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  • 1. Helmersson-Karlqvist, Johanna
    et al.
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.
    Larsson, Anders
    Day-to-day variation of urinary NGAL and rational for creatinine correction2013In: Clinical Biochemistry, ISSN 0009-9120, E-ISSN 1873-2933, Vol. 46, no 1-2, p. 70-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The number of clinical studies evaluating the new tubular biomarker urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (U-NGAL) in urine are increasing. There is no consensus whether absolute U-NGAL concentrations or urinary NGAL/creatinine (U-NGAL/Cr) ratios should be used when chronic tubular dysfunction is studied. The aim was to study the biological variation of U-NGAL in healthy subjects and the rational for urinary creatinine (U-Cr) correction in two different study samples.

    DESIGN AND METHODS: To study biological variation of U-NGAL and U-NGAL/Cr ratio and the association between U-NGAL and U-Cr in healthy subjects 13 young males and females (median age 29years) collected morning urine in 10 consecutive days. Additionally, a random subsample of 400 males from a population-based cohort (aged 78years) collecting 24-hour urine during 1day was studied.

    RESULTS: The calculated biological variation for absolute U-NGAL was 27% and for U-NGAL/Cr ratio, 101%. Absolute U-NGAL increased linearly with U-Cr concentration (the theoretical basis for creatinine adjustment) in the older males (R=0.19, P<0.001) and with borderline significance in the young adults (R=0.16, P=0.08). The U-NGAL/Cr ratio was, however, negatively associated with creatinine in the older males (R=-0.14, P<0.01) and in the young adults (R=-0.16, P=0.07) indicating a slight "overadjustment."

    CONCLUSIONS: The study provides some support for the use of U-NGAL/Cr ratio but the rather large biological variation and risk of possible overadjustment need to be considered. Both absolute U-NGAL and U-NGAL/Cr ratios should be reported for the estimation of chronic tubular dysfunction.

  • 2. Lind, Lars
    et al.
    Sundström, Johan
    Larsson, Anders
    Lampa, Erik
    Ärnlöv, Johan
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science. Karolinska Institutet.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Longitudinal effects of aging on plasma proteins levels in older adults: associations with kidney function and hemoglobin levels2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 2, article id e0212060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: A targeted proteomics chip has been shown to be useful to discover novel associations of proteins with cardiovascular disease. We investigated how these proteins change with aging, and whether this change is related to a decline in kidney function, or to a change in hemoglobin levels.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, including 1,016 participants from the general population aged 70 at baseline, 84 proteins were measured at ages 70, 75, 80. At these occasions, glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was estimated and the hemoglobin levels were measured.

    RESULTS: Sixty-one of the 84 evaluated proteins changed significantly during the 10-year follow-up (multiple testing-adjusted alpha = 0.00059), most showing an increase. The change in eGFR was inversely related to changes of protein levels for the vast majority of proteins (74%). The change in hemoglobin was significantly related to the change in 40% of the evaluated proteins, with no obvious preference of the direction of these relationships.

    CONCLUSION: The majority of evaluated proteins increased with aging in adults. Therefore, normal ranges for proteins might be given in age-strata. The increase in protein levels was associated with the degree of reduction in eGFR for the majority of proteins, while no clear pattern was seen for the relationships between the proteins and the change in hemoglobin levels. Studies on changes in urinary proteins are warranted to understand the association between the reduction in eGFR and increase in plasma protein levels.

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