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  • 501.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Sundström, J
    Ingelsson, E
    Lind, L
    The impact of body mass index and the metabolic syndrome on the risk of diabetes in middle-aged men2011Ingår i: Diabetes Care, ISSN 0149-5992, E-ISSN 1935-5548, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 61-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The existence of an obese subgroup with a healthy metabolic profile and low diabetes risk has been proposed; yet long-term data are lacking. We aimed to investigate associations between combinations of BMI categories and metabolic syndrome and risk of type 2 diabetes in middle-aged men.

    Research design and methods: At age 50, cardiovascular risk factors were assessed in 1,675 participants without diabetes in the community-based Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) study. According to BMI/metabolic syndrome status, they were categorized as normal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2) without metabolic syndrome (National Cholesterol Education Program criteria, n = 853), normal weight with metabolic syndrome (n = 60), overweight (BMI 25–30 kg/m2) without metabolic syndrome (n = 557), overweight with metabolic syndrome (n = 117), obese (BMI >30 kg/m2) without metabolic syndrome (n = 28), and obese with metabolic syndrome (n = 60). We investigated the associations between BMI/metabolic syndrome categories at baseline and diabetes incidence.

    Results: After 20 years, 160 participants had developed diabetes. In logistic regression models adjusting for age, smoking, and physical activity, increased risks for diabetes were observed in the normal weight with metabolic syndrome (odds ratio 3.28 [95% CI] 1.38–7.81; P = 0.007), overweight without metabolic syndrome (3.49 [2.26–5.42]; P < 0.001), overweight with metabolic syndrome (7.77 [4.44–13.62]; P < 0.001), obese without metabolic syndrome (11.72 [4.88–28.16]; P < 0.001), and obese with metabolic syndrome (10.06 [5.19–19.51]; P < 0.001) categories compared with the normal weight without metabolic syndrome category.

    Conclusions: Overweight or obese men without metabolic syndrome were at increased risk for diabetes. Our data provide further evidence that overweight and obesity in the absence of the metabolic syndrome should not be considered a harmless condition.

  • 502.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Zethelius, B
    Ny kombination av markörer kan förbättra riskbedömningen vid hjärt-kärlsjukdom.2008Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 105, nr 30Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 503.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Zethelius, B
    Risérus, U
    Basu, S
    Berne, C
    Vessby, B
    Alfthan, G
    Helmersson, J
    Serum and dietary beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol and incidence of diabetes in a community based study of Swedish men2009Ingår i: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 52, nr 1, s. 97-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 504.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    Aktuell geriatrisk forskning i Uppsala2018Ingår i: Svensk geriatrik, ISSN 2001-2047, nr 2, s. 9-12Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 505.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    Cedervall, Y
    Giedraitis, V
    Berglund, L
    Lennhed, B
    Rosendahl, E
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Kilander, L
    Can Timed Up-and-GO (TUG) Dual Task Performance Aid Diagnosis of Dementia?2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 506.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Cedervall, Y
    Lundberg, C
    Giedraitis, V
    Berglund, L
    Kilander, L
    Ingelsson, M
    Rosendahl, E
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Timed Up-and-Go dual-task performance in people with cognitive impairment2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 507.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Uppsala universitet.
    Ehrenberg, Anna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad. Örebro universitet.
    Inpatient geriatric care in Sweden: Important factors from an inter-disciplinary team perspective2017Ingår i: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 172, s. 113-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe factors of importance for the quality of inpatient geriatric care from an inter-disciplinary team perspective, an area that has not been previously studied to our knowledge. The study design was qualitative descriptive with data being collected from focus-group interviews with members of geriatric care teams. The data collection was conducted at a Swedish university hospital with 69 beds for geriatric care. It comprised five group interviews with a total of 32 staff members, including representatives of all the seven professions working with geriatric care. Data was analysed using qualitative content analysis and a thematic framework approach. Three main themes were identified as being perceived as characterising important factors essential for quality geriatric care:

    • Interactive assessment processes,
    • A holistic care approach, and
    • Proactive non-hierarchical interaction

    Aspects of time and goal-orientation were additionally running like common threads through these themes and informed them. Accessibility, open communication, and staff continuity were experienced as prerequisites for well-functioning teamwork. Including patients and relatives in care planning and implementation was seen as essential for good care, but was at risk due to budget cuts that imposed shortened hospital stays. To meet the care demands of the growing population of older frail people, more specialised team-based care according to the concept of Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment – which is possibly best provided by older-friendly hospitals – appears as a constructive solution for reaching high degrees of both staff and patient satisfaction in geriatric care. More research is needed in this area.

  • 508.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Elf, Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Nordmark, S
    Lyhagen, J
    Lindberg, I
    Finch, T
    The Swedish version of the normalisation process theory measurement s-nomad: Translation, adaptation and pilot testing2018Ingår i: BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, ISSN 2515-446X, Vol. 23, nr Suppl 1, s. A33-A33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 509.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Elf, Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Nordmark, S
    Lyhagen, J
    Lindberg, I
    Finch, T
    The Swedish version of the Normalization Process Theory Measure S-NoMAD: Translation, adaptation and pilot testing2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 510.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap.
    Grundström, A
    Cedervall, Y
    Dual-task timed up and go test as part of memory assessment: a pilot study2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 511.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Uppsala University.
    Halvorsen, Kjartan
    Uppsala University.
    From, Ingrid
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Omvårdnad.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Oestreicher, Lars
    Uppsala University.
    Melander-Wikman, Anita
    Luleå University of Technology.
    A study protocol for applying user participation and co-learning: lessons learned from the eBalance project2017Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 14, nr 5, artikel-id 512Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames—i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play—that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science. This paper describes the study protocol of the project’s initial phase which aims to develop a working partnership with potential users of fall-prevention exergames, including its conceptual underpinnings. The qualitative methodology was inspired by an ethnographical approach implying combining methods that allowed the design to evolve through the study based on the participants’ reflections. A participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) approach, accompanied by inquiries inspired by the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) was used in interactive workshops, including exergame testing, and between workshop activities. Data were collected through audio recordings, photos, and different types of written documentation. The findings provide a description of the methodology thus developed and applied. They display a methodology that can be useful for the design and development of care service and innovations for older persons where user participation is in focus.

  • 512. Åhman, Hanna Bozkurt
    et al.
    Giedraitis, Vilmantas
    Cedervall, Ylva
    Lennhed, Björn
    Berglund, Lars
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Kilander, Lena
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Ingelsson, Martin
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Medicinsk vetenskap. Uppsala University.
    Dual-task performance and neurodegeneration: Correlations between timed up-and-go dual-task test outcomes and Alzheimer's disease cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers2019Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, ISSN 1387-2877, E-ISSN 1875-8908, Vol. 71, nr Suppl 1, s. S75-S83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Tools to identify individuals at preclinical stages of dementia disorders are needed to enable early interventions. Alterations in dual-task performance have been detected early in progressive neurodegenerative disorders. Hence, dual-task testing may have the potential to screen for cognitive impairment caused by neurodegeneration. Exploring correlations between dual-task performance and biomarkers of neurodegeneration is therefore of interest.

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate correlations between Timed Up-and-Go dual-task (TUGdt) outcomes and Alzheimer's disease (AD) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau).

    METHODS: This cross-sectional cohort study included 90 participants (age range 49-84 years) undergoing memory assessment, who were subsequently diagnosed with AD, other dementia disorders, mild cognitive impairment, or subjective cognitive impairment. TUG combined with "Naming Animals" (TUGdt NA) and "Months Backwards" (TUGdt MB), respectively, were used to assess dual-task performance. The number of correct words and time taken to complete the tests were measured. The CSF biomarkers were analysed by ELISA. Spearman's rank correlation was used for analyses between TUGdt outcomes (TUGdt NA and TUGdt MB), and CSF biomarkers, adjusted for age, gender, and educational level.

    RESULTS: The number of correct words, as well as the number of correct words/10 s during TUGdt NA correlated negatively to CSF t-tau and p-tau. No correlations were found between any time scores and CSF biomarkers.

    CONCLUSION: The correlations between TUGdt NA and t-tau and p-tau may indicate that neurodegeneration affects dual-task performance. Longitudinal studies are needed to further explore dual-task testing in screening for cognitive impairment due to neurodegeneration.

891011 501 - 512 av 512
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