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  • 851.
    Wiking, Linnea
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Svenns, Viktoria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Att vårda kvinnor som upplevt våld i en nära relation, en litteraturstudie om vårdpersonalens perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Studies show that one of three women worldwide are exposed to intimate partner violence. Intimate partner violence exists in all social classes and is a global health problem. Healthcare professionals often come in contact with women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Many women lose their lives each year as a result from the violence. Purpose: To describe the healthcare professionals experience of taking care of women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Method: The method is a literature review. Data collection has taken place in databases Cinahl and PubMed. Results: The results is based on 15 scientific articles and three main areas emerged in the outcome: identification of women who lives with intimate partner violence, barriers to identifying the vulnerable women and healthcare professionals meeting with women who have experienced intimate partner violence. Healthcare professionals experience difficulties in identifying women who were exposed to intimate partner violence. Barrier to performing screening were primarily lack of knowledge and training in healthcare professionals. The healthcare professionals experienced it difficult to meet women who lived with intimate partner violence, due to the difficulty of distancing themselves from vulnerable women. Conclusions: From this study, the clue can be drown that guidelines, knowledge and training are needed, and also routines for screening, in order to identify women who are living with intimate partner violence.

  • 852.
    Williams, Christine
    et al.
    Florida Atlantic University.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Development of the Verbal and Nonverbal Interaction Scale for Persons with Dementia2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 853. Williams, Cristine
    et al.
    Newman, David
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Communication Outcomes of a Program to Sustain Relationships in Couples Aff­ected by Dementia2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 854.
    Winder Hansson, Naome
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Söderblom Emanuelsson, Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer av betydelse i måltidsmiljön för välbefinnande och nutritionsstatus hos äldre på särskilt boende: Litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Meals form a social and cultural basis where people can meet in a state of well-being while at the same time consuming enough food to meet thier nutritional needs. Regardless of age, social relationships and the need for food have been linked to enhance the quality of life. Older adult´s poor nutritional status is a global problem that include risks for both cognitive conscious and cognitive impairment.Aim: The purpose of the study was to identify and describe the aspects that are of nutritional beneficial importance and the well-being of the elderly in residential homes.Method: A litterature study with a global perspective whereby scientific articles from Canada, America, Britain, Sweden, Denmark, New Zealand and Australia laid forth foundation of the key findings. Inclusion criterias were elderly over 65 years, cognitive consciousness and cognitive impairment, whom resided in residential homes with round the clock caregivers.Results: The meal provides a social and cultural ambience that strengthens relationships for both the reisdents and caregivers.Three themes emerged and these affected well-being and nutritional status. The possibility of applying person-centered care could be augmented according to the literature study. The literature study shows that social interactions during meals are intervalls for gathering as well as they are welcome intermisssions during the day.Conclusion: The mealtime situation is a complex situation where multiple aspects involved in the well-being and nutrition status of the elderly. Three main themes where identified, physical mealtime environment, person centered care and social interactions.

  • 855.
    Winqvist, Louise
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Olsson, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar patienters attityder till livsstilsförändring efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Myocardial infarction is a common disorder in which lifestyle affects risk. With

    lifestyle changes within physical activity, diets, tobacco use and alcohol

    consumption a great amount of myocardial infarction can be prevented. Patients´

    attitudes can be crucial in the process of lifestyle change.

    Aim

    The aim of the study was to describe the factors that influence patients´ attitudes to

    potential lifestyle change after myocardial infarction.

    Method

    The study is designed as a literature review based on 14 scientific articles with

    qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods.

    Results

    Ten factors emerged that separately or together affected patients´ attitudes to

    lifestyle change. The factors were fear, awareness, support, self-discipline, own

    priorities, physical obstacles, perspective of time, experience collected from the

    entourage, desire to return to past physical capacity and conception of life.

    Conclusion

    The participants’ attitudes were clearly affected by the emerged factors. A

    participant who had support, awareness, desire to return to past physical capacity

    and had self-discipline had increased motivation to implement lifestyle change

    after myocardial infarction. In contrast physical obstacles and perspective of time

    affected the attitude negatively to implement lifestyle change. Fear, own priorities

    and conception of life could affect attitudes to lifestyle change in both positive and

    negative direction.

  • 856.
    Wätterbjörk, Inger
    et al.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, and Family Medicine Research Center, Örebro, Sweden.
    Häggström-Nordin, Elisabet
    epartment of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, and School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Family Medicine Research Center, Örebro, and School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Provider strategies for contraceptive counselling among Swedish midwives2011In: British journal of midwifery, ISSN 0969-4900, E-ISSN 2052-4307, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 296-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that in contraceptive counselling the provider sets the agenda. The aim of this study was to describe how a group of Swedish nurse-midwives think and act in their role as contraceptive counsellors. Semi-structured questions were put to a convenience sample of 16 nurse-midwives. Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Five categories were identified: exploring the woman's situation; providing information about contraceptive methods; performing medical evaluation; guiding the decision-making process; and following up on the counselling. Results showed that the providers had developed their own strategies and suggest the use of interventions which combine counselling methods to provide information, with a theory for decision-making, to help in giving advice. This study could contribute to personal reflection on contraceptive counselling in practice, both for experienced counsellors and those new to the task

  • 857.
    Zadik, Tove
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Sterner, Kathy
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Exploring midwives’ experiences, attitudes and perceptions in relation to unsafe abortion and post abortion care: - a qualitative study with midwives in Kampala, Uganda.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the East African region abortion complications causes significant morbidity and mortality, impairing women´s and girls’ health and well-being. Health care provider shortages, physicians in particular, non-availability of safe and effective medicines and technology, and the fact that few midwives and nurses are trained in post abortion care (PAC), result in limited health care access. Stigma and legal repercussions further obstruct access to care and contributes to hesitance among health care providers to provide such care. Previous studies concerning women´s access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care in Uganda have revealed several barriers to health care access and limited quality of care. Aim: Exploring midwives´ experiences, attitudes and perceptions in relation to unsafe abortion and their experience of providing PAC. Method: In depth interviews were conducted with twelve midwives at Mulago Referall hospital, Uganda by using a semi- structured interview guide. The transcribed material was then developed through qualitative content analysis using a manifest approach. Result: The analysis resulted in two main categories: 1) stigma and social norms related to women´s sexuality and abortion and 2) quality of post abortion care. The result showed that unintended pregnancies, FP and abortions generally are viewed badly in Uganda and are highly stigmatized. The quality of PAC is perceived reduced due to lack of equipment, high work load and stigma surrounding abortions.

    Conclusion: Unsafe abortions are viewed negatively and is seen as a consequence to stigma surrounding FP and unplanned pregnancies, which is mainly affecting young unmarried women. Midwives experienced reduced quality of PAC due to limited resources. The study also shows that new knowledge and education about PAC can help reduce midwives prejudice towards abortion seeking women and broaden their views.

  • 858.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Engfeldt, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Odencrants, Sigrid
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Centre for Assessment of Medical Technology in Örebro, Sweden ; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Arne, Mats
    Centre for Assessment of Medical Technology in Örebro, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Theander, Kersti
    epartment of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Sweden ; Primary Care Research Unit, County Council in Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden ; Department of Nursing, Karlstad University, Sweden.
    Nurse-led multidisciplinary programme for patients with COPD in primary health care: a controlled trial2011In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1471-4418, E-ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM:To investigate the effects of a nurse-led multidisciplinary programme (NMP) of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care with regard to functional capacity, quality of life (QoL), and exacerbations among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    METHOD:A 1-year longitudinal study with a quasi-experimental design was undertaken in patients with COPD, 49 in the intervention group and 54 in the control group. Functional capacity was assessed using the 6-minute walking test, and quality of life (QoL) was assessed using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire. Exacerbations were calculated by examination of patient records.

    RESULTS:No significant differences were found between the groups in functional capacity and QoL after 1 year. The exacerbations decreased in the intervention group (n = -0.2) and increased in the control group (n = 0.3) during the year after NMP. The mean difference of change in exacerbation frequency between the groups was statistically significant after one year (p=0.009).

    CONCLUSIONS:The NMP in primary care produced a significant reduction in exacerbation frequency, but functional capacity and QoL were unchanged. More and larger studies are needed to evaluate potential benefits in functional capacity and QoL.

  • 859.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Family Medicine Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Family Medicine Research Centre, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    The asthma/COPD nurses’ experience of educating patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary health care2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 147-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing. These patients need nursing care, including education in self-care, which has a positive effect on their physical and psychoemotional well-being. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of asthma/COPD nurses' in primary health care (PHC) of educating patients with COPD. A descriptive, qualitative study was conducted, with interviews of 12 asthma/COPD nurses. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The findings are presented in two themes: Theme 1, receiving support results in a feeling of security, which enables the development of patient education; and Theme 2, a lack of support results in a feeling of insecurity, which makes it difficult to develop patient education. The asthma/COPD nurses were individual orientated with individualization of care, but the patient's mood, the varying support of those around and the nurses' varying degrees of security affected the education. The conclusion is that the asthma/COPD nurses' experience of patient education fluctuated between insecurity and security. The nurses' feeling of insecurity in their patient education can be strengthened through support from colleagues and by increased knowledge in promoting the learning of others. Collaborative teamwork with a well-functioning asthma/COPD clinic in PHC can facilitate and improve patient services; these initiatives can enable the asthma/COPD nurses to reach their full potential.

  • 860.
    Zembo, Jelena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Äldre invandrares från före detta Jugoslaviens förväntningar i mötet med sjuksköterskor i Sverige: -En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society is becoming increasingly multicultural which places greater

    demands on both the care system and the nurses involved. The nurses’ lack of

    knowledge incompetence of various regarding eventual cultural differences can

    create cultural clashes and misunderstandings that can result in and improper care.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the expectations of the elder

    immigrants, from the former Yugoslavia, when meeting in their meetings with the

    nurses in Sweden professionally,

    Method: The study is a qualitative study, with an inductive approach, and is based

    on six interviews with elderly immigrants who originally came from the former

    Yugoslavia. Personal contact was made with the informants to participate in the

    investigation by Serbian / Bosnian / Croatian / Macedonian associations in

    southern Sweden where these compounds are. The author went to the unions and

    informed about the study and those who wanted to participate contacted the author.

    The collected materials were systematically analysed with using content analysis.

    Results The findings that the older immigrants expecting the meeting with the

    nurse are presented in the following five categories. To obtain confirmation of the

    expressed needs, Empathetic contact, Communication and dialogue in the meeting,

    Respect for their values and views on health and Safety. Conclusion: The care of

    older patients with a different cultural background requires both cultural

    competence and a professional approach. The nurses need to be able to identify

    patient care needs, and in this special situation case be able to cope with even pass

    the eventual language barriers, in order to and reach the patient and understand

    their needs.

  • 861.
    Zimonjic, Mirela
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Bengtsson, Tina
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patienters inställning till insulinbehandling vid typ 2-diabetes – En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Type 2 diabetes is a disease that has increased at an enormous rate

    over the past years, and is now addressed as a global epidemic. The disease is

    greatly influenced by lifestyle factors, and can therefore, to a large extent, be

    prevented or delayed using the patient

    ’s will power and self-care ability. Health

    enhancing self-care often needs to be completed by tablet treatment. One of the

    nurse

    ’s tasks is to identify the patient’s self-care needs, so that optimal conditions

    for good health can be created. Since type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease,

    many patients may need to make the transition to insulin treatment. This transition

    is perceived differently depending on the individual. Therefore, this study aspires

    to investigate the patients

    ’ experiences of the transition to insulin treatment.

    Aim:

    The aim of this literature review is to compile research based evidence

    regarding attitudes towards insulin, and identify factors to patients with type 2

    diabetes accepting insulin treatment.

    Method:

    A literature review based on 15 articles of qualitative and quantitative

    design.

    Result:

    The majority of the participants in all of the studies had a negative

    attitude towards insulin treatment. This could mainly be seen in patients that had

    not yet started insulin treatment. A strong contributing factor to these negative

    attitudes was a lack of knowledge. Individuals who had received satisfactory

    information about insulin treatment, and had experienced insulin treatment for a

    period of time, showed more positive attitudes.

    Conclusion:

    Insulin treatment is often perceived as something negative, and a

    great deal is due to the lack of knowledge. The key to finding a solution may lie

    in education. By applicating a person-centred approach in the nurse

    ’s work, the

    need for knowledge and education can be adjusted to the individual, so that the

    transition to insulin is more readily accepted by the patient. The subject requires

    more research.

  • 862.
    Äretun Ulander, Amanda
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Johansson, Daniel
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Patientsäkerhet avseende läkemedelshantering i hemsjukvården: - En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The number of patients receiving medical care in their own home is increasing. Home health care is a trend that is expected to continue. Patient safety is a national and international priority, where medical management is a risk area both in home and institutional care. Previous research has focused more on patient safety in institutional care. Highlighting patient safety and what nurses can do to increase patient safety in home care is therefore important.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to explore patient safety risks regarding medical management in home health care and what nurses can do to increase patient safety in the area.

    Method:

    This study was conducted as a literature review and the result is based on 14 scientific articles. The searches were performed in the databases Cinahl and PubMed.

    Result:

    Nine patient safety risks were identified where lack of competence, shortcomings in communication, the delegation process, comorbidity and information transfer are some of them. The identified risks were further linked to three main areas depending on the underlying cause: Nurses and other health professionals; Patient and the home environment; Organisation and systems.

    Conclusion:

    Medical management is a significant risk area in home health care where many factors affect patient safety. That nurses and other home care professionals are well aware of these risks provide a good prerequisite for preventing and minimizing the incidence of medical related adverse events.

  • 863.
    Öhrn, Kerstin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Jönsson, Birgitta
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    A comparison of two questionnaires measuring oral health-related quality of life before and after dental hygiene treatment in patients with periodontal disease2012In: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 9-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the usefulness of two different questionnaires assessing oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) at the basic examination and after initial dental hygiene treatment (DHtx).

    Methods: A total of 42 patients referred for periodontal treatment completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) at the basic periodontal examination. They underwent DHtx and completed the questionnaires once again after the treatment.

    Results: No statistically significant differences could be found between the two assessments, neither for the total scores nor for any of the separate items of the OHIP-14 or the GOHAI. However, the GOHAI questionnaire seems to result in a greater variety in the responses indicating that the floor effect is not as pronounced as for the OHIP-14. Those who had rated their oral health as good reported significantly better OHRQoL on both questionnaires. The same pattern was found for patients who reported that they were satisfied with their teeth. After DHtx and necessary extractions, there was a statistically significant correlation between the number of teeth and the total scores on both questionnaires. No other statistically significant correlations with periodontal variables could be found.

    Conclusion: No statistically significant difference could be found after DHtx compared to before in regard to OHRQoL assessed with OHIP-14 and GOHAI. However, there was a greater variety in the responses with the GOHAI questionnaire; it may hereby be more useful for patients with periodontal disease.

  • 864.
    Öijer, Ronya
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Tjäder, Evelina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdpersonals följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien och faktorer som påverkar detta: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att redogöra för hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien och de faktorer som påverkar detta. Metod: Artiklar söktes via CINAHL, Pubmed och Scopus. Sökord som användes i olika kombinationer var: hand hygiene, adherence, hygiene guidelines, health care workers, compliance, hand disinfection, infection control, nursing, nurse och hand cleansing. Tretton vetenskapliga artiklar erhölls. Vidare gjordes en manuell sökning ifrån inkluderade artiklars referenslistor och genererade två artiklar som ingick i resultatet. Resultat: Resultatet visade att hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens följsamhet till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien var låg. Vidare framkom av resultatet att det fanns sju kategorier av faktorer som påverkade följsamheten till hygienföreskrifterna. Dessa var: utbildning och kunskap, arbetsbelastning och tidsbrist, tillgänglighet, hudproblem och handskar. Slutsats: Följsamheten till hygienföreskrifter avseende handhygien är låg. Kontinuerlig utbildning i kombination med ökad tillgänglighet och minskad arbetsbelastning är de viktigaste förutsättningarna för att öka följsamheten till hygienföreskrifter gällande handhygien.

  • 865.
    Östberg, Karin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ståhle, Hanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder vid sarkopeni: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att beskriva omvårdnadsåtgärder som kan användas för äldre personer som har eller riskerar att utveckla sarkopeni. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteraturöversikt där artiklarna söktes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Resultat: Åtgärderna som framgick av resultatet var att främja: fysisk aktivitet, kost och näringstillförsel och kombinationen fysisk aktivitet och näringstillförsel. Genom fysisk aktivitet och en god näringstillförsel kunde äldre med sarkopeni eller risk för sarkopeni förbättra fysiska funktioner och muskelstyrka. Slutsats: . En god nutrition med tillräckligt innehåll av protein är nödvändiga åtgärder vid sarkopeni. Äldre personer med sarkopeni fick god effekt av att börja träna trots att de redan vara nedsatta funktionsmässigt. Därför kan sjuksköterskan i mötet med patienten uppmuntra och informera om viktiga livsstilsförändringar som kan förebygga och förbättra de funktionsnedsättningar som sarkopeni innebär.

  • 866.
    Österlund Efraimsson, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Olai, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    Larsson, Kjell
    Inhalation treatment among persons with dementia, asthma and/or COPD: a research idea for further discussion and planning2012In: International Primary Care Respiratory Group, Edinburgh, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There has been insufficient study of the care of persons with diagnosed dementia and the contemporary presence of asthma and/or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Inhalation treatment requires active patient participation, which is more difficult for a person who has dementia. A consequence of incorrect inhalation technique will be a lack of benefit of medicine affecting dyspnea, fatigue, sleeping problems, cognitive capability and respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Pneumonia is the most common symptom affecting health and well-being among elderly. Improved care and treatment for asthma and COPD may be of importance to these people’s health, quality of life and to community medical costs. The aim is to describe inhalation treatment among persons with dementia who also have asthma and/or COPD. The aim is also to examine the effects of training in inhalation technique and inhalation aids for nursing staff working in dementia care.

    Research questions: 

    • How is the presence of asthma and/or COPD among persons with dementia related to expected incidence? 
    • What inhalation techniques and levels of inhalation strength occur among patients with asthma, COPD and dementia? 
    • How is the quality of life for persons with dementia and asthma and/or COPD influenced by whether the nursing staff is given training in inhalation technique, inhalation aids and devices?

    Method: The project will be planned in two parts: firstly, a descriptive epidemiological mapping, scrutinizing register and journal data of the diagnoses asthma and COPD among persons with dementia: secondly, an observation of inhalation techniques and a control of inhalation strength among patients in dementia care with asthma and/or COPD. This will be carried out before and after a randomized controlled training intervention in inhalation technique and inhalation aids given to nursing staff in dementia care.

  • 867.
    Österlund-Efraimsson, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Hillervik, Charlotte
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Ehrenberg, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Effects of COPD self-care management education at a nurse-led primary health care clinic2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 178-185Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 868.
    Östlund, Helena
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Zettergren, Katarina
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
    Nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av introduktion vid första anställning på en medicinklinik2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 869.
    Östlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Falun Cent Hosp, Neonatal Unit, Falun, Sweden.
    Nordström, Maria
    Falun Cent Hosp, Paediat Unit, Dept Paediat, Falun, Sweden.
    Dykes, Fiona
    Univ Cent Lancashire, Maternal & Infant Nutr & Nurture Unit, Preston PR1 2HE, Lancs, England.
    Flacking, Renée
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Univ Childrens Hosp, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Breastfeeding in preterm and term twins - maternal factors associated with early cessation: a population based study2010In: Journal of Human Lactation, ISSN 0890-3344, E-ISSN 1552-5732, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 235-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing trend in Australia and elsewhere for mothers to express breast milk. The purpose of this study was to explore breastfeeding women’s experiences of expressing breast milk. An anonymous online questionnaire was sent to Victorian members of the Australian Breastfeeding Association via an e-mail link. Response fraction was 903 of 3024 (29.9%). The most common reason for expressing milk was to “store extra breast milk” (57%, 479/836). The most important reason was “not enough milk”/“to make more milk” (15%, 118/771). The majority of women (65%, 666/843) used an electric breast pump, and this method of expressing was preferred by 59% (454/769) of women. Adverse effects of pumps were pain (17%, 126/737) and damage to nipples (11%, 86/737). Breast pumps may have a role in enabling women to extend the duration of breast milk feeding, but further research is needed. J Hum Lact. 26(3):258-265.

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