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  • 51.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Devinder, Thapa
    University of Agder, Norway .
    Sæbø, Øystein
    University of Agder, Norway .
    A Framework for Understanding the Link Between ICT and Development: How Affordances Influence Capabilities2016In: Proceedings of SIG GlobDev Ninth Annual Workshop, Dublin, Ireland, December 11, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the role of ICT in development is at the core of the ICT4D field. However, while most agree that ICT do contribute to development, the question of how is still not fully explored. In this research-in-progress, we propose a framework that combines two theoretical lenses, the choice framework (that is based on the capability approach) and affordances, to increase our understanding of ICTs role in the development process. The capability approach considers development as freedoms for people to live the lives they have a reason to value. The affordance theory describes action possibilities allowed by material properties, thereby allowing the examination of how individuals explore material properties of information systems with the objective of enhancing their capabilities. We argue that, by combining the choice framework with affordances we can better explain the role of ICT in the development process, and explain how individuals’ agency and social structures influence their ability to perceive affordances in their interaction with the ICT.

  • 52.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Stocholms Universitet / DSV.
    A model for a learning object repository metadata set: a case study at UCSC, Sri Lanka2009In: e-Asia conference 2009, 2009, p. 17-17Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Husnain, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Identifying the contemporary status of e-service sustainability research2015In: International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications, ISSN 1941-627X, E-ISSN 1941-627X, Vol. 7, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is a major concern all over the world. Indeed, it is required in every domain of life, including that of government. E-services are widely acknowledged for the contribution they make to e-government. The research question raised in this study is: What is the existing status of e-service sustainability research? The research method used is a literature study that adopts a concept-centric approach. Literature was collected from high-ranking IS journals and relevant databases. Selected literature was then analyzed using the twin concepts of e-service sustainability itself and the enabler (secondary) effects of sustainable e-services. The Triple Bottom Line’s model was used to further categorize the findings using economic, environmental, and social sustainability concepts. Finally, the selected papers were analyzed in terms of research approach and topic. The results of the study revealed a lack of research into e-service sustainability. By way of contrast, it revealed 20 articles that cover the enabler effect. Existing research is related to economic and social dimensions, with the most common topic being related to user satisfaction.

  • 54.
    Jonsson, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Säljö, Roger
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    The Online Seminar as Enacted Practice2009In: Institutional transformation through best practices in virtual campus development : advancing e-learning policies / [ed] Mark Stansfield & Thomas Conolly, Information Science Reference, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Joseph, Shaji
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Avdic, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Where do e-Government strategies take the Nordic nations?2016In: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 2-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective strategy is critical for the successful development of e-Government. The leading nations in the e-Government rankings include Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. Their leading role makes them interesting to study when looking for reasons to successful e-Government. The purpose of this research paper is to describe the e-Government development strategies of Nordic countries, which rank highly on the international stage. In particular it aims to study the foci of these strategies. The approach is a document study of the e-Government development strategies of Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland was carried out using a qualitative content analysis inductive method. The results show that the major focus of Nordic e-Government strategies is on public sector reforms. Other focus areas include economic reforms and, to a lesser extent, e-Democracy efforts. Sweden, Finland and Norway have set ambitious policy goals in order to achieve global leadership in e-Government development. In response to the question posed by this paper’s title, we can say that Nordic e-Government strategies, except for Norway, focus more on reforming public sector services than on economic reforms.  E-Democracy reforms are hardly focused on at all.

    Practical implications: Public sector policy makers can relate their policy foci to some of the more successful e-Government countries in the world. Research implications/originality is that this paper can apart from the findings also provide a means on how to identify the actual foci of a country’s e-Government policy.

  • 56.
    Jörgensen, Tanja
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Den virtuella verklighetens magiska cirkel: En kvalitativ studie av ljud, bild, interaktion och immersion för applikationen Tilt Brush i VR-headsetet HTC Vive2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie som utgår från Huizingas begrepp ”den magiska cirkeln” undersöksapplikationen Tilt Brush för VR headsetet HTC Vive med avseende på dess bild ochljud samt hur detta tolkas och används under interaktionen med applikationens verktyg.Begreppet utgår ifrån att användaren kan låta sig uppslukas i ett spel så längeförväntningarna enligt spelets regler inte störs. Genom en fallstudie har applikationenstuderats med metoder som autoetnografi och multimodal analys utifrånsocialsemiotiska begrepp, samt öppna intervjuer med inslag av ”think-aloud”. Deliknande iakttagelser som framkommit med hjälp av olika metoder får anses styrkastudiens resultat. Resultaten i studien pekar på att det för interaktionens del är viktigt attvissa aspekter av ljudet, som har med positionering eller fysikens lagar att göra,stämmer överens med våra erfarenheter från verkligheten och att detta i sin tur stämmeröverens med det visuellt representerade. För bildens och ljudens meningserbjudanden iövrigt är användaren beredd att gå med på vilka oerhörda illusioner som helst så längebild och ljud kommuniceras i överensstämmelse och på ett trovärdigt sätt som lever upptill användarens förväntningar inom den magiska cirkeln, platsen för själva spelet.Förväntningarna behöver då inte ha med verkligheten att göra. Vad som uppfattas somhög modalitet styrs av vilken genre användaren förväntar sig att möta. Detta i sin turrelateras till användarens tidigare erfarenheter och sociala och kulturella bakgrund.

  • 57. Karlsson, Eva
    Systemutveckling för riskbaserad tillsyn: Hur verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund kan användas för kravfångst2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har utförts vid en myndighet som bedriver statlig tillsyn över det svenska järnvägssystemet. När myndigheten beslutade att deras tillsyn skulle vara riskbaserad uppstod behov att se över och eventuellt förändra myndighetens verksamhetsprocesser utifrån ett riskbaserat synsätt. Arbetet med denna licentiatavhandling, som har skett i form av praktikforskning, har sin grund i två förändringsprojekt som var starkt påverkade av den bärande idén om riskbaserad tillsyn. Av denna anledning fanns ett behov att karaktärisera riskbaserad tillsyn. Detta skedde med hjälp av verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund vars resultat formulerades i en verksamhetsteori för riskbaserad tillsyn. På ett övergripande plan handlar riskbaserad tillsyn om att integrera riskhantering i myndighetens tillsynsprocesser.

    Denna licentiatavhandling är skriven inom ämnet informationssystemsutveckling och det problem som undersöks är hur man kan fånga kraven på ett verksamhetsstödjande informationssystem med hjälp av en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund. Tesen för arbetet är att de krav som identifieras i en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund bör kunna användas i det fortsatta kravarbetet. Därför är spårbarhet mellan verksamhetsanalysens dokumentation och den fortsatta kravhanteringen i ett systemutvecklingsprojekt en viktig egenskap. Spårbarheten undersöks genom att två av myndighetens utvecklingsprojekt som var inriktade på att utveckla både verksamheten och nya informationssystem analyseras.

    Att uppnå spårbarhet är en del av tillvägagångssättet när informationssystem utvecklas. I denna licentiatavhandling beskrivs tillvägagångssättet utifrån tre metodegenskaper: arbetssätt (vilka frågor som ställs), notation (hur kraven dokumenteras) och arbetsformer (vilka tekniker för datainsamling som används). Det är alltså inte bara spårbarhet (som ingår i metodegenskapen notation) som är intressant att studera närmare utan hela tillvägagångssättet i verksamhetsanalysen.

    Studien har bedrivits i form av praktikforskning och det innebär att tre bidrag har producerats: 1) ett bidrag till den lokala praktiken, dvs. till myndigheten; 2) ett bidrag till den generella praktiken, dvs. till andra verksamheter som bedriver statlig tillsyn men även praktiker som arbetar med verksamhets- respektive systemutveckling inkluderas i den generella praktiken; samt 3) ett bidrag till akademin. Bidraget till den lokala praktiken är genomförandet av utvecklingsprojekten och deras resultat. Bidraget till den generella praktiken inom verksamhetsutveckling är verksamhetsanalysen som resulterar i en verksamhetsteori för riskbaserad tillsyn. Bidraget till praktiker inom systemutveckling är kravanalysen som visar hur en verksamhetsanalys på praktikteoretisk grund kan användas för att fånga krav på ett verksamhetsstödjande informationssystem. Kravanalysen öppnar även för möjligheter att söka efter krav på ett informationssystem utan att verksamhetsanalysen fokuserar informationssystemet. Bidraget till akademin består också av kravanalysen som med hjälp av fyra kravkategorier härleder spårbarhet mellan verksamhetsteorin för riskbaserad tillsyn och kravdokumentation från de studerade projekten. Det andra bidraget till akademin är ett önskvärt tillvägagångssätt för att genomföra en praktikteoretisk verksamhetsanalys för riskbaserad tillsyn.

  • 58.
    Karlsson, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Horn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Förutsättningar för distanskommunikation mellan reklambyråer och kunder: En intervju- och enkätundersökning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Small advertising agencies have in recent years lost clients due to competition from larger agencies. A solution could be to create a relationship to clients outside the nearby area, Internet based communication tools might here be a good complement to physical meetings.

    Telecommunication is effective because it is less time consuming and it decreases travel costs. It could however result in misunderstandings and less opportunities to develop a close relationship with the client.

    The use of internet based communication tools is expected to increase in the future, along with the development of telecommunication tools.

    The aim of this study has been to examine the possibilities for small agencies to use telecommunication with their clients. Our purpose has been to determine the effects of telecommunication for both agencies and clients. The study also aims to recommend tools for each production step in the creative process.

    Results of this study clearly indicates that the personal meeting is very important, and it can not be substituted with telecommunication. Both agencies and clients considered telecommunication as an option for work meetings.

  • 59. Kuismin, Victor
    Ett bekymmersamt firande: En kvalitativ studie om kommunikationen från Svenska Fotbollsförbundet till klubbarna i Norrettan och Söderettan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den svenska elitfotbollen finns det bestämmelser om hur man ska arbeta med sin kommunikation mot media på arenan under matchdag när man spelar i Superettan och Allsvenskan. Men hur påverkar detta klubbar som kommer från divisionen under, får de tillräckligt med information i god tid?

    Syftet med uppsatsen är i första hand att reda på hur mycket toppklubbarna i Norrettan och Söderettan vet om de arenakrav gentemot medierepresentanter som ställs på klubbar vid avancemang till Superettan samt undersöka hur Svenska Fotbollsförbundet kommunicerar ut dessa krav till klubbarna.

    För att göra det så har jag använt mig av telefonintervjuer med åtta klubbar i division ett, fyra från Norrettan och fyra från Söderettan. I dessa intervjuer så har jag frågat dem om de känner till arenakraven för media och kommunikation för en klubb i Superettan, hur de har tänkt tackla dessa krav vid eventuell uppflyttning och slutligen vad de tycker om den information de har fått hittills från Svenska Fotbollsförbundet gällande dessa krav.

    Resultatet visade att fyra av åtta klubbar känner till något av kraven för kommunikationsarbetet, två av dessa klubbar fick informationen senast de spelade i Superettan och de två andra har antingen letat upp informationen själv eller så förutsätter man att man ska få mer information vid avancemanget.

    Problemet som många har är att de inte har nog med resurser, i dagsläget, för att kunna lösa de krav som ställs på klubben.

    Det visar att Svenska Fotbollsförbundet till största del drivs med ett så kallat uppifrån och ner-perspektiv där beslut tas och sänds ifrån den absoluta toppen av organisationen.

  • 60.
    Ladendorf, Martina
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Freelance Journalists’ Ethical Boundary Settings in Information Work2012In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Laryea, Rueben
    Stockholm University.
    Project outcome classification with imprecise criteria information2013In: International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, ISSN 1755-8077, E-ISSN 1755-8085, Vol. 6, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A case in which managers have to make project outcome classification decisions with uncertainty in independently related criteria values is considered in this paper. A multi-criteria decision model is developed in this paper by selecting methods which delved into data analysis to help managers make informed classification decisions. Uncertainty in the criteria values is resolved using linear programming which enables managers to know the profit outcome of their projects for efficient resource allocation. The classification scheme from the linear programming process is used as predefined classification inputs for use in the UTilités Additives DIScriminantes (UTADIS) method, which further produces a classification model. The analysis presented a no misclassification error in the predefined classifications from the linear programming and the classifications in the UTADIS method thus further boosting the confidence managers can entrust in the resulting classification model.

  • 62.
    Lidén, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Democracy functions of information technology2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Lindberg, Ylva
    et al.
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Högskolan i Jönköping, Medie-, litteratur- och språkdidaktik.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Högskolan för lärande och kommunikation, Högskolan i Jönköping, Medie-, litteratur- och språkdidaktik.
    The argumentative genre in social media - a comparison of Wikipedia discussion pages between cultures and between topics2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The argumentative genre in social media – a comparison of Wikipedia discussion pages between cultures and between topics.

    Johansson, Sverker & Lindberg, Ylva

    The crowdsourced encyclopediaWikipedia is the 6th most visited of all websites. Wikipedia articles are written in a social process with heated arguments on dedicated discussion pages, one for each Wikipedia article. As Myers (2010) observes, English-language Wikipedians employ traditional means to support their arguments, but also Wikipedia-specific argumentative criteria, such as Neutral Point of View, No Original Research and Verifiability; cf. Androutsopoulos (2006).

    The structure, openness and global scope of Wikipedia makes it feasible to extract large parallel  corpora of argumentative writing from many different cultures, debating many different topics. In the first stage of our project, we have done a quantitative study of Wikipedia arguments, comparing the volume of debate surrounding the same 1,000 articles on 25 different language versions of Wikipedia. With this data, we compare argumentation, both on the same topic between languages, and between topics in the same language. Preliminary results show that cultural differences in sheer discussion volume are small, but that some interesting patterns are present.

    In a second stage, we proceed with qualitative analysis of argumentative Wikipedia texts in selected languages. In the qualitative analysis we will present the intersection between standard and Wikipedia-specific argumentation, as well as the cultural transfer of Wikipedia argumentation between language versions.

    The results will contribute to our knowledge about how digital literacy is related to traditional literacy and how teachers can meet new demands on writing practices, by integrating social media (Baron 2010. Sofkova Hashemi 2008, Erixon 2012).

    References:

    Androutsopoulos, J. (2006). Introduction: Sociolinguistics and computer-mediated communication.

    Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10 /4, 419-438.

    Erixon, P.-O. (2012). Svenskämnet i ett nytt medieekologiskt sammanhang. In Skar, G. & Tengberg,

    M. (red.). Svenskämnet i går, i dag, i morgon. Stockholm: Svensklärarföreningen/Natur & Kultur, 178-193.

    Myers, G. (2010). The Discourse of Blogs and Wikis. London:Continuum.

    Sofkova Hashemi, S. (2008). Kommunikationsteknik och skrivande hos svenska barn. In Domeij, R.

    (red.). Tekniken bakom språket. Stockholm: Norstedts, 121-142.

  • 64.
    Mörner, Cecilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Geography.
    The Legacy of Mining: Visual Representations and Narrative Constructions of a Swedish Heritage Tourist Destination2011In: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the marketing and management efforts that have been undertaken to make the Falun World Heritage Site a successful tourist destination in terms of hegemonic, visual representations and narrative constructions. Visual representation is assumed to be a vital aspect of the construction of narratives used to promote tourist destinations. The idea of a narrative as something that constructs sites as comprehensible places through visual representation can be used to illuminate the logic of heritage tourism and branding destinations. The paper argues that representations of a heritage site that are closely related to hegemonic ideas of the site’s history are not necessarily the most profitable ones. If the heritage site is to contribute to local development and tourism, it is essential to understand what the representations of heritage communicate. Using the Falun World Heritage Site as a case study, the article aims to show how the attraction of a site can be hindered by hegemonic assumptions of its history, and therefore of its most interesting and valuable aspects. Analyses of Falun’s marketing, as well as the site itself, show that the constructed hegemonic narratives about the Falun Mine primarily concern men, masculinity and nationalism. Visitors are offered an opportunity to take part through narratives of the Swedish Great Power Period, as constructed and experienced by male geniuses and male mineworkers. These are the stories that correspond to the hegemonic view of those who manage and market the site.

  • 65.
    Nordgren, Eva
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Gerén, Linda
    Uppsala universitet, Områdeskanslier.
    Student and library services in cooperation2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    At Ångström Laboratory, one of the largest campuses at Uppsala University, the Library and the Student Services Office merged in November 2012. This merger is a pilot project to improve service for students and faculty. Ångström Laboratory has around 900 staff and almost 10,000 students, of whom most also spend time at other campuses. In this paper we describe the background and the implementation of the pilot project.

    One of the main reasons for moving together was the wish to gather together all kinds of student services, including the distribution of written examinations in one place. The central location and open environment of the Library made it a good choice.

    The heart of the Library and Student Services is an open office consisting of two service desks located in the library area. There are silent study areas; computers for searching and printing, an area for relaxing with newspapers and journals, meeting rooms and offices for the staff. The result is a lively place with a cosy atmosphere.

    As the Library and the Student Services still belong to different parts of the University we are now starting to find out how best to collaborate. To understand more we log all the questions we get and the services we deliver. We also have meetings together and use the same lunch room to get to know each other and our different functions. We will define which matters can be solved in common, and how we can back each other up when necessary.

  • 66.
    Nordin, Niklas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Gustafsson, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Analys, design och konstruktion av en ITS-prototyp: Att övervaka och informera transporter av farligt gods på väg2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 67.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Children’s programmes and the narration of TV technology2014In: Contemporary Television Series: Narrative Structures and Audience Perception / [ed] Valentina Marinescu, Silvia Branea & Bianca Mitu, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014, p. 16-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Du är väl lärande, lilla vän?: Om public service-TV för barn och synen på barnpubliken2016In: Ordning och reda, konsten på freda'!: om fostran, marknad och barnkultur / [ed] Eva Söderberg, Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning, Stockholms universitet , 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Public service TV, pedagogy and Swedish childhood: an international story of imagining a child audience2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Public Service TV, pedagogy and Swedish Childhood - an international story of imagining a child audience

    This paper draws on TV Studies (e.g., Corner, 1999; Lury, 2005) Visual Studies (e.g., Mitchell, 2005; Rose, 2001) and Childhood Studies (e.g., James, Jenks and Prout, 1998; Lee, 2001) to explore how children and childhoods are represented, visualized and negotiated as an audience for public service television. Television for children is often debated in terms of the risk and assets that the medium is thought to pose for its target audience. However, what is actually broadcast for children on TV is much more seldom looked into either by people engaging in public debate or by research (for exceptions cf. Bignell, 2005; Buckingham, 2000; 2002; Lury, 2005; Oswell, 2002; Rydin, 2000). The present study draws on TV-material broadcast for children in Sweden during 1980, 1992 and 2007, as well as programming from 2015 targeting the youngest audience (0-9 year olds).

    When studying the Swedish broadcasting arena and its focus on a child audience one must bear in mind that some aspects are specific to the national context, such as a very long time period of a public service broadcasting monopoly (1956-1992 for Swedish television) and a thereby linked strong public service TV tradition for the child audience. The specificities of the national context in regard to broadcasting practices are the reason for the years under study.

    When looking into the public service TV content for a Swedish child audience there are a few discourses that cannot be avoided, nature is for example always a valid content to target child viewers with independently if the programmes are home-grown or not.  To ask the viewers to be active is also common in all kinds of programming for this audience group. Last but not the least, TV for children is almost always educational one way or another.

    What I would like to focus my presentation on is three different programmes, all acquired from large international actors on the global media market and all of them linked to Disney Play School in some way. The programmes, JoJo’s Circus, Little Einsteins and Bear in the Big Blue House are broadcast for the youngest Swedish public service TV audience. They can be viewed as commercial programmes, something that has been troublesome in the public service context, but to buy programmes is something that the public service broadcasting company has been doing continuously over the years (Rydin 2000). What I would like to discuss is what kind of educational notions these programmes draw on, for all of them have a clearly defined educational topic intertwined in the programming plot. How this is done, what is actually taught and with what measures are although something that divides them.

    JoJo’s Circus seems to display a joyful fairy-tale school, but when studied the teaching used is in a traditional manner and children in this programmes are to do what they are told by authoritarian adults.

    Little Einsteins can bee seen to focus on highbrow culture such as classical music and art, but in the programme the high culture ingredients gets lost in a fast moving plot and quite bossy child characters.

    Bear in the Big Blue House uses a different way to communicate its educational topic. Here the viewer is invited to join the activity on more friendly terms and what is thought, differences in imagery and perspective, is displayed in a quite complex way.

    These three international, and quite globally spread programmes are in this way displayed on Swedish public service children’s TV and they are, like so many of the other programmes that are broadcast for this audience, educational – or maybe even edutainment (cf. Buckingham & Scanlon 2005). But what is striking is that they display so vastly different educational perspectives and they thereby come to present quite different views on what kind of audience these programmes imagine child viewers to be. However, these programmes put light on how notions of childhood is inevitably entangled with educational aspects in society and this raises questions of how media produces and reproduces stereotype notions of what childhood is supposed to be like.

     

  • 70.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    The Best Friend: Exploring the Power Relations of the Child-Pet Co-Construction in Children’s TV Programs2017In: Childhood and pethood in literature and culture: new perspectives on childhood studies and animal studies / [ed] A. Feuerstein & C. Nolte-Odhiambo, New York: Routledge, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    The represented child:: A study of Swedish public service TV for children2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Pettersson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Moving Image Production.
    Which children are to consume Swedish public service TV?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How children are represented and visualized in Swedish public service television is the key focus in this paper and the purpose is to discuss which children that come forward as targeted in the television programmes for a child audience. The overarching aim of this paper is to investigate which children are addressed and hence are thought to consume public service TV for children. Underlying this aim is the idea that the TV institution produces and reproduces notions of children (cf. Hall, 1997; Pettersson, 2013), which makes it important to study television. The ways in which the TV industry portrays children have implication for how children are positioned and viewed in society at large (cf. Prout, 2005). Sweden has a strong public service TV heritage and public service television companies are strong actors in the Swedish society also in present times (cf. Hadenius, 1998; Hadenius et al, 2011; Rydin, 2000). The Swedish public service companies, both the Swedish Public Service Television Company, SVT and the educational public service company, UR, have both actual and social contracts with the state and the public and they thereby have obligations to all citizens and specifically to the target group children, as stated in broadcasting policy. Therefore, how these institutions represent children and their childhoods are a matter of obligation for the companies on behalf of the public and it is a possibility of democratic rights for the category children. To be visible and represented in public discourse is a crucial way to exist as an actor in society and children have the right to do so if the UNCRC is consulted (cf. Barnombudsmannen, 1999; Casper & Moore, 2009; Rogoff, 2002; Söderlind & Engwall, 2005). When children are portrayed in stereotypical ways in public service TV some children and some childhoods are neglected (cf. Pettersson, 2013). In addition to this the child-TV relation is often discussed in terms of risk, both in public and in academic discourse (Pettersson, 2013). If there are problematic aspects within this relationship I argue that it is of crucial importance to investigate this potential risk focusing on the targeted children. This paper therefore aims to apply a child perspective (Halldén, 2003) on television and discuss how public service broadcasting in Sweden represent and address their targeted child audience.

  • 73.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English. University of Otago .
    An analysis of Samoan reaction to The Orator (O Le Tulafale)’s Fāgogo defining Samoan identity2013Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Orator (O Le Tulafale) was promoted as the first Samoan language film shot in Samoa with a Samoan cast and crew. Written and directed by Samoan filmmaker Tusi Tamasese, the film succeeded at several of the movie industry’s prestigious festivals. The Orator (O Le Tulafale) is about an outcast family of a dwarf (Saili), his wife and her teenage daughter. As the main protagonist, Saili battles to overcome his fears to become a chief to save his family and land. The film’s themes are courage, love, honour , as well as hypocrisy, violence, and discrimination. A backlash by Samoans was predicted ; however, the opposite occurred. This raised the following questions: first, what is it about the film causing this reaction? It is a 106 -minute film shot in Samoa about Samoans and the Samoan culture . D espite promotional claims about the film , there have been Samoan -produced films in Samoa . Secondly, to what are Samoans really responding? Is it 1) just to the film because it is about Samoa, or 2) are they responding to themselves , and how they reacted during the act of watching the film? This implies levels of reactions in the act of watching, and examining the dominant level of response is important. To explore this, t he Samoan story telling technique of Fāgogo was used to analyse the film’s narration and narrative techniques. R. Allen’s (1993, 1997) concept of projected illusion was employed to discuss the relationship between Samoans and the film developed during the act of watching. An examination of the term Samoan and a description of the framework of Fa’a Samoa (Samoan culture) were provided. Also included were discussions of memory and its impact on Samoan cultural identity. The analysis indicated that The Orator (O Le Tulafale) acted as a memory prompt through which Samoans recalled memories confirming and defining cultural bonds. These memories constituted the essence of being Samoan. These memories were awakened, and shared as oral histories as fāgogo. The receivers appeared to interpret the shared memories to create their own memories and stories to suit their contexts, according to Facebook postings. An interpretation is that the organic sharing of memories as fā gogo created a global definition of Samoan that Samoans internationally claimed.

  • 74.
    Purcell Sjölund, Anita
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, English.
    My Name is Gary Cooper, but it is also Samoan2016In: Transcultural Identity: Constructions in a Changing World / [ed] Irene Gilsenan Nordin, Chatarina Edfeldt, Lung-Lung Hu, Herbert Jonsson, André Leblanc, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2016, p. 306-325Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Samoan culture, chiefly titles are a form of oral history and cultural knowledge.  In this chapter, I interpret the term Samoan to be a title that has its own oral history and cultural knowledge. Those who call themselves Samoan belong to this history. However, Samoan is a title which is contested and (re)defined by contemporary Samoan cultural practitioners in immigration destination countries such as New Zealand. Examples are Victor Roger’s play My Name is Gary Cooper, Oscar Kightley and Simon Small’s play Fresh Off the Boat, and Tusi Tamasese’s film The Orator (O Le Tulafale). These works subvert the Western gaze upon the Samoan as the exotic and present a cultural mirror to Samoans to reveal how they view themselves. They form a larger discussion on a transnational or meta-Samoan culture and identity that is inclusive and that reflects the urban and cosmopolitan realities of Samoans whether they are in Samoa or abroad.  

  • 75.
    Richard, Lamptey
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Media and Communication Studies.
    Det moderna och traditionella Vasaloppet: En kvalitativ studie om Vasaloppet och den svenska självbilden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med denna uppsats har jag haft för avsikt att undersöka huruvida det går att kategorisera den text som finns om tävlingen Vasaloppet på hemsidan, Vasaloppet.se och att ta reda på vilka de huvudsakliga beståndsdelar är. Som metod har jag använt mig av en kombination av framing, semiotisk- och diskursanalys. Med hjälp av den semiotiska analysen kunde jag kategorisera de ord, uttryck och meningar som används. Med diskursanalysen kunde jag lyfta fram att ord och uttryck som vid första anblick kan tyckas vara neutrala kan ge helt andra associationer och på så vis kategoriseras. Med framing fick jag fram att de som skriver texterna på hemsidan är påverkade av sin bakgrund, medvetet eller omedvetet och att det speglas i det som skrivs. Det visades att det går att kategorisera in textbruket om tävlingen Vasaloppet på Vasaloppet.se i fyra kategorier: fysiskt engagemang, historik, elitpersoner och naturupplevelser.

  • 76.
    Sandberg, Karl W
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för informationsteknologi och medier.
    Issues of emotion and usability of interactive artefacts in HCI2011In: Challenges for the future in an ICT context / [ed] Asproth, Viveca, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2011, p. 127-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Sein, Maung
    et al.
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Thapa, Devinder
    University of Agder, Norway.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Sæbø, Øystein
    University of Agder, Norway.
    What theories do we need to know to conduct ICT4D research?2016In: Proceedings of SIG GlobDev Ninth Annual Workshop, Dublin, Ireland, December 11, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in ICT4D is a constant search to answer the question of how ICT fosters development in underdeveloped communities. While many theories have guided research, we are yet to develop a cumulative body of knowledge to answer this question. In this paper, we argue that the elusive link between ICT and development needs to be grounded in three groups of theories: theories to understand development; theories to understand ICT; and theories to understand how ICT make development happen. We present exemplars of theories from each group, and illustrate how we have used them in our research. Through reflecting on which questions to be answered by including the three groups of theories, we propose research agendas.

  • 78.
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för samhälls- och beteendevetenskap.
    Intercultural competencies as a means to manage intercultural interactions in social work2004In: Journal of Intercultural Communication, ISSN 1404-1634, E-ISSN 1404-1634, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 79. Strand, Cecilia
    et al.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Mobile phones as a citizen-controlled anti-corruption tool in East Africa: a literature review2017In: Information and Communication Technologies for Development: 14th IFIP WG 9.4 International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, ICT4D 2017 Yogyakarta, Indonesia, May 22–24, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Jyoti Choudrie, M. Sirajul Islam, Fathul Wahid, Julian M. Bass, Johanes Eka Priyatma, Springer, 2017, p. 753-764Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite agreement amongst donors, business and political leaders concerning the negative effects of corruption, levels have not fallen in East Africa. The continued high levels of corruption, reassert the need for a better understanding if mobile phones, if prolific enough, can be an effective tool against corruption. Through a literature review of ten years M4D and ICT4D research on mobiles as a citizens-controlled tool for (a) accessing government information either directly or through citizens’ crowd-sourcing of information and (b) mobilization to demand greater government transparency, as well as,(c) instantaneous reporting of corruption in East Africa; this study attempts to gauge the status of this research field. The review included the ten highest ranking open access ICT4D journals, and six journals from parent disciplines;information system and development studies, as well as conference proceedings from the M4D conferences, and the SIG Globdev Workshops. The review concludes that earlier optimism around mobiles’ potential to support citizens’ counter-corruption actions, has not resulted in a significant body of research. Nor does the literature provide any substantive clues as to why this urgent topich as not been explored more fully.

  • 80. Sundman, Andreas
    Flerspråkighet och svenska idrottsevenemang2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Författare: Andreas Sundman

    Titel: Flerspråkighet och svenska idrottsevenemang

    Avdelning: Medie och kommunikationsvetenskap, Högskolan Dalarna.

    Problem: Världens befolkning reser allt mer. Det visar sig också vid de svenska

    idrottsevenemangen där andelen internationella deltagare blir allt fler. För att de

    internationella deltagarna ska få en så nöjsam vistelse som möjligt förutsätter det att

    vi tillgodoser deras behov. Det innefattar bland annat språket. Att förstå och kunna

    göra sig förstådd är en oerhört viktig parameter för att deltagandet ska bli en

    behaglig upplevelse.

    Syfte: Uppsatsen syfte är att analysera hur organisationerna bakom svenska

    idrottsevenemang resonerar kring flerspråkighet vid idrottsevenemang.

    Metod och

    teori:

    Metoden som används i denna uppsats är kvalitativa samtalsintervjuer. Intervjuer

    har gjorts med representater från fem svenska idrottsevenemang. De teorier som

    används i uppsatsen är bland annat teorier om språk samt om hur människor fastnar

    för ett sportobjekt.

    Resultat: Samtliga informanter ser språket som en viktig parameter för att både kunna locka

    internationella deltagare och tillgodose deras behov vid evenemanget. Men

    fokuseringen ligger samtidigt mest på engelska.

    Huvudorsaken till att man inte jobbar med fler språk idag menar samtliga beror på

    resurser. Idrottsevenemang har ofta inga större finansiella medel att röra sig med.

    Att köpa språktjänster som till exempel översättning talar flera om som en dyr

    investering. Därtill menar flera att de delvis verkar för att ge tillbaka pengar till

    ungdomsverksamhet. Att besitta kompetensen själv är också problematiskt då alla

    evenemang använder sig av volontärer vilket gör det svårt att ställa krav på dem.

    Samtidigt var det flera evenemang som talade om att när kompetensen finns är de

    snabba på att utnyttja den.

    Marknadsföring utomlands sker vid flera av evenemangen men oftast i väldigt liten

    utsträckning, ofta riktade mot enstaka land där det finns ett tydligt intresse.

    De flesta tror det kommer bli allt viktigare att arbeta på fler språk i framtiden.

  • 81.
    Thapa, Devinder
    et al.
    University of Agder.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Understanding ICT in ICT4D: An Affordance Perspective2017In: Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the role of ICT for development is at the core of ICT4D research. However, prevailing research in this field most often focuses on access or readiness of a technology, or on the outcomes of the technology use. Less attention has been paid to understand the mechanism of the technology use that leads to the outcomes. The question of why ICT in a development context sometimes work and sometimes does not work still remains a subject of enquiry. To enhance our understanding in this regard, we propose to use the concept of affordances to unfold the “black boxed” nature of ICT. We revisited a case from Kenya to illustrate the application of affordances in a ICT4D context. The findings show that the benefits of ICT can be harnessed only if the users in the underprivileged communities can perceive and actualize the affordances of the ICT. However, what is ICT affordances, and how people perceive and actualize the affordances in the context of developing countries are the issues that we delve in this paper

  • 82.
    Viberg, Olga
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Use of Modern Learning Technologies in Enhancing Net-Based Language Learning at Beginners' Level2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Viberg, Olga
    et al.
    KTH.
    Berg, Lovisa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Arabic.
    Blended Language Learning: A Thematic Overview of the Most Highly Cited Research2018In: Blended Language Learning: International Perspectives on Innovative Practice / [ed] Dr. Agnieszka Palalas, China Central Radio & TV University Press Co. Ltd , 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter sets out to give an introduction to the blended language learning (BLL) research domain through an analysis of the most impactful BLL research as measured by Harzing’s Publish and Perish software. After an initial outline of the field of BLL and its development, the chapter discusses the research methods and approaches applied in the selected articles and demonstrates that a majority of the articles use a descriptive approach and the dominating method is interpretative studies. The chapter then goes on to analyse the themes of the articles and divides them in to six sections: students’ readiness for BLL, teachers’ perceptions of BLL, learner autonomy and self-regulated learning, second language acquisition, technology and BLL design. Finally, we offer future research directions in order to increase the sustainability of BLL, both as the field of practice and the research area. Overall the 41 reviewed studies present a substantial case for the benefits of BLL. However, to ensure the sustainability of BLL design and thus the generalisability of the research findings further BLL designers and researchers need to apply firm theories.

  • 84.
    Viberg, Olga
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Integrating mLearning Language Application into University Course Content2013In: Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea that education can be considered as design science was brought up in the 1990s in order to bring the educational research from an experimental classroom into practice (Laurillard, 2012), at the time when the computers were introduced in educational settings. After that a number of theories focusing eLearning have arisen. Technologies are constantly changing, and new more pervasive mobile technologies increasingly influence individuals’ everyday lives. Among other things this influences humans’ social learning practices, and becomes an even more challenging task for educators. Design is critical to the successful development of any interactive learning environment (Mor & Winters, 2007). Mobile technology, as most other IT, is not primarily an educational phenomenon. It is a social phenomenon that happens in different parts of the world and in different ways. As emerging mobile technologies afford many advantages, such as flexibility and user-friendliness, researchers are exploring how to use them to support language learning (Huang et al., 2012). This paper presents a prototype for a cross-platform mobile language learning application developed for an online language course at Dalarna University in Sweden. The prototype is developed in order to support beginner second and foreign language learners in their vocabulary, listening and grammar learning. Considering mLearning to be a product of sociotechnical construction, the study applies a Design Science approach.

  • 85.
    Viberg, Olga
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University Business School, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden).
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University Business School, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden).
    Systematising the field of mobile assisted language learning2013In: International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, ISSN 1941-8647, E-ISSN 1941-8655, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 72-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study provides a systematic review of mobile assisted language (MALL) research within the specific area of second language acquisition (SLA) during the period of 2005-2012 in terms of research approaches, theories and methods, technology, and the linguistic knowledge and skills’ results. The findings show a shift from the prevailing SMS-based language learning in 2005-2008 towards the use of more advanced multimedia and intelligent learning systems in the last years. Many highly cited studies focus on design of mobile language earning systems and experimental evaluation of their effectiveness. Studies often draw on mature pedagogic models and methods. However, descriptive and small-scale experimental studies dominate. In terms of theoretical approaches and frameworks, there is a lack of specific reference to mobile learning conceptual and theoretical models, which makes it difficult to distinguish any specific mobile learning theories from other learning theories. Research has so far paid most attention to learners’ vocabulary acquisition

  • 86.
    Viberg, Olga
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Information Systems. Örebro University.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University.
    Understanding students’ learning practices: challenges for design and integration of mobile technology into distance education2017In: Learning, Media & Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, E-ISSN 1743-9892, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 357-377Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the design requirements for mobile applications for second language learning in online/distance higher education settings. We investigate how students use technology and how they perceive that these technologies-in-practice facilitate their language learning. Structuration Theory is used for the analysis. Results show that design needs to consider that (i) students use their private mobile technologies frequently when conducting self-initiated learning tasks, (ii) students’ mobile technologies-in-practice are important, and course designers should design materials and tools for such use practices, and (iii) students prefer to work on their own due to the limited time they want to devote to their learning. Consequently, in regard to the pervasive nature of mobile technology integration in society and into students’ habitual use, they need various software tools on such devices to support individual learning.

  • 87.
    Westin, Olle
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Roberts, Hanno
    Avdic, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Lookin' for a reason: local knowledge and the changing of control practices2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Sound and Music Production.
    “If you’ve got nothing to say – sing it!”: On the interplay of music, voice and lyrics in the advertising jingle2014In: CADAAD 5: Abstract Book / [ed] Alexandra Fodor, Tamás Eitler, Judit Pethő-Szirmai, Kata Vadai, Beatrix Molnár, Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early days of radio, music has been used to sell goods and establish brand identities (Taylor, 2012). From this, the practice of the advertising jingle has developed. Van Leeuwen (2005:106) states that “discourses consist of a version of social practice plus ideas about it and attitudes to it”. This presentation discusses and exemplifies how ideas and attitudes are expressed by combining music, voice and language in the advertising jingle. In examining discursive aspects of the jingle, different (or additional) factors must be taken into consideration compared with just looking at the spoken word. In combing words and music, each mode individually bears meaning but meaning also emerges from the interweaving of the modes involved (Wingstedt 2008, 2010).

    On a structural level, music will contribute means for time-based constructions different from what is usually found in ‘speech alone’. First, it makes possible repetition of chosen expressions such as product name, slogans or connotative keywords. Furthermore, musical meter, period, rhythm and phrasing provide frameworks for selected language components to achieve salience. An important feature for building brand identity is also how music can be made highly recognizable, often by means of melody.

    Interpersonally, pitch level or direction regulates aspects of engagement, attitude and energy, and connect directly to verbal content, making music perform what van Leeuwen (2005) calls “sound acts”. Metrical regularities or irregularities creates or breaks expectations, which involves and activates the listener. Advantage is also taken of music’s strong ability to express emotions and moods.

    Instrumentation, how music “dress up” (or down), and also musical genres, come with cultural or subcultural associations to attitudes, values and ideologies. Central to the sound of the jingle is the projection of the human voice, which carries both verbal, musical and other sound-specific qualities, as described by van Leeuwen (1999) and Machin (2010). All this, together with musical expression styles and production techniques, are used as means for establishing the “image” of a brand, based on how music can convey discourses on social status or authenticity. In the presentation, recordings are analysed and compared to illustrate how social practices, ideas and attitudes come together in music, voice and language.

  • 89.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Musical meaning in film: an intermedial perspective2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 90. Wingstedt, Johnny
    REMUPP: A tool for investigating musical narrative functions2006In: Proceedings of the Audio Mosty Conference : a Conference on Sound in Games, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Royal College of Music, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Brändström, Sture
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Narrative music, visuals and meaning in film2010In: Visual Communication, ISSN 1470-3572, E-ISSN 1741-3214, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 193-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Narrative media music, music used for narrative purposes in multimedia such as film, television or computer games, is becoming one of the largest sources of musical experience in our daily lives. Though typically experienced on an unconscious and unreflected level, this kind of music actively contributes narrative meaning in multimodal interplay with image, speech and sound effects. Often, what we (think we) see is to a large degree determined by what we hear. Using Halliday’s (1978) metafunctions of communication as a starting point, two short film scenes (from Jaws and The Secret of My Success) are examined, with a focus on the intermodal relationships of music and image. The examples illustrate how musical and visual expressions combine to form multimodal statements where the whole is certainly different than the sum of the parts.

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