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  • 51.
    Andersson, Tina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Berglöf, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Platschefen ur ett hållbarhetsperspektiv: En studie inom små- och medelstora byggföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the role of the site manager in small and medium-sized construction companies from a sustainability perspective. We have investigated which areas of responsibility and internal support a site manager can have, how the psychosocial work environment for the site manager is and what competences and experiences are requested from a site manager. Furthermore, we have investigated whether there is strategic competence supply of site managers.

    The results show that small and medium-sized construction companies in Dalarna find it difficult to recruit site managers and in the case of recruitment, they preferably seek candidates with experience of being a site manager. Furthermore, they protect their current corporate culture. The responsibilities for a site manager are many, however, internal support is available. Several of the construction companies find the psychosocial work environment difficult to handle. Additionally, each of the respondents identify that the greatest health risk for a site manager is currently stress.

    The method used was qualitative and the empirical material was collected through semi structured interviews. Five respondents participated in the study and all held corporate leading positions in their respective companies, with good knowledge of the role of the site manager. The empirical material was analyzed and discussed based on previous research and theories.

    The conclusion of this study is that the role of the site manager is not maintained from a sustainable perspective, as the demands on the already existing site managers increase whilst new abilities doesn’t get access to the role due to lack of experience.

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  • 52.
    Annisius, Daniel Chandrachur
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Managing Seasonality in Tourism: Challenges and Opportunities for the Tourism Industry in Húsavík, Iceland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality is a common phenomenon in the tourism industry around the world. Húsavík, a town on the northern coast of Iceland, has experienced tremendous growth in tourism in recent years and is sometimes recognised as the „Whale Watching Capital of Europe‟. However, Húsavík faces extreme seasonality with high demand mainly during the summer months and limited or no demand at other times of the year. As is emphasised in the tourism literature and widely in practice, seasonality is frequently seen as a problem for the tourism industry which has to be tackled. Academic research has never before been done on seasonality in Húsavík and the aim of this thesis is to understand the nature of seasonality within the tourism industry in Húsavík and discover potential ways to reduce seasonality in Húsavík tourism. In order to fulfil the aim, qualitative semi-structured interviews were undertaken with six tourism managers in Húsavík to investigate their perceptions of seasonality and if and how it could be managed. The results confirmed that the peripheral location of the destination stimulates seasonality and it poses major economic challenges for tourism businesses in Húsavík. Managers would prefer a longer tourism season. Several recommendations were provided for how to reduce seasonality such as develop other attractions than whale watching, improve accessibility, focus marketing on seasons outside the summer, and offer winter packages for foreign and domestic tourists.

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  • 53.
    Antonsson, Victoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enberg, Terese
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Arbetsmiljö: Med fokus ur ett könsperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve a good work environment, the employer and the employee jointly cooperate under the Work Environment Act. This study has been performed in an industrial company with a view to examining the working environment and occupational injuries differs between men and women. In order to achieve a credible and reliable result, three different methods were used, such as interviews, participant observation and information from the company's IA system. The result shows that there are equally large differences between women and men today as it did a few years ago. Something else that was discovered was that there are many unreported when it comes to reporting the safety conversations, incidents and accidents in the company's IA sys-tem. After analyzing the collected empirical material was concluded that women do not get injuries easily than men, but it depends on the culture, norms and values in the industry. The company is working in the right way in terms of safety, equipment, ergonomics and more, still short right up to the employees. Culture, norms and values affect both working conditions and working environment, and for the success of their work environment, the company must be able to turn this around.

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  • 54.
    Anåker, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bergqvist, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När behövs HR?: En kvalitativ studie om när HR-funktionen kan behövas inom organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the purpose of examining if there is an answer to the question

    When is HR needed? The material in this study is based on five semi-structured interviews and two group interviews with people which are working with HR-related duties within small and medium-sized organizations in Dalarna county. The theoretical frame of reference in this study discusses the following areas: HR/HRM, strategic HRM, HR in small and medium-sized organizations, leadership, communication and Employer Brand. The reasoning behind choosing several different areas is that the main area of the study looks to be relatively unexplored, thus is the theoretical frame of reference shaped out of areas which are considered to have an impact on the question When is HR needed? The result of this study shows that there probably is no concrete answer to this question. What the results do show is that there are several areas which have an impact on the question and which are recurrent with all the interviewed organizations. These are: economics, communication, support from outside the company, stress on managers with a particular focus on labor law, and the organizations’ capacity to attract workforce. The result of the study has ultimately been compiled into a model which has the purpose of functioning as a form of checklist that organizations can use to help them appraise if they should consider establishing an HR-function.

  • 55.
    Apollonio, Marco
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Henriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social and economic evaluation of a rural tourism event: The case of Rättvik’s Classic Car Week, Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the evaluation of a rural event, both from a social perspective evaluating the event and the tourist and visitors it attracts and from an economic perspective. Given the modern situation of rural destinations and its shifting economy, the importance of turning towards event tourism becomes paramount. The research presents the case of the Classic Car Week, a rural festival held during week 31 in Rättvik, in the region of Dalarna, Sweden. The study is based on surveys collected during the 2016 edition. The authors analyzed the data and extrapolated statistical information to gather knowledge on the average visitor and its interests. The social focused tourism and event section of the research revolves around Crompton’s instrument of motivator measurement to establish the pull factors which attract visitors to the event. This is done by analyzing their expectation, satisfaction and decision-making. The economic analysis of the study presents the calculations made by the authors on the total estimat accomodation expenses based on guest nights in Rättvik (35000) during week leading up to the event and during CCW, week 30 and 31. A estimated max and minimum senario was made were the calculated max accomodation expenses was 7 031 793 SEK while the minimum was estimated to 4 714 177 SEK. Similarly, a max and min scenario was also calculated on the estimated total daily expenses, resulting in a max approximation of 7 087 107 and a min of 4 746 521. Together the estimated max and min accommodation and daily expenses was summed to create a max and min scenario of the total spending in the area. With a max scenario of 14 118 900 SEK and a minimum scenario of 9 460 698 SEK. Illustrating a part of the economical impact that he municipality receives as a direct result of the event.

  • 56.
    Aronsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Negativa förändringar på en arbetsplats: En studie i hur man hanterar införandet av en organisationsförändring som inte gillas av medarbetarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the study is based on a demonstration by Union representatives, in Borlänge in 2013. They were demonstrating against changes in working hours in the social sector in Borlänge municipality. One of the affected groups were employees of dementia the accommodation Hessegården. The protesters were not satisfied with the decision because they considered that the working hours would be worse for them.

    The aim of the study was to find out how employees and their work is affected by such a decision and highlight the aspects which may hinder or help for this issue.

    Method: I chose to carry out the study through a case study and using a qualitative method and hence the use of interviews, semi-structured interviews from some of the employees at Hessegården. Data and theory gathered through literature and previous research.

    The results showed that the majority of people did not like the change in working hours and that they felt that their work has become a bit more difficult and stressful after the introduction of the change. It was also mixed views on how the information about the change to and how the boss handled the situation.

    Conclusion: the interviews and the study showed that employees were negatively affected by the introduction of the new working hours. Both at their workplace, in their work, and in his spare time in his everyday life. Family and friends were affected by it were working more shifts and the residents were affected by stress and insecurity in their everyday lives.

  • 57.
    Arping, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Reimer, Klara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    “I det här yrket behöver man vara tolerant”: En triangulering om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter avsexuella trakasserier och organisatoriskt arbete.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in conducting the study was raised in the autumn of 2017 when the

    #metoo

    movement spread on social media and a large number of individuals witnessed their

    vulnerability to sexual harassment at their workplaces. The movement certifies sexual

    harassment in a number of industries, where our interest was raised to investigate the nurse's

    experiences of sexual harassment.

    Past studies that constitute the research front are focused on the individual and the individual

    consequences of sexual harassment. The knowledge gap that was identified was how

    organizations are affected by the occurrence of sexual harassment as well as how they can carry

    out preventive and remedial work on the issue. The purpose of the study is therefore to highlight

    the occurrence and the consequences of sexual harassment. One purpose is to explain how the

    organization works with issues related to sexual harassment. To answer the purpose of the study

    theories describing the definition of the concept of sexual harassment, individual- and

    organization effects, power, culture of silence, organizational culture and employer

    responsibility is all brought up.

    The data collection of the study is based on a triangulation using a quantitative web-based

    survey as well as qualitative semi-structured interviews. A demarcation has been made to

    female nurses employed in an organization in central Sweden.

    The results of the study shows that sexual harassment occurs at the workplace and that there is

    a culture of silence about the subject where the asked employees do not know where to turn to

    tell their experiences. Employees also show great unknowledge about the organization's policy,

    action plan and what support they are entitled to receive. The results of the collected data have

    been analyzed using the theoretical reference framework and concentrated on four main areas

    that are also discussed. The main areas are where to drawn boundaries, culture of silence,

    organizational culture and organizational work.

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  • 58.
    Arsianovich-Klaiber, Katsiaryna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    There is no “bad” publicity: The case study of Kazakhstan and Borat the movie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 59.
    Augustsson, Maria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Bruks, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Employer branding ur ett genusperspektiv: Jämställdhet inom tillverkningsindustrin – attrahera och behålla kvinnliga ledare2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor’s thesis is to broaden the perspective of leader’s experience regarding employer branding from a gender perspective in male-dominated organisations. This bachelor’s thesis has examined an organisation in the manufacturing industry and has elements of a case study. The study is focused on how female and male leaders perceives their employer brand to attract and retain female leaders. Furthermore, the study has focused on how gender equality is perceived by leaders in a male-dominated organisation. The theoretical framework consists of theories, concepts and previous research in employer branding, employer femvertising, gender studies, gender equality, females in minority and leadership.In this bachelor’s thesis, a qualitative method was used where eight semi-structured interviews was conducted with female and male leaders at different levels and business areas. A complementary interview was also implemented with a human resource representant to create an overview of the organisational context. The results show that organisations dominated by men tend to promote men. Furthermore, the results indicate that in the studied organisation are few efforts to attract and retain specifically female leaders. The results also show how organisational culture in a male-dominated organisation can contribute negatively to the work environment for female leaders. This bachelor’s thesis can be viewed as complementary to earlier research oriented around employer branding and gender differences, which few earlier studies have combined. This study could furthermore contribute to practitioner society as inspiration and basis for male-dominated organisations who aspire towards a more equal workplace.

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  • 60.
    Avdic, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Eklund, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Örebro universitetsbibliotek.
    Searching reference databases: what students experience and what teachers believe that students experience2010In: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, ISSN 0961-0006, E-ISSN 1741-6477, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 224-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet has made it possible for students to access a vast amount of high quality references when writing papers. Yet research has shown that the use of reference databases is poor and the quality of student papers is consequently often below expectation. The objective of this paper is twofold. First, it aims to describe the problems students experience when they search information using a university reference database. Second it aims to compare the perspective of students on the problems with that of their teachers. As basis for the study we have used the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. A web-based survey was carried out. A total of 150 students at Örebro University in Sweden participated in the survey. The results have been analysed by comparison of median values. Results show that students experience problems mostly in the category of efforts expectancy. Differences between the two groups are most significant in the category of effort expectancy and students’ patience in searching. Teachers are more pessimistic about students’ capacity in information searching than the students themselves.

  • 61.
    Ax, Rebecka
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Grek, Stina
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Gemenskapens betydelse för att stärka känslan av sammanhang på arbetet: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av känslan av sammanhang på ett detaljhandelsföretag2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To promote health and well-being at workplaces, a perspective on work environment management has shifted from mainly focusing on what makes people sick, to another perspective, what makes them healthy and causes well-being. Health-promoting work environment management has thus begun to emerge, which means developing, enabling and preserving what works well in the workplace. Aaron Antonovsky (2005), founded a theory: Sense of coherence (SOC), which can be used in health-promoting work environment management as it can provide an understanding of which factors that can promote health. The SOC theory's components are comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness and by strengthening the components, health can be promoted. The purpose of this study is to create an understanding of which factors that can strengthen the sense of coherence at work and also describe how the sense of coherence is experienced by the employees at a retail company. Through an abductive thematic analysis of eight semi-structured interviews, the prerequisites the employer gives the employees to strengthen SOC are studied. Furthermore, the experience on how the SOC is from the perspective of an employee are studied. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Antonovsky's theory sense of coherence and the three components. Based on the interviews, it turned out that there is an open and familiar atmosphere within the company. It also turned out that the employees support each other and are committed to their work. The results indicate that the company has several values, one of which is togetherness,which permeates most of the company. All employees adhere to the value togetherness, which characterizes their way of being and acting. Through the value togetherness, a fellowship is created within the retail company, which is important for strengthening the sense of coherence.

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  • 62.
    Axelson, Tomas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Religious Studies.
    Korsell, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies. Brottsförebyggande rådet.
    Stier, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Rädslan för terror förändrar människors vardag2019In: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, article id 2019-11-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att var tionde undviker vardagsmiljöer av rädsla för terror riskerar att öka misstron mellan människor. En balans av sociala, ekonomiska och polisiära åtgärder krävs nu för att skydda samhället mot attentat anser de tillfrågade i en ny undersökning, skriver forskare vid Högskolan i Dalarna.

  • 63.
    Axelsson, Frida
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Fix Olsson, Jennifer
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    HR-transformation: Det värdeskapande HR-arbetet?: En HR-transformation ur två perspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human Resources ' work has been characterized by constant changes and placed demands on organizations' adaptation to development, which has mainly been done through developed models. The concept of HR-transformation and the shared service model have had a major impact in Sweden, where the focus has been on centralizing and streamlining HR work. By changing the focus from the administrative work and freeing up time to work more strategic and value-creating. The interest in studying a completed HR-transformation was aroused by our employment in a public organization that we knew had recently undergone are organization of the HR function like an HR-transformation. This study aims to investigate HR employees' and managers' experiences of the changes that a reorganization like an HR-transformation has brought. The study is based on a qualitative research method with an empirical approach where the focus is on the respondents' own experiences of the investigated phenomenon. The empirical material is collected from 10 semi-structured interviews with both HR employees and managers. In the results from the public organization we studied, two prominent consequence of their implemented HR-transformation were identified, the operational support and relationships.The business-related support that managers requested was primarily a business understanding from HR employees. The managers wanted HR employees to understand the specific context the manager is in, as within a public organization there are different types of business that require adjustments in HR employees' support and approach. Furthermore, the results of the study showed that both HR employees and managers felt that relationships were affected by the HR-transformation. The centralized and digitized meeting has made dialogue and collaboration more difficult, which has challenged the relationship between HR employees and managers. In summary, this study shows similar too previous research that organizations should involve both HR employees and managers in the implementation of an HR-transformation and that the model is adapted to the organizational context to succeed with the consensus on HR work in an organization.

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  • 64.
    Axenstedt, Simon
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Fredriksson, Karin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Chefers upplevelse av framgång i sitt ledarskap: - Vad chefer på en statlig myndighet upplever som faktorer för att utöva ett framgångsrikt ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of leadership is a previously well-explored area, but relatively little research in the subject has concerned Swedish organizations and even less government institutions and authorities.

    In the following study, what managers at a government authority are perceived as factors to exercise successful leadership in their organization are investigated. The study is based on empirical evidence from qualitative interviews with five managers at the State Administration of Transport, Trafikverket. Through this study, a new interview method has also been developed, interactive themed interview. Where the respondent is a part in creating and designing the interview guide.

    In the results of this study, it is found that the investigated managers themselves felt that successful leadership in their organization is based on four factors. These are referred to as relationships, decision making, development and

    authenticity.

    The conclusions that this study can contribute beyond what factors the managers themselves consider generating a successful leadership are also how the managers act to exert what they experience successful leadership, but also what roles a successful leadership includes. That the role of the manager, the role of leader and the role as himself, affects the aforementioned factors, relationships, decision and development, and that the interaction between these roles and factors in various ways affects the managers' degree of perceived success in their leadership. The study also shows that Trafikverket's new leadership philosophy is in line with what managers perceive as contributing factors for the pursuit of successful leadership. And that this new philosophy can help managers to exert more what they themselves experience as a successful leadership.

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  • 65.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    School for Innovation, Design and Technology, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Manager's task to support integrated autonomy at the workplace: Results from an intervention2013In: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 8, no 22, p. 20-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new managerial task arises in today’s working life: to provide conditions for and influence interaction between actors and thus to enable the emergence of organizing structure in tune with a changing environment. We call this the enabling managerial task. The goal of this paper is to study whether training first line managers in the enabling managerial task could lead to changes in the work for the subordinates. This paper presents results from questionnaires answered by the subordinates of the managers before and after the training. The training was organized as a learning network and consisted of eight workshops carried out over a period of one year (September 2009–June 2010), where the managers met with each other and the researchers once a month. Each workshop consisted of three parts, during three and a half hours. The first hour was devoted to joint reflection on a task that had been undertaken since the last workshop; some results were presented from the employee pre-assessments, followed by relevant theory and illuminating practices, finally the managers created new tasks for themselves to undertake during the following month. The subordinates’ answers show positive change in all of the seventeen scales used to assess it. The improvements are significant in scales measuring the relationship between the manager and the employees, as well as in those measuring interaction between employees. It is concluded that the result was a success for all managers that had the possibility of using the training in their management work.

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  • 66. Baghdasaryan, Z.
    et al.
    Lampa, E.
    Osman, Fatumo
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Caring Science/Nursing. Uppsala University.
    ‘Let us understand each other and work together in the child's best interest’ – Exploring the narratives of newly arrived refugee parents in Sweden2021In: International Journal of Intercultural Relations, ISSN 0147-1767, E-ISSN 1873-7552, Vol. 81, p. 226-235Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 67.
    Bakas, Fiona
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Tourism Studies. Lusófona University, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Farmaki, Anna
    Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus.
    Women and peace: A gender approach to peace through tourism2024In: A Research Agenda for Peace and Tourism, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , 2024, p. 157-173Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of women in peacebuilding and security is imperative. Even though much research exists on women in tourism and women in peace, scarce attention has been paid on the role of women in the peace through tourism research field and how gender roles influence this field. In this chapter, we aim to respond to this research gap and conceptually examine the role of women in the peace through tourism goal. Specifically, we explain the importance of women in peacebuilding before analysing their role in peace through tourism using a feminist economics approach. We conclude the chapter with a discussion of how the relevant research agenda can be advanced as well as offer practical insights that need to be taken into consideration if the peace through tourism goal will be more appropriately addressed in terms of gender.

  • 68.
    Barakat, Serena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Chathuranga, Mahesh
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Improving Hashtag Recommendation for Instagram Images by Considering Hashtag Relativity and Sentiment.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extracting knowledge from user-generated content (UGC) in social media platforms is a very hot research topic in the area of machine learning, nonetheless, the main challenge resides in the fact that UGC carries inference, abstraction and subjectivity alongside objectivity. With the aim of recognising the importance of subjectivity as an influential aspect for providing humanoid results from a machine learning algorithm, this study proposes a novel approach to improve Instagram hashtag recommendation by considering sentiment that can be expressed for images. Two main points are studied in this thesis; evaluating the relativity of Instagram image to hashtag for both objective and subjective features of an image and the effect of sentiment on said relativity. This work examines three machine learning methods for hashtag recommendation: AWS service, developed algorithms with and without sentiment considerations. The models are tested on a collected dataset of de-identified Instagram posts in location London gathered from public profiles. The results show that considering sentiment significantly improves Instagram hashtag recommendation.

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  • 69.
    Barcik, Robert
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Assessment of Parkinson gait through digital signal processing and machine learning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It would be of both patients’ as well as clinicians’ interest, if diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) as well as following check-up methods were perfectly sensitive, accurate, reproducible and feasible of objectively classifying motor symptoms of PD. This is an arduous task due to the possible subjectivity of clinical evaluations. In the past decade, attention turns into a multitude of technology based measures (TBMs) to address this need, among which the method of this research is positioned. Author hopes to contribute with a motor assessment method that addresses not only the issue of subjectivity of measurement, but also does not require extensive installments and is easy to use. For this study, data from a clinical trial conducted at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden in 2015 are used. 7 PD patients and 7 healthy controls each performed 7-13 times each the same motoric gait test, which has been was video recorded. These recordings were showed to clinicians, who rated subjects’ gait and possible dyskinesia on the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (0-4 rating). Thus the aim of this research was to imitate and automate the tasks of clinicians when diagnosing PD and its symptoms through motoric ratings, using various gait features. These gait features were obtained through quantification of signals from different body parts while patient performs walking motoric test, using image processing. Diagnosis of PD and its symptoms was twofold, as to firstly identify whether the subject has PD and to secondly predict the severity of PD patients symptoms. When classifying subjects into healthy controls and PD patients, classification trees and support vector machines have been deployed, while these achieved 76- 85% accuracy depending on features selected. Following focus was to diagnose severity of PD among patients, while using UPDRS ratings by clinicians as a target variable for supervised learning. Herein, linear regression has been deployed, while average absolute prediction error was 0.25 and correlation of UPDRS ratings with predicted values was 0.84.

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  • 70.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    Constructing the Pupil: Normalization and Benevolent Governing in two Swedish Schools2012In: Canadian International Conference on Education, Guelph, Canada, 18-21 juni 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is about the socialization of school children and how normality is learned and managed in one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school. The Swedish school is, according to the National Curriculum based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialization of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through 'benevolent government' by the teachers. To enable this, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her 'self' according to norms about how the 'self' is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of 'teacherhood' dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self-inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of themselves. The study is based on anthropological fieldwork during two years in these classes.

  • 71.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, Social Anthropology.
    "Dare to share": the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession2012In: 9th International Conference Crossroads in Cultural Studies Paris, July 2-6 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Dare to share " - the meanings of therapeutic biographies in The Great Mother Confession

    "Dare to share" is one of the catchy slogans presented on the website of the popular cultural event,  The Great Mother Confession. "To share" refers to the life improving, transformative powers ascribed to the act of "speaking out"  about ones feelings, and the construction of therapeutic biographies.

    The Great Mother Confession, was arranged in 2009 and 2010 by a Swedish newspaper group. It consisted of an all-day events each year with coaching and entertaining performances and a blog site for mothers public confessions. Based on material from ethnographic fieldwork conducted at the all-day arrangements and close readings of the confessional blogs, this paper aims to explore meaning-making aspects of (mother)confession through emic definitions of the meaning and function of the confessional act.  The confessions are also understood as comments on maternal norms.

  • 72.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Social Anthropology.
    Pretending Democracy: Learning and Teaching Participation in Two Swedish Schools2003In: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, p. 128-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 73.
    Bauer, Christian
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Tourism in Football: Exploring Motivational Factors and Typologies of Groundhoppers: An example of a German Groundhopper Online Community2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to examine the motivational factors and to explore possible typologies of groundhoppers. Groundhopping as a special form of sports tourism which has grown rapidly over the last couple of decades. Given the fact, that there has been a lot of research in the field of sports tourism it is quite interesting to see that up to this day, there is hardly any in-depth research about groundhopping in particular. Groundhoppers are a very interesting group to both sport and tourism industry. For the latter, groundhoppers might be a potential target group especially when it comes to the promotion and marketing of certain destinations. Just like other types of tourists, groundhoppers bring money to the destinations, spend it at different occasions and hence contribute to the destinations’ development.

    Having an exploratory character, this quantitative research wants to contribute to the lack in current literature, focussing on a German groundhopper online community and its members. A web-based questionnaire has been conducted which had a total number of 909 respondents. Demonstrating the outcomes of the survey, this thesis looks into the individual statistics of the questionnaire and visualises the answers with descriptive tables. Furthermore, with the use of an exploratory factor analysis and a two-step cluster analysis, three potential groups of groundhoppers could be explored.

    The findings from this study should be seen as a starting point, an inspiration for further research, as groundhopping is likely to keep growing in numbers. While quantitative studies like this thesis can contribute to get an overall picture, qualitative research will also be required to get an insight on the more individual and personal level of groundhopping. This again could lead to new ideas and concepts for advanced quantitative research. Until then, groundhopping will remain a mostly unknown niche in the field of sports tourism.

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  • 74.
    Bazatova, Petra
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Nilsson, Rebecka
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Attracting talent: Understanding Generation Z Job Seekers2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To explore what Generation Z finds attractive when seeking for jobs.

    Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative research utilising semi-structured interviews with a total of 11 university graduates of Generation Z aged 21 to 29 seeking employment in Dalarna County, Sweden. The interviews were thematically analysed based on previouslyexisting literature.

    Findings – The findings indicate that Generation Z places high value on digital engagement, organizational transparency, and alignment with personal values such as sustainability and inclusivity. They prioritize job satisfaction aspects like career growth, work-life balance, and personalized feedback, although they have not yet fully developed specific expectations from employers. These insights suggest that organisations must adapt their recruitment strategies to align with these preferences, values and expectations, ensuring a transparent, values-driven, and engaging approach to effectively attract and retain Generation Z talent.

    Originality/value – This paper contributes to the under-research field of exploring what attracts Generation Z in the job market. 

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  • 75.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet.
    Två decennier av new public management: Arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Reformer och styrformer i linje med new public management har utmanat den professionella regimen i många sektorer under de senaste två decennierna. Även om området är väl beforskat saknas studier som undersöker effekterna av detta över tid. Genom att analysera enkäter som har besvarats av läkare, lärare och skolledare 1992 och på 2010-talet genereras kunskap om hur arbetsmiljön förändrats för dessa grupper från det att välfärdssektorn började transformeras fram till idag.

  • 76.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Occupational Control on Drift: National and Local Intervention in Clinical Work at Emergency Departments2017In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-15, article id e1765Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish emergency departments, various initiatives have been introduced in order to reduce long waiting times for patients: lean methods, targets for waiting times related to revenues, interprofessional teams, and different forms of triage systems. This study focuses on the physicians’ views on dilemmas related to these interventions. The study is based on the interviews with 14 physicians in four emergency departments. The interviews have been analysed thematically and presented in the form of brief narratives. The study follows changes from clinical practice to the national policy level. The changes appear to be ineffective or counterproductive—waiting times are rather getting longer, but the measures have a number of other effects. Decisions are taken at a central level and are carried out by means of rules, incentives, and projects and end in the medical profession being displaced from the central position they have held in the working processes of health care.

  • 77.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sehlstedt, Therese
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Westerlund, Joakim
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Förberedd för läraryrket? Lärare under 40 år av reformer2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien belyser hur gymnasielärare retrospektivt uppfattar att de förberetts för sitt yrke under lärarutbildningen. Enkätsvar från 1554 gymnasielärare kategoriserades efter den tidsperiod då de examinerades. Frågan om hur väl förberedda de nyexaminerade lärarna var för sitt yrke kopplas till de nationella reformer som styrde lärarutbildningen under den period som läraren studerade. Medan utbildningen i praktisk yrkeskunskap uppfattas ha försämrats över tid, har andra områden förbättrats. Lärosäte hade inte något samband med respondenternas svarsmönster. Slutsatsen är att utbildningsreformerna har samband med förändringar i utbildningens måluppfyllelse, att förbereda lärarstudenter för sitt yrke, samt att utbildningens anpassning till yrkets krav försämrats över tid.

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  • 78.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lampi, Laura
    Centret för utbildningsevaluering, Helsingfors universitet.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet.
    Ahtiainen, Raisa
    Centret för utbildningevaluering, Helsingfors universitet.
    Björk, Lisa
    Institutet för stressmedicin, Västra Götalandsregionen & Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hotulainen, Risto
    Centret för utbildningevaluering, Helsingfors universitet.
    Parding, Karolina
    Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap, Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Sehlstedt, Therese
    Avdelningen för arbetsvetenskap, Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Wastensson, Gunilla
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Nyexaminerade om lärarutbildningen i Sverige och i Finland2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 66-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En professionsutbildning utmärks av en spänning mellan teoretisk kunskap och praktisk yrkeskunskap. Vi vet dock inte mycket om hur en professionsutbildning bäst utformas för att förbereda studenter inför yrket. Utifrån tre enkäter, två i Sverige och en i Finland, analyseras nyexaminerade lärares uppfattning om hur förberedda de var för sitt arbete efter lärarutbildningen. Området metodik och praktik hade tydligast samband med känslan av att vara väl förberedd. I flera områden var de finska respondenterna mer kritiska än de svenska. De många positiva omdömena om den finska lärarutbildningen gjorde att vi förväntat oss ett mer positivt resultat i den finska studien.

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  • 79.
    Belius, Elvira
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Baeg, Sharmin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Employer Branding i säkerhetsbranschen: En studie om Securitas arbete med att attrahera och behålla personal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, the attractiveness of an organization is an important factor. It is important to attract new employees and to retain existing employees. Various factors affect the attractiveness and, in order to achieve attractiveness, the organization can work with different employer branding processes. The aim with this study is to examine what can constitutes Securitas as an attractive employe, with suggestions for improvement and development to attract and retain employees. The theoretical point covers theories with Employer Branding.

    The study is based on a quantitative method where a survey was created to gather empirical data about employees´view and opinions about the organization as an attractive employer. A meeting was held with Securitas executives and HR partners before the survey was designed to know how the organization works to attract and retain employees. The selection of respondents is limited to guardians who works in a region in the middle of Sweden. Diagram have been used to compiled the empiricism and theories have been used to analyze the empiricism. The conclusions are that factors such as relationships, education, information, benefits and work equipment are attractive. All of these factors need to be improved and if it doesn't happened can it be difficult to attract and retain employees. Improvement proposals have been compiled in a dot shape and is based on what have been said in the analysis and discussion.

  • 80.
    Bength, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Rajalahti, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    ”Det ska passa dem, så nog är de bortskämda allt.”: En kvalitativ studie om employer brand och generation wh(Y) i geografiska kontexter.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the established employer branding strategyin a large company is successful in attracting and retaining generation Y independent oflocations in Sweden. The study was conducted in a Swedish company with approximately16,000 employees in 50 countries, of which 7,000 are employed in Sweden and locatedthroughout the country. A further intention of this study was to contribute with knowledge aboutthe importance of managers' awareness of the concept of employer brand and understanding ofhow awareness affects the implementation of the strategy. Based on the purpose of the study, aqualitative method was chosen where the collection of empirical data was done with semistructuredinterviews. For the results of the study, an HR person with insight into andknowledge about the companies employer brand, was interviewed. Also, eight managers wereinterviewed whom all of them have the ability to influence the recruitment process where theywork. The results show that in general there’s not much difference between rural areas and largecities concerning what generation Y considers to be an attractive employer. But what differscan be assumed to be sufficient enough to adapt the employer branding strategy depending onthe geographic context and target group. However, if managers are not aware of what the termemployer brand means the result shows that the companies employer branding strategy will notbe well implemented. This can lead to that it becomes difficult to compete for employees andtherefore the company will lose competitive advantages in the long run. It also becomes clearthat the work with the employer branding strategy should be a continuous process in the dailywork where HR has an important part in supporting the managers.

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  • 81.
    Bengtsson, Viktoria
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Enander, Linn
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    En studie om introduktionens påverkan på chefensförutsättning att lyckas i sitt chefskap: En kvalitativ studie om introduktionens koppling tillchefens påverkan på medarbetarskapet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work-introduction is of great importance for both the new employee as well as the

    organization. A well planned introduction can affect the employees work performance and

    also affect how long the employee stays within the organisation. For this reason, it is

    interesting to study the work-introduction process as well as the organisational socialisation.

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the introduction affects the manager's ability to

    succeed in his/her leadership. The study will also provide potential tools to improve the

    manager introduction, as well as highlight the importance of a well-founded introduction. The

    study has been conducted at Falu Municipality who are also the constituent for this study.

    The focus of this study is on the personnel-related issues in the introduction of new managers.

    Seven qualitative interviews have been conducted, of which three interviews was with

    employees and four with managers. The results found indicated that the respondents feel that

    the introduction has good building blocks but that it is rarely implemented due to lack of time.

    This study also reveals the lack of socialization and relationship-creating tools as part of the

    introduction process. In addition to this, the results indicated that a well-structured and

    processed introduction has a positive influence on the leadership.

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  • 82.
    Benito Medina, Andrés
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Impacts of tourism in urban areas: Community attitude towards tourism impacts in ‘La Barceloneta’ neighbourhood in Barcelona2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses how residents of urban communities perceive the impact of tourism on

    their community, as well as the attitudes that these residents have towards tourism. Most of

    the previous tourism literature is focused on the visitor point of view. Although there are

    some studies on residents’ perceptions and attitudes, almost all of them are located in small

    rural communities and resort-type destinations. Therefore, there is a lack of research into

    residents’ perceptions and attitudes in urban destinations. It is generally argued that

    destinations have different characteristics, and therefore determinants of perceptions and

    attitude formation might be different in each case. Barceloneta is a port neighbourhood in

    Barcelona, which has been increasing in popularity since 1992, and is now one of the most

    popular tourist areas in the city. Originally populated by sailors and fishermen, Barceloneta

    now has a considerable part of the community living off tourism. However, an important

    portion of the community has been protesting against the negative effects of mass tourism

    since the summer of 2014. This paper has conducted 11 semi-structured in depth interviews

    in order to look into perceptions and attitudes as well as the factors influencing them.

    The results of this study have shown that residents perceive positive and negative impacts

    regardless of their general opinion of tourism. The Barceloneta community seems to be

    heterogeneous when it comes to their perceptions, where each individual develops different

    attitudes as a result of observation and evaluation of the effects of tourism; this relates to the

    Social Exchange Theory. The findings of this paper aim to assist urban planners with making

    tourism development strategies with higher rates of acceptance within the community. More

    acceptance of tourism development would contribute positively to the host-visitor

    relationship, as well as to visitors’ overall satisfaction and destination image.

  • 83.
    Bennmarker, Helene
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Haglund, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Vad gör en arbetsplats attraktiv?: En studie i Attraktivt Arbete inom djursjukvårdsbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 84.
    Bennström, Lina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Eklund, Mia
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "… det handlar om att lyssna och ta till sig för att få sin personliga utveckling". : En kvalitativ studie om chefers ledarskap, stöd och utveckling2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the importance of managers’ personal development to conduct an effective leadership. The result of the study and the analysis shows that managers’ personal development is significant for how leaders prioritise and manage human relationships, which includes the ability for two-way communication, active listening and being present in the day-to-day working environment. The result indicates that both organisations taking part in the study strive for a relation-oriented leadership. Effective leadership is achieved when the leader has a personal maturity and an understanding of how their behaviour affects others. A leader needs to show humility and be responsive in order to promote cooperation within the organisation and personal development can contribute to such an environment. The study also shows that support in your work, by colleagues and Human Resources (HR), is of great importance to achieve personal development objectives enabling an effective leadership to be conducted.

    The study was carried out with a qualitative research method, using semi-structured interviews with eight respondents in various management positions including two HR managers. Their subjective experiences have shaped the result of the study. The reference framework contains previous research on management and leadership, Human Resource Management (HRM), leadership development, the importance of human capital for organisations, the role of HR as well as the conditions for implementing the concept of soft HRM.

    The conclusions from the study are that it is possible to achieve effective leadership if the management team and HR in an organisation appreciates the value of leaders having appropriate personal characteristics and supporting the further development of these. A prerequisite, however, is that managers at all levels are seeing the value of development and have a desire to develop.

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  • 85.
    Berens, Laura
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    “Ready for tourism”?: Investigating community capacity as a precondition fortourism development in Muungoni Village, Zanzibar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present master thesis was to analyze what factors contribute to communitycapacity, in order to add to the understanding of what can make tourism as a developmentalstrategy more efficient. Community capacity was assessed at the example of MuungoniVillage on Zanzibar along a capital assets approach. The setting is represented in terms of theparticipants and their viewpoints that were captured in semi-structured in-depth interviewsduring a research trip on the Tanzanian island. Several strong, as well as weak indicatorscould be elaborated to estimate to what extent the community currently has the capacity as aprecondition to involve in tourism. This thesis therewith was able to build a bridge betweenwhat currently appraises the community capacity of Muungoni and which weaknesses have tobe improved in order to further build capacity. It contributes to the research gapencompassing community capacity within the perspective of tourism development.

  • 86.
    Berg, Jessica
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Johansen, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    "Vad som behövs? Det är sällan glasklart!": En studie kring en organisations tillväxt och växtvärksproblematik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In an organization located in the countryside of Dalarna an increasing dissatisfaction is revealed in a staff survey among the employees, where serval problems can be linked to the rapid expansion that the organisation is currently undergoing. Even a positive organizational change such as growth can contribute to negative effects and problems for the employees. This study intended to examine what challenges and possibilities the employees are experiencing in this organization that is growing rapidly, linked to the growth. Empirical data has been sampled by conducting eight in-depth interviews with managers, co-workers and HR managers as respondents.

    Based on the respondents’ view of the situation four major problem areas have been identified: lack of common procedures, ambiguous roles, insufficient information and communication and lack of proactive efforts to ensure employee competence. The empirical data indicate that the organization is suffering from a gap when it comes to the development of human resources, labor system and leadership. The number of employees are increasing at a higher rate than the infrastructural processes, which can be seen as an organizational growing pain. Based on the results, suggestions regarding which activities the HR function should focus on are given.

    In order to address the development gap and prevent further growth pain symptoms the HR function should focus on proactive measures. A key factor shown in the developed model of the study, is that the leaders are of great importance for how the organization and its employees are able to handle a situation of growing pain. Therefore, HR needs to have a clear picture of what support the business leaders need in order to be able to create a high value for the organization, managers and employees. Consistent with previous research this study shows that the specifics of each organization and the context it operates in determines which activities that are most important and effective in order to achieve a successful result. General suggestions for HR activities are therefore not given.

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  • 87.
    Berg, Josefin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Local images vs. the images by the DMO in tourism marketing: Case study of Falun municipality, Sweden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 88.
    Berg, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.
    Jerusalem som kalejdoskop: Elevers angelägna frågor och de sammanvävda berättelsernas potential i undervisning vid historiska platser2023In: Jerusalem – en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats / [ed] Gull Törnegren, Maria Deldén och Mikael Berg, Borlänge: Förlags AB Björnen , 2023, p. 111-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Essäsamlingens andra del inleds med Mikael Bergs text ”Jerusalem som kalejdoskop”: Elevers angelägna frågor och de sammanvävda berättelsernas potential i undervisning vid historiska platser leder oss in på frågor om berättelser i undervisningen. Här ställer Mikael Berg frågor om undervisningens möjligheter vid studieresor till historiska platser. Mikael Berg menar att mötet med historiska platser, som han liknar vid ett kalejdoskops mångfald av mönster och färger, kan tillföra ytterligare lager till lärandet som inte hade varit möjligt i klassrumsundervisning. Framförallt att mötet med den historiska platsens sammanvävda berättelser länkar samman affektiva responser, fysiska reaktioner och kognitiv bearbetning i elevens kunskapsprocess. Med det som utgångspunkt argumenterar Mikael Berg för möjligheten att starta undervisningen i elevernas angelägna frågor i relation till den historiska platsens mångfald. Lärarens uppdrag kan då sägas bli att möta elevernas frågor med ett situationsanpassat (historiskt) kunskapsinnehåll i syfte att bidra till nyansering av förståelsen av platsens samanvända berättelser (manifesta historiebruk). På så sätt finns en potential i en sådan undervisningsansats att bidra till elevernas möjligheter att göra informerade ställningstaganden.

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  • 89.
    Berg, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Teacher Education, Educational Work.
    Slutord: Jerusalem, en bildningsresa2023In: Jerusalem – en väv av berättelser: Tio resenärers möten med en konfliktfylld plats / [ed] Gull Törnegren, Maria Deldén och Mikael Berg, Borlänge: Förlags AB Björnen , 2023, p. 184-193Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 90.
    Berggren, Adrian
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Bluesens dolda röster: Kvinnors upplevelser inom svensk bluesscen- en kvalitativ studie2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka sorts begränsningar upplever kvinnliga bluesmusiker inom den svenska bluesscenen? Hur påverkar kön kvinnliga bluesmusikers möjligheter att nå framgång inom genren? Har deras upplevelser förändrats under deras år som aktiva och i så fall hur? Under denna uppsats analyserar jag kvinnliga bluesmusikers erfarenheter inom den svenska bluesscenen. För att samla in data har sju djupintervjuer med kvinnliga bluesartister. Analysen har strukturerats i tre återkommande teman. Första temat är bemötande. Många av informanterna upplevde att tveksamheten hos publiken kring deras musikaliska erfarenheter grundas redan vid motpartens uppfattning av att dem är kvinnor, detta tema har analyserats med hjälp av Bourdieus bok ”den manliga dominansen” där maktpositioner har varit ett centralt begrepp för analysen. Andra temat handlar om representation som möjligt att etablera inom den svenska bluesen. Dem flesta informanterna upplevde att representation är en viktig del för att kunna ta steget in en otroligt mansdominerad genre. Tredje temat handlar om ”Bluespoliser” vilket är ett uttryck som framkommit under de genomförda intervjuerna. Med bluespoliser avses personer som kommer fram och kommenterar eller tillrättavisare artistens framförande, det ”korrekta” traditionella spelsättet inom blues. Analysen visar att kvinnliga bluesartister upplever begränsningar i sin etablering inom bluesscenen, exempelvis i form av bemötande från omgivningen. I intervjuerna nämns även att Metoo har haft en positiv inverkan på möjligheten att etableras sig.

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  • 91.
    Berggren, Emilia
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Nilsson, Emma
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    ”…vad är det som ger den goda relationen? Är det kommunikationen? Var börjar det? Vad är hönan och ägget?”: En kvalitativ studie om den interna kommunikationen mellan HR-funktionen och linjecheferna i en multinationell koncern2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has taken its starting point in discussions with a contact person in a multinational corporate group. The contact person described a desire to examine which communication channels that would be the most appropriate to use in the communication with line managers regarding HR-practices. The purpose of the study was to, in an multinational corporate group, examine, describe and analyse the relationship and communication between the HR-function and line managers as well as identify which opportunities and obstacles that exist for these areas. The theoretical starting points consisted of theories regarding relationships, communication and organisation.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach and the empirical material is collected through seven semi-structured interviews as well as one written response based on the interview guide. The material has been analysed by thematic analysis. The results show that the relationship and communication between HR Business Partners (HRBP) and managers in the examined organisation are perceived as quite good. The interviews also show that the managers are happy with the support they get from their HRBP overall and that they rather get support and information through email unless it is issues that need to be discussed. Furthermore the study shows that the physical distance can affect the relationship and communication in a negative way because it reduces the number of informal and spontaneous meetings that can encourage the relationship. There is no strategy for the internal communication in the corporate group today, something that we think should exist.

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  • 92.
    Berglind Hallberg, Kristine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Olsén, Carina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Attraktivt arbete inom äldreomsorgen: Vad kännetecknar en attraktiv arbetsplats för undersköterskor och vårdbiträden?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Attractive work within elderly care – What characterizes an attractive workplace for assistant nurses and care assistants?

    Background and problematisation: Within a few years more elderly will be in need of some type of nursing care. This due to that mankind lives longer and have multiple diagnoses renders the need of more qualified nursing care. There is also a need to recruit new employees due to the large number of retirements coming up to the year 2026. There is a challenge in retaining and attract new employees to the elderly care though the profession has tough working conditions and low salaries. What makes employees stay in the profession is that they see the meaningfulness in helping other people and that they are well invested in their work.

    Purpose: The purpose with this study is to explain and to some extent grasp what characterize an attractive workplace for assistant nurses and care assistants within the elderly care to get an understanding how they can be attracted and retained in the elderly care profession.

    Theoretical reference frame: This study has been inspired by the model for attractive work. The model is based on factors that constitutes an attractive workplace. Due to the extensiveness of the mode, this study has chosen applicable factors to use within the elderly care system.

    Previous research: This study shows previous research that touches on the history, different approaches, challenges and strengths. Focus in on assistant nurses and care assistant's role and prerequisites. The study also looks at what perceives as good and what can be changed to the better to create an attractive workplace that can retain and recruit new employees.

    Method: This study has been inspired to use a quantitative method due to two other studies that used the model attractive work.

    Results and conclusions: The results show that the relationship between work colleges and caretakers are ranked high and is the cause to that employees thrive at the workplace. The employees feel commitment to the work but at the same time have emotions of insufficiency and stress. The study points to factors considered valuable for an attractive workplace. The factors could potentially make employees retain in elderly care if they are offered - greater participation in decisions, a work schedule that the employee fells comfortable with and higher salaries. It is also important to feel a professional pride and that the public view of a low status work is changed so they understand the importance and the complexity of the task that assistant nurses and care assistants within the elderly care performs

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  • 93.
    Bergman, Andreas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Korzen, Nicklas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Men de har det ju bättre!: En kvalitativ studie om sjuksköterskors arbetssituation och regionala sjukvårdsinrättningars arbetsgivarvarumärke2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The private employer's entry into the healthcare sector has created a variable labor market where public healthcare providers now compete with private actors for labor and skills. Regional healthcare institutions have not had as much need historically to work with their employer brand as private employers. With the impending retirement of employee’s born 1960-1980 and with an increased demographic change the sector is facing major recruitment needs. To guarantee a long-term supply of labor and skill and thus an opportunity for continued development and growth, there is a need within the regional healthcare providers to develop strategies and processes that both attract and retain nurses.     The purpose of the study is therefore to build an understanding of which factors in the work situation that are valued and gain an understanding of how these factors affect the nurses in their choice of employer.    The survey has been conducted with a hermeneutic perspective and an abductive approach where the starting point has been taken in the data collected through qualitative interviews with eight nurses active in regional healthcare institutions evenly distributed among two selection groups: nurses and staffing nurses.     The results of the study show that organizations working to improve and maintain the psychosocial work environment and create the conditions for a flexible working life with good development opportunities and leadership can promote employees experience of the work situation and strengthen their employer brand.  

  • 94.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    Att jobba i skärningspunkten mellan arbete och fritid: Den dubbelsidiga karaktären av livsstilsinriktat arbete inom den svenska hästnäringen: Egenskaper och konsekvenser för anställdas hälsa och välbefinnande2023Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 95.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Attractive and sustainable work in the equine sector – an explorative study in riding schools and trotting stables in Sweden2020Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 96.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    "Leadership by chance": om hållbart ledarskap inom den svenska hästnäringen2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 97.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstad universitet.
    Motivation till arbetsmiljöförbättringar: en mixad metod studie inom den svenska hästnäringen2022Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 98.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstad universitet.
    The double-sided nature of lifestyle-oriented work within the Swedish equine sector: Characteristics and consequences for employee health and well-being2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis considers the nature of lifestyle-oriented work, i.e. making a livelihood based on leisure interest or personal lifestyle, and focuses on the perspective of employees within the Swedish equine sector. The purpose was to gain an increased understanding of the characteristics of lifestyle-oriented work and the consequences for health and well-being. 

    The thesis has a case study research design with two embedded units, riding schools and trotting stables, and a mixed methodological approach based on questionnaires and interviews. 

    The findings show that employees experienced their work as both important and attractive with loyalty, relations, and stimulation being important factors for work attractiveness (Paper I). The employees found their work meaningful and worked primarily to achieve self-realization and quality of life. Person–environment fit, task significance, and occupational culture emerged as important factors for meaningfulness. However, the work had an inherent duality as the same factors both promoted and challenged the experiences of work attractiveness and meaningfulness (Paper II). The safety climate was found to be relatively good, despite some risk acceptance (Paper III), although the results indicated shortcomings regarding occupational health and safety management (OHSM) (Papers III and IV). Moreover, motivation, management, occupational culture, and resources affect both participation and compliance in OHSM (Paper IV).

    Lifestyle-oriented work within the equine sector can be described as double-sided, i.e. both satisfying and demanding. The work is characterized by attraction, meaningfulness, prosocial behavior, and a strong occupational culture but also an acceptance of challenging working conditions, overwork and deficient conditions for OHSM. A systematic OHSM, where both health-promoting factors and risk factors are considered, is necessary to enhance employee health and well-being and to create attractive and sustainable employment.

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  • 99.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    The Double-Sided Nature of Meaningful Work: Promoting and Challenging Factors within the Swedish Equine Sector2022In: Challenges, E-ISSN 2078-1547, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Meaningful work is related to a range of positive outcomes, but also negative effects. Research regarding meaningful work and lifestyle-oriented work; i.e., when making a livelihood based on a leisure interest and personal lifestyle, is deficient. The aim of this qualitative study is therefore to explore factors that promote and challenge meaningful work in a lifestyle-oriented setting. The study focuses on the perspective of employees within the Swedish equine sector, and is based on individual interviews. The results show that person–environment fit, task significance, and occupational culture seem to be important factors in the promotion of meaningful work. In addition, the analysis also illustrates how the nature of meaningful work has an inherent duality, constructed by a balancing act between doing good for oneself and for others. The tension is reinforced by the fact that the same factors can both promote meaningful work and challenge meaningfulness. This study shows that meaningful work not only comes with satisfaction, enjoyment, and fulfillment, but also an acceptance of challenging working conditions, which may lead to sacrifices and exhaustion.The double-sided nature of meaningful work can therefore affect the employees’ well-being, and challenge the willingness and ability to remain in the occupation.

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  • 100.
    Bergman Bruhn, Åsa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science. Karlstads universitet.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, Occupational Science.
    Lindahl, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Variation at work as a strategy for enabling sustainable employment in the Swedish equine sector2023Conference paper (Refereed)
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