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  • 1.
    Enlund, John
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Mattsson, Petter
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Fysiologiska skillnader mellan dominant och icke-dominant ben vid motviktad enbenscykling2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    Counterweighted single-leg cycling is a new training method that can be used to increase intensity. Studies have shown differences between dominant and non-dominant leg during normal cycling. The purpose of this study was to analyse physiological assymetries during counterweighted single-leg cycling. Method: Eight volunteers (age 24,1 ± 4,2 years, height 177,0 ± 5,5 cm , weight 74,6 ± 9,0 kg, vo2max 69,0 ± 6,4 ml/kg/min) participated in this study. Participants were randomly divided into two groups (dominant or non-dominant). Waterloo Footedness Questionnaire was used to decide participants dominant leg. The dominant group used their dominant leg in the first interval at the second test, and the non-dominant group used their non-dominant leg in the first interval. At the first test a standarized incremental cycling test was performed until exhaustion. The second test , >48 hours later, consisted of four ten-minute intervals of counterweighted single-leg cycling, alternating legs.The second test was blinded. Results: Differences were observed, but no significant differences. Tendencies showed a higher power-output with the dominant leg (dominant leg 168 ±18,9 W, non-dominant leg 162 ±18,1W), but a higher cadence with the non-dominant leg (dominant leg 93 ± 12,7 rpm, non-dominant leg 95 ± 10,3 rpm). Conclusion: Differences exist between dominant and non-dominant leg in counterweighted single-legged cycling, but no significant differences. Our conclusion is that the learning effect affected the results in this study. To counteract this in future studies concerning counterweighted single-legged cycling the studies should include a learning period with the training method.

  • 2.
    Gut, Mikael
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Carlberg, Ida
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Stillasittande hos högskoleanställda lärare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study was to map the sedentary behavior of college-faculty teachers during the working day. Furthermore, the study aimed at investigating factors that contributed to being sedentary. Method The study used a mixed method approach. Data collection was conducted through 4 individual interviews and a questionnaire with 49 teachers at Högskolan Dalarna. Results The average of the participants' sedentary time per working day was 6,62 (±1.97) hours. The number of interruptions from being sedentary was in average 1,6 (±0.89) per hour. There was no statistically significant difference in sedentary time (p= 0,22) or number of interruptions (p= 0,21) during the working day between men and women. Relationship value (r= -0,34) indicated that there was a weak relationship that showed that participants who were more sedentary also made fewer interruptions in their sitting time. The main reason for being sedentary was that sitting improved the ability to concentrate on tasks requiring a lot of focus. Other prominent factors that affected the intake of sedentary behavior were time pressure and high workload. The individual himself was said to be the biggest obstacle to reducing his own sedentary behavior, where the habitual behavior of sitting when doing certain tasks in the workplace had a major impact. Participants' knowledge of sedentary behavior and consequences was inadequate, and it was not a discussion topic that was discussed in greater detail at the workplace. Conclusions Higher education teachers are a risk group for negative health effects caused by sedentary behavior. Engagement and increased knowledge at individual, interpersonal and organizational levels are required to achieve changes in sedentary behavior.

  • 3.
    Johnsson, Oliver
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Effekten av fysisk träning på e-sportprestation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on different skills that affect e-sports performance for e-sportsmen at amateur level in the game Overwatch. This is to gain knowledge about how e-sports training could be developed and streamlined.

    Methods

    The study is of the explorative research type since it deals with a topic that haven’t previously been broadly investigated. The method used was a quantitative exploratory method. The design was an intervention study.

    Results

    The study has not been able to demonstrate that skills affecting e-sports performance have changed through physical training. However, it is possible to read that the study participants who received the training intervention are more susceptible to and aware of changes in these skills compared to the study participants in the control group.

    Conclusions

    The purpose of the study has not been answered because the design was inadequate. However, the study may form the basis for further research. A number of important basic assumptions have been identified during the work. Based on these lessons a discussion took place, about how design deficiencies can be addressed and what is important to consider in future studies in the field.

  • 4.
    Karimyan, Harde
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Abouzeedan, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Användning av instruktioner, feedbackfrågeställningsteknik och träningsövningar blandungdomsfotbollstränare.: En fallstudie utifrån teorierna Teaching Games for Understandingoch Enhanced Guided Discovery2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are different theories that implement teaching soccer in different ways. Enhance

    Guided Discovery and Teaching Games for Understanding are two theories that have a more

    playing approach than the traditional coaching model which is more isolated. Studies have

    been showing that elite football players today have been doing less isolated exercises and

    more competition specific training.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to look at soccer coaches for the younger ages 15-17 years and

    specifically look at their way to give instructions, feedback, question technique and how they

    choose exercises to develop their players.

    Method

    For this study, we chose observation and interview as data collecting methods, and compared

    the results to the different theories. Five coaches have been interviewed and observed once.

    Three coaches were from soccer academies, and two were volunteer coaches.

    Results

    The results showed that it has been a difference between the academy coaches and volunteer

    in the way they behaved during the observation, and how they answered the questions in the

    interview. The academy coaches tended to be more aware of what they where doing in both

    practical and verbal way.

    Conclusion

    The majority of coaches that was included in the study were implementing the theory TGfU

    in their teaching. They chose to do more

    competition specific exercises more than isolated

    exercises

    . The research did also show that the academy coaches were more aware of the

    theories and had it easier on implementing them in their teaching. Therefore, the conclusion

    of the study was that the coaches education is very important to develop soccer players, and

    that the clubs should focus on educating the coaches.

  • 5.
    Morell, Martina
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Csagola, Linda
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Social Studies, Health and Caring Sciences/Oral Health Science.
    Vuxna individers grad av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att testa ett nykonstruerat instrument för att beskriva grad av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer. Syftet var även att beskriva vuxna individers intag av sockerhaltiga livsmedel samt att beskriva skillnaden mellan sockerintag och självtillit. Urvalet bestod av 62 patienter som kommit för undersökning eller behandling till privata och folktandvårdskliniker. Data samlades in via enkät. Resultatet visade att 16 (26,2 %) individer åt sockerhaltiga livsmedel minst en gång per dag och 45 (73,8 %) åt sockerhaltiga livsmedel mer sällan än en gång per dag. Det mest förekommande sockerhaltiga livsmedlet var bullar, sockerkaka och andra mjuka kakor, 5 (8,7 %) individer intog dessa typer av livsmedel minst en gång per dag. Det minst förekommande sockerhaltiga livsmedlet var fruktsoppa och kräm, 40 (67,8 %) individer intog aldrig detta livsmedel. Medelvärdet för graden av självtillit till att avstå från sockerhaltiga livsmedel i olika situationer var 6,4 (SD 2,2) av 10 på en 11-gradig Likertskala. En signifikant skillnad kunde ses i graden av självtillit bland de som intog sockerhaltiga livsmedel minst en gång per dag jämfört med de som mer sällan intog sockerhaltiga livsmedel (t=3.036; p=0.004). Instrumentet hade ett Cronbach´s Alpha värde på 0.94, vilket visar en god reliabilitet. Utifrån de resultat som framkommit tycks individer med lägre grad av självtillit inta sockerhaltiga livsmedel oftare än individer med högre grad av självtillit. Instrumentet visade sig användbart.

  • 6. Sjömark, Cecilia
    et al.
    Wingstedt, Johnny
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Berg, Jan
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Musical parameters for promoting relaxation and stress-reduction in listeners2005In: Proceedings of Ambience 05, International Scientific Conference on Intelligence Ambience and Well-Being, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Strömberg, Josephine
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Bergeå, Johanna
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Tävlingsryttares uppfattning gällande styrketräning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Equestrian sport is one of the biggest sports in Sweden with 29 600-competition riders. Equestrian sport demands a high physical capacity and competition riders need to have both strength, endurance and balance. Therefore, strength training should always be a part of a competition rider´s training regime, because strength training can lead to enhanced performance at the same time as it prevents injuries. Despite this, research that show how much strength training a competition rider perform is limited. Some say that competition riders most often don´t perform any training outside of riding, while some say that physical training is a natural element in a competition rider everyday life.

    Purpose

    : The purpose of this study was to describe competition rider´s perceptions regarding strength training as well as the motivation for strength training. Furthermore, the study aims at examining how much and what kind of strength training competition riders perform as well as why/why not strength training is being performed.

    Method:

    Information was gathered through questionnaires and through interviews. The selection for the questionnaire was based of competition riders over the age of 18 that compete in islandic horse-competition. The selection for the interviews was based of equestrian trainers in the south of Dalarna that all train competition rider.

    Results:

    The result showed that more than half of the competition riders that were part of this study reach the recommendations that are set for strength training. The result also showed a generally positive attitude towards strength training where a perception of strength training leading to a better riding performance was noticeable. The reasons why competition riders perform strength training turned out to be "To be healthy" and "To become a better rider". The reasons why competition rider’s don´t perform strength training turned out to be "Lack of time", "Lack of motivation" and to some extent also "Lack of knowledge".

    Slutsatser

    : The competition riders and equestrian trainers in this study generally have a positive attitude towards strength training, but despite of this there are some barriers that prevent strength training. Competition riders should work to overcome these barriers, because strength training has been showed important when performing on top in equestrian sport.

  • 8.
    Svedbo Engström, Maria
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin, Institutionen för medicin.
    Capability Approach2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9.
    van der Maarel, Martin
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Byqvist, Mikael
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Sport and Health Science.
    Hur parkmiljöer kan påverka vardagsrörelse: en studie utifrån aktiva unga vuxnas uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reduced movement in everyday life is a problem that is becoming increasingly common in the world today. Although people today are becoming more and more regularly physically active and conduct more planned exercise, the everyday movement that is needed to maintain a good health and reduce the risk of dying prematurely, is decreasing. Something that has been shown to increase everyday activity is the presence of park environments. Research has shown that where fewer parks existed, people were more sedentary and less active. The

    aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between everyday movement and park environments based on the view of physically active young adults. The method used in this study consisted of interviewing young adults (18-30 years of age). Why this selection was used was because this group of age were previously considered to have good health during their period of life, but new evidence shows that people of these ages are becoming increasingly inactive in their daily lives. Physically active people were chosen to see how their perceptions of movement in addition to their normal training meant to them. Six active young adults were recruited to the study and interviewed. The results showed that young adults understand the meaning of the positive effects of movement, but at the same time they were negatively motivated to visit park environments. The single movement in parks indicated by the participants was in the form of walks and jogging. Participants suggested that more types of activities (kiosks, outdoor gyms, etc.) should be available to increase the visitor level in park environments for a longer period of time, as well as conduct more daily living there.

  • 10.
    Åberg, Anna Cristina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Geriatrik ; Akademiska sjukhuset.
    Lundin-Olsson, Lillemor
    Umeå Universitet.
    Rosendahl, Erik
    Umeå Universitet.
    Nationell satsning för ökad patientsäkerhet: Fall och fallskador: åtgärder för att förebygga2011Other (Other academic)
1 - 10 of 10
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