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  • 1.
    Bjerhammar, Lena
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strategiskt utvecklingsarbete och krävande kunder: En studie av samspelet mellan SSAB Tunnplåt AB och Volvo AB2000Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bäckström, Jonna
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lundberg, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Viktiga faktorer vid utveckling av affärsområdetservice: En kvalitativ fallstudie på ett svenskt tillverkande företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of industrial manufacturing companies have made the transition to

    offer solutions, that include both its products and services for their customers rather than

    the products itself. Service is considered a lasting source of competitive advantage due to

    the difficulty to imitate by competitors. Today the field Service is a part of the

    aftermarket as companies traditionally offer them as a complement to their product. It is

    regarded to be difficult to manage, a necessary evil and despite investing a large amount

    of resources into it there are few that fully grasps its potential. Failing to manage the

    aftermarket and service is not only an economic risk, but it also risks worsening the

    relationship between the company and its customers. One reason the aftermarket is so

    difficult to manage is due to customers value services differently, thus complicate the

    definition of value. The different characteristics of products and services are contributing

    factors to why companies have difficulties to interpret and supply value to its customers.

    The concept of Servitization is the transformation that traditional manufacturing

    companies undergo to offer solutions of products and services. It is crucial that the

    companies understand the challenge they face. Moving away from the todays productoriented

    approach to instead take on a holistic perspective where service has an equal

    central role as the product is necessary, but often complicated. To begin this

    transformation, a first step is to develop a business plan for service alone, where the core

    is the company’s value offer. Previous research on what factors are crucial when

    developing a new business model within Servitization, as well what is valued by both

    companies and customers is lacking, therefore was this study conducted.

    The case study is conducted at a Swedish industrial manufacturing company, which

    manufactures complex products. The purpose is to examine what factors that are

    important, both internally and externally, when developing a business model for service.

    From this study three primary factors have been identified. The first is the necessity to

    separate services from other fields, to avoid the prejudice of a product-focused

    organization. Second, develop distinct packages of services to aid the company to

    demonstrate the value that services generate for its customers. The third is to regard the

    field of service as a part of its core market and not as an aftermarket.

  • 3. Böhlin, R
    et al.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Prestationsförändringar vid utlokalisering av Contact Centres från Stockholm till norra Sverige2003Report (Other academic)
  • 4. Böhlin, R
    et al.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    McCluskey, D
    The Relocation-Effect: A Productivity Increase when Relocating Service Activities from City to Rural Areas2003In: The ECIS 2003 conference, Naples, Italy, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Emmoth, Anna
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Arbetsplatsen till klassrummet – en utvärdering: Studie av pilottest vårterminen 20082009Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Espegren, Yanina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Business Administration and Management.
    Carling, Kenneth
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Microdata Analysis.
    Olsmats, Carl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Smart online grocery delivery and peri-urbanconsumers’ attitudes2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore consumers’ attitudes towards e-commerce, in particular online grocery shopping, and its delivery in non-dense areas for the purpose of designing smart last-mile solutions.

    Approach: The state-of-the-art of smart e-commerce delivery in dense areas was identified by a review of the literature. It was expected that this knowledge could be transferred to non-dense areas. This prediction was examined and explored further by making use of four focus groups recruited in a Swedish mid-sized town.

    Findings: Respondents were generally positive towards e-commerce, although mixed attitudes were found with regard to online grocery shopping. Further, the willingness to pay for flexible, smart and sustainable delivery was low, with a notable exception for local produce.

    Originality: The knowledge acquired and solution developed in dense areas is not readily transferred to non-dense areas. There is scope for developing new Business Models for the supply chain of local produce. For the prototype testing and roll-out of smart e-commerce delivery platforms, the online local produce market is recommended.

  • 7.
    Hallenberg, Josefin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bergström, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Konceptet mobilitet som tjänst: Viktiga kompetenser och möjliga utmaningar vid vidareutvecklingen av MaaS i Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transport and travel is necessary for our society to function. Today, the privately owned car stands for more than half of all personal trips in Sweden. In the last couple of years researchers have highlighted the idea that personal transport is facing a paradigm shift, which means a reduction in the use and dependent of the privately owned car and an increased focus on individuals buying their Mobility as a Service (MaaS). MaaS is described as an integrated mix of different mobility services which are arranged in the form of customized mobility packages to the customer. These mobility packages can be compared to a mobile phone subscription, which includes various mobility services, such as train, bus, subway, taxi, carpool, etc. in various amounts depending on the individual's changing needs. The individual can take care of their own travel planning, booking and payment via an app in their smartphone. What distinguish MaaS from other mobility services is that the customer can travel from door-to-door instead of a predefine station to another.

    There have been various Maas projects around the world in order to increase understanding of the concept of MaaS, there is still a lot of unanswered questions and researchers would like to see more studies in the field, in order to find factors that are important and vital to the concept MaaS.

    The aim of the thesis is to: Discuss some competences that may be significant for the further development of the concept Maas in Sweden and discuss potential challenges that may arise at further development of the concept MaaS in Sweden.

    This study is based on previous research and experiences and thoughts on the concept MaaS from various stakeholders with knowledge and experience of the concept.

    This study has an abductive approach. Primary data were obtained through qualitative semistructured interviews with eight people who have knowledge and experience of the Maas.

    The main conclusions in this study is that the competences that are most important in the development of MaaS is collaborative skills and competences required to create an attractive mobility package based on customer needs.

    One challenge identified in this study is the challenge of creating individualized mobility package in which different types of mobility services are integrated. Another challenge can arise when public and private organizations collaborate and when new organizations enter the transport network and try to cooperate with the established organizations

  • 8. Hansson, M
    et al.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Reframing the Hawthorne Effect2003In: The 17th Nordic Conference on Business Studies, Reykjavik, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Hedlund, Ann
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Damm- och mögelförekomst vid hantering av skogsbränsle2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare studier har indikerat att exponering för trädamm och mögeldamm vid hantering av GROT (grenar och toppar) kan vara en hälsorisk. Syftet med denna studie är att ytterligare öka kunskapen om dammförhållanden inom skogsenergibranschen. Mer specifikt är målet att genom fallstudier studera dammförekomst vid hantering av GROT samt stubbar. Enstaka fallstudier av mögelförekomst i förarmiljön inkluderas.

    Sammanlagt har 19 fallstudier genomförts hos tio olika företag i Dalarna, Västmanland, ödermanland, Uppland, och Närke. Totaldamm har mätts med filterprovtagning inne i hytten och utanför hytten. Mögel har mätts med filterprovtagning inne i hytten.

    Sammanfattningsvis kan konstateras att vid samtliga fall av skotning uppmättes förhöjda dammnivåer utomhus. Högst dammnivåer uppmättes vid sönderdelning av GROT vid olika årstider. Förare som utförde arbete utanför hytten exponerades för högre dammnivåer än de som enbart arbetade inifrån hytten. De enstaka fallstudierna av mögel visade på relativt låga värden av mögelsporer. Arbetsmomentet såsom byte av knivar indikerade ökade mögelhalter.

    Slutsatser från denna studie är:

    • Inga höga damm och mögelhalter har uppmätts i dessa fallstudier. Då väderförhållandena innebar mer nederbörd än i genomsnitt är resultaten inte generaliserbara.
    • Förhöjda dammhalter uppmättes då förare utfört service och underhållsarbete utanför hytten.
    • I studerade fall där dammängden utanför hytten var förhöjd har inga dammhalter mätts upp inne i hytterna, vilket tyder på bra luftfilter.

    Rekommendationer till förare är att:

    • Regelbundet byta hyttens luftfilter och att hålla fönster och dörrar stängda för att förhindra dammexponering inne i hytten.
    • Vid service- och underhållsarbete ska föraren i möjligaste mån undvika att använda tryckluft. Andningsskydd bör användas under de korta moment som tryckluft används.
  • 10.
    Huang, Tian
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Effects of central bank independence reforms on inflation in different parts of the world2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of CBI-reforms on inflation in different parts of the world from a theoretical and empirical perspective. Compared to previous studies, this study focuses on whether CBI-reforms have different effects on reducing inflation in different parts of the world. The study is based on a 132 country data-set from 1980 to 2005 compiled by Daunfeldt et al. (2008). The result indicates that the reduction in inflation due to the CBI-reforms varies between 2.2 and 12.32 percentage points in Asia, Europe, South America and Oceania, supporting the claim that implementing CBI-reforms can be successful in reducing inflation in most of the parts of the world.

  • 11.
    Jonsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Undersökning av teknik från Industri 4.0 för implementering på intern logistik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demands and complexities in the manufacturing industry are increasing, but at

    the same time, the rapid technological advances have opened up a number of new

    opportunities. The new Industrial concept 4.0 paves the way for smart factories

    where machines, products and processes can communicate with each other. ABB's

    HVDC department in Ludvika lives on its cutting edge competence and in order

    for their operations to remain, it is necessary to be at the forefront of development.

    They have launched an initiative to improve the flow of materials in their storage

    and from storage to production.

    The purpose of the study is: "Examine if it is possible to implement smart

    solutions from Industry 4.0, to solve problems arising from manual handling in

    material flow and material handling in and between storage and production in a

    manufacturing company."

    The first step was to identify the current issues in the material flow. In order to

    succeed, observations and interviews were conducted in the business. This data

    was then used to make an analysis and to raise potential problems. Subsequently,

    studies in industry 4.0 were conducted to find applicable new technology.

    Based on the current situation and interviews, three problem areas were

    discovered. The inventory accounting, the delivery process and the picking

    process. These issues were analyzed and offered solution proposals involving

    RFID tags, smart storage and transportation of materials using robots. The analysis

    also resulted in a comprehensive solution that would lead to a fully automated

    material flow from incoming goods to production. The conclusion of the study was

    that an implementation of active RFID tags and readers in the business would lead

    to increased control of materials and greater opportunities for future development.

    But it’s hard to justify the implementation of robots or smart storage if the amount

    of material moving in the business is too small and the distance between storage

    and production is too short.

  • 12.
    Jonsson, Anton
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    En studie av hur ett mindre företag som verkar på eninternationell marknad organiserar sin marknadsföring: - En fallstudie på Dellner Brakes AB2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies with different sizes are nowadays doing business on the international

    market, and the conditions to meet the competition varies. To be a smaller enterprise in the

    international market requires a unique offer to attract customers and stand out in the market.

    Business agreements are done between individuals and not companies and the human

    relations between the stakeholders are of great importance. To create effective business

    processes, it is important to have a clear strategy and structure within the marketing work to

    become a leading player in the market.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how a smaller enterprise organizes it’s marketing to

    operate on a international market. Is it possible to bring and combine different and accepted

    methods to improve and consolidate the structure of the marketing for a smaller enterprise

    that operates on the international market with limited resources?

    The study has been done with a qualitative interview method, using the personal and semi

    structured format, with five respondents within the organization of the study object. The

    interviews constitute an important part of the study and are presented in the result report.

    Other empirical sources are background information about the organization, from websites

    and from background information from contacts at the Company. Supporting evidence has

    been drawn from literature resources relating to industrial marketing, supply chain, processes

    and key performance indexes.

    The result shows how the Company organizes the marketing and how it handles customers

    and relations as well as the methods and ways of working that the Company is using. The

    recommendation is that Dellner Brakes AB should define the sales process where they

    improve, measure, streamline and quality assure the entire marketing process. It is also

    recommended to develop the existing CRM-system or to implement a new and more ”fit for

    purpose” system.

  • 13.
    Larsson, Olle
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Resare, Marcus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Värdering av potentiella kunder: En studie på teknikkonsultföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customer relations is an important parameter for companies to be competitive, then it

    is important to know what resources are needed to initiate and manage a relationship

    and the consequences of it. Studies show that it is important for companies to focus

    on relationships that not only involve direct financial gain but also those who

    contribute with other values such as marketing or access to new technologies.

    This thesis describes how three different consulting engineering companies work with

    the valuation of potential customers. We have come to the conclusion that in the

    present situation these consulting engineering companies have no general approach to

    the valuation of potential customers. However, we believe that it is possible to

    develop a general methodology for this that would clarify the conditions and thus

    facilitate decision-making. It is crucial that companies have the resources needed to

    invest in the relationship in question.

  • 14.
    Lenne, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ericsson, Martin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Identifiering av kvalitetsbristkostnader i Kallvalsverket: En kostnadsstudie hos SSABs Kallvalsverk i Borlänge2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete initierades då höga kvalitetsbristkostnader utan orsaker påträffades. Syftet med detta arbete var att ta fram en modell för att identifiera de orsaker som låg till grund för den kvalitetsbristkostnad som fanns registrerad i företagets system. Detta examensarbete utfördes på SSAB i Borlänge där de sedan en tid tillbaka kategoriserat kvalitetsbristkostnader i tre kategorier. I detta fall var det planerat materialbortfall, oplanerat materialbortfall och kända defekter i form av förlorade ton i linjerna, som stod för kvalitetsbristkostnaderna. Genom arbetet skulle vi utveckla en modell där vi först identifierade orsakerna för att med hjälp av dessa använda kvantitativa data i systemet för att säkerställa att de framtagna orsaker var de orsaker som låg till grund för kvalitetsbristkostnaderna.

    Genom vår modell visade det sig att hanteringsorsakerna var den orsakskategori som stod för den största kostnaden, detta ledde till att en identifiering av dessa startades. Vi hade sedan tidigare konstaterat att det klipptes bort för mycket material i linjen med hjälp av insamlad data. För att ta reda på vilka hanteringsorsaker som ledde till att det klipptes bort för mycket material i linjen, tog vi hjälp av operatörerna som fick fylla i ett formulär varje gång det klipptes för mycket på en rulle. Där fick de ange orsaken till varför det klipptes för mycket samt längden som blev klippt. I detta fall stod kantskador på plåten för 60 % av det totala överklippta materialet och var den största hanteringsorsaken till kvalitetsbristkostnaden. Åtgärdas problemet med kantskadorna skulle vecka 40 en teoretisk besparing på ca 200 tkr vara möjlig. (Se Kap 7.1)

    Under tiden som det oplanerade materialbortfallet utreddes undersökte vi samtidigt om det planerade materialbortfallet stod för en större kostnad än tidigare uppskattat. Att det planerade materialbortfallet inte överensstämde med SSABs uppskattning förstod vi då kontrollmätningar av mätutrustningar gjordes. Vårt uträknade planerade materialbortfall gav att ca 0,84 % mer material försvann per vecka. Via de hanteringsorsaker som förekom oftast så har vi tagit fram lösningsförslag samt eventuella ändringar i processen som kan leda till reducerade kvalitetsbristkostnader. Vår undersökning visade att den kostnad som fanns identifierad i ODIN motsvarade, och i vissa fall understeg, den kostnad som blir på grund av att operatörerna får klippa för mycket (exempel på denna jämförelse se Tabell 7.2). Den oplanerade delen av den totala kvalitetsbristkostnaden som finns motsvarar den uträknade kostnaden för överklipp som vi kommit fram till. För en vecka så översteg vår kostnad den totala kvalitetsbristkostnaden endast med 0,9 %, vilket betyder att teoretiskt kan hela kostnaden för KBK försvinna. Arbetet visar även att omprioriteringar krävs av det planerade materialbortfallet och att reduceringar av kostnader är möjliga.

  • 15.
    Lundberg, Peter
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Holmberg, Tommy
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Projektarbete i praktiken: Hur kan oförutsedda problem vid projektöverlämningen minimeras2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Projects occur at many companies, and even with clearly described procedures about the projects workflow it happens that the supplier and customer, are not in agreement when the project product is handed over. Sometimes it is changes during the project that is the root to problems but often it is the communication that flaws between the parties. By interviewing a few different companies, and analyzing how they work in the projects we have noted, from the interviewed companies point of view, that communication is key to maintain and create healthy relations.

    One approach is to work with a project internal problems can be platforms that allow the sharing of information between different project members. One approach is that it will be easier for project participants to be able to share the information with a hope to minimize misunderstandings within the project.

  • 16.
    Nilsson, Alexander
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Hedman Eriksson, Elin
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Skapa förutsättningar för att implementera Lean production i en tillverkningsprocess som kännetecknas av HVLV: - En fallstudie på Tibrokök Sverige AB2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is common for companies to compete with products that include a tangible good that has been extended with different intangible services to satisfy customer needs. Along with this the product complexity increases and there are higher requirement on suppliers.

    This development has led to that many companies manufacture products with high variation and must work completely customer order-driven to meet customers increasing demands.

    The companies that manufacture these complex products have a production characterized by high variety and low volume which is designated by the abbreviation HVLV. The challenge for HVLV companies is to have a high product flexibility with low use of resources. To improve efficiency, many companies have thus been interested in Lean production that has proven to be a successful concept for manufacturing companies around the world that have increased their productivity and efficiency.

    Numerous articles have drawn attention to limitations when Lean production have been implemented in HVLV environments. Articles also indicates the need for further research into the applicability of Lean Production in HVLV environments and this was the emergence of the thesis background and purpose.

    A case study has been conducted on Tibrokök which is a company with a completely order-driven production characterized by HVLV. Using the case study aims the thesis to examine if the tools process mapping incl. time studies and layout flow diagram may help to create the conditions for the implementation of lean production in a single manufacturing process within a HVLV environment.

    Although the tools have to be slightly adapted they are considered to be successful and contributing to the creation of conditions for the implementation of lean production in this HVLV environment. This is because we could identify many reasons to waste, and develop a proposal that creates efficiencies of Tibrokök’s surface finishing process in the future state.

  • 17.
    Nilsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Sörbom, Tobias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Identifiering av lämpliga organisations- och ägarformer för Dalarnas Science Park2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Foundation Teknikdalen has ambitions to undergo a transition and become Dalarna's Science Park. In order to implement this, we need a basis for determining what organizational and ownership form as Dalarna's Science Park should have. The purpose is to identify which organizational and ownership forms that may be suitable for Dalarna's Science Park. The substrate must also account for appropriate funding opportunities that are associated with the various organizational and ownership forms and how regional cooperation should occur in Dalarna's Science Park. The regional cooperation which can be found in the Dalarna's Science Park is bounded in this work to the cooperation between the business community and high school, with a Science Park as a potential node.

    Through surveys, interviews with representative from Science parks in Sweden and key persons in Dalarna, materials were gathered that later could be analyzed with consideration to the works purpose and where Stiftelsen Teknikdalen is today. Depending on what Dalarna Science Park wants to achieve, there are different paths to go when it comes down to organization- and ownership form. Dalarna Science Park is going to operate regional and with that considered it indicates that a limited company is the most suitable organization form for them, based on the collected material. One of the pros is the clearness in ownership and controlling that a limited company provides in proportion to the remaining alternatives.

    There are several different forms of ownership, which could be suitable for Dalarna Science Park, where several of the options are advantageous. Stiftelsen Teknikdalens transformation should be based on its purpose, to enhance regional growth and development, and then consider which ownership that best meets this objective. The important thing is that the valleys Science Park has a base funding for their activities in order to be able to operate in the long term. Financial form of a Science Park is linked to the Organization and owner form, so the ratio of core funds and project funding in Dalarna's Science Park should be, should be clarified before an organization of choice can be implemented.

    The choosing of which organization- and ownership form can come to affect collaboration opportunities with Högskolan Dalarna, to mention one. To be able to be the link between the academia and the business world, Dalarna Science Park should weigh which organization- and ownership form is the most suitably by a Triple Helix view, in other words the collaboration between business world, body politic/authority and college/university.

  • 18.
    Olsmats, Carl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Förpackningar för ökad lönsamhet: ett Supply Chain Management-perspektiv på förpackningar2018In: Supply Chain Effect: För beslutsfattare i Supply Chain, Vol. 4, p. 22-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Olsmats, Carl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Utbildning för bildning: reflektioner kring utbildning av ingenjörer i allmänhet och Industriella ekonomer i synnerhet2015Student paper otherStudent thesis
  • 20.
    Olsmats, Carl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Nilsson, Birgitta
    Pousette, Sandra
    Perceptions of Sustainability and Functional Aspects on Liquid Carton Board Packaging Materials versus Competing Materials for Juice Applications in Sweden2015In: Beverage packaging, ISSN 2306-5710, Vol. 1, p. 194-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores the downstream perceptions of liquid carton board versus competing materials in packaging applications for juice. The methodology used is focus groups. The context is sustainability and functional performance, and related potential implications for the beverage industry value chain. The purpose is to get a deeper insight and understanding of functionality in relation to juice beverage packaging. The results confirm that there is no optimal packaging for every juice product, but a multitude, depending on the distribution channel, retail outlet, customer preferences, and context of consumption. There are some general packaging preferences, but the main deciding criteria for purchase seem to be the product characteristics in terms of quality, taste, brand, price and shelf life. For marketing reasons, packaging has to be adopted to the product and its positioning, liquid carton board packaging seem to have some functional advantages in distribution and is considered as sustainable and functional among many consumers. Major drawbacks seem to be shape limitations, lack of transparency, and lack of a “premium look”. To improve packaging performance and avoid sub-optimization, actors in the beverage industry value chain need to be integrated in development processes.

  • 21.
    Olsmats, Carl
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Slimani, Dorotea
    Independent sustainability consultant, Nacka, Sweden.
    Sustainability strategies in the forestry–wood chain driven by market demands on books and other products2015In: Publishing research quarterly, ISSN 1053-8801, E-ISSN 1936-4792, Vol. 31, p. 21-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on sustainability strategies for the Forestry–Wood chain (FWC) driven by market demands on books and other products. The main objective is to draft and suggest a process for market driven pro-active sustainability strategies for the FWC, based on a SWOT-analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). Further to highlight the possible strategic implications and critical areas for actors upstream in the FWC, in the context of uncertain external future scenarios. Higher demands on product differentiation were found throughout the FWC, where also collaboration and stakeholder interaction was found important to improve sustainability. The work broadens the “traditional” perspectives on FWC sustainability to encompass also interacting value chains such as book production and publishing, to get a more holistic view.

  • 22.
    Persson, Elin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lehto, Magnus
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Undersökning av artikelkostnadsmodell förimplementering, underhåll och utfas av artiklar: Hur påverkas de administrativa kostnaderna vidimplementering, underhåll och utfas av artiklar av artikelnskomplexitet?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A company that sells and in many cases also manufactures goods often has a largenumber of part numbers to handel. These part numbers create what we chose tocall part number costs. These costs are administrative and arise whenimplementing, maintaining and phasing out an article. Implementation costs arethe administrative costs that arise when a new part is introduced in a company.Maintenance costs are the costs that arise during the life of a part and phasing outcosts are the costs that arise when a part is to be discontinued within a company.Kenger (2018) has developed a parts cost model that calculates the costs incurredin implementing, maintaining and phasing out parts. The model i based on thatparts are divided in three different degrees of complexity which are low, mediumand high complex parts. Depending on the degree of complexity a part is dividedinto the parts runs various large costs. These costs are identified by mapping outthe company’s activities for implementing, maintaining and phasing out parts aswell as its timeframe. The purpose of the parts cost model is to give companiesgreater knowledge of the cost of a part. This can further lead to a more profitablebusiness for the companies.The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether the parts cost model can beused in a Swedish small-scale manufacturing company. In order to do this,interviews have been conducted with the development department, salesdepartment, purchasing department and marketing department within the companyin the study. During the interviews data about what the company considers to bepart complexity was collected and mapping of the activities for implementing,maintaining and phasing out parts of each department was done.A clear link between a part’s complexity and how much administrative costs it ranin terms of implementation, and maintenance appeared during the thesis. On theother hand, insufficient data was collected to determine the phasing out costs forthe company. The overall results, however, show that the part cost model can besuccessfully implemented in i Swedish small-scale manufacturing company.However, it may be time consuming to identify all the company’s activities as wellas determine what part complexity is for the company.

  • 23.
    Redin, Lois
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kostnader och risker med internationell verksamhet i Mexiko2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis objective is to identify which factors that affects costs and risks with international business in Mexico, out of the perspective that operating business is normally well-functioning and that the business environment is supportive. A literature-study was conducted on International Business, which helped to form the interview-materials used to interview businessmen in Mexico with experience of both international business and USA/Europe, and experience from only operating business within the country.

    Results show that there are six areas that may affect costs and risks; Political forces that cause drastic changes in a country’s business environment that adversely affect the profit and other goals of a particular business enterprise; Economic factors that cause higher costs for operating business due to deficiencies in infrastructure and supporting mechanisms to a business; The economic development within the country; There is widespread corruption of the Mexican government at both the local and state level; Management processes and working methods should be adapted according to culturally determined work-related values of employees; and International businesses should hire local individuals to assist in operating business because of the culture.

  • 24.
    Rindborg, Anders
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bödén, Oscar
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kandidatexamen Industriell Ekonomi: Distributionsstrukturer vid export av lågprisprodukter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till studien har varit att många företags distribution ej är tillräckligt kostnadseffektivvilket medför att risken är hög att produkten inte blir tillräckligt konkurrenskraftig och tapparmarknadsandelar i och med ett för högt pris. Oförmågan av att skapa effektiva distributionssystem isamband med distributionen av produkter från tillverkare till köpare, är en av de vanligasteorsakerna till att företag inte lyckas på den tänkta marknaden. Detta arbete har utförts i samarbetemed 3M Svenska AB i Gagnef för att undersöka hur distributionen av den nylanserade produkten3M 10V kan kostnadseffektiviseras för att därmed skapa en konkurrenskraftig position på den tänktamarknaden.Syftet med studien var att identifiera ett tillvägagångssätt för att på ett framgångsrikt sätt lyckas meddistributionen av lågprisprodukter till de tänkta marknaderna. Tillvägagångssättet ska leda till attdistributionskostnaderna kan hållas låga för att kunna konkurrera med ett lågt pris på produkten.Med hjälp av litteraturstudien och en modell för förändringsarbete inom distribution har olikakostnadsrelaterade aktiviteter identifierats. Vidare har en jämförelse av liknande företag medjämförbara distributionsstrukturer gjorts, där det har undersökts hur dessa strukturerat sindistribution. Utifrån insamlad data har olika tillvägagångssätt och förslag på förändringarpresenterats.Resultatet av studien har visat att företag som distribuerar lågprisprodukter bör använda sig avmellanhänder som kan sprida produkten på marknaden men också fungera som en resurs vidvärdeförädling. Då mellanhänder kan slutmontera och inpacka produkten istället för producentenkan lastbäraren volymeffektiviseras och på så vis kan distributionskostnaderna hållas låga.

  • 25.
    Rosén, Gunnar
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Andersson, Ing-Marie
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Occupational science.
    Moveit: improved motivation and engagement for hazard control2005In: IOHA 6th International Conference, Pilansberg, South Africa, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The knowledge of possibilities to reduce or eliminate hazards in workplaces has been gradually developed during decades. The same is true for the technical development focusing on prevention of exposure to i.e. noise and air contaminants or accident prevention. However, the existence of ventilation technique, which can minimise the emission, and distribution of air contaminants, thus reducing the workers exposure to it effectively, does not mean that this technique is used. The situation is too often the same with most other technical solutions aimed at hazard control in the workplace. According to our experience the reason for not implementing good control technology or failure to use effective personal protection equipment is very often not a question of money. It is very much a question of knowledge, motivation and engagement. This implies that the effectiveness of investments in control technology all too often is poor. It is easy for the experienced occupational hygienist to identify examples where investments in effective control technology could be drastically improved if it were to be utilized in the way the designer had intended. It is for example easy to find welders who have access to good smoke extractors but nevertheless are exposed to fumes because of incorrect handling of the extractor. This is often explained by a limited motivation to use the equipment, sometime combined with inadequate knowledge of its qualities. There is therefore a need for methods that can support improved motivation and engagement for the reduction of hazardous exposure. It is our belief that many such methods already exist but they are normally not developed for that purpose. The key element in those methods is that they have a potential to activate the worker. When for example a standard occupational exposure measurement method is conducted the results are normally reported in a written report, which is sent to the manager of the company some weeks later. The feedback to the exposed worker is very limited and possibilities to reduce exposure by changes in work practises may be overlooked. If instead visualisation methods such as PIMEX are used the worker will be a lot better motivated and engaged to take part in the seeking of solutions. A project aimed at identification, evaluation and development of such “Moveit-methods” has been conducted at the Swedish Institute for Working Life. Examples of methods that have been found useful for this purpose are besides PIMEX, the TUTTAVA method which primarily aims at measuring good housekeeping at work, various check lists, editing of photos from a workplace to stimulate discussions around possible improvements etc. A number of such methods have been identified and found to be very useful for the purpose of acting like a starting motor in a change process, which then must be followed by a main engine that shall make use of the improved motivation and engagement among the exposed. The main engine is the driving force for a traditional problem-solving circle. The Moveit-method has then helped to give a much better base for a more effective use of existing possibilities to reduce hazardous exposure.

  • 26.
    Sjöberg, Ulf
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    An SCP-Model for the Analysis of Strategic Networks/Alliances2003In: The 13th Nordic Workshop on Interorganizational Research, Helsingfors, Finland, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Sjöberg, Ulf
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Klint, Mats B
    Towards a comprehensive SCP-model for analysing strategic networks/alliances2003In: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 33, no 5Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Sörman, Erik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    En studie över de externa förutsättningarna för små och medelstora företag att arbeta med just in time i Dalarna2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to describe the external conditions, in terms of logistics and suppliers, which small and medium-sized enterprises have in order to work with just in time (JIT) in a region characterized by long distances and a low concentration of enterprises.

    The conclusion shows that JIT, which is part of the lean business strategy, could also be utilized by small and medium-sized enterprises in Dalarna. As with most business strategies, however, there are some problems which need resolving. The external conditions of reliable transportation routes and short delivery times over long distances are available in Dalarna. However, the cost of transportation is a problem because it is usually based on weight and volume, which means that small and light consignments can have a high shipping price. To solve the problem with high transport costs requires coordination with other companies in order to obtain optimal freight volumes. This might seem problematic due to the low concentration of enterprises in the region; however one of the interviewed enterprises could coordinate some of their freight with other enterprises in an efficient manner.

    As the opportunity to obtain discount when purchasing decreases while administrative expenses increase for many small deliveries rather than a few large ones, a total cost analysis should be done in order to see if JIT is profitable for the enterprise.

    The technical conditions to connect buyers, sellers and hauliers through enterprise resource planning and transport administration systems are available, which is essential as JIT requires enhanced cooperation with suppliers. In previous case studies, conducted by other authors, among small and medium-sized enterprises that have implemented JIT in Korea and Taiwan the companies identified problems with suppliers who did not deliver on time and suppliers who were unwilling to work with JIT. Furthermore, they felt that they lacked bargaining power as a small or medium-sized enterprise. The enterprises interviewed in this thesis (which are located in Dalarna but do not work with JIT today) all have good relationships with their suppliers and felt that they could influence them despite their size.

  • 29. Tidberg, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Lundberg, Kristina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Pontén, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Terapeutisk ridning som metod för arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Rörlighet för ökad hälsa” i Ludvika startade 2004. Genom denna arbetsgivarring ska arbetsgivarna tillsammans hitta lösningar för att förbättra arbetshälsan och rörligheten både mellan och inom de deltagande arbetsgivarna. En ny metod som provas är terapeutisk ridning som genomförts på Väderbacken i Smedjebacken under 2005 och 2006, ledd av Helen Edwards Lutsch. Ridterapi i sig är inte innovativt. Metoden har använts inom sjukvården och psykiatrin för rehabilitering av människor med olika funktionshinder. Vad som är nytt med den terapeutiska ridningen på Väderbacken är att den vänder sig till personer som har behov av arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering. Studier visar på att djur har en lugnande och läkande effekt på människan. Syftet med terapeutisk ridning är att pröva om metoden kan vara en verksam både i förebyggande och rehabiliterande syfte i arbetslivet. Begreppen ridterapi och terapeutisk ridning är ganska lika, men ridterapi används oftast för funktionshindrade. Ridterapi fokuserar främst ridningen och arbetet med hästar och har som främsta syfte att bygga upp generell och kroppslig hälsa. Terapeutisk ridning fokuserar terapin och använder hästen och ridningen som redskap för att utveckla tillit, självkännedom, etc. Den terapeutiska metoden avser att utveckla tillit och självkänsla hos deltagarna så att de kan acceptera sig själva som de är. Samarbetet med hästen bidrar till bearbetning av ångest och ökar koncentrationsförmågan. Deltagarnas sociala och kommunikativa förmåga förväntas utvecklas och toleransen för frustration ökar. Eftersom hästar har behov av en trygg ledare så utvecklas deltagarnas ledarskapsförmåga. De lär deltagarna att ta ansvar och samarbeta. Ridning verkar avspännande och lugnande och har en antidepressiv effekt. Även smärta kan minskas. Kursen bestod av 10 träffar. Alla deltagarna var kvinnor i åldern 35-50 år. Uppföljningar gjordes med deltagarna direkt efter kursen och efter 1 år. Slutsatserna från uppföljningarna är: • Kursen ”Terapeutisk ridning” som den utvecklats och bedrivits av Helen Lutsch på Väderbacken, inom ramen för arbetsgivarringen ”Rörlighet för ökad hälsa”, har upplevts mycket positivt av deltagarna. • Kursen har haft positiva effekter på deltagarnas välbefinnande och förmåga att hantera sin livs- och arbetssituation. • Effekterna finns fortfarande kvar 1 år efter avslutad kurs. Men, det är svårt att hålla kvar det ändrade beteendet. En regelbunden uppföljning av kursen skulle ge påminnelser och påfyllning.

  • 30.
    Venngren, Fredrik
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kalkylmodell för beräkning av tillverkningskostnader för torra genomföringar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har utförts hos ABB Components i Ludvika som tillverkar komponenter till bland annat transformatorer och en av de produkter som tillverkas är genomföringar. Prissättning av genomföringar bygger dels på beräkningar av tillverkningskostnader. Den modell som beräknar tillverkningskostnader för genomföringar hos Components har varit komplex och därför inte uppdaterats som den borde vilket har lett till att Components har dålig uppfattning om hur kostnadsfördelningen ser ut mellan olika genomföringstyper vilket i sin tur kan påverka det slutgiltiga försäljningspriset.

    Syftet med detta examensarbete har varit att ta fram en kalkylmodell för beräkning av tillverkningskostnader. Modellen skall vara utformad på ett sådant sätt att den tar hänsyn till förändringar i volym och samtidigt är enkel att uppdatera och underhålla.

    Resultatet är en kalkyl som fördelar kostnader till kalkylobjektet efter respektive kalkylobjekts tidsmässiga resursförbrukning. Genom att utforma kalkylen på detta sätt skapas en modell med god fördelning av omkostnader utan att modellen blir alltför komplex och därmed inte uppdateras och underhålls och samtidigt tar modellen hänsyn till förändringar i volym.

    Kalkylmodellen har utformats genom att studera produktion och produktionsflöde för genomföringarna samt genom teoretiska utgångspunkter så som självkostnadskalkylering. För att ytterligare förbättra kalkylmodellen har jag identifierat tre förbättringsområden.

    Uppdelning av kostnadsställen efter produktionsflödet

    Uppdatera produktionstider automatiskt

    Jämföra den modell som presenteras i examensarbetet med Components befintliga modell för att identifiera förbättringsområden

    Utifrån de förslag som presenterats diskuteras betydelsen av att anpassa produktion och datafångst för att implementera en ny typ av kalkylmodell. Att inte anpassa produktionen och implementera en mer avancerad kalkylmodell i en komplex verksamhet skapar en stor risk för en komplex modell som inte används och uppdateras som det är tänkt. Genom att dela in produktionsflödet i kostnadsställen som underlättar för datafångs och implementering av kalkylmodellen anser jag bidra till chanserna för att lyckas.

  • 31.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Outline of research strategies for experimental knowledge2003In: The 17th Nordic Conference on Business Studies, Reykjavik, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Wigblad, Rune
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Praktikteori en möjlig forskningsstrategi?2003In: The SIRA-conference, Interaktiv forskning utmaningar för akademin, Växjö, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Wigblad, Rune
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lewer, John
    Hansson, Magnus
    A holistic approach to the productivity paradox2007In: Human Systems Management, ISSN 0167-2533, E-ISSN 1875-8703, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 85-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both the public and private sectors have since the 1980s relentlessly cut the size of their workforces. The downsizing has regularly been reported to lead to closure of a whole or a part of a corporation or organization. Some studies which have analyzed the closures have reported that remarkable, counterintuitive improvements in labor productivity occurred during the time-period between the closure announcement and the final working day. Testing an elaborated cybernetic model on a Swedish case study, and on an exploratory basis, this paper proposes a holistic approach to generate a better understanding of this phenomenon. The main holistic pattern is a new order where management control is replaced by more “Self-management” on the plant level, and very strong psychological reactions based on feelings of unfairness.

  • 34.
    Wigblad, Rune
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Östberg, Johan
    Socialt ansvariga avvecklingar – Scania ABs avvecklingar 2005-2008 – från nedläggning till omställning i Falun och Sibbhult2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Är avvecklingar med socialt ansvar möjliga? Exemplet Scania ABs avvecklingar 2005-2008, visar att koncerner kan ta ett långtgående ansvar för de parter som drabbas av nedläggningsbeskedet. Cirka 83 procent av de anställda i Scania Falun och Scania Sibbhult fick en omställning istället för nedläggning.

  • 35.
    Wiker, Beatrice
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Helander, Kristina
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Underhållsstrategier i processindustrin före och efter en nedläggning med möjlighet till framtida uppstart2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish industries are on a market with big competition from low-wage countries. This has results in efficiencies and closures of industries. Some closures has the prerequisite to keep the functionality a time after closure to insure production if the market change.

    In this work we have been study two cases, SSAB and Kvarnsvedens pappersbruk. They are two process industries which have closed down part of their production in order to keep them operational a while after closure. The productions lines accessibility are important since process industries are a complex and capital-intensive network of equipment, which is why continual operations are often used, and the maintenance function become an important part of the organisation.

    The purpose was to found out maintenance strategies that were useful for the process industries in this work. The advantages and disadvantages for the different maintenance strategies was presented and given to the companies’ preconditions, such as possibility for a future start-up, closure time and already implemented maintenance strategies. The purpose is also to present some guidelines that could be useful for companies in similar situations.

    In this case-study we found that both cases retained their daily maintenance to ensure the production and quality until the closure. Some indications could be aggregated in the end of this work, on which maintenance strategies was more beneficial for these cases.

  • 36.
    Wiklund, Pontus
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Åhlander, Mattias
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Den svenska nedskärningsmodellen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The objective with this study is to form a model for Swedish conditions, which canbe used to minimize the negative consequences of downsizing but also highlightthe positive aspects of downsizing. We created our own model for how adownsizing process should be executed to obtain the most successful resultpossible, by using the model Realistic Downsizing Preview (RDP) as a foundation.The aim with our model is to highlight the positive aspects of downsizing and tominimize the negative effects of downsizing, and show organizations how they canwork to accomplish the task.This is a qualitative based literature study where we have put a big amount ofeffort into collecting articles and papers that focuses on the subject SurvivorSyndrome and how organizations should work with downsizing. The collecteddata was then critically analyzed, so that it could be used as a factor in the creationof our model “The Swedish Downsizing Model” (SNM). We performed twointerviews, one at SSAB and the other at NCC Construction. We performed theinterviews after the model was created, the purpose was to test the model in reallife and to get some key notes. Our model focuses on three key factors, which isthe executioners, the survivors and the victims.The study addresses to corporate management at larger Swedish organizationswhich are about to perform a downsizing.

  • 37.
    Zidén, Karl
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Strategi och modell för underhållsverksamhet under avveckling: En studie av underhållsverksamheten på tunnelbanevagn modell C62014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många industriföretag måste arbeta med att reducera sina kostnader för att överleva på

    marknaderna som blir allt hårdare. Samtidigt har medvetenheten om fördelarna med att arbeta

    för att förlänga livslängden på det som underhålls blivit det företagen arbetar mot.

    Utvecklingen och tiden leder till att introduceringar och avvecklingar genomförs men i

    dagsläget finns inga tydliga teorier och modeller för hur dessa bör genomföras i ett

    underhållsperspektiv.

    Under en period över 2017-18 ska 88 stycken tunnelbanevagnar av modell C6, vilka används i

    Stockholms tunnelbanenätverk, avvecklas. Detta beror av planerade inleveranser av en ny

    modell vilken benämns C30. Då tidigare avvecklingar genomförts har indikationer från

    inblandade getts gällande att de kunnat ske på smartare sätt. Eftersom tid finns innan

    avvecklingen påbörjas ges möjlighet till att se över hur den bör utformas. Vid utformningen

    finns tre grundpelare vilka måste beakta och de är; säkerheten, driftsäkerheten och kostnaden.

    Syftet med arbetet är dels att motivera för vilken strategi som ska väljas gällande underhållet

    under perioden. Vidare ska en avvecklingsmodell arbetas fram vilken svarar mot hur antalet

    vagnar ska reduceras. Resultatet av studien förväntas vidare vara applicerbar på nästa

    vagnsmodell samt bidra till ett generellt bidrag till det förhållande mellan avveckling och

    underhåll som idag saknar teorier och modeller.

    De undersökningar som bedrivits resulterade i att underhållsplanens rådande utformning inte

    ska frångås. Istället ska den modell som arbetats fram styra det urval som görs varje gång ett

    antal vagnar ska tas ur bruk.

    Den modell som arbetats fram testades på historiska data för att simulera en avveckling

    baserad på data fri från antaganden. Resultatet blev att en tredjedel av kostnaden under

    perioden kunde sparas, närmare 2,2 miljoner kronor.

    Viss indikation gavs gällande att driftsäkerheten genom urvalet kunde höjas. Vidare tar

    modellen hänsyn till många aspekter vilka inte alltid är lätta att värdesätta samt att den är

    anpassningsbar till de förutsättningar gällande avvecklingen som kan förändras.

  • 38.
    Öberg Bustad, Gabriel
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lundewall, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Utformning av operatörsverktyg för åskådliggörande av rörliga kostnader2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete som utförts på Kvarnsvedens pappersbruk i Borlänge har varit att framställa ett operatörsverktyg. Ett operatörsverktyg som ska åskådliggöra processens rörliga kostnader, som kan benämnas en produktkalkyl för stunden. Verktyget skall senare möjliggöra förbättrade utsikter för kontroll, styrning och uppföljning av rörliga kostnader inom företaget samt öka möjligheterna till att minska de rörliga kostnaderna som är kopplade till processen. Massafabriken på Kvarnsvedens pappersbruk och pappersmaskin 11 har utgjort arbetets grundläggande måltavlor för operatörsverktyget. Arbetet innefattade kartläggning och granskning av pappersprocessen för att skapa en så heltäckande bild av uppdragsbeskrivningen som möjligt. När processen studerats och processflöden kartlagts mer ingående påbörjades utvecklandet av operatörsverktyget. Vidare utfördes en litteraturundersökning för att urskilja potentiella handlingsalternativ vid utformningen av operatörsverktyget samt för en ökad förståelse för verksamheten och ämnesområdet. I dagsläget saknas direkt återkoppling, i realtid, för den kontinuerliga utvecklingen av de rörliga kostnaderna eftersom nuvarande uppföljning är baserad på månadsrapporter. Operatörsverktyget som arbetet utmynnade i kommer med hög sannolikhet vara av betydelse för utvecklingen av verksamheten på företaget. Operatörsverktyget kommer även att understödja både styrningen och kontrollen av processens rörliga kostnader. Förhoppningen är att verktyget skall fungera som ett hjälpmedel i arbetet med att optimera arbetet och processen. Några av de fördelar som operatörsverktyget förväntas ge är bland annat att operativa prestationer omedelbart kan kopplas till företagets resultat, ett snabbt synliggörande av exempelvis resultat vilket öppnar för faktabaserad beslutsstrategi samt att viktig information inte behöver gå förlorad. Operatörsverktyget kan framöver anpassas och utnyttjas på fler av verksamhetens pappersmaskiner.

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