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  • 51.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Recension av] Björn Kumm: Kalla kriget. Lund: Historiska media, 2006. ISBN 91-88930-93-92008In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 22, no 3/4Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Recension av] Peter Johnsson: Polen i Europa: en resa i historien 966-2005. Stockholm: Carlsson, 2005. ISBN 91-7203-671-02009In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 129, no 2, p. 304-306Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Recension av] Susanna Hedenborg och Mats Morell, red.: Sverige – en social och ekonomisk historia, Lund : Studentlitteratur, 2006. ISBN 91440391582009In: Historielärarnas Förenings Årsskrift, ISSN 0439-2434, p. 172-173Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Recension av] Victor Sebestyen: Ungernrevolten 1955. Tolv dagar som skakade världen, Stockholm: Prisma, 2006. ISBN 91-518-4612-82009In: Historielärarnas Förenings Årsskrift, ISSN 0439-2434, p. 120-121Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society, History.
    [Review of] R. Chris Davis. Hungarian Religion, Romanian Blood: A Minority’s Struggle for National Belonging, 1920–1945.2022In: Hungarian Studies Review, ISSN 0713-8083, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 125-129Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    [Review of] Thomas Lundén: On the Boundary: About humans at the end of territory. Huddinge : Södertörns högskola, 2004, ISBN 91893154212008In: Eurolimes, ISSN 1841-9259, no 6Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    The Journal Korall and Hungarian Social History: Between International and National Contexts2007In: East Central Europe, ISSN 0094-3037, E-ISSN 1876-3308, Vol. 35, no 1-2, p. 327-353Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review essay evaluates the evolution of the Hungarian journal of social history, Korall társadalomtörténeti folyóirat (Coral: A journal of social history), founded in 1999 as a new forum of social history research. Korall promoted two distinct understandings of social history, stated only implicitly in the first years of the journal, but later elaborated more explicitely by the editors, as core definitions of their research programme. A first, narrow acceptation places social history within the field of (historical) sociology and favours structural approaches and concepts specific to the social sciences rather than the actual historical context. A second definition is wider, including a variety of topics such as environmental history, cultural history, economic, and demographic history, being meant to function as a powerful counter-discourse against positivistic, traditional and political-orientated history, still dominant in contemporary Hungarian historiography. Based on a combination of qualitative and quantitative content analysis, the review essay argues that, during its eight years of existance to date, Korall has undergone a process of internationalization. Although most articles published in the journal continue to focus on topics pertaining to the history of Hungary—especially during the "dualist period," 1867-1918—references to international events, authors, and theories have lately acquired a greater importance

  • 58.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History; The Hugo Valentin Centre. Upplandsmuseet, Uppsala.
    The power of national narratives: The lack of genuine efforts to come to terms with the past in Hungary and Romania, and the role of historians2016In: Historisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0345-469X, E-ISSN 2002-4827, Vol. 136, no 3, p. 441-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the power of national narratives and the lack of genuine efforts to come to terms with the past in Hungary and Romania. Hungary and Romania have experienced a common history marked by conflicts, changing borders, and totalitarian regimes. The two countries have not succeeded in overcoming issues in their common past. Instead, national narratives have been institutionalized in textbooks and among historians, even in the international context. Historians have narrated the nation's history under the strong influence of political agendas. This political force supports the hegemonic positions of the national narratives today. The national narratives are not only disseminated domestically, but are also reflected in articles about the two countries in encyclopedias abroad, such as the Swedish National Encyclopedia (Nationalencyklopedin). Romania has undertaken more efforts to come to terms with its past than Hungary has, in assuming responsibility for the Holocaust and investigating crimes against humanity during communism for example. Hungary's position on the Holocaust has been contradictory. On the one hand, Hungarian officials have admitted the Hungarian state's responsibility. However, on the other hand, leading historians appointed by the Hungarian government have explicitly claimed that Nazi-Germany alone was responsible for the Holocaust. The officially sanctioned responsibility assumed by the Hungarian and Romanian governments should be seen as sign of political correctness rather than genuine reconciliation. Politicians and historians in Hungary have together launched a campaign of historical revisionism, which is most visible with regard to the interwar and Second World War periods, in order to strengthen the national consciousness among its citizens. This campaign has reinforced the exclusive ethnic perspective of Hungary's history, and serves as a norm for present day politics. In both Hungary and Romania national narratives maintain a hegemonic position thanks to the support from politicians and some historians. This undermines reconciliation and accountability with regard to both the individual and the shared history of the two nations.

  • 59.
    Blomqvist, Anders E. B.
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Baltic & East European Graduate School (BEEGS).
    Iordachi, ConstatinTrencsényi, Balázs
    Hungary and Romania Beyond National Narratives: Comparisons and Entanglements2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Boari, Giulia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Hauka Possession as Fight against Colonialism in West Africa: How the Songhay rites have become the means of colonial resistance between Niger and the Gold Coast2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 61.
    Bokor, Sandra
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Civilisationens begynnelse – en lycklig historia?: En innehållsanalys av hur svenska historieläroböcker berättar om högkulturerna Egypten, Mesopotamien, Kina och Indien2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reason for this study is based on the premise that the era of High Cultures is perceived as an almost forgotten time that few remember or know something about. This study aims to investigate what textbooks for years 7-9 tell us about the first high cultures. Furthermore, the study aims to examine what is told as positive and what is told as negative in the textbooks' portrayal of the High cultures. The method used to conduct the study is qualitative narrative content analysis. The analysis is presented from five different perspectives: economic, political, cultural, social and from an environmental perspective. The content was further analyzed to account for what is presented as positive and what is present as negative. The results show that the three textbooks presented all perspectives on Mesopotamia and Egypt, but representations about China and the Indus culture is generally missing in the books. Only the textbook Historia 7-9 present a short paragraph about the Indus culture. The textbooks presented both negative and positive narrative about the High Cultures, however, the positive narrative is more prominent, and the High cultures are perceived as a bright and flourishing time. Based on these results, it was concluded that the textbook tradition is one reason why high cultures have fallen into a passive oblivion. This because modern history is given more space in the textbooks and because the textbooks present positive perspectives on the history of High Cultures, which is considered uninteresting by students as a negative perspective on history is found to interest students more. Lastly, the study showed that multiple perspectives and a critical aspect were missing in the textbooks.

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  • 62.
    Bonanome, Francesco
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    The Chinese health diplomacy in Africa: a new form of colonialism or a great opportunity for the African future?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 63.
    Bonanome, Francesco
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    The Chinese health diplomacy in Africa:a new form of colonialism or a great opportunity for the African future?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 64.
    Boni, Benedetta
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Ethiopian ethnic federalism: Sidama unsuccessful quest for selfdetermination: A contemporary analysis on the Ethiopian “unique” political structure and ethnocultural dynamics.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The 1995 Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia redesigned the new country’s federal structure according to ethnic lines and formally guaranteed the right of self-determination for every Ethiopian ethnocultural group. But not all the ethnic communities were allowed to administer their own state-region and, furthermore, to exercise the right of self-determination. This is the case of the Sidama ethnocultural group which, after two attempts, one of that failed and one still in progress, does not have the opportunity to exercise political autonomy over an own territorial region. The Sidama self- determination process’ evolution and their race to a political and regional autonomy represent a systemic gap within the federal model acquired in 1991, a contradiction between the federal rule of law and the pressures of a government that acts as if it were in power of a unitary and centralized state. Following this relevant issue at the core of this federal prototype’s assumption, this thesis aims to analyse if ethnic federalism formula could guarantee equal rights and freedom to all the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia and could provide a solution to face the Ethiopian ethnocultural groups’ requests of self-determination. The still ongoing process of self-determination demanded by the Sidama people will be a fundamental element to study and to evaluate the Ethiopian federal model and its impact on the ethnonationalist claims.

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  • 65.
    Bosson, Emelie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Historiebruk i skolan: Historielärares tankar och resonemang om historiebruk2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien har varit att undersöka hur fem lärare uppfattar och ser på begreppet historiebruk samt hur de menar att de tillämpar historiebruk i en undervisning.

    Tidigare forskning visar att begreppet historiebruk definieras, tillämpas och uttrycks på en mängd olika sätt. Skolinspektionen anser att historieundervisningen inte ger elever möjligheten att få träna sig i förmågan att analysera och resonera om historiebruk. Lärare uttrycker också en osäkerhet i hur en undervisning om historiebruk ska se ut. Forskning visar också att elever har svårt att tänka ab-strakt, som att ta sig mellan olika tidsdimensioner, vilket krävs för att kunna genomföra en analys av historiebruk.

    Av ovan nämnda anledningar avsåg denna studie att undersöka vidare på lärarnas förståelse om be-greppet historiebruk och hur de ser på att tillämpa historiebruk i historieundervisningen. Denna stu-die har därför intervjuat fem aktiva historielärare och därefter analyserat deras svar utifrån aktuell litteratur och forskning.

    Det huvudsakliga resultatet är att det finns en osäkerhet i hur man skall förstå själva begreppet histo-riebruk. Av intervjuerna framkommer att lärarna ger olika slags förklaringar till vad det är. Man för-står det till exempel som en förlängning av källkritik, att det är att se spår av det förflutna samt att det är själva syftet med historieundervisningen. På frågan hur lärarna ser på hur man kan tillämpa historiebruk i en undervisning anser lärarna att analys av historiebruk är en svår kognitiv process för elever i årskurs 7-9. Dessutom menar de att det krävs mycket goda förkunskaper för att kunna genomföra en analys om historiebruk.

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  • 66.
    Boström, Ulrika
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.
    ”När man kollar på bilden tänker man så här”: en receptionsstudie av gymnasieelevers uppfattning om bilder som kunskapskällor i historieundervisningen2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Images are used in history education for a variety of reasons, not least to generate interest through a better understanding of historical events and people. The aim of this study was to investigate how historical pictures, either illustrated or documentary/photographic, can be used as a resource for activating and improving pupils' historical empathy, in the way described by Stéphane Lévasque.

    I conducted a reception study on five different focus groups consisting of pupils from different upper secondary schools in Sweden. The pupils varied with regard to number of credits for admission to upper secondary school. A sixth group of pupils was interviewed as a contrasting control group in order to add perspective to the results. The discussions were based on the pupils' interpretations of 34 selected pictures, all of which were taken from the most common history textbooks. Each pupil was asked to choose the picture he/she felt was the most representative historical image. On the basis of the strategies used by the pupils when interpreting the pictures and discussing them, the material was analysed in accordance with Lévesque's categories: imagination, historical contextualisation and morals. The last category, morals, was further divided into three sub-categories: sense of justice, sympathy and progression.

    The reflections of the pupils and the degree of contextualisation varied. It appeared that the pupils were less inclined to discuss assumptions about the persons in the pictures; instead they chose to discuss the historical context in question. The pictures in this study did not seem to trigger the pupils to fabricate anachronistic reasoning about history; when they did produce lengthy reasoning, it was contextual, structural and metahistorical. In this context, the pupils who belonged to the group with the highest average of credits showed some signs of reflection on the basis of historical context and some criticism about the historical sources. On no occasion did any of the pupils choose a picture as a concrete expression of injustice.

    One of the questions this study aimed to explore was whether a lack of historical context affects how pictures trigger emotions and reasoning on the basis of moral aspects. Some of the pupils displayed moral standpoints, primarily the degree of morals concerning injustice. One possible interpretation could be that the feeling of being unfairly treated and subjected to insulting behaviour and social injustice was something the pupils could relate to. The group of pupils who had not yet studied history at upper secondary school, the control group, generally made reflections using this sort of reasoning when they discussed the historical aspects of the pictures.

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  • 67.
    Bransell, Sanna
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Förskollärares tal om föräldrasamverkan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min studie var att få mera kunskap om hur förskollärare talar omföräldrasamverkan i förskolan när det gäller dialog, ansvar och relationer. Och att sedanjämföra om det fanns någon likhet eller skillnad mellan hur de olika generationerna talade omföräldrasamverkan. Jag valde även att blicka tillbaka i tiden genom de statliga utredningarnaför att förstå hur det såg ut på 1970-talet, 1981 samt 1997. Min studie är en kvalitativstudieoch jag har intervjuat sex förskollärare. Mina intervjuade tillhörde olika generationer. Två varstuderande, två var nyexaminerade och två hade jobbat sedan 1970-talet. Mitt reslutat var attdet inte var en sådan stor skillnad mellan hur de olika generationerna talade, däremot kundejag hitta några skillnader och en av dem var att de som arbetat från 1970-talet hade meratrygghet i hur de skulle bemöta föräldrarna i förskolan, medan de studerade ochnyexaminerade förskollärarna fortfarande sökte efter ett sätt att nå ut till alla föräldrar.

  • 68.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    "...en icke ovigtig handel på Norge...": Landshövdingarna i Värmland, Dalarna och Jämtland om gränshandeln under 1800-talet2013In: Nationen så in i Norden: Festskrift till Torkel Jansson / [ed] Henrik Edgren, Lars M Andersson, Urban Claesson, Bo G Hall, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013, 1, p. 169-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    En ny människa för en bättre värld: Frågor om samhälle och fostran vid Siljanskolan under mellankrigstiden2017In: Fostran och bildning för en annan modernitet: Siljanskolan som reformpedagogiskt alternativ / [ed] Urban Claesson, Uppsala: Föreningen för svensk undervisningshistoria , 2017, Vol. 222, p. 67-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln analyserar hur Siljanskolans reformpedagogiska projekt relaterar till erfarenheterna från Första världskriget och mellankrigstidens samhällsutveckling och upplevda samhällsutmaningar, med en strävan att skapa en bättre värld och en ny, bättre, människa.

  • 70.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    "... ett naturens majestät, som väl söker sin like": Bilder av Jämtland i folkskolans läsebok och geografiböcker ca 1870-19602016In: Kulturell reproduktion i skola och nation: En vänbok till Lars Petterson / [ed] Urban Claesson & Dick Åhman, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2016, 1, p. 57-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Dalarna University, School of Education and Humanities, History.
    Nedslag i den svenska reformpedagogiska rörelsen: Fredsfostran och pedagogisk förnyelse2012In: Människor, miljöer och läromedier: Femte nordiska utbildningshistoriska konferensen Umeå den 26-28 september 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Båtefalk, Lars
    Uppsala universitet, Historiska institutionen.
    Staten, samhället och superiet: Samhällsorganisatoriska principer och organisatorisk praktik kring dryckenskapsproblemet och nykterhetssträvandena i stat, borgerlig offentlighet och associationsväsende ca 1770-19002000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is, in a narrow sense, to analyze organizational principles and practices concerning the breakthrough and institutionalazation of a State alcohol policy, connected with the introduction of temperance interests and organizational ideals in Sweden during the 1800s. But it is not these issues in themselves that are at stake, but rather different models and modes for organizing the whole of society.

    The analysis centers on the organizing of the alcohol trade from the late 1700s and up to 1900, the growing fears and insights in an alcohol and drinking problem during roughly the same period, what organizational choices that were made and the introduction of voluntary associations as a mode of solving it. Finally a discussion takes place concerning the rapid decline of voluntary associations during the second half of the Century, in the light of the growing mass organizing of temperance in Sweden.

  • 73.
    Börjesson, Josefin Wallin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Elevanmärkningar och betyg för elever i 1800-talets lärda skola: En undersökning av samband mellan anmärkningar och betyg i ordning och flit vid Mariestads Högre allmänna läroverk för pojkar under perioden 1850-1860.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning har varit att undersöka omfattningen och tillämningen av anmärkningar på elever samt eventuella samband med deras betyg i ordning och flit. Undersökningen har undersökt Mariestads Högre allmänna läroverk för pojkar under en period i mitten av 1800-talet. Resultatet visade att det fanns 1889 dokumenterade överträdelser under perioden 1850-1860, där försummad tid, oanmäld frånvaro och oskick var de vanligaste disciplinbrotten. Vanligast var att pojkarna försummade sin tid i samband med bönen. Oanmäld frånvaro anmärktes de oftast för i samband med kyrkan och sen ankomst till skolan. Vad som föranledde anmärkningarna i kategorin oskick framkommer inte av materialet, men den vanligaste bestraffningen för förseelsen var strykklass. Stryklass innebar att eleven fick gå till rektorn för att få fysisk bestraffning under en viss tid. Resultatet visade även att strykklass var den mest använda bestraffningen, följt av offentlig varning och handplagg (örfil). Gällande ett eventuellt samband mellan pojkarnas anmärkningar och ordnings- och/eller flitbetyg har varit svårare att tolka. Inget bestämt samband har framträtt. Dock är det tydligt att det fanns mer än bara de dokumenterade anmärkningarna som påverkade ordnings- och flitbetygen. Det förväntade sambandet att desto fler anmärkningar desto lägre ordnings- och flitbetyg har inte kunnat urskiljas.

  • 74.
    Camurri, Tommaso
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    Historical Research on Boko Haram: a Debate: The Cases of Ansaru and the Chibok Kidnapping2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis focuses on the phenomenon of Boko Haram in Nigeria, attempting to give an understanding of the group based on the academical analysis that has been elaborated through time. A contextualisation of the movement’s evolution introduces two cases of study, currently under scholars’ scrutiny: the birth of the splinter-cell Ansaru and the Chibok kidnapping.

    The work is integrated by on-going debates among scholars and the most recently published contributions to the research.

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  • 75.
    Carlberg, Kevin
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Narkotikabrott i Ljusdal: Män, kvinnor och droger 1971–20002019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats studerar narkotikabrott i Ljusdal, där en kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod tillämpats. Kön, medelålder, olika narkotikapreparat samt brottets allvarlighetsgrad är aspekter som belyses och redogörs för. Källmaterialet som används är domar som Ljusdals tingsrätt tömt i under perioden 1971–2000. Resultatet skildrar att andelen lagförda för narkotikabrott ökat successivt under åren, det inkluderar både kvinnor och män. Drygt 80 procent av de lagförda för narkotikabrott var män. Medelåldern har stadigt legat på strax över 30 år. Därutöver har alla grader av narkotikabrott blivit vanligare, drogen som varit klart dominerande under tidsperioden är amfetamin följts av cannabis.

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  • 76.
    Cassano, Dora
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The Biafra War: Cultural Memory in two novels of Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and Chinelo Okparanta2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently new novels about the Biafra war have appeared, proving the ongoing impact of the Nigerian civil war on writers’ interest, and the importance of memory in our life. For all these reasons, I decided to write the present thesis on how memory function in a literary work. The objective is to analyse the literary representation of the Biafra war, with a special focus on individual and collective memory production through two fictional novels: Half of a Yellow Sun, by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, and Under the Udala Trees, by Chinelo Okparanta.

    In analysing the literary representations of Biafra in the light of memory studies, I have identified two levels of memory: literary characters’ memory and writers’ memory. Focusing on the level of the memory of the characters, I explored what the characters remember about the Biafra war both when the war is over and when it is still in progress, and what strategies they use to remember or to forget painful memories of the war.  What emerged through this first level of analysis is how Adichie and Okparanta have offered narratives focused not only on accounts of the war, but also on feelings and emotions. Moreover, the strategies of remembering and of forgetting represent tools of survival, and they are not in a relationship of exclusion.

    Focusing on the level of writers’ memory, I explored the perspectives used by Adichie and Okparanta to narrate and remember the Biafra war: a perspective from below, focused on ordinary people and on their daily lives; a female perspective which represents a novelty in a literary landscape dominated by male writers; the danger of a single story and its risk to create hegemonic narratives; the fictional perspective as a way to enrich a historical event with suggestive details fruit of writers’ imagination; the Afropolitan perspective and the greater openness of mind of the new generation of African writers.

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  • 77.
    Cazzetta, Claudia
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, African studies.
    The national and the international influences on the drafting of the South African Bill of Rights: A study on the South African transitional legal culture.2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The South African democratic transition in the 1990s represents one of the clearest cases of practical implementation of constitutional engineering. The process was aimed to the creation of the principle of national unity in the fundamental text first, hoping it would be mirrored consequently by a popular sentiment. Within this context, the Bill of Rights, included in the second chapter of the final text, affirmed itself as the most relevant document that emerged from the country's nation-building process. This thesis aims to compare the influences that the national and international components of the South African transitional legal culture had on the drafting of the Bill of Rights, through the investigation of their historical and political dynamics. The analysis highlights that the liberal component characterizes the majority of the text, while being, however, declined on the neo-liberal international doctrine, while the African customary law is recognized within the cultural rights but remains subjected to the requirement of conformity with the liberal provisions.

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  • 78.
    Ceder, Isak
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    En lanthandels värde: En undersökning av expropriationen av mark och fastighet-er i Västra Frölunda mellan åren 1961-19632015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att den svenska välfärdsstatens utbyggnad accelererade efter det andra världs-kriget, ökade belastningen på Sveriges kommuner i takt med att administrationen växte. I bör-jan av 1950-talet hade Sverige fortfarande nästan 2500 kommuner, av vilka majoriteten var för små för att kunna garantera sina invånare den service som folkhemmets socialpolitik kräv-de. Därför genomfördes mellan 1952 och 1974 två kommunreformer där man genom sam-manslagningar reducerade antalet kommuner till vad det ungefär är i dag. Många kranskom-muner inkorporerades med sina centralorter och för Västra Frölunda skedde detta redan i mit-ten av 1940-talet, då man införlivades med Göteborg. Parallellt med kommunreformerna bör-jade staten också ta kontroll över planering och utförande av bostadsbyggandet i landet. Göte-borg växte i storlek och krävde större yta och den nyligen införlivade, relativt outbyggda stadsdelen Västra Frölunda, blev naturligt en ny riktning för stadens utbredning. Med nyin-förda planeringsinstrument kunde Göteborgs Stad utnyttja lagstiftningen för att med tvång köpa upp stora områden av privatägd mark, så kallad expropriation, för att bereda väg för den expanderande, moderna staden. I denna uppsats undersöks expropriationen i Västra Frölunda under början av 1960-talet och hur processen upplevdes av invånarna i stadsdelen.

    Undersökningen visar att nästan samtliga expropriationsmål kunde lösas genom frivilliga uppgörelser. Vidare konstateras dock att detta, tillsynes, rådande samförstånd mellan den poli-tiska makten och de av expropriationen utsatta medborgarna, inte är något resultat i sig. För att försöka besvara vad resultatet av undersökningen eventuellt ger uttryck för analyseras det därför genom den historiska kontexten, i vilken skeendet ägde rum. Genom en djupgående analys av ett enskilt expropriationsmål exemplifieras också de skilda ståndpunkter de stri-dande parterna kunde inta, vilka inte tydliggörs genom studiet av statistiken.

  • 79.
    Chianchiano, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Culture and Society.
    Women Without a Blanket. The Effects of Land Grabbing in Tanzania: Between Policies and Rights.2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Land is a fundamental resource, both as a source of livelihood and as a symbol of identity andbelonging. This is threatened by a global phenomenon, land grabbing, the practice of acquiring andinvesting in land on a large scale, often enabled by national policies. Land grabbing erodes people’sland rights and in particular women’s rights. In Tanzania, marginalisation leads women to be morevulnerable not only through the loss of land – the blanket – but as the main targets of witchcraftaccusations. The latter often arise within land disputes, where litigants might resort to accusation toprevent the woman from claiming her right to land. This thesis aims to explore the effects of landgrabbing on social and gender relations; and to provide a policy framework in response to theseeffects.

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  • 80.
    Choleva, David
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    The impact of land grabbing on local communities in South Sudan: The context of oppressors-oppressed distinction2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the phenomenom of land grabbing in South Sudan in the context of oppressors-oppressed distinction. It gives account of the recent land grabbing background on the African continent. It explores the characteristics of a power imbalance between local communities and foreing investors through the Freirean theoretical framework on oppression. The members of affected communities are not being consulted about the land deals which are brokered at the highest level of government in South Suden. Strategies of the affected communities to beat oppression are very limited and ineffective.

  • 81.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    An Early Modern Era of Crises and Lutheran Reform Programs: A Mirror of Our Time?2017In: Mending the World?: Possibilities and Obstacles för Reilgion, Church and Theology / [ed] Nilas Blåder & Kristina Helgesson Kjellin, Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2017, 1, p. 413-424Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Att överleva sjönöd till ett nytt frommare liv – om 1600-talet som reform­program­mens århundrade2017In: Visioner för en bättre värld. Pietismen som transnationell, reformatorisk och utopisk drivkraft: NORDVECK-konferens i Halle, 24–25 augusti 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Blev det moderna Danmark mer lutherskt än Sverige?: Några perspektiv utifrån treståndslära och nationsbygge2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Dalarna och svenskt nationsbygge som Siljanskolans sammanhang2017In: Fostran och bildning för en annan modernitet: Siljanskolan som reformpedagogiskt alternativ / [ed] Urban Claesson, Uppsala: Föreningen för svensk undervisningshistoria , 2017, 1, p. 15-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När den svenska nationen mobiliserades under namn av folkhemmet var inte alla med på tåget. Denna artikel bidrar till förståsle av hur det reformpedagogiska projektet i Siljanskolan i Tällberg framstod som ett alternativ till centralisering av svenskt nationellt utbildningsväsende. Med det nationella "urhemmet" Dalarna som bas fanns möjlighet att kritisera den nationella standardisering som skedde i namn av folkhemmet.

  • 85.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Das Bergwerk von Falun, der Pfarrer Olof Ekman (1639-1713) und die Entstehung des schwedischen Pietismus. Eine neue Frömmigkeit in einer außergewöhnlichen sozialen Situation2011In: Pietismus und Neuzeit : ein Jahrbuch zur Geschichte des neueren Protestantismus, ISSN 0172-6943, Vol. 37, p. 163-176Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Demokrati och identitet i dansk och svensk folkkyrka – två olika historier2013In: Kritisk forum for praktisk teologi, ISSN 0106-6749, Vol. 131, p. 29-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Den nya inre vägen: i väntan på både frälsning och malm2015Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 88.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Drömmen om en ny människa: Samhällsteologiska perspektiv på kulturell reproduktion2016In: Kulturell reproduktion i skola och nation: En vänbok till Lars Petterson / [ed] Urban Claesson och Dick Åhman, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2016, 1, p. 351-360Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 1600-talet blev drömmen om en ny människa viktig på ett nytt sätt. Denna förhoppning är idag kanske starkare än någonsin. Många vill omvända sig till ett nytt smalare liv, en tillvaro utan mindervärdeskomplex, och liknande. Här presenteras hur Martin Luther utgjorde en viktig inspiratör till detta nya projekt, varför drömmen fick särskilt stark förankring just i Falun under 1600-talet, och hur visionen i olika former sedan sekulariserats, politiserats och levt vidare i ny form under folkhememts dagar och i nutid.

  • 89.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Enevald Svenonius2017In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (Swedelius - Swenson), Vol. 169, p. 598-603Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En biografisk artikel om den lutherskt ortodoxe teologen Enevald Svenonius (1617-1688) vid universitetet i Åbo.

  • 90.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Fostran och bildning för en annan modernitet: Siljanskolan som reformpedagogiskt alternativ2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna antologi presenterar ett reformedagogiskt projekt i Tällberg, Dalarna under mellankrisgstid, den så kallade Siljanskolan. Boken har tillkommit inom den utbildningshistoriska kollegiala forskarmiljö som etablerades inom forskningsprofilen Utbildning & Lärande 2015. Boken kopplar samman regionalitet, reformpedagogik och nationsbygge på ett nytt sätt.

  • 91.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Fromme Leserkreise des 17. Jahrhunderts als Schlüssel der Reinterpretation Lutherischer Theologie an einem Beispiel aus Schweden: Jacob Boëthius2016In: Schrift soll leserlich seyn: Der Pietismus und die Medien / [ed] Christian Soboth, Pia Schmid, Halle ad Saale: Verlag der Franckeschen Stiftungen , 2016, 1, p. 453-464Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Habermas, kyrka och offentlighet: ett historiskt perspektiv på religionens återkomst2013In: Religionens offentlighet: Om religionens plats i samhället / [ed] Stenström, Hanna, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2013, p. 47-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    I fäders spår, för framtids segrar: Gustaf Ankarcronas nyckel till ett nytt Sverige2019In: Falu-Kuriren, ISSN 1103-9256, p. 10-11, article id 2019-09-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 94.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Inledning2017In: Fostran och bildning för en annan modernitet: Siljanskolan som reformpedagogiskt alternativ / [ed] Urban Claesson, Uppsala: Föreningen för svensk undervisningshistoria , 2017, 1, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Katekeser för nya utmaningar: 1700-talets outforskade lärobokspluralism2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History. Svenska kyrkans forskningsenhet.
    Kris och kristnande: Olof Ekmans kamp för kristendomens återupprättande vid Stora Kopparberget 1689-1713. Pietism, program och praktik2015 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As different Lutheran states tried to secure and implement the heritage of the Reformation at the beginning of the 17th century, criticism soon emerged. The confessionalization did not seem to be a success. Despite increased control and attempts to educate the population, people quite simply did not seem to become more pious. The critics belonged to a new group of readers that had discovered medieval mysticism as a source of increased piety. Johann Arndt (1555–1621) became the central figure in this movement, as his widely popular books about true Christianity were a sort of popularization of medieval monastic mysticism. This new group also eagerly read translated books written by puritan authors, as these delivered more specific guidelines for holier lives. It was in this context of new “middling” groups of pious readers that programs for reform were written by authors like Theophil Großgebauer (1627–1661), Philipp Jacob Spener (1635–1705) and Olof Ekman (1639–1713).This study focuses on the Swedish vicar Olof Ekman and his role as an important pioneer for pietistic ideas in Sweden. Ekman is famous for a program called Promise at Sea (Sjönödslöfte), which was published in 1680. In the first part of my study I mainly focus on this book and its context. Ekman’s program became a Swedish parallel to the Pia Desideria program, published by the main pioneer for pietism in Germany, Philipp Jacob Spener, in 1675. Pia Desideria was the starting point for the pietistic movement as it emphasized reading of the bible, conventicles and a new belief in the future. Ekman and Spener both strove for the activation of the individual’s faith into social practice. The main difference was that Ekman published his text as an exhortation to the young ruler Charles XI (1655–1697), who became the sovereign and absolutist ruler of the Swedish Empire in the same year as the program was published. For Ekman the road to improvement of public piety ran through asystem of public education, financed by the state. In the politically fragmented Holy Roman Empire of Germany, Spener did not have similar possibilities to trust the state as a force for change. Spener had to rely on the church as the key to reform. Interestingly, however, Spener shared Ekman’s hope for the Swedis hking as an ally for creating a more pious life among the lay population. Pia Desideria was never meant for the Swedish Empire. The first part of my study primarily analyses Ekman’s program and its contexts. Ekman’s main inspiration came from the Rostock theologian Theophil Großgebauer’s program Wächterstimme aus dem verwüsteten Zion of 1661. The Promise at Sea was written as a promise to God after Ekman survived a shipwreck on the Baltic Sea in 1679 on his way home to Sweden after fulfilling his duties as a Field Superintendendent for the Swedish Army in Livonia. In that part of the Swedish Empire Johann Fischer (1636–1705) was Superintendent for the church. Fischer was a friend of Spener’s, had studied in Rostock and was influenced by Großgebauer. In the province of Livonia Fischer had received support from the Swedish king to realize Großgebauer’s ideas about popular education in schools, financed by the state. These schools were intended to raise the population from serfdom and place the peasants in Livonia at the same level as other peasants in the Swedish Empire. Serfdom did not exist in Sweden. It is obvious Ekman wrote his program with his experiences from Livonia fresh in mind. As Ekman had published a program that encouraged the state to promote pietism, he became recognized by pietists around August Hermann Francke (1663–1727) in Halle around the year 1700. Joachim Justus Breithaupt (1658–1732) tried to arrange for a translation of Promise at Sea into Latin. Pietists around Francke had ambitions to translate Ekman’s program that advocated a form of state pietism, as they themselves received strong support from the state of Prussia. At the same time, it is striking that Spener’s Pia Desideria was not translated into Swedish at the time.The second main part of my study focuses on how Ekman fulfilled his duties as a pastor in the parishes by the Great Copper Mine in Falun in central Sweden. This town was dominated by industrial activities and was sort of a problem child to the church. The local population worked hard in the mining industry. Wage-labor, high risks of getting injured in the mine and uncertainties on the copper market were just some of the things that contributed to the local challenges Ekman had to face. His program for greater piety was a guideline as he strove for the improvement of teaching in church, popular education in school and better church discipline. For example, Ekman organized the enlargement of the sacristy in one of the main churches in Falun in order to have enough space for teaching and confessions. Ekman tried to obtain funding from the king for wages to what were known as the “extraordinary” teachers of general education in school. At the time in Sweden, basic education was generally performed at home. In Falun many children were fatherless because of the dangerous mine, and thus needed public education. He also published a commentary of Martin Luther’s “Small Catechism”, specifically aimed at his parishioners at the Great Copper Mountain. Ekman’s textbook was the first Swedish catechism that was based upon Spener. Ekman was heavily influenced by Spener’s Latin version of his catechism and Johann Fischer’s version of the so called Frankfurter catechism. Ekman was also the first person in Sweden to introduce a more elaborate version of what was known as the order of salvation (ordo salutis) in a textbook for ordinary people. This order consisted of a series of conceptual steps on the path to salvation. In a town characterized by lack of outer certainty, there was a greater need for an inner path to salvation. I present how Ekman developed this general theme in funeral sermons, where the possibility of experiencing eternal blessings on this earth was put forward as a way to stimulate a holy life. The biblical words from Isaiah 54:10: “For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee” were often used to his mining congregations as a promise of heavenly realities already in this life. Interestingly, Ekman’s funeral sermons have a close similarity to Spener’s. Earlier research has shown that, in an innovative way, Spener emphasized the possibilities of experiencing heaven on earth in his funeral sermons. Another area I investigate in my study is how Ekman also tried to lead his congregation to salvation according to the pattern of the order of salvation in his dealings with church discipline. He strove to reach inside of people in an attempt to evoke true feelings of repentance. Ekman did not want to use hard methods for fear of creating hatred against himself, as this would lead to a situation where the sinner stopped listening to his preaching. In summary, this study explores for the first time an early Swedish parallelto the early German development of pietism. The study is also groundbreaking in terms of putting pietism and the early mining industry in context with one another. Pietism is presented as a local form of a general Swedish confessionalization for facing the social realities created by early industrialization.

  • 97.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Luthersk ortodoxi eller karolinsk puritanism?: Perspektiv på konstruktionen av 1600-talets enhetskyrka som kyrkohistoriskt minne2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Lutherska begrepp och nordisk samhällsteologi2019In: Samhällsteologi: Forskning i skärningspunkten mellan akademi, samhälle och kyrka / [ed] Jenny Ehnberg & Cecilia Nahnfeldt, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 2019, 1, p. 35-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Olof Ekman (1639–1713) – an ordinary Swedish pastor as a pioneer for pietism: Perspectives on writing ecclesiastical biographies in the tension between local and international contexts2016In: Writing Ecclesiastical Biographies / [ed] Jarlert, Anders, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Claesson, Urban
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, History.
    Olof Ekman (1639–1713) – An Ordinary Swedish Pastor as a Pioneer for Pietism: Perspectives on Writing Ecclesiastical Biographies in the Tension Between Local and International Contexts2017In: Spiritual and Ecclesiastical Biographies: Research, Results, and Reading / [ed] Anders Jarlert, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien , 2017, 1, p. 54-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Texten problematiserar hur man inom ämnet kyrkohistoria kan möta problem vad gäller en historisk aktörs kontextualisering. Särskilt fokus ligger på skillnaden mellan lokal och internationell kontextualisering.

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