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  • 1.
    Enlund, John
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mattsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Fysiologiska skillnader mellan dominant och icke-dominant ben vid motviktad enbenscykling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Counterweighted single-leg cycling is a new training method that can be used to increase intensity. Studies have shown differences between dominant and non-dominant leg during normal cycling. The purpose of this study was to analyse physiological assymetries during counterweighted single-leg cycling. Method: Eight volunteers (age 24,1 ± 4,2 years, height 177,0 ± 5,5 cm , weight 74,6 ± 9,0 kg, vo2max 69,0 ± 6,4 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (dominant or non-dominant). Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to decide participants dominant leg. The dominant group used their dominant leg in the first interval at the second test, and the non-dominant group used their non-dominant leg in the first interval. At the first test a standarized incremental cycling test was performed until exhaustion. The second test , >48 hours later, consisted of four ten-minute intervals of counterweighted single-leg cycling, alternating legs.The second test was blinded. Results: Differences were observed, but no significant differences. Tendencies showed a higher power-output with the dominant leg (dominant leg 168 ±18,9 W, non-dominant leg 162 ±18,1W), but a higher cadence with the non-dominant leg (dominant leg 93 ± 12,7 rpm, non-dominant leg 95 ± 10,3 rpm). Conclusion: Differences exist between dominant and non-dominant leg in counterweighted single-legged cycling, but no significant differences. Our conclusion is that the learning effect affected the results in this study. To counteract this in future studies concerning counterweighted single-legged cycling the studies should include a learning period with the training method.

  • 2.
    Eriksson, Paula
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Söderström, Sofia
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    En kartläggning av användandet av postoperativa restriktioner efter en total höftprotesoperation på svenska ortopedkliniker2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Joint movement- and load precautions are common after a total hip arthroplasty and aims to prevent dislocation of the hip and to prevent the loss of sutured muscles while the soft tissue heal, usually 6-8 weeks. Prosthesis and surgical technics have changed over the years, which had led to a reduced number of postoperative hip dislocations and hence have some orthopedic clinics in Sweden begun abandon postoperative joint movementand load precautions.

    Aim: A mapping of the use of joint movement- and load precautions in Swedish orthopedic clinics and if there has been any changes in precautions during the last five years.

    Method: The study was conducted as a quantitative cross-sectional study with the help of a selfdeveloped validated online survey.

    Result: 81 % of the 16 respondent clinics stated they had some form of precautions (joint movement- or load precautions) for their hip replaced patients. The most common precaution was joint movement where 62% of respondents answered yes to the question "Does your unit/Clinic recommend patients undergoing surgery with total hip replacement any joint movement precautions". The corresponding figure for load precautions was 50%. A total absence of restrictions occurred in 19 % of the respondent clinics. 63 % responded that modifications of load precautions took place for more than 10 years ago while 50 % responded that the modifications of joint movement precaution took place over the past 5 years. The result in our study indicated that the use of precautions had decreased. The most common change was a decrease in jointmovementprecautions that occurred with 60 % of the respondents.

    Conclusion: In our study we found that 4 out of 5 Swedish orthopaedic clinics who participated in our survey recommended joint movement- or load precautions after a hip replacement and it also showed that 1 out of 5 didn´t recommend precautions. Half of the clinics had changed the movement precautions during the past five years, and less than 40 % had changed the load precautions.

  • 3.
    Gut, Mikael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Carlberg, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Stillasittande hos högskoleanställda lärare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to map the sedentary behavior of college-faculty teachers during the working day. Furthermore, the study aimed at investigating factors that contributed to being sedentary. Method The study used a mixed method approach. Data collection was conducted through 4 individual interviews and a questionnaire with 49 teachers at Högskolan Dalarna. Results The average of the participants' sedentary time per working day was 6,62 (±1.97) hours. The number of interruptions from being sedentary was in average 1,6 (±0.89) per hour. There was no statistically significant difference in sedentary time (p= 0,22) or number of interruptions (p= 0,21) during the working day between men and women. Relationship value (r= -0,34) indicated that there was a weak relationship that showed that participants who were more sedentary also made fewer interruptions in their sitting time. The main reason for being sedentary was that sitting improved the ability to concentrate on tasks requiring a lot of focus. Other prominent factors that affected the intake of sedentary behavior were time pressure and high workload. The individual himself was said to be the biggest obstacle to reducing his own sedentary behavior, where the habitual behavior of sitting when doing certain tasks in the workplace had a major impact. Participants' knowledge of sedentary behavior and consequences was inadequate, and it was not a discussion topic that was discussed in greater detail at the workplace. Conclusions Higher education teachers are a risk group for negative health effects caused by sedentary behavior. Engagement and increased knowledge at individual, interpersonal and organizational levels are required to achieve changes in sedentary behavior.

  • 4.
    Johnsson, Oliver
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Effekten av fysisk träning på e-sportprestation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on different skills that affect e-sports performance for e-sportsmen at amateur level in the game Overwatch. This is to gain knowledge about how e-sports training could be developed and streamlined.

    Methods

    The study is of the explorative research type since it deals with a topic that haven’t previously been broadly investigated. The method used was a quantitative exploratory method. The design was an intervention study.

    Results

    The study has not been able to demonstrate that skills affecting e-sports performance have changed through physical training. However, it is possible to read that the study participants who received the training intervention are more susceptible to and aware of changes in these skills compared to the study participants in the control group.

    Conclusions

    The purpose of the study has not been answered because the design was inadequate. However, the study may form the basis for further research. A number of important basic assumptions have been identified during the work. Based on these lessons a discussion took place, about how design deficiencies can be addressed and what is important to consider in future studies in the field.

  • 5.
    Karimyan, Harde
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Abouzeedan, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Användning av instruktioner, feedbackfrågeställningsteknik och träningsövningar blandungdomsfotbollstränare.: En fallstudie utifrån teorierna Teaching Games for Understandingoch Enhanced Guided Discovery2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different theories that implement teaching soccer in different ways. Enhance

    Guided Discovery and Teaching Games for Understanding are two theories that have a more

    playing approach than the traditional coaching model which is more isolated. Studies have

    been showing that elite football players today have been doing less isolated exercises and

    more competition specific training.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to look at soccer coaches for the younger ages 15-17 years and

    specifically look at their way to give instructions, feedback, question technique and how they

    choose exercises to develop their players.

    Method

    For this study, we chose observation and interview as data collecting methods, and compared

    the results to the different theories. Five coaches have been interviewed and observed once.

    Three coaches were from soccer academies, and two were volunteer coaches.

    Results

    The results showed that it has been a difference between the academy coaches and volunteer

    in the way they behaved during the observation, and how they answered the questions in the

    interview. The academy coaches tended to be more aware of what they where doing in both

    practical and verbal way.

    Conclusion

    The majority of coaches that was included in the study were implementing the theory TGfU

    in their teaching. They chose to do more

    competition specific exercises more than isolated

    exercises

    . The research did also show that the academy coaches were more aware of the

    theories and had it easier on implementing them in their teaching. Therefore, the conclusion

    of the study was that the coaches education is very important to develop soccer players, and

    that the clubs should focus on educating the coaches.

  • 6.
    Morell, Martina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Csagola, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Vuxna individers grad av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att testa ett nykonstruerat instrument för att beskriva grad av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer. Syftet var även att beskriva vuxna individers intag av sockerhaltiga livsmedel samt att beskriva skillnaden mellan sockerintag och självtillit. Urvalet bestod av 62 patienter som kommit för undersökning eller behandling till privata och folktandvårdskliniker. Data samlades in via enkät. Resultatet visade att 16 (26,2 %) individer åt sockerhaltiga livsmedel minst en gång per dag och 45 (73,8 %) åt sockerhaltiga livsmedel mer sällan än en gång per dag. Det mest förekommande sockerhaltiga livsmedlet var bullar, sockerkaka och andra mjuka kakor, 5 (8,7 %) individer intog dessa typer av livsmedel minst en gång per dag. Det minst förekommande sockerhaltiga livsmedlet var fruktsoppa och kräm, 40 (67,8 %) individer intog aldrig detta livsmedel. Medelvärdet för graden av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer var 6,4 (SD 2,2) av 10 på en 11-gradig Likertskala. En signifikant skillnad kunde ses i graden av självtillit bland de som intog sockerhaltiga livsmedel minst en gång per dag jämfört med de som mer sällan intog sockerhaltiga livsmedel (t=3.036; p=0.004). Instrumentet hade ett Cronbach´s Alpha värde på 0.94, vilket visar en god reliabilitet. Utifrån de resultat som framkommit tycks individer med lägre grad av självtillit inta sockerhaltiga livsmedel oftare än individer med högre grad av självtillit. Instrumentet visade sig användbart.

  • 7.
    Nüth, Lisa
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Österlund, Åsa
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science.
    Kartläggning av utvärderingsinstrument vid endometrios: En enkätstudie riktad mot endometriosteam i Sverige2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endometriosis is a condition that affects around 10 % of the female population in Sweden. The disease can lead to very severe symptoms and pain with sickness absence and suffering as a result. Since 2018 there are national guidelines for healthcare for endometriosis. Quality of life assessment with the form The Endometriosis Health Profile (EHP-30), an endometriosis-specific numeric rating scale, is recommended in the Clinical guidelines. EHP30 is the only validated endometriosis-specific patient reported outcome measure available in Swedish translation. There are knowledge gaps about which patient reported outcome measures that are used in endometriosis teams in Sweden.

    Purpose: Mapping of outcome and options on outcome measures for endometriosis within endometriosis teams in Sweden and the health professions included in the team. The purpose was also to more specifically map the use of the endometriosis-specific evaluation insrument EHP-30, which is recommended in the care guidelines

    Method: A non-experimental cross-sectional study based on a self-designed web survey with both multiple-choice and free-text questions. The study was aimed at endometriosis teams in Sweden, the result being based on 47 respondents who answered the questionnaire.

    Results: 33 % of the respondents used outcome measures, while 85% considered it is very or fairly important to use endometriosis patients. VAS/NRS was the most commonly used patient reported outcome measures. Eighteen respondents indicated that they know the EHP30. Four respondents stated that they use the EHP-30, one uses it regularly. The lack of time and resources as well as knowledge and availability are stated as explanations for the fact that evaluation instruments are not used.

    Conclusion: Numeric rating scales for estimating pain intensity are used to a greater extent than patient reported outcome measures for, for example, quality of life. There may be a need to better address a biopsychosocial approach in evaluating endometriosis patients. The availability and dissemination of the EHP-30 needs to be prioritized just as the National Board of Health and Welfare states in the health guidelines. Time and resources may need to be added to make it easier for the healthcare facilities to implement the EHP-30.

  • 8. Sjömark, Cecilia
    et al.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Musical parameters for promoting relaxation and stress-reduction in listeners2005In: Proceedings of Ambience 05, International Scientific Conference on Intelligence Ambience and Well-Being, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Strömberg, Josephine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bergeå, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tävlingsryttares uppfattning gällande styrketräning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equestrian sport is one of the biggest sports in Sweden with 29 600-competition riders. Equestrian sport demands a high physical capacity and competition riders need to have both strength, endurance and balance. Therefore, strength training should always be a part of a competition rider´s training regime, because strength training can lead to enhanced performance at the same time as it prevents injuries. Despite this, research that show how much strength training a competition rider perform is limited. Some say that competition riders most often don´t perform any training outside of riding, while some say that physical training is a natural element in a competition rider everyday life.

    Purpose

    : The purpose of this study was to describe competition rider´s perceptions regarding strength training as well as the motivation for strength training. Furthermore, the study aims at examining how much and what kind of strength training competition riders perform as well as why/why not strength training is being performed.

    Method:

    Information was gathered through questionnaires and through interviews. The selection for the questionnaire was based of competition riders over the age of 18 that compete in islandic horse-competition. The selection for the interviews was based of equestrian trainers in the south of Dalarna that all train competition rider.

    Results:

    The result showed that more than half of the competition riders that were part of this study reach the recommendations that are set for strength training. The result also showed a generally positive attitude towards strength training where a perception of strength training leading to a better riding performance was noticeable. The reasons why competition riders perform strength training turned out to be "To be healthy" and "To become a better rider". The reasons why competition rider’s don´t perform strength training turned out to be "Lack of time", "Lack of motivation" and to some extent also "Lack of knowledge".

    Slutsatser

    : The competition riders and equestrian trainers in this study generally have a positive attitude towards strength training, but despite of this there are some barriers that prevent strength training. Competition riders should work to overcome these barriers, because strength training has been showed important when performing on top in equestrian sport.

  • 10.
    Svedbo Engström, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin, Institutionen för medicin.
    Capability Approach2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    van der Maarel, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Byqvist, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Hur parkmiljöer kan påverka vardagsrörelse: en studie utifrån aktiva unga vuxnas uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reduced movement in everyday life is a problem that is becoming increasingly common in the world today. Although people today are becoming more and more regularly physically active and conduct more planned exercise, the everyday movement that is needed to maintain a good health and reduce the risk of dying prematurely, is decreasing. Something that has been shown to increase everyday activity is the presence of park environments. Research has shown that where fewer parks existed, people were more sedentary and less active. The

    aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between everyday movement and park environments based on the view of physically active young adults. The method used in this study consisted of interviewing young adults (18-30 years of age). Why this selection was used was because this group of age were previously considered to have good health during their period of life, but new evidence shows that people of these ages are becoming increasingly inactive in their daily lives. Physically active people were chosen to see how their perceptions of movement in addition to their normal training meant to them. Six active young adults were recruited to the study and interviewed. The results showed that young adults understand the meaning of the positive effects of movement, but at the same time they were negatively motivated to visit park environments. The single movement in parks indicated by the participants was in the form of walks and jogging. Participants suggested that more types of activities (kiosks, outdoor gyms, etc.) should be available to increase the visitor level in park environments for a longer period of time, as well as conduct more daily living there.

  • 12.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Geriatrik ; Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå Universitet.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Umeå Universitet.
    Nationell satsning för ökad patientsäkerhet: Fall och fallskador: åtgärder för att förebygga2011Other (Other academic)
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