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  • 1.
    Blomberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Wood Technology.
    Persson, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Wood Technology.
    Plastic deformation in small clear pieces of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) during densification with the Calignum® process2004In: Journal of Wood Science, ISSN 1435-0211, E-ISSN 1611-4663, Vol. 50, no 4, p. 307-314Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Blomberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Persson, Bengt
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Swelling pressure of semi-isostatically densified wood under different mechanical restraints2007In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 401-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-isostatically densified and native wood samples of Scots pine and European birch were soaked in water. The swelling coefficients as well as the swelling pressure, that arose when the specimens were restrained in some way prior to the swelling, were measured using a universal testing machine equipped with a high resolution load-cell and an external extensometer. As densified wood swells, the native structure is almost restored and the swelling pressure became twice as high as for native wood in the most compressed directions (radial for pine and birch). That cell-shape recovery increases the swelling pressure can explain the problems with imbalance in laminated constructions where densified wood is used. The possibility to predict the swelling pressure from basic material properties was evaluated. The correlations between swelling pressure and material properties were strong enough to yield good predictive models.

  • 3. Boonstra, M. J.
    et al.
    Blomberg, Jonas
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Semi-isostatic densification of heat-treated radiata pine2007In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 41, no 7, p. 607-617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-isostatic densification is a useful method to increase the density and to improve the mechanical properties of fast-grown softwood species like radiata pine. A major disadvantage of this method is the almost complete recovery of the original dimensions when densified wood is exposed to moisture. Heat treatment improves the dimensional stability of wood and might be a useful method to prevent this shape-recovery after densification. However, no or only a limited effect on the shape-recovery was found when densified radiata pine was exposed to moisture.

  • 4. Brännström, Mattias
    et al.
    Westin, Jerker
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering.
    Classification of structural timber by decision trees: a comparison to the certified method2009In: Forest products journal, ISSN 0015-7473, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 53-61Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work is an example of how to adapt a classification method, in this case a classification tree, to the present standardized method for the development of settings for strength grading machines. Data from commercially available industrial strength grading equipment were used on a large sample (approximately 1440 pieces) of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L. Karsten)) in various sawn dimensions. The equipment is a multisensor scanning device combining planar X-ray and resonance frequency measurement. Destructive testing was done according to European standard EN408. The goal was to make the classification, based on machine data, as close as possible to the optimum grading, which was done according to standard. Two different approaches for classification by cost-sensitive decision trees were applied to the data and compared to classification accredited according to EN14081. Classification accuracy increased from 64% correctly classified to 73%, and a reduction from 33% False Negative to 23% was achieved. False Positive increased from 3% to 4%. The outcome was an increase in value for the producer by 0.9%–2.1% at 2007 average price level. The improvement came mainly from an in-yield increase in C30 by 10%.

  • 5. Pettersson, Marie
    et al.
    Kännaste, Astrid
    Lindström, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Hellqvist, Claes
    Stattin, Eva
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Långström, Bo
    Borg-Karlsson, Anna-Karin
    Mini-seedlings of Picea abies are less attacked by Hylobius abietis than conventional ones: is plant chemistry the explanation?2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0282-7581, E-ISSN 1651-1891, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 299-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pine weevil, Hylobius abietis (L.), is a major pest in conifer reforestation areas in the Palaearctic region. Size and chemistry of the seedlings may explain the damage rates in plantations. The performance of 10-week containerized seedlings (mini-seedlings) was compared with 1-year-old conventional seedlings of Norway spruce, Picea abies (L.), in a field experiment in central Sweden. After 2 years the weevil damage was lower for the mini-seedlings than for the conventional seedlings (3.5 vs 55%). After 3 years, the overall survival was 82 and 75%, respectively. Weevil damage was the main cause of mortality for conventional seedlings, whereas mini-seedlings mainly died from drought. Volatiles of the two seedling types were compared by solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS). Unwounded mini-seedlings and conventional seedlings differed in their compositions of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Mini-seedlings mainly emitted limonene, known to be repellent to the pine weevil. When wounded, green leaf volatiles were released by mini-seedlings while the pine weevil attractant -pinene was released by conventional seedlings. Volatiles may partly explain the mini-seedlings' resistance against weevil attack. Further studies are needed to clarify how long this mini-seedling effect remains.

  • 6.
    Stattin, Eva
    et al.
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Lindström, Anders
    Dalarna University, School of Technology and Business Studies, Forest and Wood Technology.
    Nathalie, Verhoef
    Balk, Peter
    Quality management for vital forest tree seedlings: Final report, Project no: P33854-12011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The work concerns development of a prototype molecular tests to identify vitality status of conifer seedlings. The work is done by NSure, Holland, Dalarna University and SUAS. In case for spruce, a successful validation experiment has been performed to validate the identified frost tolerance and vitality genes. Multiple indicators were identified that can be used to either reinforce the existing ColdnSure test, but also for development of a vitality test. The identified frost tolerance and vitality genes for pine still need to be validated. NSure together with Dalarna University aim to perform a validation next season. Multiple LN indicators were identified in spruce that can be used to determine the effectiveness of a LN treatment, but they are not yet validated. In spruce and pine hardly any scientific research is performed to study the effect of a LN treatment, particularly not at molecular level. Therefore NSure together with Dalarna Research Station want to apply for a project. Within this project, we would be able to develop the tests further.

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