg och Umeå. Rapporten beskriver ett underlag för att bedöma metoders motivationskraft, erfarenheter från workshops med aktörer inom arbetsmiljöområdet, en fristående konsults tillämpning av metoden Visit samt olika former av förutsättningar för arbetsmiljöarbete, såsom företags mognad och hur metoder introduceras på arbetsplatser. Aspekter som identifieras som viktiga för ett integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete är: delegering av ansvar och befogenheter i arbetsmiljöfrågor, bred delaktighet och samverkan mellan anställda och ledning, hanterbara men ändå utmanande krav på arbetsmiljöarbetet, processfokusering och dynamik, samt utrymme för reflektion. Flera av dessa aspekter uppvisar överensstämmelser med egenskaper hos metoder som bidrar till att skapa motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 4525.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Nygren, Olle
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Laring, Jonas
    Neely, Greg
    Rosén, Gunnar
    Metoder och verktyg för motivation till och integration av arbetsmiljöarbete2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten utgår från forskningsområdet ”Hur kan och bör arbetsmiljö¬arbete bedrivas och integreras i organisationers kärnverksamhet?” vid tema SMARTA, Arbetslivsinstitutet. I ett tidigare arbete har ett antal egenskaper identifierats som viktiga för motivation och engagemang för arbetsmiljöarbete, sk Moveit-egenskaper. Dessa egenskaper och deras roll i arbetsmiljöarbetet ställs här i relation till perspektivet integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete, där arbetsmiljön ingår i styrsystemet och arbetsmiljöarbete betraktas som en del av styrningen av produktion och verksamhet. Syftet är att utveckla förståelsen för viktiga aspekter i arbetsmiljöarbetet utifrån en målsättning att metoder ska bidra till ett integrerat och kontinuerligt fungerande arbetsmiljöarbete. Den metodansats som rapporten utgår från bygger till stor del på interaktion med företagshälsovårdcentraler, konsulter och ergonomer samt på tidigare forskning. Ett viktigt steg i interaktionen har varit workshops som arrangerats vid tre tillfällen och vid olika platser - Borlänge, Göteborg och Umeå. Rapporten beskriver ett underlag för att bedöma metoders motivationskraft, erfarenheter från workshops med aktörer inom arbetsmiljöområdet, en fristående konsults tillämpning av metoden Visit samt olika former av förutsättningar för arbetsmiljöarbete, såsom företags mognad och hur metoder introduceras på arbetsplatser. Aspekter som identifieras som viktiga för ett integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete är: delegering av ansvar och befogenheter i arbetsmiljöfrågor, bred delaktighet och samverkan mellan anställda och ledning, hanterbara men ändå utmanande krav på arbetsmiljöarbetet, processfokusering och dynamik, samt utrymme för reflektion. Flera av dessa aspekter uppvisar överensstämmelser med egenskaper hos metoder som bidrar till att skapa motivation för arbetsmiljöarbete.

  • 4526.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Backström, Tomas
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Önnered, Loe
    Tasks in the generative leadership: Creating conditions for autonomy and integration2009In: Researching Work and Learning 6, Roskilde, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses competences needed in order for first line managers to pursue a leadership practice called generative leadership. Work organisations where employees are required to autonomously and in work groups make decisions, take responsibilities and interact in multiple directions, raises demands on managers to have competence to organise for integrated autonomy, communication and border crossing, and to enhance group creativity and work attractivity. These competencies identified so far include being able to enable group interaction, foster dialogue competence, enable utilization of language ambiguities, encourage transparency, and organise for job embeddedness.

  • 4527.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Alvemark, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Framtida kärnkompetenser inom HRM – underlag för PAL-utbildning vid Högskolan Dalarna2007In: HRM Workshop 2007 – om svensk Human Resource Management 27-28 september, Göteborgs universitet., 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4528.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Backström, Tomas
    Önnered, Loe
    Isaksson, Kerstin
    Att mäta dialogkompetens.: Metodutveckling för projektet Regisserad kompetensutveckling.2008In: Nordisk arbetslivsforskningskonferens, Växjö, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4529.
    Öberg Bustad, Gabriel
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mechanical Engineering.
    Bättre utnyttjande av nya och befintliga förrådslokaler på SSAB Tunnplåt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this assignment at SSAB Tunnplåt in Borlänge was mainly to investigate and describe the circumstances for the spare parts stored in storage facilities within the area of operation. Even new facilities which could serve as storage rooms and their opportunities for storing spare parts were an important part of the investigation. This because of the need for improved storing of spare parts. Furthermore, market offers where reviewed for storage of spare parts in more tailored designs. The work will culminate in proposals for improvement which is of importance for the development surrounding the storage and handling of spare parts. This is since the design and management of existing storage facilities is not perceived as satisfactory with regards to spare parts characteristics. Moreover, the amount of stock locations is too few in relation to the actual need. The approach used to achieve objectives of the work was an advanced mapping for collection of vital data. The mapping consisted of interviews with involved parties, both internal and external, for the most comprehensive picture of the problems as possible. In addition, a literature survey was conducted to identify possible options for the objectives of the work as well as a personal study of existing and new storage facilities. Furthermore, the market offers for improved conditions in storage rooms were examined. A clear picture of internal logistics and warehouse activities for spare parts at SSAB Tunnplåt has been obtained during this work. From this picture, it is concluded that work in and around storage facilities can be made more efficient. SSAB Tunnplåt should additionally make efforts in the storage facilities for better use of the available storage space. A number of proposals for improvement for each studied storage facility and spare parts management in general have been conducted. These proposals for improvement include presentations to improve the design of the studied storage facilities towards enabling more stock locations. The proposals also include additional equipment for handling spare parts, scrap handling, as well as expansions of the maintenance system which supports activities in the spare parts management.

  • 4530.
    Öberg Bustad, Gabriel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lundewall, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Utformning av operatörsverktyg för åskådliggörande av rörliga kostnader2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete som utförts på Kvarnsvedens pappersbruk i Borlänge har varit att framställa ett operatörsverktyg. Ett operatörsverktyg som ska åskådliggöra processens rörliga kostnader, som kan benämnas en produktkalkyl för stunden. Verktyget skall senare möjliggöra förbättrade utsikter för kontroll, styrning och uppföljning av rörliga kostnader inom företaget samt öka möjligheterna till att minska de rörliga kostnaderna som är kopplade till processen. Massafabriken på Kvarnsvedens pappersbruk och pappersmaskin 11 har utgjort arbetets grundläggande måltavlor för operatörsverktyget. Arbetet innefattade kartläggning och granskning av pappersprocessen för att skapa en så heltäckande bild av uppdragsbeskrivningen som möjligt. När processen studerats och processflöden kartlagts mer ingående påbörjades utvecklandet av operatörsverktyget. Vidare utfördes en litteraturundersökning för att urskilja potentiella handlingsalternativ vid utformningen av operatörsverktyget samt för en ökad förståelse för verksamheten och ämnesområdet. I dagsläget saknas direkt återkoppling, i realtid, för den kontinuerliga utvecklingen av de rörliga kostnaderna eftersom nuvarande uppföljning är baserad på månadsrapporter. Operatörsverktyget som arbetet utmynnade i kommer med hög sannolikhet vara av betydelse för utvecklingen av verksamheten på företaget. Operatörsverktyget kommer även att understödja både styrningen och kontrollen av processens rörliga kostnader. Förhoppningen är att verktyget skall fungera som ett hjälpmedel i arbetet med att optimera arbetet och processen. Några av de fördelar som operatörsverktyget förväntas ge är bland annat att operativa prestationer omedelbart kan kopplas till företagets resultat, ett snabbt synliggörande av exempelvis resultat vilket öppnar för faktabaserad beslutsstrategi samt att viktig information inte behöver gå förlorad. Operatörsverktyget kan framöver anpassas och utnyttjas på fler av verksamhetens pappersmaskiner.

  • 4531.
    Öberg, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Öletikettens inflytande påkvinnors ölintresse2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at investigating the influence of the beer label on women's beer

    interest in order to find out if women are affected by the appearance of the beer

    label. To investigate this, a visual content analysis was conducted to obtain the

    most common design elements from the macro and micro breweries' labels.

    Then, typefaces were created based on the most common design elements for

    the respective brewery types, then evaluated in a web site. The web browser

    consisted of 130 women who, on the one hand, had to assess the type labels

    according to their own preferences, but also answered questions relating to

    labels from a gender perspective. Finally, four semi-structured deep interviews

    were conducted with respondents active in the beer industry to gain a broader

    perspective on the subject. Respondents' answers were used to answer the

    questions in the study.

    The results of this study show that the micro and macrobreweries have some

    differences in their design. The micro-brewer's beer labels were more colorful

    and had a more playful design over the macrobreweries that used a more

    traditional design.

    The study showed that gender norms and taste factors affect women's beer

    interest to a greater extent than the actual beer label. The study also shows that

    women are interested in locally produced beer, flavors and more non-alcoholic

    varieties. The results presented in the study suggest that women find that some

    labels have a masculine appearance and that there is an interest in more

    colorful, lighter and less masculine labels.

  • 4532.
    Öhman, Victor
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Ylitalo, Tuomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar svenska hushållens sparkvot?: En tidsserieanalys om svenska hushållens sparkvot åren 1970-20172019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines factors that affect the Swedish households’ savings ratio. The savings ratio is defined in this paper as the share of disposable income that is not consumed. Based on economic theories such as the Life Cycle hypothesis and Ricardian equivalence together with previous studies on the subject, we have developed six relevant variables for the study. The data were collected for all variables aggregated annually for the period 1970- 2017. The independent variables used in the study are: inflation, GDP growth per capita, interest rate, unemployment, dependency ratio (demography) and the budget balance of the Swedish state. In order to investigate how the independent variables affect the dependent variable, an econometric method in the form of OLS will be used. Four econometric models were used to estimate how the independent variables affect Swedish households’ savings ratio during the period. The results of the study show that no variable had a statistically significant effect in relation to the Swedish households’ savings ratio, with respect to the requirement for stationarity in the variables to be fulfilled. However, there were some variables that proved to have a practical and statistically significant effect in relation to the Swedish households’ savings ratio if stationarity is ignored.

  • 4533.
    Öhrn, Albin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Från ord till (e-)handling: - Integration av e-handelssystem i SiteVision2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The client, Senselogic, had noticed an increased demand for an e-commerce system integrated into its product, SiteVision, something that did not previously exist. Senselogic wanted to integrate a third-party system to manage e-commerce. The problem was that there were very many e-commerce solutions to choose from. In order to select the best system it was necessary to evaluate the e-commerce systems and compare them to each other. To identify the elements that has to be included in an e-commerce system a study of literature was conducted. From the parts identified in the study of literature, a number of criteria were presented. Those criteria were then supplemented with additional criteria that Senselogic required of an e-commerce system before integrating it with SiteVision. Before the evaluation a number of test cases were created to test whether the ecommerce systems fulfilled to the criteria developed. These test cases were then used in the evaluation of the e-commerce systems while a test score was filled in. Then the evaluations of the different systems were compiled and compared in order to see which system best fulfilled the criteria. There was one system that scored higher than the others in the evaluation created. That was the system chosen to integrate with SiteVision.

  • 4534.
    Öhrèn, Rasmus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Construction.
    Tekniskt samråd: Studie av likvärdighet i utförandet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A new planning- and building act was applied the 2nd may 2011. The intention was to simplify the planning- and building process as the control of constructing where tightened. In the new act there has been introduced a deadline for the building permits of ten weeks. To be allowed to begin the constructing you will need a starting clearance. The clearance is preceded by a technical consultation.

    The purpose of this study was to survey if the technical consultation is performed equivalent between different municipalities in the county of Dalarna. Other purposes was:

     To create a basis for improvement regarding the technical consultation.

     Examine how to facilitate or improve the consultation.

     Illustrate why the technical consultation is so important in the building process.

     Clarify the differences in the new and the old act regarding the consultation.

    To understand what a technical consultation is and how it should be performed the work began with a literature study. A literature study was also performed to pick a method for the work. These studies resulted in a method based on the semi-structured interview form. A number of interviews were conducted in five building committees in Dalarnas County. To study the technical consultation in practice a visit during a consultation were conducted at Mora – Orsa and Falun municipalities.

    This thesis was delimited to examining how technical consultation is performed and works in various building committees in Dalarnas county. The work was delimited to only process opinions from building inspectors and a control manager.

    The results have been compiled and are reported in the results chapter. All respondents in this thesis have the opinion that complete documentation is essential to carry out a technical consultation. The developer should be well-informed and familiar with the project and an experienced developer could simplify the building process. A technical consultation is of great importance to ensure that the society’s conditions upholds. It is particularly important to hold a consultation when the developer is inexperienced.

  • 4535.
    Önnerberg, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Forsén, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Vulnerability in Small Single Industry Towns in Sweden: A Case Study of Hofors Municipality2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Vulnerability in Small Single Industry Towns in Sweden - A Case Study of Hofors

    Municipality

    Svenska: Små och sårbara industriorter i Sverige - en fallstudie om Hofors Kommun

    Subject: Business Administration

    Keywords: Business Climate, Network, Collaboration, Single Industry Towns

    Background: There is a dependency situation between the industry and the municipality. This

    makes Hofors municipality vulnerable. The industry Ovako Steel is the biggest employer in the

    municipality and is therefore very important to Hofors. If a place have a good business climate it

    is easier for employment opportunities, good ideas and entrepreneurship to grow easily. There is

    a lot that a municipality can do in order to enhance the business climate.

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify to what extent a good business climate can

    impact on the vulnerability situation for small single industry towns in Sweden.

    Method: Case study with semi-structured interviews and secondary data.

    Conclusion: Based on our empirical study a good business climate could be seen as a useful

    strategy for small and vulnerable single industry towns in Sweden. By developing a good

    business climate, the more attractive it is for entrepreneurs to start their businesses and broaden

    the business community. Municipalities with a good business climate is also a place where it

    easier to start new work opportunities in times of reductions in the industry.

    Being dependent on one industry does not have to imply only negative effects. In our empirical

    study of Hofors situation the collaboration between the network Entré Hofors and the industry

    Ovako Steel is reciprocally and positive. The general implication for Hofors and other small

    vulnerable single industry towns seems to be the importance of changing the attitudes towards

    entrepreneurship as well as the ability to create new work opportunities in times when the

    industry needs to cut down or the worst situation possible; closing down the whole industry.

  • 4536. Örndahl, E.
    et al.
    Rönnback, J.
    van Groningen, Ernst
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Physics.
    An optical imaging study of 0.4 <= z <= 0.8 quasar host galaxies. I. Observations and reduction2003In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 404, p. 883-899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have conducted an optical imaging study aimed at resolving the host galaxies of 79 radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars at z=0.4-0.8, extending the number of investigated objects in this redshift range by ~ 45%. Observations were performed mainly in the R band but also in V and I band using the Nordic Optical Telescope on La Palma. In this paper we discuss the sample composition and observations and the reduction techniques used. The quasars were selected in pairs of radio-loud and radio-quiet objects matched in the z-V plane in order to facilitate a statistical comparison. The radio-loud part of the sample contains comparable numbers of flat and steep radio spectrum sources which also are matched in redshift and V magnitude. Point spread function subtraction was performed using one-dimensional luminosity profiles both on the quasar image and on a field star, and subtracted images and luminosity profiles are shown for each quasar field. The detection rate is 60% for the radio-quiet host galaxies and 80% for radio-loud hosts. The host galaxies have magnitudes which make them brighter than an L* galaxy by a factor of 1.5-4 at the low end of the redshift range, which increases by 2-3 times towards the higher end of the redshift range. Both radio-quiet and radio-loud hosts follow the radio galaxy R-z Hubble relation well. Analysis and discussion of colours and morphology is presented in \citet{orn}. Based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.

  • 4537.
    Östberg, Joakim
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Reklam i dagstidningar på surfplattor2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recent decline in newspaper circulation requires newspaper publishers to shift their focus in the future. There are several reasons that there are less printed newspapers, since the 90's news on the Internet have increased, newspapers have become better at using the Internet as a news source and more sources have emerged. In recent years, the tablet has become common property, and many owners of these like to read their news on these devices. It requires that advertising can be adapted to tablets and accepted by readers at a higher rate if a transition from print to digital newspapers is to be possible. To make the advertising more accepted, it can be made more relevant to the reader by means of targeted advertising, and more informative through interactivity. If the readers welcomes advertisements and read them, ad buyers will want to advertise in the newspaper at a higher rate. Primarily, the paper magazine needs to develop to pay for their digital initiatives.

  • 4538.
    Östberg, Pär
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Användbarhetstest i samband med utveckling av webbplats2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varje år lägger företag ner hundratusentals kronor för egna webbplatser. När programmerare och ledning är nöjda med utseende och funktionalitet sätts webbplatsen i bruk. Det är ofta först nu som företaget får in respons på om webbplatsen från användarna. I vissa fall blir detta en katastrof eftersom fel produkt erbjuds till användaren eller att användaren inte förstår hur han ska använda produkten. För att förhindra detta problem på bästa möjliga sätt används användbarhetstest för att utreda vad användaren av det blivande systemet vill ha innan systemet distribueras. Målet med examensarbetet är att konstruera en webbplats avsedd för den kommande utbildningen Creative business management. Syftet är därefter att visa hur användbarhetstest på bästa möjliga sätt bör användas i samband med utvecklingsarbetet av webbplatser. Utvecklingsarbetet sker med hjälp av en anpassad version av Siegels utvecklingsmodell. För att utföra användbarhetstest används sedan Molich modell för användbarhetstest. Arbetet visar vidare att användbarhetstest bör användas kontinuerligt under hela utvecklingsarbetet för att inte riskera att arbetet glider iväg åt fel riktning. Det krävs endast fem testdeltagare för att finna 80 % av de möjliga användbarhetsproblemen på en webbplats. Det optimala är att använda fem testdeltagare i flera etapper i samband med olika versioner och uppgraderingar av webbplatsen för att kvalitetssäkra arbetet.

  • 4539.
    Östlind, Per
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Mining and Mineral Engineering.
    Flockning och förtjockning i High-Rate-förtjockare – en jämförelse med konventionell förtjockarteknik och lamellsedimentering.2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In the process laboratory of Metso minerals (Sala) AB, continuous tests have been made with a laboratory unit High-Rate thickener. The tests are made in order to compare three methods of thickening techniques of suspended solids. The three techniques are High-Rate thickening, conventional thickening and lamella thickening. The High-Rate and the conventional trials are based on a continuous method, while the lamella thickener is based on batch trials. Because the lamella thickener is based on batch trials and there were some optimization problems with the adding point of the flocculant at the continuous trials, it was not feasible to compare the lamella thickener with the other two thickener types. On the other hand, since the optimization problems were the same for the other two methods there was no problem comparing them. The result of the comparison between the High-Rate thickener and the conventional thickener, was, that the High-Rate thickener manages to work at a higher rise rate with a lower consumption of flocculant than the conventional thickener. Seeing to the unit area that is needed by each thickener it is apparent that the conventional thickener demands a higher unit area than the High-Rate thickener to achieve the same amount of solids in the underflow. It has also been showed that the High-Rate thickener demands a lesser quantity of flocculant at the same amount of suspended solids in the feed than the conventional thickener.

  • 4540.
    Östling, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Grafisk profilering i tatueringsbranschen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En väl utformad grafisk profil kan hjälpa ett företag att skapa medvetenhet och kundlojalitet. Den grafiska profilen består bland annat av logotyp, färger, typsnitt och profil- och korrespondensmaterial som allt måste vara enhetligt utformat och anpassat efter företagets kultur, målgrupp och vision. Projektet syftar till att undersöka och beskriva hur tatuerares grafiska profil bör vara utformad för att bäst fylla sitt syfte. En enkätundersökning gjordes med målet att skapa förståelse för tatueringskundernas syn på den grafiska profilen och kompletterades med en intervju med en förtroendeingivande tatuerare som i sina åsikter fick representera tatueringsbranschen. Litteratur i ämnet grafisk profilering och grafisk design kompletterade undersökningen ytterligare. Resultaten från enkätundersökningen stämde inte helt överens med litteraturen vilket gör det svårt att ge ett exakt svar på projektets frågeställningar

  • 4541.
    Östlund Rämgård, Henrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Diskonteringsränta vid nedskrivningsprövning av goodwill: En studie av avvikelse mellan rapporterad och teoretisk diskonteringsränta2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien visar att en större andel av bolagen från båda länder redovisar diskonteringsränta år 2012 jämfört med år 2007. Andelen rapporterade diskonteringsräntor som faller inom ramen för en accepterad avvikelse är något högre för Sverige jämfört med Finland båda jämförelseåren. Andelen accepterade differenser halverades för båda länderna från år 2007 till 2012. År 2012 rapporterades generellt högre diskonteringsräntor än de teoretiskt beräknade vad gäller båda länderna.

  • 4542.
    Östman, Annica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Redovisning av den kommunala pensionsskulden: Resultatredovisning med fullfonderingsmodellen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The municipal pension liability is debated since this according to law is to be accounted for in a way that in several respects is contrary to generally accepted accounting principles by removing a large debt from the balance sheet and instead account this as a contingent liability. Some municipalities have chosen to go against the law and instead report the entire pension liability in the balance sheet. These municipalities claim that they do this in order to give a more accurate picture of the municipality's financial position. However, previous studies speculate that a transition has been made to conceal a high result. Previous studies have also shown that artificial reporting occur in municipalities and that there are links between this and the design of the balance sheet. The purpose of this study has been to gain an understanding of how the municipalities that use the full funding model reason about accounting for the pension liability. The focus of the study has been on the 3 reporting of earnings. The method used has been a qualitative method. On the other hand, municipalities ' annual reports have been studied and interviews with municipalities have been conducted. The study shows that municipalities that use the full funding model use different results when it brings out the balance requirement results. The explanations given differ depending on how the municipalities have chosen to report the results. The municipalities that follow the results of the full funding model even in the balance requirement result make this a more accurate picture, while those who use the mixed model's results in the balance requirement result also want to try to follow the law.

  • 4543. Östman, C
    et al.
    Nilsson, U
    Carlsson, H
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fahlgren, L
    Polycykliska aromatiska föreningar (PAC) i arbetsmiljö I - PAC i Stockholms gatumiljö: en inledande studie1991Report (Other academic)
  • 4544. Östman, C
    et al.
    Nilsson, U
    Carlsson, H
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fahlgren, L
    Polycykliska aromatiska föreningar (PAC) i arbetsmiljö III – PAC i Stockholms gatumiljö. Halter av PAH före och efter en trafikomläggning1992Report (Other academic)
  • 4545. Östman, C
    et al.
    Nilsson, U
    Carlsson, H
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Fahlgren, Lina
    Polycykliska aromatiska föreningar (PAC) i arbetsmiljö II – PAC i Stockholms gatumiljö. PAH vid två kraftigt trafikerade gator1992Report (Other academic)
  • 4546.
    Šumić, Mersiha
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Thermal Performance of a Solarus CPC-Thermal Collector2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The  aim  of  this  master  thesis  is  an  investigation  of  the  thermal  performance  of  a  thermal compound parabolic concentrating (CPC) collector from Solarus. The collector consists of two troughs with absorbers which are coated with different types of paint with  unknown  properties.  The  lower  and  upper  trough  of  the  collector  have  been  tested individually.

    In  order  to  accomplish  the  performance  of  the  two  collectors,  a  thorough  literature  study  in  the  fields  of  CPC  technology,  various  test  methods,  test  standards  for  solar thermal  collectors  as  well  as  the  latest  articles  relating  on  the  subject  were  carried  out. In addition, the set‐up of the thermal test rig was part of the thesis as well. The thermal  performance  was  tested  according  to  the  steady  state  test  method  as  described in the European standard 12975‐2. Furthermore, the thermal performance of  a  conventional  flat  plate  collector  was  carried  out  for  verification  of  the  test  method.

    The  CPC‐Thermal  collector  from  Solarus  was  tested  in  2013  and  the  results  showed  four  times  higher  values  of  the  heat  loss  coefficient  UL (8.4  W/m²K)  than  what  has been reported for a commercial collector from Solarus. This value was assumed to be too large and it was assumed that the large value was a result of the test method used that time. Therefore, another aim was the comparison of the results achieved in this work with the results from the tests performed in 2013.

    The results of the thermal performance showed that the optical efficiency of the lower trough of the CPC‐T collector is 77±5% and the corresponding heat loss coefficient UL 4.84±0.20  W/m²K.  The  upper  trough  achieved  an  optical  efficiency  of  75±6  %  and  a  heat loss coefficient UL of 6.45±0.27 W/m²K. The results of the heat loss coefficients  are  valid  for  temperature  intervals  between  20°C  and  80°C.  The  different  absorber paintings have a significant impact on the results, the lower trough performs overall better.  The  results  achieved  in  this  thesis  show  lower  heat  loss  coefficients UL and higher optical efficiencies compared to the results from 2013. 

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