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  • 1.
    Blomberg, Mathias
    Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Social and Political Studies.
    EN NY MÄNNISKA?: Tidigare forskning och teorier om internationella utbyten i skolsammanhang2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to deepen the knowledge of international exchanges in a school

    context, focusing on what effect the exchanges have for mainly the students involved, and in connection

    to this deepen the knowledge of the key theories and concepts that are applicable in this

    context. The legitimacy of the study has arised from the increasing interest in international exchanges,

    particularly in the school context, and the focus of globalization and international issues in the curriculum

    for the Swedish school.

    The work has been realized through a systematic literature review of previous research on the

    subject and a review of the theories and concepts used in the previous research. The research of the

    effects of international exchanges arrive at different conclusion, and it is difficult to draw any clear

    definitive conclusions. International exchanges in the school context can provide positive effects on

    students' academic studies, identity construction and other skills, but it requires that the arenas for

    learning are created and that the pupil is active. If not the intercultural learning, often considered to be

    the main goal, can be lost and instead the exchanges can have the opposite effect.

    The previous research relates mainly to the theories and concepts of globalization, human interaction

    and interculturalism, which allows themto move in both a sociologically and psychological

    field. In addition, some of the studies relate to a educational science and it is clear that international

    exchanges can affect students in numerous ways: their relationship to society, to other people and to

    themselves

  • 2.
    Borg, Johan
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Bergman, Anna-Karin
    Ostergren, Per-Olof
    Is ‘legal empowerment of the poor’ relevant to people with disabilities in developing countries?: An empirical and normative review2013In: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Legal empowerment of the poor is highly relevant to public health as it aims to relieve income poverty, a main determinant of health. The Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor (CLEP) has proposed legal empowerment measures in the following four domains: access to justice and the rule of law, property, labor, and business rights. Despite being overrepresented among the poor, CLEP has not explicitly considered the situation of people with disabilities. Objectives: To examine the empirical evidence for the relevance of the CLEP legal empowerment measures to people with disabilities in low-and lower middle-income countries, and to evaluate the extent to which the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) addresses those measures. Methods: Critical literature review of empirical studies and a checklist assessment of the CRPD. Results: Fourteen included articles confirm that people with disabilities experience problems in the domains of access to justice and the rule of law, labor rights, and business rights. No texts on property rights were found. Evidence for the effectiveness of the proposed measures is insufficient. Overall, the CRPD fully or partially supports two-thirds of the proposed measures (seven out of nine measures for access to justice and the rule of law, none of the five measures for property rights, all seven measures for labor rights, and six out of nine measures for business rights). Conclusions: Although most of the domains of the CLEP legal empowerment measures are relevant to people with disabilities from both empirical and normative perspectives, it is uncertain whether the devised measures are of immediate relevance to them. Further research is warranted in this regard.

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  • 3.
    Quarles van Ufford, Sara
    Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Care Sciences. Dalarna University, School of Health and Welfare, Social Work.
    Polisanmälan och tvärprofessionell samverkan i Barnahus: Om socialtjänstens perspektiv på polisanmälan och tvärprofessionell samverkan när barn misstänks vara utsatta för våld och sexuella övergrepp2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport presenteras resultaten av en studie som genomförts på uppdrag av Barnahus i Dalarna. Barnahus i Dalarna startades 2007 med målsättningen att erbjuda barn som misstänks vara utsatta för våldsbrott i nära relationer och sexualbrott ett behovsanpassat omhändertagande. Verksamheten utgörs av tvärprofessionell samverkan mellan Åklagarkammaren i Falun, Polismyndigheten Dalarna, socialtjänsten i Dalarnas samtliga kommuner, Barn- och ungdomsmedicin i Dalarna och Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin i Dalarna. Under 2021 uppmärksammades en minskning av ärenden som aktualiseras för samråd i Barnahus och det uppfattades viktigt att öka kunskapen om socialtjänsternas perspektiv på polisanmälan och tvärprofessionell samverkan. Det uppdrogs därför till Sara Quarles van Ufford, Högskolan Dalarna, att genomföra en intervjustudie med representanter för de socialtjänster som ingår i barnahussamverkan. 

    Syftet var att undersöka socialtjänsternas perspektiv på polisanmälan av misstänkta vålds- och sexualbrott mot barn och identifiera upplevda hinder, möjligheter och förbättringsområden för tvärprofessionell samverkan, samt belysa socialtjänsternas utgångspunkter vid utredning av våld mot barn. Studien baserades på semistrukturerade intervjuer med första linjens arbetsledare inom socialtjänsten som analyserades kvalitativt med hjälp av tematisk analysmetod. 

    Resultaten visade att socialtjänsterna delvis har olika utgångspunkter och strategier för att utreda våld mot barn vilket påverkar inställningen till att polisanmäla brottsmisstankar – och som leder till att våld mot barn handläggs på olika sätt. Det framkom att bedömningar av om en polisanmälan ska göras kraftigt skiljer sig åt, liksom den upplevda nyttan och konsekvenserna av en polisanmälan. Medan vissa betonar vikten av att barnet synliggörs som brottsoffer menar andra att en polisanmälan försvårar samarbete och stöd till familjen. Generellt uppfattas socialtjänstens utredningsprocess försvåras när brottsutredningen drar ut på tiden med negativa konsekvenser för barn och familjer – och vetskapen om att förundersökningar tenderar att dra ut på tiden kan upplevas som ett hinder för att göra en polisanmälan. Samtidigt menar flera informanter att en utebliven polisanmälan kan innebära risker för att våld och intressekonflikter mellan barn och föräldrar förminskas och inte utreds på djupet. Vidare framkom att tvärprofessionell samverkan ofta uppfattas upphöra efter det initiala samrådet och att barnpsykiatrisk kompentens inte upplevs tillgänglig vid behovsbedömningar som aktualiseras i ett senare skede av processen. Det uppfattas också vara svårt för barn som aktualiseras i Barnahus att få hjälp via Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin. Generellt uppfattas det finnas flera vinster med att göra en polisanmälan – men också flera förbättringsområden för tvärprofessionell samverkan som kan sammanfattas i fem övergripande områden: 

    • Tydliggöra, stärka och jämställa barnahusaktörernas roller 
    • Ökad snabbhet i brottsutredningen och synkronisering med socialtjänstens utredning
    • Förbättrade möjligheter för fortsatt tvärprofessionell samverkan i Barnahus med fokus på stöd och behandling
    • I större utsträckning beakta geografiska aspekter i barnahussamverkan
    • Ökat fokus på ”barnets bästa” i barnahussamverkan 
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  • 4.
    Simonis, Jurianus
    Dalarna University, School of Language, Literatures and Learning.
    “This is wrong. This is profoundly wrong”: Boosters in Dissenting Opinions of the US Supreme Courtand the European Court of Human Rights2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The judges of the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) take similar decisions on fundamental rights issues. However, they function in different contexts where politics and media attention are concerned. The aim of this study is to investigate, in line with Bhatia’s (2006) theory on variation in professional genres, whether this difference influences the language use of the judges. The material for the study consists of dissenting opinions written by individual judges of the two courts. These opinions were searched for boosters with a corpus analysis toolkit. Subsequently the boosters were classified into four pragmatic categories based on Boginskaya (2022). As a qualitative step the dissenting opinions were analysed to establish how the judges used the categories of boosters, especially when positioning themselves towards the majority. The findings show that boosters occur frequently in the dissents of both courts and that these boosters are to a large degree identical, but that the SCOTUS judges use boosters considerably more often on average. Analysis of the categories of boosters revealed that SCOTUS justices use them frequently to express that the viewpoint of the majority is inconceivable. ECtHR judges, by comparison, are less confrontational. The findings also indicate a large degree of variation between individual judges within both courts. This study points to how the use of boosters by dissenting judges takes shape in a ‘triangle of dissent’, in which the culture and practice of the court, the characteristics of the genre and the background and intentions of the individual judge come together. These three dimensions shape the way in which the dissenting judge as a professional uses boosters and, in doing so, aligns him or herself towards the majority. The thesis contributes to genre analysis, refines the analysis of booster use and offers a basis for further linguistic study into dissenting opinions, the effect of legal culture on legal discourse and for (comparative) studies on discourse of the SCOTUS and the ECtHR.

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