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  • 51.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson Norlund, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hanteringen när medarbetares privata problem inverkar negativt på arbetsplatsen: En studie ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Essay aims was to examine how leaders handle situations where the employee's personal problems have a negative impact on the work of both the employer and other employees. To get an answer to that, we have been inspired by the vignette study based on discussions of fictional cases. We have, through continued study with four individual semi-structured interviews and a focus groups interview where we first introduced the respondent theme with the vignettes. Participants for the study were selected by a judgmental sample where we focused ourselves on leaders, about which organization they belonged to was of minor importance. In the theoretical part introduces the theories of leadership, teamwork, the individual in the group, finances, health, laws organizational culture and regulations and social insurance role. The results are then analyzed against the theories and we can conclude that the respondent theme generally believe that it is important to prioritize communication and relationships. It is significant that the relations established before problems arise because it is considered difficult to form relationships in conflicted situations. Time is important when handling problems of the cause to the limit of what is acceptable is moved with the passage of time. Depending on the problem varied degree of tolerance level of managers and other employees in our survey. The results showed that the limit for private life's influence on the world of work is when the work will be mismanaged and when customers and other employees are affected. From a gender perspective, respondents felt that the missing matter whether the manager was a man or woman when it came to dealing with the problems that arose, it was considered to be private.

  • 52.
    Eriksson, Sanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sjöö, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En studie om utvecklingssamtal ur ett systemperspektiv inom en kommunal verksamhet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mellanmänskliga relationer i arbetet har med samhällets strukturella förändringar fått en mer

    betydande roll. Utvecklingssamtalet är ett tillfälle för arbetstagare och chef att mötas i dialog

    för att tillsammans utveckla varandra och verksamheten. I och med ökad privatisering i

    samhället har kommunerna fått konkurrens och blivit tvungna att följa samhällsutvecklingen

    som går mot att vara mer helhetsmedveten, vilket innebär att individ och organisation behöver

    samspela och skapa förståelse för hur allt och alla påverkar varandra inom och utanför

    organisationen. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur väl helhetstänket beaktas i den

    studerade kommunens utvecklingssamtal genom att ta reda på hur de anställda inom

    kommunen upplever att individ och organisation samspelar, samt förstår och påverkar

    varandra i utvecklingssamtalet. Metoden som använts för insamling av empirin var intervjuer

    med sex medarbetare och tre chefer inom bildningssektorn. Resultatet visar att den studerade

    enheten inte lyckats hålla fullständigt helhetsfokus i sina utvecklingssamtal. Detta tror vi, kan

    bero på att kommuner är komplexa organisationer som styrs politiskt med skiftande

    verksamhetsmål för de olika enheterna.

  • 53.
    Eriksson, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Den offentliga sektorns komplexa adaptiva system: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetarpolicys i praktiken2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The significance of how Human Resources, HR, and management can cooperatively effect the behavioural pattern of co-workers and the social structure within organizations originated this study. With the perspective of complex adaptive systems as the starting point, the purpose has been to establish the requirements for co-workers to implement the organizations’ vison and policies in practice. In cooperation with the contacts of the studied municipality, I made an in-depth study within a public organization to explain the bureaucracy's effect on the behaviour pattern of the co-workers and how they together create a social strucutre reflecting the organization's vision.

    The purpose with the study is to examine how the complex adaptive systems functions within a bureaucratic organization and its effect on co-workers’ possibilities to implement the vision and policy of the organization. The study was made within a social welfare service in a municipality in Middle Sweden, using a qualitative method and semi structured interviews six respondents have participated, all with different positions in the organization contributing to several perspective of the same phenomena.

    The results of the study points to the public sector’s bureaucratic organization structure conduces’ of the creating different adaptive systems within the organization where co-workers’ behaviour pattern create a social structure which leads to failure of implementing the vision and policy. The study also presents that the adaptive systems within the organization does not affect each other as they do not interact with each other in the organization. The basis of how co-workers’ behaviour pattern establishes within the organization is the demands from the surrounding world, high workload, and of the lack of stability in the organizational and social working environment and not as the previous research have showed; that high ruling would underlie to behavioural pattern within the public sector.

    In conclusion, for co-workers to implement the vision and policy of the organization it requires for HR, management and co-workers all are in the same adaptive systems. To make that possible HR needs to form strategies on how all within the organization will interact with each other in daily work. Management and co-workers also needs great possibilities to communicate with each other regularly to an increasing extent. Concrete proceedings for how this should be done most suitably is presented in the discussion.

  • 54.
    Erkers, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Karlsson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ’’Samverkan är inte ett vi och ett dom, utan ett vi’’ En studie på kollektivt lärande i arbetsmiljöarbetet efter en gemensam utbildningsinsats2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a systematic work environment education called Suntarbetsliv, which is a joint education for managers and safety representatives. The starting point for our study is that there is a need for more understanding of an educational initiative and its possibilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate how a manager and safety representative in a public organization works after a common work environment education and on education generated in collective learning.

    In the theory's theory we present the following key points: work environment, education and collective learning.

    The method in the study is based on a qualitative method. We have conducted semistructured interviews with three managers and three security representatives in a municipal in Dalarna, Sweden.

    As a result, a common base for managers and security representatives creates the prerequisite for collective learning on the organization's activities.

    The conclusions taken are based on the results analysis and are that the willingness to learn starts within ourselves, and therefore, organizational goals must be clear and concrete so that

  • 55.
    Essborg, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hedback, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Det handlar om att nå ett resultat": En fallstudie om partsrelationer och förhandling under en omstruktureringsprocess2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between the parties during a restructuring process. The aim is also to examine the closure process and where laws and agreements entering into it.

    The essay frame of reference addresses the closure processes of Rydell (2015) and Wigblad & Österberg (2009), the Swedish model of laws and agreements Elvander (1995) Iseskog (2014) trust and negotiation Fischer et al. (1992) and Walter & McKersie (1991). With the help of these concepts and models are analysed and interpreted the relationships in a closure process of a production line at SSAB in Borlänge, where 210 employees where given notices in the beginning of 2015. Of them 170 where blue-collar workers.

    The closure process could then be carried out, with the help of a flexicurity agreement (ToF), result of study without any staff lost their jobs.

    The study is based on qualitative research with semi-structured expert interviews with a total of five respondents from SSAB and If Metall. These respondents were key players during the closure process and the negotiation process.

    The interviews have been analysed and thematizing on the basis of the frame of reference. The results of the study show that good relations between the parties provides easier negotiation with good results. Collusion between the parties based on a time growing mutual confidence. That confidence is important for that cooperation to be a reality.

  • 56.
    Flink, Filip
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Berggren, Vilhelm
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och behålla personal i en säsongsbetonad bransch: Employer brand i ett resebolag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study has been to investigate what factors are crucial for attracting and retaining individuals at a travel company. To respond to our purpose, we have used three questions: Why do individuals apply to the company? What causes the individuals to stay? What can the company do to attract and make staff stay longer? To answer the questions and achieve the purpose, we have used a hermeneutic approach where we combine a survey with a qualitative interview. The survey analyzes the factors that employees perceived as most significant when they applied for the company. The interview with the company's HR-employee was used to obtain background information about the company's work with employer brand.

    Data shows that the number of applications has decreased significantly under the last three years. Retaining staff for a longer period has proved to be a major challenge and there are several factors that are contributing to employee turnover. One reason is that staff start comparing salary and working hours with companies in their home countries. The result shows that individuals are attracted to the symbolic attributes which the company advertises such as seeing the world and meeting new people. The result gives indications that the company must become even clearer and talk more about what’s included in the contract. That way, the staff might feel satisfied with their employment.

  • 57.
    Forslund, Linus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sellström, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Rekryteringsenheten, ett ineffektivt- eller ett högpresterande team?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 58.
    Fredriksson, Maja
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sundström, Gustav
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Flexibelt lärande: En kvalitativ studie om flexibelt lärande i arbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from Trafikverket with the intention of improving the competence development within the organization. Basic education for operational services builds currently based on traditional theories of learning. The starting point for our study is that more research is required on how organizations can work to integrate flexible learning in skills development.

    The aim of this study is to describe how a government agency can work to integrate flexible learning in basic education for operational service. The theoretical part presents theories about flexible learning, learning environments, skills development, various education methods such as e-learning and flipped classroom, effects of education, how adults learn and theories about learning styles. The method is based on a qualitative method in the form of a case study. Semi-structured interviews have been conducted with six respondents from the Traffic Management Center in Gävle, including four trainers and two instructors. The result indicates that respondents generally are satisfied with the basic education for operational service, but the design lacks scope for flexible learning. We have identified factors that were considered to promote learning, such as the importance of the group and the internship. The conclusions taken based on analysis of the result are that Trafikverket should review some areas in the development of basic education for operational service and in the implementation of flexible learning. Trafikverket should create conditions for the tacit knowledge to be communicated in virtual learning environments, they should identify strengths and weaknesses with today's IT-based forms of education and consider the results of further development of basic education. Furthermore, Trafikverket should increase the use of simulators as part of achieving flexible learning and finally they should take advantage of the factors that employees appreciate in the education and implement them in IT-based education to achieve effective e-learning.

  • 59.
    Fredriksson, Sandra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Särnö, Annika
    Framgångsfaktorer för kvinnors karriärklättring till ledande positioner: En studie av nio kvinnliga ledare och deras väg till toppen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 60.
    Grönoset, Petra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Hampgård, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”Hör jag inget så förväntar jag mig att allt är som det ska”: en studie om distansledarskapets utmaningar gällande att säkerställa den psykosociala arbetsmiljön: En kvalitativ studie hos Trafikverket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to deepen the understanding of the challenges of distance leadership in preventing and managing psychosocial illness at the Swedish Transport Administration. In order to achieve the purpose, a qualitative choice of method with semistructured interviews has been used as a data collection method where interviews have been conducted with both managers and employees. The study contributes to highlighting important factors that can be crucial for managers in order to detect and manage psychosocial illness. The result shows that relationships, communication and a high frequency of interaction are crucial for the manager's preventive work regarding the psychosocial work environment. The result also shows that physical presence is not necessary for whether the manager is perceived as present, instead, it becomes important that the managers are psychosocially present in their interactions.

  • 61.
    Gustafsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindholm, Emilia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Flexibelt arbete är bra men…": En kvalitativ studie om flexibelt arbete och gränsdragningsstrategier utifrån ett chefsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how managers experience flexible work and how they use work balance strategies to be able to handle the balance between work and private life. The study is based on questions regarding how managers experience flexible work, how high demand-low control and balance affects managers health, how the relationship between work and private life looks like and what work balance strategies that are being used. The study shows that the managers have positive experiences with flexible work but that there are difficulties with how the flexibility should be handled. Furthermore, the results of the study show that the managers would like to have a certain balance between work and private time which they get with set limits. However, some managers lack these limits. The results also show that the managers require support from their managers, employers and work environment and that they appreciate a supporting and open work environment where they are allowed to discuss their work situation and how they handle flexible work.

    A qualitative method was chosen for the study which was done as a semistructured interviews with six managers who were chosen because of their flexible work. The answers from the interviews were analysed and compared with relevant theories and earlier studies in the subject.

  • 62.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Norling, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR-funktionens förändrade roll: En studie om linjechefers uppfattning av HR-funktionen i Falu och Avesta kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, HR work has not been considered sufficiently effective and value creating because of its main focus on administrative tasks. For HR work to become more strategic the function has to organize in a way that meet the new needs (Boglind et al, 2013). We believe that the success of the HR function depends on their relationships to leaders and line managers. The purpose of this essay is to examine how line managers perceive the changing role of the HR function and what kind of support they expect from them. We also want to investigate whether the perception of the HR function is related to how it’s organized. The survey is based on a multiple case study conducted in Falu and Avesta municipality. A total of thirteen in-depth interviews were conducted where five respondents represented the HR departments and eight respondents represented the line managers. Falun municipality began implementing an HR transformation at the turn of 2013/2014. Avesta municipality has an HR function divided into two teams and hasn’t performed an HR transformation.

    Our empirical data reveals that line managers in both municipalities have a rather vague idea of the HR function and its organization. Despite structural differences between the municipalities line managers in both organizations demand something more. All respondents in Avesta municipality agree to a lack of consensus regarding the duties of the HR function, due to an absence of a distinct strategy. The line managers of Avesta requests a more fundamental and strategic HR management. Empirical data from Falun municipality reveals that line managers and HR respondents disagree on whether there is a consensus regarding the tasks of the HR function. Although several line managers in Falun mentions that the HR function have improved from the transformation, they still prefer close relations to a specific HR person over contacting the HR call center.

    Although the studied HR functions differ in size and structure, we observe many similarities. We therefore conclude that the difficulties described by line managers isn’t related to the structure of the HR function, but instead relates to an imbalance in the immanent duality of the HR work that emerge from a more strategic focus. We believe that the HR function in both municipalities should have a consistent and continuous dialogue with line managers to maximize the exchange of value. In conclusion we suggest that the municipalities should focus on identifying the aspects of HR work that is most valuable and unique to their organization and build their strategies from these.

  • 63.
    Güclü, Arda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Alexandersson, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Världens bästa arbete: Attraktivt arbete enligt generation Z2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generation Z, is the next working generation that’s about to enter the labor market. What do they expect from today's corporations and business? What do they see as an attractive workplace and what motivates them? What do companies need to do to attract and keep them? These are some interesting questions we wanted to analyze and examine. To answer these questions, we carried out seven semi-structured interviews with students from the Stockholm School of Economics. We wanted to ask students from Generation Z to examine people with many options when it comes to choosing a work.

    In conclusion we could see that our participants want a workplace where the organization worked with social and environmental questions. The company needs to have good morals and values for the participants to be willing to work there. This was seen as a demand from our students from the study. Other things they evaluated was relations with colleagues and bosses. The salary needed to be equal to the effort put into the work. The workers don’t want to be underpaid. The work also need to be meaningful and interesting, where the students feel valuable for the company or that they contribute to the welfare of society or the world as a whole.

  • 64.
    Hahnelind, Sofia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Anställningsintervjun som urvalsmetod: Hur bedöms arbetssökande?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65.
    Hannu, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Stålberg, Denise
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Personlighetsbedömning i samband med rekrytering: En studie om bemanningsbranschens personlighetsbedömning vid en rekrytering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It's been long known that employees are of existential importance to an

    organization's survival. Thus, recruitment is one of the most important functions

    within HR to attract the right competence to the organization, as a failed

    recruitment usually leads to wasted time and expensive recruitment processes.

    Something that has come to play a growing role in the selection and evaluation of

    new employees is a candidate's personality. Research shows that personality traits

    play a big role when it comes to future job performance, and ability to make the

    right judgements of people are therefore essential. Theories about the perception of

    personality, competence, competency-based recruitment and selection, assessment

    methods and personality assessment are reviewed and used to analyze the results

    of this study.

    The aim of this qualitative study was to increase understanding of how recruiters

    assess a candidate's personality in a recruitment process within temporary work

    agencies. Temporary work agencies are companies which constantly works with

    recruitment and hiring of personnel, which is why a proactive work with staffing is

    needed to create a competitive advantage in the market. Prior to this case study

    three of the largest swedish temporary work agencies were contacted of whom two

    recruiters on each company participated in semi-structured interviews.

    Personality was generally considered as something important which all recruiters

    added great significance during the whole process, from the design of the

    requirements specification to the final assessment. Both tests, interview and

    references were a part of the personality assessment. The importance of always

    making an overall assessment of the candidate was emphasized and therefore

    difficult to weigh for example formal competences versus personal characteristics.

    The result shows that the temporary work agencies work with personality

    assessment when recruiting are based on structured methods of assessment. Their

    solid and proactive work with recruitment live up to the claim that the staff is an

    organization's most important resource and the importance of understanding the

    meaning of the personality significance of the expression ”right person in the right

    place”.

  • 66.
    Hansson, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Pettersson, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Förändring vid implementering: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelser och reaktioner vid förändring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this study was to study employee experiences during organizational change, as previous research shows that a large part of all change initiatives failed. Hence, the purpose of this study is to identify factors that affect the employees' experience during chang and how these affect the outcome. The study was conducted at a department in a organization located in Sweden, which at the time of the study recently implemented the IT system Workplace. In order to answer the study's purpose and questions, a qualitative method was used in which the collection of material took place through eight semi-structured interviews. Two employees from the project group were interviewed with the aim of getting information about the implementation process of the system and six employees in the department were interviewed in order to get information linked to their experience of the implementation of Workplace. The results of the interviews were analyzed using the theoretical frame of reference and on this basis we have identified important factors that affect employees' experience in the event of changes and their outcome, and these factors will thus be important to take into account for the possibility of a successful change. The identified factors include employees' understanding of the change and the possibility of participation and information. Another important factor is good change leadership that communicates, supports and assists employees with sufficient resources during the change. In conclusion, the study shows that understanding of the change is the most important factor, hence a model has been created in order to describe how organizations through communication can create an understanding among the employees for why change takes place and how it benefits the organization and the employee in order to create a more successful change.

  • 67.
    Hansson, Marie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Morell, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Strategiskt arbetsmiljöarbete: En förutsättning för ett hållbart arbetsliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from an organization whose intention is based on their request to review their organizational and social work environment. The aim of the study has been to increase the understanding of key components of the organizational and social work environment in order to enable a sustainable working life. We therefor chose a quantitative approach where 251 questionnaires were sent to the entire production unit. The method has enabled a general and wide-ranging aspect of the organizational and social work environment in the workplace.

    Research related to the psychosocial work environment, where our focus has been on the

    organizational and social aspect, we mainly base our analysis on the Job Demand - Resources model. An essential part of working life is that there is a balance between the job demands and resources that are provided in order to increase health and wellbeing to achieve a high performing organization.

    The result has been analysed on the basis of the theoretical framework and shows that the organization investigated is lacking in several of these components that are necessary to enable a sustainable work life where there is balance. There are areas such as leadership, heavy workload, recovery and victimization that has shown weaknesses. Research related to organizational and social work environment clearly states that there is a link between employee health and well-being and the organization's financial results. Due to this, our work environment should be a fully integrated part of the business. We have therefore proposed a number of activities for the organization to work with in order to improve the work environment and thus the health and well-being of employees which will directly affect the organization's success.

  • 68.
    Hansson, Nina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mazzarello, Therese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Coachande ledarskap: En utvärdering av genomförd ledarutveckling inom Borlängekommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a thesis in Personal- och Arbetslivsprogrammet at Dalarna University with thepurpose of evaluating an education initiative in Borlänge kommun. The educationCoaching Leadership is an initiative for the managers in the organization to exercisegood leadership and the education also serves as an incentive for managers. Eightbusiness managers and one from the HR staff have completed the training. Out of thetotal 9 participants in the training, six of them took part in this evaluation. Based on thethesis aim and questions we wanted to explore participants' attitudes to the education,and what skills and abilities they have acquired on the basis of educational goals andcontent. To obtain results, a semi-structured interview methodology was used, this inorder to get answers to predefined questions while the participants would have theopportunity to give an as broad picture as possible.The result of this evaluation demonstrates that the participants are in favor of trainingand they've got the tools, knowledge and ability to apply coaching in their job role,which was included in the educational goals. For the CL-education to promote theorganization's development potential, the participants mentions that it takes time totrain and that employees must have the knowledge of the organization's educationaldirection.

  • 69.
    Harrysson, Terece
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Petré, Erika
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att lyfta upp till ytan: En kvalitativ studie om chefers uppfattning av informella nätverk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på åtta chefers uppfattningar av informella nätverk och hur de kommer till uttryck i det dagliga arbetet. En kvalitativ metod har använts för att genomföra undersökningen och det empiriska materialet inhämtades med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Resultaten visade att uppfattningen av informella nätverk både kan vara mycket positiva och problemfyllda beroende på situation. Kontexten är avgörande för hur chefen uppfattar nätverket. Flertalet av chefernas strategier för att hantera nätverket fångar upp det som sker i det informella nätverket och placerar det i en formell kontext.

  • 70.
    Hedberg, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindblom, Moa
    Kompetens vs personlighet: ” Om man ser sig själv som fördomsfri tror jag att det kan vara farligt, om man inte pratar om sådant som skulle kunna vara diskriminerande så är det också farligt”2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen har visat sig vara särskilt komplext och är

    många gånger ett dolt problem på grund av att den inleds med en typ av sållning,

    där både uttalade och outtalade normer och värderingar styr processen. En

    arbetsgivare skall verka för lika möjligheter vid rekrytering och skall inte använda

    sig av obefogade och diskriminerande anställningskrav, exempel på obefogade krav

    kan vara medborgarskap, kroppslig längd eller svensk utbildning. Vi som skrivit

    detta examensarbete har ett stort intresse för rekrytering och har i detta

    examensarbete fördjupat oss inom diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Syfte:

    Syftet är att undersöka om det finns skillnader att utläsa mellan privata företag och

    offentliga organisationer i arbetet mot diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen.

    Vidare skall detta arbete bidra till att se hur offentliga organisationer och privata

    företag arbetar för att motverka diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen, vad de kan

    identifiera för svårigheter med detta samt på vilket sätt arbetet för att motverka

    diskriminering i rekryteringsprocessen kommer till uttryck på de olika

    arbetsplatserna.

  • 71.
    Hedlund, Camilla
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sahlander, Helena
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Etableringslotsens roll i Borlänge2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 72.
    Hell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Roos, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Att främja ett ackomodativt lärande utifrån ettandragogiskt perspektiv: I en offentlig organisation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An experience of limited knowledge regarding adult individuals’ road to knowledge was thepremise for this study. Today’s educations are often based on lectures, which above all leadsto assimilative learning, in other words superficial learning where the individual lacks anunderstanding of the knowledge. Pedagogy is a concept that, to a wide extent, is used whenlearning is the goal, no matter who is learning. A curriculum based on pedagogy, however,aims to teach children, and can often be found inappropriate when teaching adults. Andragogyis the concept of adult learning, based on the idea that adults are independent individuals, whothemselves need to take the step towards learning something new. The andragogy modelpresents the conditions required when an adult individual is to retain new knowledge on adeeper lever –achieve full comprehension. This level of learning is called accommodativelearning.The purpose of this examination was to establish, whether the process-managers of theManagement-program at Landstinget Dalarna based their leadership and curriculum onandragogy, in order to appropriate an accommodative learning within Landstinget Dalarna’sManagement-program, or not.This was a deductive case study, in which the qualitative method of observation was used tocollect data. The process-managers of the Management-program were observed and filmedwith a video camera during one of the four parts of an introductory level course.Two areas that have been examined theoretically are leadership and curriculum, as they areassumed to influence learning in adults both collectively and individually. The processmanagerstook, to a wide extent, each adult individual’s needs into consideration, inaccordance with the andragogy model. They promoted –through their leadership andcurriculum– a great environment, according the participants the opportunity to appropriate anaccommodative learning. Their approach to teaching is based on the idea that all humanshave, in addition to feelings and relationships, the same basic needs. They use a curriculumwhere the participants are involved, have the opportunity to exchange experiences, and reflecton these experiences, which is what the andragogy model, to achieve an accommodativelearning, advocates.

  • 73.
    Hellman, Jasmine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lundgren, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lojalitetsprogram inom klädbranschen: En kvantitativ studie om lojalitetsprogram inom klädbranschen ur konsumenternas perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is high competition in retail industry, there are many companies on the market competing for the same customers. For companies, it’s about keeping their customers and build strong relationships with them. One way to work with relationship marketing is to use loyalty programs where loyal customers are identified and rewarded. Many companies are using loyalty programs and it is especially common amongst apparel retailing. A common problem is that many loyalty programs are similar and therefore reduces their effectiveness in creating loyal customers. This study focus on what consumers appreciate in a loyalty program in the apparel retailing and how loyalty programs affect consumers.

    The purpose with this study is to identify which benefits in a loyalty program in apparel retailing that consumers’ value and to see if loyalty programs has a positive impact on consumers.

    The theories in this study is about the term customer loyalty, the relationship between attitude and behavior, benefits in loyalty programs, the buying decision process and word-of-mouth.

    The study was accomplished through a quantitative method by using web-based surveys. The survey was distributed to selected programs at Dalarna University, and 123 students participated in the survey.

    Conclusions that can be drawn from the study are that the consumers in this study primarily appreciate the economic benefits such as discounts, promotions, bonuses and gifts. Loyalty programs inspire the consumers to purchases, affect their evaluation of the alternative companies where they can make their purchase, and affect their post-purchase behavior. Most consumers are willing to spread positive word-of-mouth by recommending loyalty programs to others.

  • 74.
    Hellström, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Wiklund, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Det omorganiserade personalarbetet: Linjechefernas uppfattning av en centraliserad HR-funktion2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze how line managers perceive a centralized HR function, as previous research shows that an HR transformation can pose challenges. It has previously been found that the interaction between line managers and the HR function is influenced by the reorganization and the operators must take on new roles and acquire new knowledge. Earlier research also highlights that what seems to be effective at an overall level is not always perceived as effective for the line managers and thus the line managers' views need to be considered. The study contributes to highlighting development opportunities and the hope has been that HR centers within a public organization should be able to use the results to generate appropriate support. The study has been carried out within Falu commune which has recently undergone an HR transformation. To achieve the purpose, a qualitative case study with eight semi-structured interviews has been conducted. The results of the interviews have then been analyzed based on previous research in the subject in order to understand what the empiricism says in relation to theory.

    The result shows that a centralized HR function creates a greater strength for the organization, because the HR specialists can exchange knowledge with each other. The HR transformation, however, entails new approaches to managing personnel issues and the line managers lack the personal contact. The personal contact does not necessarily mean that there is an HR employee out in the administrations. The new shared service organization, which means that the line managers should be able to apply for a more specialized support from different HR functions, leads to the line managers having many different HR managers in different cases. The respondents agree that this is one of the back sides to the HR transformation and asks for contact with a specific HR employee. The line managers' employment period is important for how the reorganization is perceived. The line managers who participated in the HR transformation lack a HR employee on site to a greater extent. For the HR function to gain an understanding of the work of the line managers, they need to be more present in the organization. However, unlike previous research, it seems that there is a clear division of labor and the line managers see personnel responsibility as positive. To sum up, the line managers perceive the centralized HR function as positive, the HR employees are knowledgeable and supportive in all staff matters. However, there are development opportunities to consider in order for the HR transformation to create value and efficiency for both line managers and for the HR function.

  • 75.
    Holmberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Olsson, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Konsten att attrahera på framtidens arbetsmarknad: En studie i arbetsgivares attraktivitet inom IT-branschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing digitalisation of our society is making it harder for the IT industry to attract and recruit employees. One of the biggest assets a company has is its employer brand. This makes “employer branding” one of the most important matters for companies in the IT industry (Backhaus & Tikoo, 2004). The companies’ “employer branding” work leads to the opportunity to attract new employees with unique “value propositions” which can be adjusted to specific individuals with the help of benefits and other offers (Chambers, Foulon, Handfield-Jones, Hankin & Michaels, 2007). The IT businesses’ abilities to attract and keep their employees are more important than ever. Despite this, there's barely any research regarding whether companies are meeting the demands employees have regarding attractive employers or not.  The purpose of this study is to analyse how three different IT companies work to become attractive employers, and also what employees in those three companies are looking for in an attractive employer. In the following study, three interviews have been done, where representatives from three different companies have been interviewed to find out what companies within the IT business do to become attractive employers. After that, a survey was distributed to examine which factors employees in the three companies value regarding attractive employers. The analysis showed that the companies’ focus on building strong bonds between the employees and offering great skill development matches well with what employees look for in their employers, as well with what makes them stay within the company. Furthermore, the analysis also shows that there are some differences between what companies focus on in their work with becoming attractive and what employees wish for. For example, the companies’ main focus lays on offering benefits, even though employees don´t value benefits as an important factor in the matter of what makes an employer attractive. The differences and the similarities are then discussed to reach a conclusion regarding what companies need to do in order to raise their attractivity.

  • 76.
    Holm-Gottfrid, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kunskapande - att bli medveten om det som ”sitter i väggarna”: Fallstudie om upplevda möjligheter och hinder för lärande på en kuratorsenhet.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 77.
    Holmsved, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lärares användning och attityder till problemlösning i förskoleklass2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka hur lärare i förskoleklass organiserar sin undervisning där matematisk problemlösning används samt hur lärarens attityder till matematisk problemlösning i förskoleklass kan återspeglas i deras val. Syftet konkretiseras i följande frågeställningar: På vilket/vilka sätt organiserar lärare i förskoleklass sin undervisning där matematisk problemlösning används? samt Vilka är lärarens argument för att elever ska arbeta med matematisk problemlösning i förskoleklass?. Svar på dessa frågor har sökts genom att samla in empiri från fem lärare på tre olika skolor. Både en observation och en intervju har genomförts med samtliga lärare. Resultatet visar att lärarna organiserar sin undervisning där problemlösning används genom att antingen planera för en lektion utifrån ett problem eller genom att problematisera verksamheten som pågår. Gemensamt för samtliga lärare är att diskussionen är en central del i all undervisning och man kan därmed säga att lärarna ser på elevernas lärande utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Lärarna motiverar sitt val av undervisning med flera olika argument och gemensamt för samtliga är att de anser att problemlösning bör ha en plats i verksamheten. Föregående återspeglas i den undervisning som presenteras.

  • 78.
    Höjer, Victor
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Köhler, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En arbetsplats för alla: Praktiskt mångfaldsarbete inom Trafikverket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 79.
    Idrén, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mååg, Anna Mååg
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Flexibilitetens frammarsch, en studie om den intermittenta anställningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible working conditions is used extensively in organizations today as a way to

    create flexibility for the employer. Recently we’ve been reading in the newspapers

    that this approach is a growing problem and the EU has warned Sweden twice that

    abuse of these forms of employment must be stopped. The Government has recently

    submitted a proposed rule change to reduce the possibility of stacking one temporary

    contract after another. Borlänge kommun makes themselves more flexible with the

    intermittent employments. This study aims to examine why infrequent employments,

    such as the intermittent employment is used and preferred by Borlänge kommun and

    how it’s perceived by affected employees in the organization. The questions related,

    besides why the intermittent employment is used by the organization and how its

    perceived by those involved, also includes the management of intermittent

    employment and how the organization is handling work contracts. The background

    information on the employment law implications gives the reader an insight into how

    the regulatory framework works surrounding the topic. The theory section highlights

    the main theories about flexibility and its different shapes and perspectives. For the

    study a qualitative approach is used. A case study with semi-structured interviews was

    performed. The respondents were employees involved in the staffing of intermittent

    employees and also members of the staff with an intermittent employment. The

    results show that the employment and contracts is correctly handled by labour law

    regulations. This study shows that Borlänge kommun uses intermittent employments

    extensively, with its 1 320 intermittently employees. If this is abuse, or not, is not

    clear from the result. The authors discuss, however, if that is the case. The

    intermittent employment is used mainly because of the great needs. This is because

    society is changing and the average age is increasing, both by those using the services

    and the employees. All respondents perceive the intermittent employment as most

    flexible for the employees. Respondents working in the staffing department say that

    they are not flexible enough. The intermittent employees’ working today does not

    cover the great need. Borlänge kommun think that the flexibility should benefit them

    more and is currently trying to become more flexible. The employees were generally

    satisfied with their work situation. Some tendencies of insecurity and uncertainty

    could be inferred from the intermittent employees answers. The author’s conclusions

    are that flexibility and the intermittent employment contracts mainly benefit the

    employer and the employees who actively choose this type of work, such as students.

    This kind of employment affects, however, the society and those who need a secure

    lifestyle. The necessary permanent contracts are becoming fewer and replaced by

    precarious and flexible employment conditions.

  • 80.
    Ivarsgård, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Åkesson, Lina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR:s medverkan i ledningsgrupper: En studie som visar vad HR:s medverkan i ledningsgrupper kan ha för betydelse för en organisation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är svårt att få en organisation och dess individer att enas om vad som går att mäta, vadsom är viktigt att mäta och framförallt hur man ska mäta. Syftet med denna studie var attundersöka om det inom Trafikverket fanns några upplevda effekter av HR-funktionens stödoch medverkan i ledningsgrupperna samt således se om HR behöver finnas representerade iledningsgrupper inom Trafikverket. Frågeställningen utgår från vårt syfte och delas upp i tremindre frågor. För att möjliggöra undersökningen vill författarna besvara följande frågor:1. Vad anser ledningsgrupperna och HR att syftet med en ledningsgrupp inomTrafikverket är?2. Vilken roll och syfte upplever ledningsgrupper att HR har inom Trafikverket och vilkaeffekter upplever de till följd av detta?3. Hur uppfattar HR sin egen roll och sitt eget syfte inom Trafikverket samt vilkaeffekter upplever HR att de har på ledningsgrupperna och organisationen?Författarna fick möjligheten att genomföra en fallstudie på en avdelning inom Trafikverketdär HR finns representerad i vissa ledningsgrupper men inte andra. Yeung och Berman (1997)menar att de begrepp som kopplar ihop HR och verksamhetsstyrning tyvärr inte är särskiltvälutvecklade i dagens organisationer och att de nuvarande HR åtgärderna inte är tillräckligtvälformulerade för att tydligt visa vilka effekter HR har på företagets resultat.Genom intervjuer med olika chefer och en HR-representant har författarna följande slutsatser: En ledningsgrupps sammansättning behöver inte vara statisk. Det finns ingen klart uttalad definition av vad HR står för inom organisationen. Det råder delade meningar om varför HR inte finns representerad i allaledningsgrupper. Syftet med HR är att föra personalens talan i organisationen och värna ompersonalfrågor igenom hela organisationen. Det är upp till varje organisation själv attdefiniera syftet med HR i deras organisation och följa detta.

  • 81.
    Jakobs, Emil
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Wennström, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En utvärdering av en organisationskulturell process An evaluation of an organizational culture process2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 82.
    Jannesson, Erik
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Palm Ekström, Karolina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Har individuellt lärande betydelse för att effektivisera arbetsintroduktionen?: En kvalitativ studie om vad som utgör en effektiv introduktion enligt kommunanställda chefer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative interviews with managers have been the basis for the thesis to examine if it is possible to make workintroduction more effective through individual learning. In order to facilitate the purpose of workintroduction, make employees feel welcome and for them to quickly reach full productivity. The goal is to see whether it is possible to develop principles on how effective work introduction can be implemented. The theoretical starting points in this study are individual learning, introduction strategies and the organizations' responsibility for the introduction process.

    Interviews has been conducted with six municipal managers on three different municipalities. Through the results from the qualitative interviews and the previous research, two important factors has been identified. These factors are a roughly established checklist that later on will be individually adjusted and the new employee needs a person as a guide, someone to reflect with and have as a coordinator, an so-called

    arbetsintroduktör. We have introduced the term arbetsintroduktör to the workintroduction. The term origins from the respondents descriptions of a person with a specific responsibility to help new employees adjust to the workplace in the best possible way. In order to make the workintroduction work optimally, feedback must be given the new employee on a continuous basis. The feedback should be given by the manager together with the arbetsintroduktör, this way the manager gets the power of the workintroduction. The study shows that the individual learning is important to ensure that the new employee gets the necessary skills for the work. Everyone involved in the workintroduction needs a checklist to be able to orientate themselves in the various stages of introduction. Finally, the person in charge of the workintroduction does not need to be the manager, but it is important that the person introducing has knowledge of the entire organization.

  • 83.
    Jans, Emma
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Nilsson, Elize
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "En personalstyrka som går på knäna": - En kvalitativ studie om betydande faktorer i sjuksköterskeyrket2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the corridors of Falu Lasarett several rooms are empty and the operating rooms are not fully being used. The answer is not that the inhabitants in the area are more healthy, nor is it the economy that is the main reason. The reason is the shortages of nurses, in 2015 an article was published showing the increasing number of nurses leaving Falu Lasarett because of heavy three shifts.

    At the beginning of this study, the aim was to find out what the attractive factors in the nursing profession was, why people chose to become nurses when the profession seems to be surrounded by negative factors. We soon came to the understanding that the profession could not be described as either attractive or unattractive. The purpose of the study therefore became to identify attractive and unattractive factors in the nursing profession. In order to find participants that matched our criteria we used social media, the spread was great and was therefore stopped after nine nurses chose to participate. The participants were employed at Falu Lasarett and they were interviewed with the "attractive work" method. This method has been a tool in the collection of material both theoretical and empirical, the factors from the method have given us hands-on keywords and have been useful for the participants to discuss about.

    The results showed that the respondents felt that relationships and social contacts contributed to the profession's attractiveness. They considered themselves stimulated by the variety of work in the form of mental work, practical work and the results they performed. The improvement areas identified in the study are hardly surprising; salary, working hours, work rate, status, recognition, business, leadership and also the factor appreciated was considered less attractive as the respondents felt that they were only sought after because of their professional title. The focus has been leadership, a factor that early on was identified as an area of improvement. The problem of leadership seems to come from the fact that the management recruitment takes place internally in the workplace and that the management training programs are insufficient.

    The study aims to identify the areas of improvement no intent has been that the study would result in an action plan. We see the topic too complex for a C-level paper to result in a solution for the problems the nursing profession holds.

  • 84.
    Jansson, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Komprimerad arbetstid Till vilket pris?: En utvärdering av komprimerad arbetstid2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 85.
    Jernberg, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bäck, Matilda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lärarprofessionens arbetssituation - gränslös eller hållbar?: En kvalitativ studie om grundskollärares arbetssituation och ledarskapets betydelse för den psykosociala arbetsmiljöupplevelsen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our common interest in the work environment founded the idea of this study, our bachelor degree project, which

    aims at describing the teachers' work situation with a focus on psychosocial work environment and working conditions and the importance of leadership for the individual work environment experience.

    The theoretical frame of reference

    focuses on the psychosocial work environment and addresses areas such as leadership, job-demand-control-support model, work-related stress, communication and teachers' working conditions.

    The method

    is of a qualitative nature, in which six semistructured interviews were conducted with five teachers and one principal, all of whom are employed in elementary school.

    The result

    shows that teachers experience a high level of administrative burden that needs to be reduced in order for the work situation to be considered manageable and contribute to a sustainable working life. The teachers who considered themselves having a reasonable workload have access to support, something that those who find themselves having a too heavy workload are missing. A thematisation of the key areas that could be read from the respondents' answers was established: workload, the need for support and leadership, the view of leadership, and the role of teacher and the educational task. Then the result was analyzed using the theoretical reference frame.

    The conclusions

    we can draw from the study are that there are three variables that are crucial for teachers' experiences regarding their own work environment: time, support and communication. If these variables are present in the business, the staff tend to feel better, but if these variables are completely absent, they tend to have the opposite effect, an unmotivated and unattended staff. Leaders in the school system should thus work continuously and structured with these three variables to counteract the negative trend of sick leave and redundancies among teachers in the Swedish school.

  • 86.
    Johansen, Peter
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Morelius, Micael
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Är tillhörighet viktigt för en poolanställd? : Vad anser arbetsgivaren, facket och medarbetaren?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our study it appears that both employers and the union find surprisingly similar on many issues. They have a common understanding of belonging, to the employee in the pool may have a better working environment and that there should be increased opportunities for the mobility of personnel in the organization. Based on this consensus on so many important factors, it may seem strange that the cooperation between these parties do not work better than it does. The employees also agree that the pool's work situation must be improved. They feel like compartment that when an employee is converted, it would have its origin where it worked best but they also stresses the risk of redundancy in the workplace. If redundancy would be a reality requires that workplaces have not locked schedules (work) without the use of business custom schedules (organization). In this work we will find out how the staff group feeling / experiencing their employment. To increase the pre-understanding of this phenomenon we will make use of relevant literature and previous research in the area.

    The problem today is that no one seems really pleased with how the pool looks like today. Municipal want a "membership" of the pool employee, while the employer believes that the pool's affiliation is staffing the unit. We will among other things examine how the employees themselves see their work situation

  • 87.
    Johansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eriksson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attrahera och behålla personal: En studie om attraktivitet på Högskolan Dalarna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several researchers write about the importance of being an attractive employer, which today is more important than ever, especially when the competition for staff increases. By creating an attractive employer brand, the chances of attracting and retaining competent staff increase (Ehrenborg & Höglund, 2016). Previous research shows that several factors are important to consider in the work towards creating a strong employer brand, factors such as motivation and internal marketing (Grönroos, 1996; Lievens, 2007). In the following study, the University of Dalarna's attractiveness as an employer is examined from an employee perspective, with the aim of finding attractive offers for retaining and attracting employees. The study is a method combination based mainly on a qualitative method with quantitative elements and has been conducted in the form of interviews and a questionnaire survey with adjuncts at Dalarna University. The study reveals attractive attributes such as flexible working hours, opportunity for development and safe relationships, as well as less attractive attributes such as payroll and trustworthy leadership. In addition, the study discusses selected theory and empirical evidence that ultimately emerges in several proposals for how the Dalarna University can continue their work with the employer brand in the sense of being an attractive employer.

  • 88.
    Johansson, Michaela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Lindblå, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När chefen kränker eller mobbar: Att förstå och lösa relationer med faktaundersökningsmetoden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims at examining how social relations at work are affected when it is the responsible manager who perform bullying or abusive treatment. The study also aims at examining how the investigation method handles these problems. This is a Norwegian investigation method that Falu kommun uses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted within Falu kommun with six participants, five of whom are managers and one of them is the supervisor of the method. The managers are higher than the first line managers and possess managerial experience. The method's supervisor leads the work with the investigation method in Falu kommun.

    In the analysis and result of the study four themes was identified. These themes are;

    Offensive manipulation and bullying, destructive leadership, the investigation method and the location of the HR function. From each one of these topics, the essential opinions from the interviews were brought up and the discussion based on these themes led to seven conclusions. These included, among other things, the consequences of bullying, abusive discrimination and destructive leadership, how to counteract and work against it, and the strengths and weaknesses of the investigation method. We also found that the imbalance of power between manager and employee is a great part of the problem as the imbalance cause a sense of helplessness for the employee. This is also the main difference in being exposed by a manager compared to a co-worker, something that appears to be a key finding is the survey.

  • 89.
    Jonsson Hofberg, Lisa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Kompetensbrist: En kvalitativ studie om SSAB:s brist på automationspersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to describe and analyse the labour shortage of automation employees at SSAB in Borlänge. Furthermore, the essay refers to contribute to theoretical knowledge in competence, employer branding, strategies and collaboration with schools. In order to achieve this purpose eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees at SSAB. The result showed that there are several contributing factors to the labour shortage. One reason can be connected to the closure of the education of electrical engineers that previously existed at Dalarna University. Furthermore, the results show that demand for automation employees is higher than the supply, as several industrial companies in Dalarna are facing the same problem. That SSAB has not worked proactively with attracting candidates can also have resulted in today’s lack of competence. This may be because of the HR department at the company has been undermanned, which has led to lack of strategic processes. The result also shows that employer brand on external and internal level is important for attracting candidates with the right skills. Collaborating with schools is important to create an early interest for the industry as an employer, which is something that SSAB could develop through better marketing of internships and various collaborations.

  • 90.
    Junker, Jakob
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Junker, Jonatan
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Friskvårdsatsningar-fysiska hälsan: En kvantitativ och en kvalitativ undersökning i landstinget Gävleborg.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Friskvården inom organisationer har under de senaste åren blivit en högst aktuell fråga och allt fler organisationer runt om i landet väljer att satsa på friskvård. Landstinget Gävleborg har under de senaste åren gjort stora satsningar på friskvård genom att bland annat delta i olika motionsevenemang som StafettVasan. Syfte: Att undersöka hur personalen som representerat landstinget Gävleborg i StafettVasan upplever sin subjektiva hälsa och välbefinnande samt att ta reda på om StafettVasan som hälsofrämjande åtgärd varit en bra investering för landstinget Gävleborg. Resultat: Resultatet visade att landstinget Gävleborg friskvårdssatsningar har haft en stor påverkan för personalen i positiv riktning. Nästan alla har på ett eller annat sätt upplevt att deras deltagande har medfört många bra effekter som bättre gemenskap och motivation till träning vilket även visat resultat på arbetsplatsen. Slutsatser: Landstinget Gävleborg friskvårdssatsningar lönar sig för personalens subjektiva hälsa och deras välbefinnande.

  • 91.
    Kareliusson, Susanne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Krantz, Lisa
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och sjukfrånvaro: En studie om arbetsmiljöfaktorer som påverkar sjukfrånvaron i en global organisation2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 92.
    Karlsson, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Ottosson, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Personalpolicy – En kreativ process!2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of the documents on

    personnel policy and personnel manuals in a medium-sized company in Sweden. It

    is also of interest to see how these documents are designed and how they are

    implemented in the organization.

    Method:

    The research approach is a qualitative method triangulation. A case study

    with semistructured interviews and a text study of policy documents and personnel

    manuals from the organization in question. An abductive approach has been applied

    as we have drawn conclusions from our results to apply to the group, but also based

    on literature theory in order to apply these to the study object. A hermeneutic

    perspective has been applied during the completed text analysis, to see the material

    both in parts and as a whole.

    Empirics:

    The data collection was carried out by means of five interviews, in which

    respondents represented five separate operations within the concern. Respondents

    have different roles within the organization, and all of them have a personnel

    responsibility.

    Conclusion:

    Only a well-worked document does not contribute to efficiency.

    Factors such as leadership and organizational culture also need to be included in the

    equation for the policy to contribute value to the organization.

  • 93.
    Karlsson, Josefina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Nilsson, Jessica
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete i offentlig sektor bland enhetschefer inom vård och omsorg2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    HR function's role in an organization is to safeguard the human resource and ensure that good working conditions are achieved. This is to attract, recruit, retain and develop skills (Kira 2003). In recent years, working conditions and working conditions attracted the attention of local authorities in Sweden, among other heads of units in the elderly. Working conditions and above all the high staff turnover among these, has led to a problem that was one of the valets important issues in 2014. The aim of this study is to describe the working conditions of unit managers in smaller municipalities in Sweden, the social sector and highlight how these could be improved. We have used Orsa kommun in this study. The results of the survey showed that the employment situation of heads of unit is overpowering when the work structure it poor and the level of stress is high. Unit managers themselves would benefit from an assistant and a job description to reduce the load and the structure of the work. Our conclusion is that municipalities in Sweden should work to create better working conditions for home directors and work to ease the workload. Our proposal to Orsa kommun is to take the help of our action plan and to employ assistants to heads of unit as well as create job descriptions. Further research on the subject could enlighten the importance of mentoring in the public sector within the municipalities in Sweden and the organizational structure to create more attractive work conditions.

  • 94.
    Katajisalo, Emelie
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Årebrand, Caroline
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Skillnad mellan ideal och verklighet: En jämförelse av uppfattningen om attraktivt arbete mellan sjuksköterskor och deras arbetsgivare i en kommunal verksamhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background that forms the basis of this study is an expected shortage of nurses nationwide and earlier research that implies that public sector organizations generally are perceived as less attractive organizations. This study intend to obtain knowledge about which factors nurses perceive as attractive in a public sector organization. The aim of this study is to compare nurses and their managers perceptions of which factors that are important to attract and retain nurses, and further if these perceptions differ from each other.   Previous research have shown that there is a wide range of factors that are important to attract and retain nurses. The important factors are for example work environment, leadership, autonomy, appreciation and opportunity for development. Studies that previously been comparing the perceptions of nurses and their employers have not considered work environment as a factor, and they have been carried out mainly in a hospital environment. The present study is made in a public sector and the starting point is how the individual comprehend its reality.   The study has a phenomenological approach and uses an qualitative method on basis that the data collection has been done through semi structured interviews. The research have focused on two groups of candidates: nurses and representatives of the employer.  Factors that have shown to be important for nurses in a public sector is for example work climate, colleagues and salary. The nurse perceptions does in most parts correspond with the employers perception. Contradictions is found in how the profession is valued, the significance of salary and also the opportunity for development and autonomy. There is a clear need for appraisal and understanding for the care that is given by the nurses from the leaders and politicians in the organization. For the public sector healthcare that is two factors that should be focused on to attract and retain nurses.

  • 95.
    Klang, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Aufrecht, Josefine
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Engagemang – konsten att skapa attraktivitet iarbetslivet: En kvalitativ studie om hur en kommun kan arbeta för attminska personalomsättning bland socialsekreterare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to find out how a commune can work with commitment as

    a part of the attractive work in order to reduce staff turnover among social workers.

    Furthermore, the essay refers to contribute the theoretical knowledge in the field. In order to

    achieve this purpose ten semistructured interviews were conducted, of which eight were with

    socialworkers and two with unit managers of the social workers in the commune studied. The

    result showed that the definition of engagement also includes the feeling of caring and

    wanting to do more than you’re expected to. The result also showed that the social workers

    engagement are affected of work features, the organization, the leadership and the team of

    colleagues. Another result show that theese contents can not be statically prioritized, but

    instead should be put in relation to to the group and the individual's current needs. Based on

    what was identified as the current needs of the social workers, a result was also a number of

    development proposals for how the commune and unit managers for social security workers

    can work to create engagement.

  • 96.
    Klingberg, Monique
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sex timmars arbetsdag –ett modigt beslut: För att bli en attraktiv arbetsgivare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how the employees job satisfaction has changed after a work reduction.

    This occurred in terms of changing the amount of working hours where the employees went

    from eight-hour work day to six-hour work day while maintaining full-time pay at a small

    private service company. The aim is to investigate how this type of work reduction is related

    to employees job satisfaction and thereby increase the understanding of the two phenomena. It

    appears that employees job satisfaction has changed since the reduction of working hours.

    Regarding the individual factors at the workplace some factors has declined while some

    factors has increased. In the discussion it appears that there is a risk of illness that can affect

    the employees due to lack of support, lack of control and increased demands. The current risk

    of illness can be seen as acceptable, given to the varying workload which means that

    employees during periods get time for recovery. Despite the circumstances prevailing high

    global job satisfaction, which in turn should mean that the theories that have been used,

    contains some shortcomings as regard to variations in workload is not taken. The resultsbased

    analysis revealed three themes which were seen appropriate for employees and their job

    satisfaction. These themes consisted of changes in relationships, changes in work and changes

    in rewards. The theoretical framework for the study includes the expectation theory, twofactor

    theory of the demand- control- support- model as well as the efforts- rewardimbalance-

    model. Data was collected using four semi-structured interviews where the

    respondents consisted of employees in the selected case. The study is designed for qualitative

    method and a phenomenological approach. The study has been designed in the form of a case

    study.

  • 97.
    Kuru, Robin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Knijnenburg, Sam
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Triangeldrama i trepartsförhållandet: En kvalitativ studie om konsultchefers hälsofrämjande ledarskap i bemanningsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to create an increased understanding of consultant managers' perceptions about the consequences of the tripartite relationship between consultant, consultant manager and client on the health-promoting leadership. The study has a hermeneutic approach with an abductive research approach. The empirical material was collected through eight semistructured interviews with consulting managers from a staffing company. The result of the study shows difficulties in the tripartite relationship due to the distance leadership between the consultant and the consultant manager and the shared work environment responsibility that exists between the staffing company and the client. The consultants have difficulty in determining what is and what’s not work-related. Furthermore, the consultants lack organizational support for carrying out health-promoting leadership. The conclusion is that the tripartite relationship creates a distance leadership in the form of physical and psychosocial distance that can affect the consultant's health. Health-promoting leadership in a tripartite relationship requires the consultant manager to delegate the responsibility for health to the consultant. This is done by the consultant manager motivating the consultant to eat healthy and engage in other health promotion activities. The conclusion is also that there are conflicting requirements in the tripartite relationship, which means that the consulting manager can’t work with the health-promoting leadership that they want. Lack of time and resources in the form of money means that the staffing agency's profitability and the customer's wishes are prioritized at the expense of the consultant's health. The limitations of the health promotion leadership are also built on the fact that the concept of health is difficult to measure with economic terms. Hence only the consultant's health is measured by sickness absence. As a result, most measures to promote a consultant's health take place through reactive measures when illness has already occurred.

  • 98.
    Laforet, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Larsson, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Mångfald - Från ord till handling: En kvalitativ studie om HRs strategiska arbete med mångfald2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on an assignment from the Swedish Transport Administration with the intention to examine how a diversity strategy can be more efficient in the organization. The starting point for this study is that it seems to require more research on how HR can strategically work with diversity issues and integrate them with the rest of the organization. The purpose of this study is to identify how Human Resources strategically can work with diversity. An additional purpose is to show how a strategic diversity work can be more effective.Theories that highlight the concept of diversity, the effects of diversity, strategy, Human Resource Management and Strategic Human Resource Management can be seen as a basis for a successful strategic HRM with diversity. Leadership, communication, knowledge and organizational culture highlight the theory as important components to strategic efforts to become more efficient and provide the power in the organization.The study is based on a deductive approach and a qualitative method has been used on the basis of three individual interviews and two focus groups. With the individual interview, the purpose was to highlight the organization's contemporary work with diversity, future perspectives on how strategic diversity efforts can be designed and a vision for results. One focus group consisted of employees from HR from various regional offices in the country and were intended to clarify how HR can work strategically with diversity. The other focus groups consisted of executives from various regional offices in the country and were intended to highlight the role of managers and what they are seeking in a strategic diversity effortThe result of the interviews were analyzed based on the theoretical framework. In this study we have come up with and identified several significant factors for HR that are important in the design of a diversity strategy. It is important to define the concept of diversity, to clarify the issue of responsibility, to show why the organization should work with diversity, and communicate the impact. Furthermore, it is important to link diversity strategy to other HRM-activities and the organization's other strategies and objectives for the strategic work to effect. Knowledge of diversity and to see the work as a process of change, where management is an important role, have proved to be essential factors for the work to get the value of the organization.

  • 99.
    Lagerberg, Patrice
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    HR-funktionens hantering av arbetsplatskonflikter på individnivå2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Lappalainen, Mariette
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Sundlöf, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Gränsdragning mellan arbete & fritid: Närvaro i sin frånvaro2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose in this study is intending to describe the significance of the boundless work gets the manager's role, based on the changes taking place in today's working life and how the boundaries between work and leisure are handled. We chose to carry out our study in the form of interviews, where we interviewed six employees within a public organization in Dalarna, Sweden. The results we obtained were analyzed based on previous research and theories that we have taken part of. The results of our study show that managers are directly or indirectly affected by the changes taking place in the workplace and that it´s also something that affects the way managers manage the boundaries between work and leisure. The study results also show that managers mean that these changes contributes to change their way of acting in the role of manager and that makes different demands on their skills. The results also show that the requirements of the work must be reasonable; in order to create a balance between work and private life, and that primarily it is not the quantitative factors in relation to the work that creates a sense of limitlessness. With quantitative factors we mean those factors traditionally described as more specific work factors such as job design, working time, availability or the number of tasks to perform. Instead illustrates the result of an emotional feeling of stress may arise in relation to the personal experience of a delicate situation at work or when their skills are not sufficient in performance, and that can create a blurred line between work and leisure.

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