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  • 1.
    Abrahams, J P
    University of the Western Cape.
    Sentiment and the Spread of A Human Rights Culture2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 274-287Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Ackermann, Denise M
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Freedom of Religion and the Equality and Dignity of Women: A Christian Feminist Perspective2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 180-193Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Al-Soloh, Mohanad
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Al-Isawi, Arkan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Robustness in constructing a network of induced emissions based on GPS-tracking data2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The mobility of people, freight and information is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, distributing consumer goods and supplying energy. There are two major problems that arise as a result of mobility. The first is economic cost and the second is environmental impact which is of increasing concern in sustainable development due to emission levels, particularly as a result of car use. This study focuses on constructing a network of induced emissions (NOIEs) by using three models and checking the robustness of NOIEs under varying parameters and models. The three models are Stead’s model, the NAEI model, and Oguchi’s model. This study uses the Swedish city of Borlänge as the case study.

    Calculating CO2 emissions by constructing the NOIEs using Stead’s model appears to give an underestimation when compared to results from a NOIEs which applies Oguchi’s model. Results when applying the NAEI model in constructing a NOIEs also give an underestimation compared to a NOIEs applying Oguchi’s model. Applying the NAEI model is, however, more accurate than applying Stead’s model in constructing a NOIEs.

    The outcomes of this study show that constructing a NOIEs is robust using Oguchi’s model. This model is preferable since it takes into account more important variables such as driving behavior and the length of the road segments which have a significant impact when estimating CO2 emissions.

  • 4.
    Amnå, Erik
    Göteborg University.
    More Representation or More Participation?: Challenges in Swedish Democracy2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 102-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Barcik, Robert
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Assessment of Parkinson gait through digital signal processing and machine learning2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    It would be of both patients’ as well as clinicians’ interest, if diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) as well as following check-up methods were perfectly sensitive, accurate, reproducible and feasible of objectively classifying motor symptoms of PD. This is an arduous task due to the possible subjectivity of clinical evaluations. In the past decade, attention turns into a multitude of technology based measures (TBMs) to address this need, among which the method of this research is positioned. Author hopes to contribute with a motor assessment method that addresses not only the issue of subjectivity of measurement, but also does not require extensive installments and is easy to use. For this study, data from a clinical trial conducted at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden in 2015 are used. 7 PD patients and 7 healthy controls each performed 7-13 times each the same motoric gait test, which has been was video recorded. These recordings were showed to clinicians, who rated subjects’ gait and possible dyskinesia on the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (0-4 rating). Thus the aim of this research was to imitate and automate the tasks of clinicians when diagnosing PD and its symptoms through motoric ratings, using various gait features. These gait features were obtained through quantification of signals from different body parts while patient performs walking motoric test, using image processing. Diagnosis of PD and its symptoms was twofold, as to firstly identify whether the subject has PD and to secondly predict the severity of PD patients symptoms. When classifying subjects into healthy controls and PD patients, classification trees and support vector machines have been deployed, while these achieved 76- 85% accuracy depending on features selected. Following focus was to diagnose severity of PD among patients, while using UPDRS ratings by clinicians as a target variable for supervised learning. Herein, linear regression has been deployed, while average absolute prediction error was 0.25 and correlation of UPDRS ratings with predicted values was 0.84.

  • 6.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Socialantropologi.
    Pretending Democracy: Learning and Teaching Participation in Two Swedish Schools2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 128-141Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Brandt, Daniel
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Does the competition state undermine the long term sustainability of rural tourism?: The case of Sweden2014Ingår i: Proceedings from TTRA 2014 International Conference: Tourism and the New Global Economy / [ed] Marion Joppe, 2014, s. 171-188Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary competition state, many peripheral regions are in decline. Tourism is increasingly considered as a savior for regions lagging behind. The EU has launched several programs with the ambition to stimulate growth and employment in peripheral areas which are used in tourism development projects. In this paper a longitudinal analysis of changes in Swedish tourism guest nights with an attempt to assess the spatial changes that have taken place in the light of this new regional tourism policy are carried out. The aim is to investigate if tourism and tourism policy contributes to level out disparities between regions. The analysis is based on statistics on Swedish guest nights, on employees in the accommodation sector and on EU funds. Although there are exceptions, the main findings indicate that the potential for creating sustainable rural tourism growth through tourism policy seems to be much less than the popular discourse suggests.

  • 8.
    Bohlin, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Elbe, Jörgen
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Företagsekonomi.
    Samhällets roll i besöksnäringens utveckling2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Botman, H Russel
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Human Dignity and Economic Globalization2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 20-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Clowes, Lindsay
    University of the Western Cape.
    The Vanishing Father: Changing Constructions of Fatherhood in Drum Magazine 1951–19652003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 220-244Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Conradie, Ernst M.
    University of the Western Cape.
    On a Human Rights Culture in a Global Era: Some Ecological Perspectives2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 311-333Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Dahlberg, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Bruhn, Åsa
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Marusarz, Marika
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    McKee, Kevin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Socialt arbete.
    Turunen, Päivi
    Linköpings universitet.
    Socialt deltagande och tillgång till service: Upplevda hinder och hur de kan reduceras2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Patient participation: what it is and what it is not2006Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In general, patient participation is regarded as being informed and partaking in decision making regarding one’s care and treatment. This interpretation is common in legislation throughout the Western world and corresponding documents guiding health care professionals, as well as in scientific studies. Even though this understanding of the word participation can be traced to a growing emphasis on individuals’ autonomy in society and to certain dictionary defi nitions, there are other ways of understanding participation from a semantic point of view, and no trace of patients’ descriptions of what it is to participate can be found in these definitions.

    Hence, the aim of this dissertation was to understand patients’ experience of the phenomenon of patient participation. An additional aim was to understand patients’ experience of non-participation and to describe the conditions for patient participation and non-participation, in order to understand the prerequisites for patient participation.

    The dissertation comprises four papers. The philosophical ideas of Ricoeur provided a basis for the studies: how communication can present ways to understand and explain experiences of phenomena through phenomenological hermeneutics. The first and second studies involved a group of patients living with chronic heart failure. For the fi rst study, 10 patients were interviewed, with a narrative approach, about their experience of participation and non-participation, as defi ned by the participants. For the second study, 11 visits by three patients at a nurse-led outpatient clinic were observed, and consecutive interviews were performed with the patients and the nurses, investigating what they experience as patient participation and non-participation. A triangulation of data was performed to analyse the occurrence of the phenomena in the observed visits. For paper 3 and 4, a questionnaire was developed and distributed among a diverse group of people who had recent experience of being patients. The questionnaire comprised respondent’s description of what patient participation is, using items based on findings in Study 1, along with open-ended questions for additional aspects and general issues regarding situations in which the respondent had experienced patient participation and/or non-participation.

    The findings show additional aspects to patient participation: patient participation is being provided with information and knowledge in order for one to comprehend one’s body, disease, and treatment and to be able to take self-care actions based on the context and one’s values. Participation was also found to include providing the information and knowledge one has about the experience of illness and symptoms and of one’s situation. Participation occurs when being listened to and being recognised as an individual and a partner in the health care team. Non-participation, on the other hand, occurs when one is regarded as a symptom, a problem to be solved. To avoid non-participation, the information provided needs to be based on the individual’s need and with recognition of the patient’s knowledge and context.

    In conclusion, patient participation needs to be reconsidered in health care regulations and in clinical settings: patients’ defi nitions of participation, found to be close to the dictionaries’ description of sharing, should be recognised and opportunities provided for sharing knowledge and experience in two-way-communication.

  • 14.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Ekman, Inger
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Faculty of Health and Caring Sciences, Institute of Nursing, Göteborg.
    The meaning of patient participation for patients and nurses at a nurse-led clinic for chronic heart failure2006Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 45-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundThe legislation of many Western countries emphasizes active patient participation. Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), however, have experienced participation differently from the general interpretation of legal definitions. Education improves uptake of self-management strategies yet knowledge is lacking about support of patients' own resources in CHF.

    AimTo explore the phenomena of patient participation and non-participation as shown in patient visits to a nurse-led clinic for CHF and as experienced by the patients and nurses.

    MethodsData triangulation of field notes from participatory observations and texts from narrative interviews with the patients and assigned nurse specialists. Data were analyzed according to the phenomenological hermeneutic tradition.

    FindingsPatients' experience of participation and non-participation was interpreted as “Being responsible and accepting responsibility” and “Lacking an equal relationship while being controlled”, respectively. Nurses experienced patient participation as “Getting information and security to act” and patient non-participation as “Not accepting”.

    ConclusionConflicting values of patients and nurses, which were interpreted with respect to participation and non-participation, presumably might influence patient information and education negatively. The issue of participation should be raised as a means of attaining concordance and to facilitate patient participation with education specifically tailored to the individual patient's needs.

  • 15.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Ekman, Inger
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Faculty of Health and Caring Sciences, Institute of Nursing, Göteborg.
    The phenomena of participation and non-participation in health care: experiences of patients attending a nurse-led clinic for chronic heart failure2004Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 3, nr 3, s. 239-246Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patient participation is stressed in the health care acts of many western countries yet a common definition of the concept is lacking. The understanding of experiences of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) who attend nurse-led specialist clinics, a form of care suggested as beneficiary to this group, may promote a better understanding of participation. Aim: To investigate the meanings of participation and non-participation as experienced by patients living with CHF. Methods: Narrative interviews analysed in the phenomenological hermeneutic tradition inspired by Ricoeur where the interpretation is made in the hermeneutic circle, explaining and understanding the experienced phenomena. Findings: Participation was experienced as to “be confident”, “comprehend” and “seek and maintain a sense of control”. Non-participation was experienced as to “not understand”, “not be in control”, “lack a relationship” and “not be accountable”. The findings indicate that the experiences of participation and non-participation can change over time and phases of the disease and treatment. Conclusion: The study suggests an extended view on the concept of participation. Patients' experiences of participation in health care can vary and should therefore be an issue for dialogue between nurses and patients with CHF in nurse-led specialist clinics.

  • 16.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ekman, Inger
    The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Faculty of Health and Caring Sciences, Institute of Nursing, Göteborg.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för idrott och hälsa.
    Conditions for patient participation and non-participation in health care2006Ingår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 503-514Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored patients' experiences of participation and non-participation in their health care. A questionnaire-based survey method was used. Content analysis showed that conditions for patient participation occurred when information was provided not by using standard procedures but based on individual needs and accompanied by explanations, when the patient was regarded as an individual, when the patient's knowledge was recognized by staff, and when the patient made decisions based on knowledge and needs, or performed self-care. Thus, to provide conditions for true patient participation, professionals need to recognize each patient's unique knowledge and respect the individual's description of his or her situation rather than just inviting the person to participate in decision making.

  • 17.
    Gröndahl, Jan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Curbing Women’s Suffrage: Expectations, Apprehensions and Strategies2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 77-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Jeffner, Stina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Sociologi.
    Different Space for Action: a Way to Understand Rape2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 208-219Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Johansson, Madelaine
    Linköpings universitet.
    Barriärer och broar. Kommunikativa villkor i det svenska miljömålsarbetet2008Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges riksdag har antagit 16 nationella miljökvalitetsmål. Miljömålsarbetet kan ses som en del av de insatser som krävs för att vi ska skapa en hållbar utveckling, vilken är en målsättning som ska genomsyra hela vårt samhälle. Myndigheter har tilldelats ansvaret för att de nationella miljömålen implementeras, men att målen nås är hela samhällets ansvar. I denna avhandling analyseras de kommunikativa villkoren i det svenska miljömålsarbetet. Studien bygger till stor del på erfarenheter som kommit till uttryck i de fokusgruppsintervjuer som genomförts med miljömålsansvariga tjänstemän på centrala, regionala samt kommunala myndigheter. Såväl politiska dokument som myndighetsrapportering har analyserats och satts i relation till tjänstemännens erfarenheter. Utifrån teorier om målstyrning, implementeringsprocesser och kommunikation i sociala system analyseras sedan kommunikativa barriärer och broar, hur de visar sig och kan förklaras.

    Avhandlingen visar att det finns kommunikationsbarriärer men också broar i miljömålsarbetet. När nya mål och beslut ska omsättas i etablerade organisationer uppstår kommunikationsbarriärer både inom myndigheter och i kommunikationen med andra aktörer i samhället. Att implementera beslut om ett nytt målstyrningssystem i en komplex omvärld med dess ekologiska såväl som sociala system är ingen friktionsfri process. Olika systemkoder som är i bruk kan förklara en del av problematiken, men även otydlighet i målsystem och bristande resurstilldelning. En utmaning inför framtiden blir att skapa information som ger resonans och skapar mening i olika sociala system och därigenom bidrar till möjligheterna att nå de nationella miljökvalitetsmålen.

  • 20.
    Koopman, Nico
    University of Stellenbosch.
    Trinitarian Anthropology, Ubuntu and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 194-206Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Magnusson, Ulf
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Economic Equality, Civic Traditions and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 35-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Mahbub, Cynthia
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    The match of demand and supply of public transportation (bus) services in Borlänge, Dalarna.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility to public transport service allows mobility of people who do not have access to private cars and at the same time reduces adverse effects of motorized vehicles such as energy consumption, air pollution, etc. Government body promotes to use public transport to facilitate better living condition. However, a critical issue remains whether the public transportation services are sufficient to meet the demanded public transportation services.

    In this research, particular attention has been paid to the spatial transport service gap assessment by analyzing the demand and the supply of the public transportation services in Borlänge. The spatial aspects have been chosen based on Swedish socio-economic condition. The aim of the research is to find a generic methodology to ascertain the disparity between public transport demand and available supply of public transport especially on bus line 211, 213 & 216 in Borlänge Municipality and to visualize the disparity of transportation service using Geographical Information System (GIS) application at different areas along the bus line.

    The result indicates that existing public transport provided by Dalatrafik has a significant gap in Tronsjö, Milsbosjön, Milsbo and Viksnäs between delivered transport supply and possible transportation service needed. This transportation gap may occur due to the deficiency of service capacity and low frequency of the services. Moreover, some topics can be explored for further research such as temporal service gap analysis at each area, find alternative means of transport, flexible transportation service and etc. to improve the public transportation system in Borlänge.

  • 23.
    Martín-Roldán Villanueva, Gonzalo
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Household’s energy consumption and productionforecasting: A Multi-step ahead forecast strategiescomparison.2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In a changing global energy market where the decarbonization of the economy and

    the demand growth are pushing to look for new models away from the existing

    centralized non-renewable based grid. To do so, households have to take a

    ‘prosumer’ role; to help them take optimal actions is needed a multi-step ahead

    forecast of their expected energy production and consumption. In multi-step ahead

    forecasting there are different strategies to perform the forecast. The single-output:

    Recursive, Direct, DirRec, and the multi-output: MIMO and DIRMO. This thesis

    performs a comparison between the performance of the differents strategies in a

    ‘prosumer’ household; using Artificial Neural Networks, Random Forest and

    K-Nearest Neighbours Regression to forecast both solar energy production and

    grid input. The results of this thesis indicates that the methodology proposed

    performs better than state of the art models in a more detailed household energy

    consumption dataset. They also indicate that the strategy and model of choice is

    problem dependent and a strategy selection step should be added to the forecasting

    methodology. Additionally, the performance of the Recursive strategy is always

    far from the best while the DIRMO strategy performs similarly. This makes the

    latter a suitable option for exploratory analysis.

  • 24.
    May, Ross
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    An Empirical Investigation of the Merits of a Class of Analytically Tractable Matern Covariance Structures in Spatial Data Analysis2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    I investigate, using the R package spaMM, the effect of misspecification of the smoothing parameter, Q, of the Matern covariance structure on the mean part of hierarchical generalised linear models (HGLMs) with spatially correlated Gaussian Matern random effects. In particular, by restricting Q to the set {0.5, 1.5, 2.5} I examine via a simulation study the amount of bias introduced on the fixed effects estimates in which the data used to fit the model was generated with different values to the aforementioned set. The effect of misspecification was found to be minimal.

    By restricting the smoothing parameter, Q, to the set {0.5, 1.5, 2.5} I utilise the R package hglm, to develop a procedure (MaternHGLM) for fitting spatial Matern HGLMs. In particular, I constructed a hierarchical likelihood (h-likelihood) function with given correlation parameters which thus enabled me to Choleski decompose the Matern covariance matrix and utilise hglm to estimate fixed and random effects along with dispersion parameters. Using the above estimated parameters I then formed an adjusted profile h-likelihood for the estimation of the Matern scaling parameter, U, using the Newton-Raphson procedure. Simulation studies were carried out to assess the computational efficiency of MaternHGLM compared to spaMM. I found that, on average, MaternHGLM was 136% faster than spaMM.

    I also analysed two real world datasets using both spaMM and MaternHGLM. By fixing Q at the most appropriate value from the set {0.5, 1.5, 2.5} I examined to what extent, if any, did the conclusions drawn differ from those in the original study. I found that in general the conclusions were the same, however, on one of the datasets spaMM’s conclusion didn’t align at all with the original analysis even with Q estimated from the data.

  • 25.
    Nadasen, Kathy
    University of Western Cape.
    A Profile of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Human Rights2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 245-272Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Narrowe, Judith
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Socialantropologi.
    Othering from Within: Sometimes Other, Sometimes Not. On being a Young Turk in Sweden2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 164-178Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Nyström Höög, Catharina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Svenska språket. Uppsala universitet.
    Björkvall, Anders
    Örebro universitet.
    Keeping the discussion among civil servants alive: 'Platform of values' as an emerging genre within the public sector in Sweden2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 17-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A defining feature of contemporary public authorities in Sweden is the production of texts labelled platform of values or core values. Previous research points to three main factors contributing to this development: an increased interest in ethics in the public sector, new forms of management and control, and the importance of the external promotion of public authorities. This paper focuses on the perspective of civil servants when addressing the research question: What are the most important functions of ‘platform of values’ texts? The paper draws on two types of data – a focus group of senior HR officers and a quantitative survey for civil servants. Critical Genre Analysis is presented as a methodological framework for understanding ‘value texts’ as social actions. The results show that ‘platform of values’ practices are connected to the creation of the “ethically aware” civil servant; that neither their connection to control over civil servants nor to the external promotion of the authority are directly recognised, whereas their connection to goal achievement is; and that the role of the ‘value texts’ as such has been somewhat overrated in previous research – it is the dialogue about the values that matters

  • 28.
    Petterson, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Historia.
    Human Rights, Citizenship and Welfare: The Swedish Model2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 54-76Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Pillay, Miranda
    University of the Western Cape.
    Women in the Church: Solidarity in Suffering in the Context of HIV/AIDS2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 142-163Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 30.
    Pruth, Alex
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Språk och medier, Portugisiska.
    Uma Comparação Fenomenográfica das Pesquisas Científicas sobre o Ensino de Sociologia na Rede Escolar Sueca e Pública Brasileira2013Ingår i: Revista Inter-Legere, ISSN 1982-1662, nr 13, s. 284-297Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [pt]

    O objetivo deste artigo é realizar um estudo sobre as perspectivas teórica-metodológicas sobre o ensino de licenciatura em Ciências Sociais, no Brasil e na Suécia. Priorizando uma análise dos temas, das teórias e das conclusões das teses escritas sueco e em português sobre a temática, quero aprensentar uma breve revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema, produzida no período entre 2006-2012.

  • 31.
    Rönnegård, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Statistik. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    The evolution of peer-reviewed papers.2019Ingår i: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, ISSN 0931-2668, E-ISSN 1439-0388, Vol. 136, nr 2, s. 77-78Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Sporre, Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Introduction2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 7-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Sporre, Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Women’s Human Rights in Sweden: a Feminist Ethical Perspective2003Ingår i: Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives / [ed] Karin Sporre & H Russel Botman, Falun: Högskolan Dalarna, 2003, s. 288-310Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Sporre, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Religionsvetenskap.
    Botman, H RusselUniversity of Stellenbosch.
    Building a Human Rights Culture: South African and Swedish Perspectives2003Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 35.
    Sund, Nina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Hälsa och samhälle, Personal och arbetsliv.
    Larsson, Anna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Hälsa och samhälle, Personal och arbetsliv.
    Wistrand, Nils
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Hälsa och samhälle, Personal och arbetsliv.
    Kinesiska affärsetableringar i Sverige: Kartläggning över områden som förbättrar chanserna att lyckas2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och utgångspunkt: Syftet med kandidatuppsatsen är att undersöka vilka kunskaper kinesiska affärsmän främst behöver för att lyckas med sina etableringar i Sverige. Författarna söker även svar på vad som kan locka kinesiska affärsmän till Sverige, samt hur kinesiska etableringar i Sverige kan komma att te sig i framtiden.

    Resultat/Slutsats: Studien genererar nyckelområden inom vilka kinesiska affärsmän bör ha kunskaper för att lyckas med etableringar i Sverige. Resultatet ger även indikationer på hur kinesiska affärsetableringar i Sverige kommer att te sig i framtiden, inom vilka områden kineserna främst investerar/etablerar sig i, samt varför och hur dessa görs. Genom detta underlag genererar författarna förslag till utbildningspaket som bland annat kan säljas till kinesiska affärsmän.

    Kunskapsöversikt: Här presenteras relevant teori kopplad till området som undersökts i studien. Kunskapsöversikten presenterar det svenska respektive det kinesiska perspektivet inom områden som kultur, hierarki, relationer, ansikte, kommunikation, HRM, utbildning, CSR och arbetsrätt. Kunskapsöversikten kan i sig bidra till att skapa förståelse för olikheter mellan Sverige och Kina vilka kan påverka affärsrelationer.

    Metod: Forskningsområdet har undersökts genom en metodkombination. Studien är såväl deduktiv som explorativ. Den huvudsakliga informations- och datainsamlingskanalen är djupintervjuer som används till såväl en deduktiv utgångspunkt som expertutredning och grundad teori. Som komplement har även en delphiundersökning gjorts där en expertpanel besvarat frågor angående framtida kinesiska etableringar i Sverige. Den deduktiva och de explorativa delarna har analyserats var för sig och genererat varsin slutsats. Dessa slutsatser har sedan vävts samman i en syntes som förtydligar och skapar ny kunskap.

  • 36.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Bildproduktion.
    Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: An audiovisual methodology for studying film editing and eye movements2016Ingår i: Visual Methodologies. A postdisciplinary journal., ISSN 2040-5456, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 13-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an audio-visual methodology, VOSMET, designed to address activities of the craft of film editing, with a focus on the use of perception, and its implications. The methodology employs 13 different visual aspects and five different audio aspects, starting with video-recording observations of an editor, and ending with the analysis of eye-tracking data from film viewers. Craft research needs methodologies that address craft activities and cognitive approaches. Design practices share a similar need for reaching deeper understanding. It is neither established how film editors achieve perceptual precision in continuity editing in practice. The VOSMET methodology simultaneously captures bodily actions, utterances, software events, and keystrokes, along with the audiovisual material under processing, and uses graphics to distinguish between what takes place. The methodology also contributes by grasping what a film editor attends to, how this attention functions, as well as how perceptual factors are handled by the film editor. Finally, the methodology can evaluate editorial intentions against film viewer perceptions.

  • 37.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Bildproduktion.
    Kostela, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle.
    Saveljeff, Sigrid
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Design Matters for the Role of the University in a Regional Innovation System2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of a university in an innovation system can take on various forms. The design of that role depends on how the university enters into collaboration with other parties in the innovation system, and how they all contribute to this design. Here, we apply a social system’s design perspective, and point out some key issues and aspects that should be considered if the role of universities is to be purposefully designed, rather than formed ad hoc.

    The purpose of such a design would be to support a wide scope of mutual benefits for the university and its collaborators – a “maximum output” from the engagement. The aim here is to point out concrete matters for the system’s designer(s) to consider, in order to create a role for the university in the innovation system that embraces a range of the university’s assets and capacities. Therefore, we address a number of critical issues and aspects affecting the functioning of the university in regard to an associated regional innovation system. Why these factors are critical will also be discussed.

    The paper stems from a pilot-project, where 16 semi-structured interviews from four (4) different Swedish regions were analysed, including regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders. We have analysed the reason why certain issues are critical for success when designing a university’s role in a regional innovation system:

    First, a university's contribution to the support of an innovation system through expertise consultancy and resources require other factors than participation in the innovation process by knowledge involvement does. Second, within the university there is a tendency to make a distinction between the ideation part and the utilisation part of the innovation process: different units at the university tend to show more engagement in different aspects of the process. Third, research commission is at heart for both university researchers and external parties. Fourth, the university comprises multifaceted capacities and potentials to sustain core functions in the innovation processes: as a meeting place; as a strategic knowledge broker; or as a driving force. Fifth, a university’s various networks  is a resource that might be underestimated by external parties. Sixth, much of collaborative innovation is accomplished in smaller units within the university, far from centralised university administration. Centralisation supports the university’s relations to external parties, whereas de-centralised and independent involvement of university units supports direct and efficient collaboration.  

    To maximise the output from the university’s engagement in the innovation system, the university’s role must be designed to distinguish between involvement in, or support of, innovation processes, between internal and external context requirements, and between what functions are suitable for innovation collaboration for different units of the university.

  • 38.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Humaniora och medier, Bildproduktion.
    Kostela, Johan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle.
    Saveljeff, Sigrid
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Disjunctive External and Internal Ideas on the University's Role in a Regional Innovation System2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Regional innovation systems are recurrently presented by model figures. The purpose of such figures is to monitor certain ideas regarding each presented system. The topic of this paper is the role of the University represented through such model figures, and what ideas such figures are created to promote. In analysing the models, a visual communication perspective is paired with network notions.

    The current objective is to discuss what politics can be found behind the idea promotion, when figures created within a university is compared to figures created outside of it. The aim is to clarify core differences between motives underlying the engagement of a university in its associated regional innovation system, by taking on the research question: How should we understand the disjunctions between model imagery on the University’s role in a regional innovation system used by people inside and outside of the University, respectively?

    The research method used in this pilot-project, focusing on the Dalarna region of Sweden, is an analysis of policy documents in combination with interviews. The policy documents come from universities, as well as from other institutions engaged in regional innovation systems. Primarily the model figure of the regional innovation system presented by Region Dalarna (http://www.regiondalarna.se/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Mobilisera-for-tillvaxt-Innovationsarbete-och-smart-specialisering.pdf [p.18]) is compared to Dalarna University’s model figure of its regional collaboration self-understanding (https://www.du.se/sv/Samverkan/Lägesrapport och slutrapport – Förstudie Högskolan Dalarnas roll i det regionala innovationssystemet.pdf [p.11]), and analysed in regard to policy documents on the Dalarna innovation system. Semi-structured interviews are also made with regional innovation system executives, university innovation officers and leaders, as well as university research group leaders, 14 interviews in total, spread across four (4) different Swedish regions.

    The results are several: there are commonalities in the understanding of the university’s role in the Dalarna innovation system, inside and outside of Dalarna University, but also several disjunctions:

    (1)   It is a common understanding that there could be cooperation between the university and others based on research, and/or through education.

    (2)   One disjunction regard whether the university should act as one centrally organized hub for such collaboration, or function through a more scattered and self-organized set of units, in accordance with specific knowledge areas, where collaboration takes place.

    (3)   Another disjunction appears concerning the university’s role in regard to innovation, whether it should be expected to be involved in the very innovation processes, or be an external part in support of innovation by providing resources and expertise for those that innovate.

    (4)   A third disjunction concerns the university’s regional engagement, whether its prime efforts should be focused inwards the region, or if it is more important to function as a network provider and facilitator towards other regions as well as globally.

    (5)   The fourth encountered disjunction regards weather the university should take on the intermediating role as a (strategic) knowledge broker that connects and encourages parties to innovation collaboration, or, yet again, the active role as the (leading) driving force in collective innovation processes, covering entire strategic areas of intervention.

    (6)   A more delicate disjunction, the fifth, is the different views on knowledge, where the external expectations on the university is to deliver configured pieces of knowledge, from research or education, ready to exploit into innovation and business, whereas the university’s internal understanding is that knowledge should be developed during the collaborative process, jointly with the external parties.

    The implications of these results are that (1) the common attitude of the possibility for the university to be involved in the regional innovation system which constitutes the vital starting point for such involvement to be achieved in a systematic and meaningful way. The disjunctions are in that sense topics for negotiation: (2) how much the university should centralize its innovation system involvement must be balanced against the benefits of free and active collaboration with external parties on the level of units and individuals within the organization; (3) to what degree supportive functions for an innovation system should be expected from a university, or from others, and what actual innovation activities the university should be involved in, or not; (4) weather the university should have a more operative engagement within the region, or rather emphasize its capacity as a bridge towards other regions and countries through its networks; (5) in what regards it is useful that the university has a more strategic or leading role in terms of broking knowledge, or driving innovation processes; and (6) what are the goals and terms of collaboration – exploitation of existing knowledge or mutual development of new knowledge?

    We see, as the main outcomes of this study, that the outset for a university to engage in the regional innovation system is affirmative, when involvement is recognized as possible in both research and education, from within as well as from outside the university. The existing disjunctions regarding a university’s role in the innovation system, though, present a challenge for negotiation, which, if not taken seriously, risks a collapse of collaborations and a failure of the involvement.

  • 39.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Engholm, Rosa
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Fahlström, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Nursing staff's description of a good encounter in nursing homes2009Ingår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 203-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. It has been stated that there is too little research on what constitutes good communication and good encounters in nursing homes.

    Aim and objectives. The aim of the present study was to examine nursing staff members’ views on what is important in caring encounters with older people living in nursing homes.

    Design. A qualitative descriptive study using focus group interviews with staff in a nursing home in Sweden.

    Method. Focus group interviews, analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results. Three main themes emerged describing nursing staff members’ opinions about the content of good encounters: ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of equality’, ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of integrity’ and ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of promoting security’.

    Conclusions. The nursing staff had theoretical knowledge of what constitutes a good caring encounter, but they seemed to need more supervision and training to develop their ways of encountering older people as well as to become stronger in their professional role. When performing such training with staff, the methodology of appreciative inquiry could be a powerful tool.

    Relevance to clinical practice. It is important to help staff become empowered and to help them develop and improve their encounters with older care recipients.

  • 40.
    Wahab, Nor-Ul
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Mikrodataanalys.
    Evaluation of Supervised Machine LearningAlgorithms for Detecting Anomalies in Vehicle’s Off-Board Sensor Data2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    A diesel particulate filter (DPF) is designed to physically remove diesel particulate matter or soot from the exhaust gas of a diesel engine. Frequently replacing DPF is a waste of resource and waiting for full utilization is risky and very costly, so, what is the optimal time/milage to change DPF? Answering this question is very difficult without knowing when the DPF is changed in a vehicle.

    We are finding the answer with supervised machine learning algorithms for detecting anomalies in vehicles off-board sensor data (operational data of vehicles). Filter change is considered an anomaly because it is rare as compared to normal data.

    Non-sequential machine learning algorithms for anomaly detection like oneclass support vector machine (OC-SVM), k-nearest neighbor (K-NN), and random forest (RF) are applied for the first time on DPF dataset. The dataset is unbalanced, and accuracy is found misleading as a performance measure for the algorithms. Precision, recall, and F1-score are found good measure for the performance of the machine learning algorithms when the data is unbalanced. RF gave highest F1-score of 0.55 than K-NN (0.52) and OCSVM (0.51). It means that RF perform better than K-NN and OC-SVM but after further investigation it is concluded that the results are not satisfactory. However, a sequential approach should have been tried which could yield better result.

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