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  • 801.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden..
    von Koch, L.
    Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden..
    Eriksson, G.
    Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden..
    Sjostrand, C.
    Karolinska Inst, Solna, Sweden..
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Multi-professional teamwork in stroke units - time to understand the impact of the built environment on the work of staff2018In: International Journal of Stroke, ISSN 1747-4930, E-ISSN 1747-4949, Vol. 13, p. 59-59Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 802.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    von Koch, Lena
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Designing Inclusive Architecture: Facilitators and Barriers of the Healthcare Environment for Rehabilitation at Stroke Units2016In: Designing Around People: CWUAAT 2016 / [ed] Pat Langdon, Jonathan Lazar, Ann Heylighen, Hua Dong, Springer London, 2016, p. 229-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 803.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    von Koch, Lena
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    “Det är ensamt”– patienternas upplevelse av den fysiska miljön på en nybyggd strokeenhet2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 804.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    von Koch, Lena
    Karolinska institutet.
    Heylighen, Ann
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet; Chalmers.
    "It's lonely": Patients' experiences of the physical environment at a newly built stroke unit2018In: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, ISSN 1937-5867, E-ISSN 2167-5112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    The aim of this study was to explore patients' experiences of the physical environment at a newly built stroke unit.

    BACKGROUND:

    For a person who survives a stroke, life can change dramatically. The physical environment is essential for patients' health and well-being. To reduce infections, a majority of new healthcare facilities mainly have a single-room design. However, in the context of stroke care, knowledge of how patients experience the physical environment, particularly their experience of a single-room design, is scarce.

    METHOD:

    This study used a qualitative design. Patients ( n = 16) participated in semistructured individual interviews. Data were collected in December 2015 and February 2017 in Sweden; interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using content analysis.

    RESULTS:

    Two main themes were identified: (i) incongruence exists between community and privacy and (ii) connectedness with the outside world provides distraction and a sense of normality. In single rooms, social support was absent and a sense of loneliness was expressed. Patients were positively distracted when they looked at nature or activities that went on outside their windows.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The physical environment is significant for patients with stroke. This study highlights potential areas for architectural improvements in stroke units, primarily around designing communal areas with meeting places and providing opportunities to participate in the world outside the unit. A future challenge is to design stroke units that support both community and privacy. Exploring patients' experiences could be a starting point when designing new healthcare environments and inform evidence-based design.

  • 805.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    von Koch, Lena
    Sjöstrand, Christina
    Bernhardt, Julie
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska Institutet; Chalmers University of Technology.
    A comparative study of patients’ activities and interactions in a stroke unit before and after reconstruction – the significance of the built environment2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 7, article id e0177477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early mobilization and rehabilitation, multidisciplinary stroke expertise and comprehensive therapies are fundamental in a stroke unit. To achieve effective and safe stroke care, the physical environment in modern stroke units should facilitate the delivery of evidence-based care. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore patients’ activities and interactions in a stroke unit before the reconstruction of the physical environment, while in a temporary location and after reconstruction. This case study examined a stroke unit as an integrated whole. The data were collected using a behavioral mapping technique at three different time points: in the original unit, in the temporary unit and in the new unit. A total of 59 patients were included. The analysis included field notes from observations of the physical environment and examples from planning and design documents. The findings indicated that in the new unit, the patients spent more time in their rooms, were less active, and had fewer interactions with staff and family than the patients in the original unit. The reconstruction involved a change from a primarily multi-bed room design to single-room accommodations. In the new unit, the patients’ lounge was located in a far corner of the unit with a smaller entrance than the patients’ lounge in the old unit, which was located at the end of a corridor with a noticeable entrance. Changes in the design of the stroke unit may have influenced the patients’ activities and interactions. This study raises the question of how the physical environment should be designed in the future to facilitate the delivery of health care and improve outcomes for stroke patients. This research is based on a case study, and although the results should be interpreted with caution, we strongly recommend that environmental considerations be included in future stroke guidelines.

  • 806.
    Anåker, Anna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet.
    von Koch, Lena
    Sjöstrand, Christina
    Heylighen, Ann
    Elf, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Karolinska institutet; Chalmers.
    The physical environment and patients' activities and care. A comparative case study at three newly built stroke units2018In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To explore and compare the impact of the physical environment on patients' activities and care at three newly built stroke units.

    BACKGROUND: Receiving care in a stroke unit instead of in a general ward reduces the odds of death, dependency and institutionalized care. In stroke units, the design of the physical environment should support evidence-based care. Studies on patients' activities in relation to the design of the physical environment of stroke units are scarce.

    DESIGN: This work is a comparative descriptive case study.

    METHOD: Patients (N=55) who had a confirmed diagnosis of stroke were recruited from three newly built stroke units in Sweden. The units were examined by non-participant observation using two types of data collection: behavioral mapping analyzed with descriptive statistics and field note taking analyzed with deductive content analysis. Data were collected from April 2013 - December 2015.

    RESULTS: The units differed in the patients' levels of physical activity, the proportion of the day that patients spent with health professionals and family presence. Patients were more physically active in a unit with a combination of single and multi-bed room designs than in a unit with an entirely single room design. Stroke units that were easy to navigate and offered variations in the physical environment had an impact on patients' activities and care.

    CONCLUSIONS: Patients' activity levels and interactions appeared to vary with the design of the physical environments of stroke units. Stroke guidelines focused on health status assessments, avoidance of bed-rest and early rehabilitation require a supportive physical environment. 

  • 807.
    Anåker, Sara
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    Bergqvist, Thomas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Human Resource Management.
    När behövs HR?: En kvalitativ studie om när HR-funktionen kan behövas inom organisationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has the purpose of examining if there is an answer to the question

    When is HR needed? The material in this study is based on five semi-structured interviews and two group interviews with people which are working with HR-related duties within small and medium-sized organizations in Dalarna county. The theoretical frame of reference in this study discusses the following areas: HR/HRM, strategic HRM, HR in small and medium-sized organizations, leadership, communication and Employer Brand. The reasoning behind choosing several different areas is that the main area of the study looks to be relatively unexplored, thus is the theoretical frame of reference shaped out of areas which are considered to have an impact on the question When is HR needed? The result of this study shows that there probably is no concrete answer to this question. What the results do show is that there are several areas which have an impact on the question and which are recurrent with all the interviewed organizations. These are: economics, communication, support from outside the company, stress on managers with a particular focus on labor law, and the organizations’ capacity to attract workforce. The result of the study has ultimately been compiled into a model which has the purpose of functioning as a form of checklist that organizations can use to help them appraise if they should consider establishing an HR-function.

  • 808.
    Apell, Inger
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Omvårdnad vid hysterektomi: En strukturerad litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att ta reda på vilka omvårdnadsbehov kvinnor hade inför en hysterektomi för att de skulle känna sig mer nöjda med operationens slutresultat. Denna undersökning genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie och omfattade en sammanställning av totalt 16 kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar av måttlig till hög kvalitet. Samtliga artiklar granskades efter två modifierade granskningsmallar efter förlagor av Forsberg och Wangström (2003) och Willman, Stoltz och Bahtsevani (2006), en modell för kvalitativa och en för kvantitativa artiklar, om 28 bedömningskriterier vardera. För att evidensbestämma resultaten användes graderingskriterier enligt Bahtsevani (2008). Evidensvärdet för samtliga påståenden i resultatet vilade på måttligt till starkt vetenskapligt underlag. Huvudresultatet påvisade behov inom fyra områden: a) information för beslutstagande till hysterektomi, b) information om hysterektomins påverkan på sexuallivet, c) specialistvård för kvinnor med låg livskvalitet vid malign sjukdom, samt d) extra stöd vid ångest. Resultaten diskuterades utgående från Peplaus interaktionsteori (1952) vilken innebar att sjuksköterskan bistod med kunskap och vägledning för att hjälpa patienten att fatta ett hållbart beslut. Tanken med denna studie var att den kunde ligga som grund för en informationsskrift för de kvinnor som står i beredskap att genomgå en hysterektomi för att ge dem tillgång till ny kunskap, samt besvara de vanligaste frågorna.

  • 809.
    Apelman, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies.
    Konflikter och konflikthantering mellan lärare och elever på Högre Tekniska Läroverket i Borlänge åren 1957-19622014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 810.
    Apelmo Mattsson, Jenny
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, German.
    Die Verbindung zwischen Romantik und Phantastik: Ein Vergleich zwischen Michael Endes „Die unendliche Geschichte „ und E.T.A Hoffmanns „Der goldne Topf 2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [de]

    Diese Examensarbeit untersucht die Verbindung zwischen Die unendliche Geschichte von Michael Ende und der deutschen Epoche Romantik. Dies wird anhand einer textimmanenten Analyse von Die unendliche Geschichte und E.T.A Hoffmanns romantisches Werk Der goldne Topf durchgeführt.

  • 811.
    Apollonio, Marco
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Henriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Tourism Studies.
    Social and economic evaluation of a rural tourism event: The case of Rättvik’s Classic Car Week, Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the evaluation of a rural event, both from a social perspective evaluating the event and the tourist and visitors it attracts and from an economic perspective. Given the modern situation of rural destinations and its shifting economy, the importance of turning towards event tourism becomes paramount. The research presents the case of the Classic Car Week, a rural festival held during week 31 in Rättvik, in the region of Dalarna, Sweden. The study is based on surveys collected during the 2016 edition. The authors analyzed the data and extrapolated statistical information to gather knowledge on the average visitor and its interests. The social focused tourism and event section of the research revolves around Crompton’s instrument of motivator measurement to establish the pull factors which attract visitors to the event. This is done by analyzing their expectation, satisfaction and decision-making. The economic analysis of the study presents the calculations made by the authors on the total estimat accomodation expenses based on guest nights in Rättvik (35000) during week leading up to the event and during CCW, week 30 and 31. A estimated max and minimum senario was made were the calculated max accomodation expenses was 7 031 793 SEK while the minimum was estimated to 4 714 177 SEK. Similarly, a max and min scenario was also calculated on the estimated total daily expenses, resulting in a max approximation of 7 087 107 and a min of 4 746 521. Together the estimated max and min accommodation and daily expenses was summed to create a max and min scenario of the total spending in the area. With a max scenario of 14 118 900 SEK and a minimum scenario of 9 460 698 SEK. Illustrating a part of the economical impact that he municipality receives as a direct result of the event.

  • 812.
    Appelgren, Linnéa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Oldhammer, Elina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Graphic Arts Technology.
    Barnbok om AST – Autismspektrumtillstånd: Processen bakom skapandet av en informativ barnbok2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today you can read a lot about Autism spectrum disorder, but most of the

    literature is for the people that already have the diagnosis or the people around

    them and some of the books come from people who have the diagnosis

    themselves. What we think is missing on the market today is a book for children

    who meet people with ASD in everyday life. Therefore we created a children’s

    book about ASD. We believe it’s important for children without knowledge to

    understand their classmates with ASD. In an educational way they should be

    able to read and understand what it means to have ASD.

    A background study was made to gain a better understanding of ASD and how

    to write a children’s book. A survey was also made to find out people’s general

    perception and knowledge about ASD. After the background study we designed

    a children’s book for children in the age of 7–9 years.

    To test our bookprototype we met class 3A and 3B of Hälsinggårdsskolan in

    Falun. They got to read the book and afterwards they answered questions about

    what they learned and thought about the book.

    The test of our bookprototype showed that the audience appreciated the book

    and that they learned and had a better understanding of people with ASD.

  • 813.
    Aprille, Marcello
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Simulation Study of an Innovative Solar Absorption Refrigeration System2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The awareness of the environmental problem along with an ever increasing demand for comfort cooling and refrigeration has brought a strong interest in new concepts of refrigeration technologies. By combining solar energy and absorption cooling, solar absorption refrigeration can offer a sound alternative to electrically driven vapour compression refrigeration. In this work, a simulation study of an innovative solar absorption refrigeration system is conducted. The system is intended for refrigeration at 5°C in warm and hot climates (South Europe and North Africa) and is composed of: medium temperature collector, single effect water ammonia absorption chiller and ice-encapsulated cold thermal storage. This configuration is justified by the high temperature difference between the chilled refrigerant temperature, about –5 °C, and the ambient temperature, which could exceed 30 °C. In these conditions, the absorption chiller must be driven by a medium temperature collector. Moreover, the proposed chiller can be air-cooled, thus not making use of a bulky and expensive heat rejection system. Several simulations are conducted in order to investigate the system behaviour at different values of solar fraction and at three different locations: Rome, Tunis and Cairo. Also, two different medium temperature collectors are compared, a Fresnel linear reflector and a parabolic trough. The simulations are made with TRNSYS. User-defined TRNSYS types are made in order to characterise the absorption chiller and the cold thermal storage. The absorption chiller type makes use of performance data made available by the manufacturer and the cold storage type is modelled like a stack of uniform temperature layers of ice capsules surrounded by refrigerant. The mathematical model makes use of experimental equations, derived from literature, in order to represent the heat exchanged between refrigerant and ice capsules during ice to water and water to ice phase transition. The simulations have revealed a strong impact of the adopted control strategy on the system overall performance. Due to limitations in the maximum reachable solar loop fluid temperature, 300 °C, and the minimum reachable refrigerant temperature, -20 °C, two major problems are encountered: chiller part-load functioning, which occurs any time refrigerant temperature approaches –20° C, and loss of available solar radiation, which occurs anytime the collector mirrors are set out of focus in order to maintain the solar loop fluid temperature below 300 ° C. According to the simulation results, with a chiller rate capacity of 13 kW and a load peak power of about 6 kW the system has proved to work with reasonable values of collector area and storage volume at 100% SF and at any of the selected locations. About 70 m2 of Fresnel collector area and 4 m3 of storage tank are necessary to cover the load year round. The parabolic trough would require less area, about 40 m2, but would cost more on the basis of the projected costs of the two solutions. Savings in both solar field area and cold storage volume are possible when using an auxiliary heater series connected to the collector in the solar loop. At 90% solar fraction, the system would require 70% of the collector area and 50% of the storage volume as calculated for 100% solar fraction. A simple economic analysis shows that the here presented concept has a good economical potential when compared to an equivalent PV-electrical vapour compression solution. The overall system performance is higher with a PV based system, due to the high electrical COP of vapour compression chiller. However, the collector-absorption solution is more economical due to the cost of the solar field, which is lower than the cost of PV panels in its PV based counterpart.

  • 814.
    AQiff, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av akut konfusion hos äldre i akutsjukvård – En kvalitativ intervju studie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title:

    Nurses experience of acute confusion in elderly patients in acute emergency care- A qualitative interview study.

    Background:

    The elderly cared for in emergency care have an incidence between 11–51% to develop acute confusion during the care period. The condition is related to increased morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Multifactorial causes lie behind the elderly being affected. Acute confusion is a clinical diagnosis, at present there are not biomarkers or examinations that can identify the condition. Acute confusion requires early awareness, swift investigation, medical care and well adapted health care environment in order for the patient to recover.

    Purpose:

    To describe nurses experiences in detecting, preventing and caring for patients suffering from acute confusion in emergency care.

    Design:

    A qualitative interview with five nurses working within geriatric emergency care at two hospitals in the south of Sweden.

    Result:

    Three categories emerged in the result; strategies to identify and assess signs of acute confusion, strategies and hinders for preventative measures and good nursing upon acute confusion, and improvement proposals for the care of elderly suffering from acute confusion. Nurses used observation, communication, and gathering of information from medical records and relatives in order to identify acute confusion. A comprehensive view in care, continuity in contacts, adaption of health care environment and relatives engagement were important factors to prevent acute confusion and provide good nursing. Hindering factors were a result of shortcomings in the health care environment, insufficient resources and time, and lack of knowledge among other requisite staff regarding appropriate reception and approach.

    Conclusion:

    An evidence-based screening instrument which identifies various states of confusion would render assessment and documentation easier for nurses. Personal centered care built upon that such is planned based on a comprehensive view and continuity in contacts, and that relatives are more engaged in care, is advocated by the nurses. Health care environment shall be adapted, be calm and supportive in form. Staff that work with confused patients need more sufficient knowledge regarding appropriate reception and approach to render patient recovery easier.

  • 815.
    Ara Akther, Hasne
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Khatoon, Zohra
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Social, economic and professional barriers for midwives to provide quality midwifery care in Bangladesh: A focus group discussion study with midwifery faculty members in Bangladesh2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Midwifery is central in addressing maternal and newborn health. Social, economic and professional barriers prevent midwives from providing quality midwifery care, which in the end can lead to poor maternal and newborn health. The midwifery profession is under development in Bangladesh and midwifery teachers’ perspective on barriers towards quality midwifery care is vital to identify the barriers preventing quality midwifery care in this country.

    Aim:

    To describe midwifery teacher’s perceptions on midwives’ realities in Bangladesh from social, economic and professional perspectives.

    Methods:

    A qualitative deductive design in which three focus group discussions were held with 17 midwifery teachers in total. Data was analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results:

    Social barriers hampering quality midwifery care include lack of female empowerment, gender inequality permeating education, child birth, workplaces and negative attitudes in society towards women. Low income, inadequate housing and unsafe accommodation are among economic barriers. Professionally, little opportunities to participate in policy dialogue, to raise midwives’ voices and contribute to decisions, little public awareness about the midwifery profession, heavy workload, inadequate staffing and workplace environments hamper quality care.

    Conclusion and clinical application:

    Quality maternal health depends on enhanced midwifery workforce. Minimizing the identified barriers may elevate the confidence level of midwives and enable them to provide evidence based up-to-date care freely and independently. Revising economic benefits for midwives and taking initiatives to establish separate midwifery education facilities countrywide is a good start. This thesis provides a platform for further research focusing on improvements in quality of midwifery care after the deployment of newly introduced midwifery cadre service in Bangladesh.

  • 816.
    Ara Begum, Arshe
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Yesmin, Farida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Nursing and midwifery educators’ self-assessed compliance to midwifery educators’ core competences: A questionnaire survey based on international standards prior the development of a mentorship program in Bangladesh2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Building midwifery educators’ capacity has been identified as an important component to ensure quality midwifery education in Bangladesh.

    Objective:

    To describe midwifery educators self-assessed compliance with capabilities’ according to international standards for nursing- and midwifery educators in order to strengthen their capacity in the development of a mentorship program.

    Methods:

    This study was conducted at 25 of the 38 colleges/institutes, with 59 midwifery educators. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire with open and closed response options; both qualitative and quantitative analysis was used for analysis of data.

    Result

    : The midwifery educators’ self-assessed capabilities were scored high regarding midwifery knowledge, orientation to research, the ability to facilitate positive change for effective clinical teaching environment, and in the area of midwifery practice. Mentorship could be used in various ways. It could be used for capacity building of clinical mentors/staffs, for capacity building of nursing and midwifery faculty, for capacity building at policy level in planning, policy making, budgeting and in research initiatives. If challenges with for example electricity, internet and access to computers were met, mentorship programs could be net-based and thereby facilitating expertise from all over the world. However, face-to-face meetings were also important and more blended mode might be more effective. The focus would be to improve clinical practice, skill lab practice, and evidence-based knowledge in the field of midwifery.

    Conclusion:

    Mentorship programs could be net-based if challenges were managed, but face-to-face meetings was also seen as important. The recommendations regarding the content of a mentorship program were that areas to be included could be professionalism, skills lab and evidence based knowledge.

    Clinical applicability and further research:

    All colleges/institutions with clinical sites connected to them in Bangladesh, would benefit from mentorship to faculty and clinical supervisors. Institutional collaboration is suggested to provide peer-mentoring of midwifery faculty and clinical supervisors. As half of all pre-registration midwifery programs are embedded in the practice setting, the necessity of mentorship programs involves both faculty and clinical supervisors became evident. More research in these areas to guidance approaches to build midwifery educator’s capacity is required.

  • 817.
    Aracil-Flügel, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Hur applicerar lärare Total Physical Response i undervisningen för att utveckla den språkliga förmågan i engelska som andraspråk?: En empiriskstudie om användning av TPR- metoden enligt engelsklärare i årskurserna 1–3.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Total Physical Response, TPR 1, är en inlärningsmetod som bygger på att läraren förmedlar instruktioner på engelska genom aktiviteter där rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder ingår. Eleverna visar gensvar genom att uttrycka förståelse där kroppsspråket används i form av gester, miner och andra rörelser. Tidigare utländsk forskning indikerar positiv effekt vid användning av TPR i engelskundervisningen därav har ett intresse hos mig väckts för TPR som forskningsområde.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka tillämpningen av TPR-metoden i engelskundervisning inom årskurser 1–3. Frågeställningarna är:

     Hur definierar engelsklärare i studien TPR-metoden?

     På vilket sätt appliceras TPR i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3 enligt engelsklärare i studien?

     I vilken omfattning beskriver studiens engelsklärare användningen av TPR-metoden i undervisningen inom årskurserna 1–3?

    Studien utgörs av sju halvstrukturerade intervjuer med verksamma engelsklärare inom årskurserna 1–3 i två kommuner i Svealand.

    I resultatet framkom det att flera av lärarna i studien saknade vetskap om TPR-metoden men trots det använder sig utav aktiviteter som innefattar rörelser, lekar, sång eller bilder i engelskundervisningen. Hur lärarna applicerar TPR i undervisningen diskuteras utifrån valda teoretiska perspektiv där bland annat filosofen John Deweys uttryckssätt learning by doing använts.

  • 818.
    Aracil-Flügel, Frida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Educational Work.
    Total Physical Response – TPR, en metod för att locka fram den språkliga förmågan i engelska som andraspråk.: En litteraturstudie om TPR- metoden hos elever i årskurs F-3.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att barn ska kunna utveckla en språklig förmåga krävs det att läraren förser eleverna med en undervisning där tillvägagångssättet innefattar de rätta verktygen. Ett av undervisningssättet är att tillämpa TPR- metoden. TPR, står för Total Physical Response och är en metod som bygger på att läraren förmedlar instruktioner på engelska och eleverna visar förståelse genom att använda kroppsspråket i form av gester, miner och andra rörelser. Syftet med den här litteraturstudien är att undersöka vad det finns för tidigare forskning hur TPR, total physical response, kan länkas ihop med språkinlärning, lärares attityd till att använda TPR- metoden samt hur metoden kan stödja elever i lärandet i engelska som andraspråk inom årskurs F-3. Resultatet i litteraturstudien har skett systematiskt vilket innebär en tolkning av vad tidigare forskare har kommit fram till. Det som upptäckts genom analysen är indikationer om positiv effekt av tillämpning av TPR-metoden och att metoden nyttjas bäst när fler kombinationer av aktiviteter som berör TPR får utövas samtidigt. Med hänsyn till examensarbetets resultat kan förslag över vidare forskning handla om elevers reaktioner om tillämpning av TPR- metoden i engelskundervisningen.

  • 819.
    Araujo Lopes, Duarte
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Energy and Environmental Technology.
    Evaluation of two solar cooling systems (Absorption and Adsorption) in a Commercial Building2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents an experimental study about the influence of operation conditions on the performance parameters of two solar cooling machines, one using adsorption technology (FROST) and the other absorption technology (ROTARTICA). The study was made in cooperation with PROTECMA, an Environmental and Energy Company located at Gijón, Spain. PROTECMA is a business partner of PROFACTOR, an Austrian company which together with CNAM (Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers) and INDUTHERM Ingeniería e Instalaciones have developed an adsorption chiller prototype (FROST), under the auspices of the research project SOCOLD. FROST is a cost effective small sized (5 kW) solar cooling system for food conservation based on adsorption technology working jointly with a new high temperature (120°C) solar Compound Parabolic Collectors (CPC). ROTARTICA is also a small sized (4.5 kW) solar cooling system for air-conditioning (AC) based on absorption technology. The cooling machines were installed in the commercial building of the Meat Asociación of Asturias, a partnership of PROTECMA, at the village of Noreña, Spain. The thesis includes a state of the art of thermally driven cooling technologies as well as an explanation of the FROST and ROTARTICA technologies. In spite of all the operative limitations imposed to the practical work, it was possible to obtain a few experimental results with FROST machine, which are presented and discussed. Finally, and in accordance with some of the technical problems detected, several tasks for future work developments are proposed.

  • 820.
    Arcos López, Victor Hugo
    Dalarna University, School of Languages and Media Studies, English.
    Characterising International English: A Description of English among International Students at DalaUniversity2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
  • 821.
    Arderbäck, Joline
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    Gundersen, Bibbi
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social Work.
    "Att vilja väl och att våga fråga": En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares arbete med barn som lever med missbruk i sin primärfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many children in society live in families where one or both parents have drug-addiction prob- lems. Early life conditions for these children may result in a need of support, which may be a requirement for a more favourable psycho-social development. The study purpose was to in- vestigate social worker’s experience of work with children with drug addiction problems in their primary family, based on the criticism of social service assistance. The study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. Six social workers in central Swe- den were interviewed about their experience of structural and individual preconditions and difficulties in the work. The study shows that the majority of the difficulties are experienced on the structural level within the organization while the majority of the preconditions are ex- perienced on the individual level. The structural difficulties are not experienced to affect the respondent’s own individual preconditions in their work and neither the feeling that they in their profession are able to do a good job. In addition, all the respondents feel that the support for the children and young people meet the current needs.

  • 822. Arefalk, Gabriel
    et al.
    Hergens, Maria-Pia
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Lind, Lars
    Ye, Weimin
    Nyrén, Olof
    Lambe, Mats
    Sundström, Johan
    Smokeless tobacco (snus) and risk of heart failure: results from two Swedish cohorts2010In: Journal of Hypertension, ISSN 0263-6352, E-ISSN 1473-5598, Vol. 28, no suppl.A, p. E48-E49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 823. Arefalk, Gabriel
    et al.
    Hergens, Maria-Pia
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Michaëlsson, Karl
    Lind, Lars
    Ye, Weimin
    Nyrén, Olof
    Lambe, Mats
    Sundström, Johan
    Smokeless tobacco (snus) and risk of heart failure: results from two Swedish cohorts2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1741-8267, E-ISSN 1741-8275, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 1120-1127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Oral moist snuff (snus) is discussed as a safer alternative to smoking, and its use is increasing. Based on its documented effect on blood pressure, we hypothesized that use of snus increases the risk of heart failure.

    Design: Two independent Swedish prospective cohorts; the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM), a community-based sample of 1076 elderly men, and the Construction Workers Cohort (CWC), a sample of 118,425 never-smoking male construction workers. Methods: Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate possible associations of snus use with risk of a first hospitalization for heart failure.

    Results: In ULSAM, 95 men were hospitalized for heart failure, during a median follow up of 8.9 years. In a model adjusted for established risk factors including past and present smoking exposure, current snus use was associated with a higher risk of heart failure [hazard ratio (HR) 2.08, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-4.22] relative to non-use. Snus use was particularly associated with risk of non-ischaemic heart failure (HR 2.55, 95% CI 1.12-5.82). In CWC, 545 men were hospitalized for heart failure, during a median follow up of 18 years. In multivariable-adjusted models, current snus use was moderately associated with a higher risk of heart failure (HR 1.28, 95% CI 1.00-1.64) and non-ischaemic heart failure (HR 1.28, 95% CI 0.97-1.68) relative to never tobacco use.

    Conclusion: Data from two independent cohorts suggest that use of snus may be associated with a higher risk of heart failure.

  • 824.
    Areflykt, Lucas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Economics.
    Löne – och sysselsättningseffekter genererade av återinförandet av ROT-avdraget 2008: En undersökning av svenska aktiebolag med Difference-in-Difference metod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the possible wage and employment effects generated by the reintroduction of the ROT-deduction in 2008. The reintroduction was seen as a permanent measure, and the aim was to counteract undeclared work and to stimulate and increase the building in Sweden. With this paper, we want to evaluate the wage and employment effects that the ROT-deduction contributed to in Swedish construction companies, more specifically limited companies in the ROT industry. A difference-in-difference method will be used to analyze data collected from limited companies in Sweden, aggregated to industry level. Aggregation is made for our results to be directly comparable to previous studies, and to not exclude the effect caused by new companies in the ROT-industry that may have started due to the reform. The difference-in-difference method involves that a treated group consisting of the construction industries affected by the introduction of the ROT-deduction is compared to a control group consisting of other industries before and after the reform. Our results show that the average wage per employee is not affected by the reform, while the reform has increased the average number of employees in the ROT-industry.

  • 825.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Acqua pesante2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 826.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Andrea Mantegna allo scrittoio. Un profilo linguistico2018Book (Refereed)
  • 827.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Canederli. Pane (raffermo), latte e fantasia2015In: Peccati di lingua. Le 100 parole italiane del gusto / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 57-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 828.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Faccina2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 829.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    I glossari e gli inventari tre-quattrocenteschi: piccoli grandi tesori di lessico (e cultura) materiale2017In: La capsula del tempo. Aspetti selezionati di lingua, letteratura e cultura italiana da conservare in prospettiva futura / [ed] Stefano Adamo, Claudio Nobili, Raleigh (CN), United States: Aonia , 2017, p. 17-33Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 830.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    I maccheroni fra lingua e palato2015In: Peccati di lingua. Le 100 parole italiane del gusto / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 160-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 831. Aresti, Alessandro
    I persuasori occulti(sti). Lessico, semantica e retorica della lingua dell’esoterismo2011Book (Refereed)
  • 832.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Il cuscus. Tutto il Mediterraneo è paese2015In: Peccati di lingua. Le 100 parole italiane del gusto / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 105-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 833.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Il gelato. Il dolce freddo che ha conquistato tutti i palati2015In: Il gelato. Il dolce freddo che ha conquistato tutti i palati / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 138-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 834.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    La (frittura di) paranza. Dalla barca alla padella2015In: Peccati di lingua. Le 100 parole italiane del gusto / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 196-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 835. Aresti, Alessandro
    La variazione linguistica e lessicale nella tradizione dei glossari medievali in volgare2012In: La variazione nell’italiano e nella sua storia. Varietà e varianti linguistiche e testuali: Atti dell’XI congresso SILFI / [ed] Patricia Bianchi, Nicola De Blasi, Chiara De Caprio, Francesco Montuori, Firenze: franco cesati editore, 2012, Vol. II, p. 739-748Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 836.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    LED2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 837.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    L’edizione di glossari antichi prima e dopo Baldelli. Una rassegna degli studi e alcuni glossarietti inediti2017In: Studi di lessicografia italiana, ISSN 0392-5218, Vol. 34, p. 35-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 838. Aresti, Alessandro
    Letteratura maltese in lingua italiana. Le disavventure marinaresche di Fabrizio Cagliola2011In: Quaderni della Facoltà di Lingue e letterature straniere dell’Università di Cagliari, Roma: Aracne editrice, 2011, p. 7-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 839. Aresti, Alessandro
    Macchina fotografica2011In: Itabolario. L’Italia unita in 150 parole / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Roma: Carocci editore, 2011, p. 86-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 840.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Miniassegno2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 841. Aresti, Alessandro
    “Morbus itanglicus”? Sulla presenza (e invadenza) dell’ “itanglese”2012In: L’Italia e i mass media / [ed] Marco Gargiulo, Roma: Aracne editrice, 2012, p. 239-260Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 842.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Neutrone2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 843.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Okay2015In: 90 parole per novant’anni di invenzioni, scoperte, piccole e grandi rivoluzioni quotidiane, Roma: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana , 2015, p. 1-6Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 844.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Pane carasau. “Musica” per le papille2015In: Peccati di lingua. Le 100 parole italiane del gusto / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Soveria Mannelli (CZ): Rubbettino , 2015, p. 196-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 845. Aresti, Alessandro
    Pappagallo (della strada)2011In: Itabolario. L’Italia unita in 150 parole / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Roma: Carocci editore, 2011, p. 161-163Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 846. Aresti, Alessandro
    Perestrojka2011In: Itabolario. L’Italia unita in 150 parole / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Roma: Carocci editore, 2011, p. 257-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 847. Aresti, Alessandro
    Pizzardone2011In: Itabolario. L’Italia unita in 150 parole / [ed] Massimo Arcangeli, Roma: Carocci editore, 2011, p. 40-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 848.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Preliminari a uno studio sull’uso linguistico del Mantegna (con particolare riguardo alla questione dell’autografia)2017In: Filologia e critica, ISSN 0391-2493, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 205-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 849.
    Aresti, Alessandro
    Dalarna University, School of Humanities and Media Studies, Italian.
    Presentazione del Tesoro dei Lessici degli Antichi Volgari Italiani (TLAVI)2016In: Actes du XXVIIe Congrès international de linguistique et de philologie romanes (Nancy, 15-20 juillet 2013). Section 16: Projets en cours; ressources et outils nouveaux / [ed] David Trotter, Andrea Bozzi, Cédric Fairon, 2016, p. 41-53Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 850. Aresti, Alessandro
    Questioni intorno alla lingua italiana nella stampa quotidiana nazionale2014In: Lingua e cultura italiana nei mass media. Uno sguardo interdisciplinare / [ed] Marco Gargiulo, Roma: Aracne editrice, 2014, p. 105-142Chapter in book (Refereed)
14151617181920 801 - 850 of 17449
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