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Garcia-Yeste, Miguel, PhD, Senior Lecturer in English Applied LinguisticsORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0530-206X
Publikasjoner (6 av 6) Visa alla publikasjoner
Garcia-Yeste, M. & Nordmark, M. (2024). From “go to the writing centre” to “we can work on these things ourselves”: University lecturers’ changing views on Academic Literacies in the Social Sciences. In: : . Paper presented at ASLA 2024:Language and communication in a digitalised world.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>From “go to the writing centre” to “we can work on these things ourselves”: University lecturers’ changing views on Academic Literacies in the Social Sciences
2024 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Over the last few decades, Higher Education institutions in Sweden and across the globe have been working on widened participation, sustainable development, and increased accessibility to university studies. The impact of these initiatives can be seen in today’s student populations, which are characterised by diversity and a wider range of academic skills. Other effects, however, include (a) concerns about lowering standards, (b) a discourse of deficit that focuses on the knowledge and skills students lack, and (c) a remedial approach to tackle said deficits. A common (mis)conception is that students lack language skills (e.g., language proficiency, writing skills) and that referring students to writing centres will solve the issue. However, research (e.g., Blåsjö, 2004; Barton, 2007; Shanahan & Shanahan, 2012; Wingate, 2012; Catell, 2013; Solheim et al. 2022) shows that integrating literacy efforts within disciplines is a more effective way to scaffold student learning. 

This presentation reports on preliminary findings from an ongoing empirical study on teaching practices for the development of university student’s academic literacies in the social sciences. In particular, the focus is on the changing views of teaching staff on scaffolding and the role of academic literacies in the students’ learning journey. 

The study rests on Academic Literacies (Lea & Street, 1998; Lillis, 2003; Lea, 2004; Eklund Heinonen et al., 2018) as its theoretical framework. The data consists of: (a) video-recorded ethnographic interviews with two lecturers in an undergraduate programme in the Social Sciences; (b) text analyses of, e.g., assignment instructions, feedback provided by lecturers, and samples of student writing; and (c) workshop-style sessions where the informants were given opportunities to explore hands-on strategies to scaffold the development of their students’ academic literacies.

The results show a change from a discourse of deficit and a remedial approach to integrating academic literacies in the discipline. More specifically, the findings illustrate the lecturers’ changing views in relation to:

1.    The students’ needs: From basic proficiency to disciplinary practices. 

2.    The lecturers’ own abilities: From outsourcing to collaboration.

3.    Teaching practices: Modelling, strategy use, and formative feedback emerge as useful scaffolding tools. 

4.    The role of writing in the development of content knowledge.

This study highlights the benefits of a collaboration between researchers at a writing centre and subject lecturers. The results show that applied linguistics can contribute to scaffolding the students’ learning journey by fostering engagement with disciplinary discourse to build disciplinary knowledge.

Emneord
Academic Literacies, Integration in the Discipline, Higher Education, Pedagogy, Social Sciences, Akademisk Litteracitet, Integrering i Ämnet, Högre Utbildning, Pedagogik, Samhällsvetenskap
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-48403 (URN)
Konferanse
ASLA 2024:Language and communication in a digitalised world
Merknad

Publication is in preparation. Details will be added when available.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-04-25 Laget: 2024-04-25 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Garcia-Yeste, M. & Pettersson, K. (2024). From summarising to stance-taking: Combining Genre Pedagogy and Academic Literacies to Help L2 University Students in Sweden Write Literature Reviews in Social Sciences and Humanities. In: Cirocki, A., Farrelly, R. & Sapp, T. (Ed.), Developing Materials for Innovative Teaching and Sustainable Learning: A Guide for English Language Teaching Professionals. Springer
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>From summarising to stance-taking: Combining Genre Pedagogy and Academic Literacies to Help L2 University Students in Sweden Write Literature Reviews in Social Sciences and Humanities
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Developing Materials for Innovative Teaching and Sustainable Learning: A Guide for English Language Teaching Professionals / [ed] Cirocki, A., Farrelly, R. & Sapp, T., Springer, 2024Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2024
Serie
Springer Texts in Education.
Emneord
Academic literacy, critical reading and writing, sustainable education, innovative teaching, material design
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-48537 (URN)
Merknad

Ännu ej publicerad

Miguel Garcia-Yeste: The chapter has been reviewed and accepted. It is currently in press and will be published this year (2024).

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-05-15 Laget: 2024-05-15 Sist oppdatert: 2024-05-20bibliografisk kontrollert
Garcia-Yeste, M., Aida Niendorf, M., Lee, J. & Ädel, A. (2023). Communicative practices in the multilingual workplace in Sweden: Lay categorisations of languages. In: : . Paper presented at TIM23: Translanguaging in the age of (im)mobility, Fourth International Conference on Translanguaging, 12-14 June 2023, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Communicative practices in the multilingual workplace in Sweden: Lay categorisations of languages
2023 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation only (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary workplaces are characterized by diversity, involving participants from multiple linguistic and cultural traditions. In such settings, translanguaging is considered a common practice in which multilinguals “create an apparently seamless flow between languages and language varieties and to transcend the boundaries between named languages and/or language varieties as well as the boundaries between language and other semiotic systems” (Hua et al., 2022, p. 315). Little research, however, exists on such practices in multilingual workplaces (Du & Zhou, 2022), and even less on the linguistically diverse Swedish workplace. To gain greater insight into the seamlessness, transcendence, and boundaries such language users create and perceive, we explore the communication practices of employees in different Swedish workplaces. As an initial departure point, five employees in managerial positions were interviewed in the pilot study. We adopt a critical intercultural communication approach, seeing “culture” as a dynamic concept, which employees may attribute to self and others, and (dis-)align with in different ways. Findings show that categorisations of languages are prevalent, with participants applying a scale of linguistic sophistication or complexity and ranking formality conventions on a strong-to-weak scale. When categorising people and groups, participants foreground identity and face, and group dynamics is a recurring theme, with distinctions made between groups and orientations. This presentation focuses on participants’ descriptions of L1 and L2 identities and their perceived effects on workplace communication. Findings suggest that translanguaging has yet to be commonplace in the workplaces we investigated and shed light on lay perspectives on (trans)languaging in the workplace.

References

Du, J., & Zhou, X. (2022). Translanguaging practices in Chinese/English bilingual engineers’ communications in the workplace. Applied Linguistics Review, 13(3), 389-402.

Hua, Z., Jones, R.H. & Jaworska, S. (2022). Acts of distinction at times of crisis: An epistemological challenge to intercultural communication research. Language and Intercultural Communication, 22(3), 312-323.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-46218 (URN)
Konferanse
TIM23: Translanguaging in the age of (im)mobility, Fourth International Conference on Translanguaging, 12-14 June 2023, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-06-15 Laget: 2023-06-15 Sist oppdatert: 2023-06-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Garcia-Yeste, M., Aida Niendorf, M., Lee, J. & Ädel, A. (2023). Digital communication in professional contexts: Video meetings in multilingual workplaces in Sweden. In: 2nd International Conference On Digital Linguistics, University Of Alicante, Spain, May 4-5, 2023: . Paper presented at 2nd International Conference On Digital Linguistics, University of Alicante, Spain, May 4-5, 2023.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Digital communication in professional contexts: Video meetings in multilingual workplaces in Sweden
2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: 2nd International Conference On Digital Linguistics, University Of Alicante, Spain, May 4-5, 2023, 2023Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In this talk, we present a research project that we plan to launch in late 2023. The aim of the project is to investigate professional communication in video meetings, which is justified given their growing importance in the modern and post-pandemic workplace. The setting is workplaces in Sweden where English is used as a lingua franca, due to the increasing societal impact of multilingual workplaces. In the specific context of study, communication is embedded in several layers of complexity: It takes place in an institutional setting; it is digital and takes place in video mode; it is done across cultures and marked by diversity; and it is done partly in English as a lingua franca. The project focuses on internal communication within the workplace and does not consider external communication, for example involving customers. The overarching research question is: What factors contribute to (un)successful digital intercultural interactions in multilingual workplaces, specifically in video meetings? To map the characteristics of video meetings, we compare them to in-person meetings. We thus ask: (a) What (perceived and actual) differences and similarities are there between digital and in-person workplace meetings? To map the video meeting as a genre, we ask: (b) What are the key structural, linguistic, and interactional patterns of the video meeting? Given the central role of English as a lingua franca in these workplaces, we ask: (c) To what extent and how does English language proficiency—including participants’ beliefs about and attitudes to English language proficiency—affect workplace communication in digital intercultural interactions? Finally, we adopt a critical intercultural communication approach, seeing ‘culture’ as a dynamic concept (e.g., Hua et al., 2022), which employees may attribute to self and others, and (dis-)align with in different ways. We ask: (d) To what extent and how is culture seen as relevant in multilingual workplaces? Participants will be interviewed about communication practices in the workplace both individually and in focus groups. We will also record and analyze samples of (i) video and (ii) in-person meetings, to enable triangulation of different types of data. We conclude by discussing how the project's findings can be used as a basis for best practices and for developing workplace communication training materials.

Emneord
ESP, LSP, professional communication, digital meetings, online meetings, video meetings
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-46049 (URN)
Konferanse
2nd International Conference On Digital Linguistics, University of Alicante, Spain, May 4-5, 2023
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-05-15 Laget: 2023-05-15 Sist oppdatert: 2023-05-16
Aida Niendorf, M., Lee, J., Ädel, A. & Garcia-Yeste, M. (2023). Perceptions of intercultural communication in multilingual Swedish workplaces: Findings from a pilot study. In: : . Paper presented at NIC (Nordic Intercultural Communication) Conference 2023: Intercultural Communication with a Focus on Languages, Narratives and Translation. 23-25 November 2023. Dalarna University..
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Perceptions of intercultural communication in multilingual Swedish workplaces: Findings from a pilot study
2023 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary workplaces are often characterized by diversity, involving participants from multiple linguistic and cultural traditions (e.g., Angouri, 2014). In such settings, participants draw on their rich cultural assumptions and values to co-construct meaning (e.g., Takamiya & Aida Niendorf, 2019), as language use and communication patterns have been found to be inextricably linked to different group belongings. While diversity enriches workplace interaction linguistically and culturally, it also presents “communicative challenges to many employers and co-workers” (Holmes, 2018, p. 335). These communicative challenges include increased likelihood of miscommunication, social exclusion (Lønsmann, 2014), and limited interpersonal communication (Tange & Lauring, 2009). While considerable research has been devoted to understanding intercultural workplaces communication, little research exists on the linguistically and culturally diverse Swedish workplace. To gain greater insights into how diversity may enrich workplace interaction and the communicative challenges employees may experience, this pilot study explores employees’ attitudes to and beliefs about intercultural communication in the Swedish workplace. The pilot study is part of a larger project on digital professional communication in multilingual workplaces in Sweden. Five employees in managerial positions in Swedish higher education and corporations were interviewed. We adopt a critical intercultural communication approach, seeing “culture” as a dynamic concept, which employees may attribute to self and others, and (dis-)align with in different ways. Findings show that: (a) language competence in English is seen as indexing general competence; (b) categorisations of cultures are prevalent: Participants often view culture as synonymous with nation and point at differences between groups as a challenge to achieve effective communication; (c) identity and face are foregrounded: Some participants feel like a different person when using a different language, while others see a specific language as a way to adopt a different persona or professional role; and (d) culture and language are used to explain group dynamics (e.g., feeling as an outsider or as part of the group), and as tools to actively integrate or exclude others. The material has raised our awareness about not seeing the workplace as a monolith, but workplaces may be marked by internal variation when it comes to intercultural communication. 

References   Angouri, J. (2014). Multilingualism in the workplace: Language practices in multicultural contexts. Multilingua 33, 1-9.     

Holmes, J. (2018). Intercultural communication in the workplace. In B. Vine (Ed.), The Routledge handbook of language in the workplace (pp. 335-347). Routledge.    

Lønsmann, D. (2014). Linguistic diversity in the international workplace: Language ideologies and processes of exclusion. Multilingua 33, 89–116.    

Takamiya, Y. & Aida Niendorf, M. (2019). Identity (re)construction and improvement in intercultural competence through synchronous and asynchronous telecollaboration: Connecting Japanese language learners in the United States and Sweden. In Zimmerman, E. & McMeekin, A. (Eds.), Technology-supported learning in and out of the Japanese language classroom: Theoretical, empirical, and pedagogical developments (pp. 111-145). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.    

Tange, H., & Lauring, J. (2009). Language management and social interaction within the multilingual workplace. Journal of Communication Management 13(3), 218–232.     

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-47311 (URN)
Konferanse
NIC (Nordic Intercultural Communication) Conference 2023: Intercultural Communication with a Focus on Languages, Narratives and Translation. 23-25 November 2023. Dalarna University.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-11-27 Laget: 2023-11-27 Sist oppdatert: 2023-11-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Garcia-Yeste, M. & Nordmark, M. (2023). “The best way to explain it is to do it”: An ongoing empirical study focusing on how university teaching staff use modelling to help students develop their academic literacies. In: : . Paper presented at Litteracitet och lärande i högre utbildning, Sundsvall, 26-27 september 2023..
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>“The best way to explain it is to do it”: An ongoing empirical study focusing on how university teaching staff use modelling to help students develop their academic literacies
2023 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Over the last few decades, Swedish Higher Education institutions have been working on widened participation (Högskolelagen, 1992, p.1434) as part of a wider effort towards sustainable development and increased accessibility to university studies (Agenda 2030). As a consequence, student populations today bring with them a wider range of academic skills. This, in turn, means that teaching staff across disciplines face a myriad of challenges. In our presentation, we discuss an ongoing empirical study on teaching practices for the development of university students’ academic literacies in the social sciences, with a particular focus on the role of modelling as a teaching strategy. Using Academic Literacies (Lea & Street, 1998; Lillis, 2003; Lea, 2004; Eklund Heinonen et al., 2018) as the theoretical framework, the study aims at (a) identifying challenges as experienced by teaching staff in the Social Sciences, and (b) carrying out a pedagogical intervention. The project, which is a collaboration between two lecturers from the Social Sciences and two researchers from the Language Support Unit, comprises four stages, namely: (1) a needs analysis to map the faculty’s existing teaching practices and to identify their challenges in relation to their students’ academic skills; (2) planning of a pedagogical intervention through a series of workshops; (3) implementation of the intervention; and (4) assessment of the project. So far, the findings reveal that modelling is a crucial teaching strategy in making tacit knowledge and task instructions explicit. The project is also expected to contribute to our understanding of (a) the challenges teaching staff experience in Swedish Higher Education today and (b) how to best support university students’ development of academic literacies. Furthermore, the project’s findings will be used to develop a course for professional development targeting teaching staff at our university.

Emneord
Academic literacies, modelling, teaching strategy, higher education
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:du-47052 (URN)
Konferanse
Litteracitet och lärande i högre utbildning, Sundsvall, 26-27 september 2023.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-09-29 Laget: 2023-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2023-10-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Prosjekter
Academic Literacies in Social Sciences (ALiSS); Publikasjoner
Garcia-Yeste, M. & Nordmark, M. (2024). From “go to the writing centre” to “we can work on these things ourselves”: University lecturers’ changing views on Academic Literacies in the Social Sciences. In: : . Paper presented at ASLA 2024:Language and communication in a digitalised world. Garcia-Yeste, M. & Nordmark, M. (2023). “The best way to explain it is to do it”: An ongoing empirical study focusing on how university teaching staff use modelling to help students develop their academic literacies. In: : . Paper presented at Litteracitet och lärande i högre utbildning, Sundsvall, 26-27 september 2023..
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0530-206X