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  • 1. Della Lucia, Maria
    et al.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    A sustainable afterlife for post-industrial sites: balancing conservation, regeneration and heritage tourism2023Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 641-661Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Giving industrial sites new life requires enabling change and overcoming change resistance. By cross-fertilizing relevant managerial and urban development literature, this study develops a theoretical and analytical framework that integrates several factors that can lead to the sustainable transformation of post-industrial sites. Case evidence collected using qualitative methods at the Great Copper Mountain WHS, Sweden, reveals a Managerial innovation model of industrial heritage regeneration which fails to fully engage the surrounding communities. This model is associated with early-stage post-industrial heritage tourism. The resistance, controversy and community misperceptions hindering the adaptive reuse of the site's industrial heritage and urban surrounds are mainly determined by institutional norms arising from the industrial monoculture. Change management entails working to dismantle lock-ins and empower change at different levels.

  • 2.
    Hoarau-Heemstra, Hindertje
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Nord University.
    Pashkevich, AlbinaHögskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.Wigger, KarinNord University Business School.
    Coastal tourism communities in transition: change practices, innovation, and governance for resilient futures2023Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue focusses on the transition of tourism in coastal communities to more resilient futures. A wide range of land- and marine tourism activities take place in coastal communities, and marine tourism, such as cruise tourism is often promoted as a way to develop the host communities and regional economies. Such communities are, however, particularly vulnerable to disturbances, unexpected shocks, and crises, such as climate change, depopulation, or pandemics. As well as identifying and developing desirable futures, communities need opportunities and activities, including tourism, that create economic value while sustaining livelihoods and restoring and preserving natural and social resources. Change practices, innovation, governance, and resilience are key themes and there is a need to critically rethink the connections between resilient communities and sustainable development in future.As the travel industry rebounds from the pandemic, it is expected that established coastal destinations will continue to grow and new destinations will emerge. While a great debate has emerged around the impacts of tourism on coastal communities and how to manage tourism development to ensure sustainability, we know relatively little about change practices of stakeholders directly affected by and involved in tourism development. Research has shown that, despite differences between communities, the way marine tourism activities are perceived by stakeholders, depends on the balance between different types of visitor segments (land-based, marine-based, organized, or individual travelers) and the development stage of the destination. There is a need for more knowledge on how communities develop change practices and innovate for sustainability and resilience as global anthropogenic transformations have made striving for sustainability more urgent and prominent. Consequently, understanding the environmental, economic, and socio-cultural impacts of tourism in coastal communities, is an important task that has recently been emphasized by several tourism researchers.

    In this special issue we encourage an approach that invites many more actors than the tourism industries into a coastal tourism ontology, which allows for telling tourism not as a uni-dimensional ´tool´ for development or ´threat´ for nature and culture of coastal communities, but as a messy, distributed, and collaborative achievement and a process of making-with, becoming-with and thinking-with a much larger collective than the usual tourism stakeholders. By including many stories and identifying the ideological influences that are at work, we can ask whose interests are being served by a particular ideology.

    This special issue is geared towards sharing research on the challenges and possibilities of tourism from the perspective of local communities in which it occurs. Academics so far only generated very few insights on how tourism communities are defining, governing, and implementing the principles of sustainability to prevent negative impacts, or to develop in a favorable direction. Consequently, there is a need to explore how local communities understand, engage with, and adapt to coastal tourism and sustainability, or even finding alternative paths to their future development. It therefore seems timely to examine the concepts of change practices, sustainability, resilience, innovation, and coastal community development at both organizational and community level. This call responds to the acknowledgement that tourism needs to be reoriented towards the public good, and that the types of tourism developed should be decided by the local community. We are therefore looking for voices from coastal tourism communities that discuss and imagine ways tourism can be developed to enable human, non-human and environmental wellbeing.

    Accordingly, this call for papers seeks original and relevant conceptual and empirical papers on how coastal tourism activities offer opportunities and pose challenges for tourism and hospitality actors, communities, regions, and coastal environment and how these stakeholders adapt, change, and innovate accordingly. We would like to encourage a critical dialog regarding these aspects and engage in the discussions of possible futures for coastal regions, conserving the co-existing development of tourism and other economic sectors.

    For this special issue we encourage submissions that that examine sustainability and resilience practices in the context of coastal, Arctic, and Nordic tourism and hospitality. Suggested research themes include but are not limited to:

    • Tourism communities: resilience and sustainability• Mechanisms for promotion of the engagement of local stakeholders with coastal and/or marine tourism• Governance and management of marine tourism development• Innovation, knowledge and change management• Institutional entrepreneurship, social movement, and collective action of tourism stakeholders• Employment and labor markets in the context of coastal tourism and hospitality• Emerging, innovative or participatory research methods and methodologies• Community leadership and collaboration in tourism and across other economic sectors• Role of land-based tourism activities in the cruise tourism development: lessons learned and ways forward• Adaptations of coastal tourism development in the post pandemic era and risk management• Role of public and private sector collaboration in adaptations and crisis management in times of global pandemics

  • 3.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå Technological University.
    Lepy, Elise
    Brännström, Malin
    Heikkinen, Hannu
    Oulu University.
    Komu, Teresa
    Oulu University.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Österlin, Carl
    Heritage for the future – narrating abandoned mining sites2023Ingår i: Resource extraction and Arctic communities: the new extractivist paradigm / [ed] Sörlin Sverker, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2023Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4. Olsen, K.
    et al.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Selling the indigenous in Nordic welfare states: examples from Norway and Sweden2023Ingår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Indigenous peoples’ right to control representations of their own culture and heritage is unquestionable, but in the case of tourism activities other stakeholders’ understandings come into play. The nation-state is still an important organizational foundation for tourism. For the Indigenous Sámi people, who are located in four different nation-states, national destination management organizations (DMOs) have a crucial role in how their culture and traditions are represented. The current study examines the content of Visit Norway and Visit Sweden’s visual marketing of indigenous Sámi tourism products. Using content analysis to sort electronic images and related texts, categories distinguishing natural, human, and other types of relevant symbols were created. The marketing strategies of both countries reinforce the traditional connection of the Sámi people to nature and their reindeer. Visit Sweden uses a distinct notion of what we call the artification of the Sámi, where young female artists contribute to the modern image of this indigenous people. Visit Norway continues to use more stereotypical representations of the Sámi, with a focus on colourful outfits and traditional buildings. Thus, tourism marketing continues to reinforce simplified images of the indigenous populations of the Arctic and their relation to the nation-state. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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  • 5. Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Rodon, Thierry
    The making and re-making of high modernist towns in the Circumpolar North2022Ingår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 12, artikel-id 101191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore the fate of high modernist architecture and settlement planning in the North, through the lens of mining towns in Sweden and Quebec. After WW2, cities across the world were subject to a wave of restructuring in accordance with high modernist ideals. The circumpolar north became the subject of some of the most radical examples, often described as utopian. In the Swedish Arctic, a renowned architect Ralph Erskine played a leading role. He combined functionalist principles, with ideas of creating settlements protecting inhabitants from harsh Arctic conditions, in harmony with the environment. Erskine...s ideas were implemented to a different extent in Kiruna and Svappavaara in north Sweden in the 1960's and in Fermont, Quebec, in the early 1970...s. Our aim is to understand the challenges of creating industrial settlements in the Arctic, with the capacity to attract employees that are needed for resource extraction and other industries. While Erskine's architecture in Svappavaara and Kiruna will be demolished, the wall shaped town in Fermont is still intact and expanding. By comparing and highlighting differences, we call attention to the threat of demolition of legacies of an era that has yet to be defined as cultural heritage.

  • 6.
    Ren, Carina
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Ctr Innovat & Res Culture & Living Arctic, Aalborg, Denmark..
    James, Laura
    Aalborg Univ, Dept Culture & Learning, Aalborg, Denmark..
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap. Sweden..
    Hoarau-Heemstra, Hindertje
    Nord Univ, Fac Social Sci, Bodo, Norway..
    Cruise trouble. A practice-based approach to studying Arctic cruise tourism2021Ingår i: Tourism Management Perspectives, ISSN 2211-9736, E-ISSN 2211-9744, Vol. 40, artikel-id 100901Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cruise arrivals in the Arctic often take place in small coastal communities. Although there may be economic benefits for these communities, these are often counterbalanced by social and environmental stresses. In this article, we ask how we can tend to Arctic cruise tourism development using Haraway's concept of staying with the trouble. As a way to bridge often polarized views on cruise tourism as either an economic tool or a destructive force, we propose a practice-based research approach to engage with the complexities of cruise tourism. The aim is to foster response-abililty for Arctic cruise communities to live (better) with cruise tourism. We argue that practice-based approaches help researchers 'stay with the trouble' as it is rooted in everyday experiences and the materiality of cruise destinations. Also, its flat ontology supports a 'tinkering' approach to cruise practices.

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  • 7. Keskitalo, E. Carina H.
    et al.
    Schilar, Hannelene
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Deconstructing the indigenous in tourism: The production of indigeneity in tourism-oriented labelling and handicraft/souvenir development in Northern Europe2021Ingår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 16-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In literature on tourism in northern or ‘Arctic’ areas and on regions and places in northern areas, terms such as ‘indigenous’ and ‘non-indigenous’ are often used to distinguish people and places from each other. The aim of this paper is to deconstruct the ‘indigenous’/‘non-indigenous’ categories as well as the geographical categories to which they are linked, using examples from tourism in northern Fennoscandia and northwest Russia, selected as areas with circumstances that vary greatly both locally and regionally. Specific focus is on the construction of labels and restrictions of use, particularly regarding handicrafts/souvenirs as a specific object of indigeneity to separate it from other objects. The study reviews the processes in tourism for constructing, labelling, and valuing – and thereby also exerting power upon – specific conceptions, and thereby also on the contesting of such processes amongst broader, but often unacknowledged, local groups.

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  • 8.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Revitalising Swedish countryside through food: Local food events in Dalarna2021Ingår i: E-Cul-Tours: Enhancing Networks in Heritage Tourism / [ed] Gronau, W. Bonadei, R. Kastenholz, E. and A. Pashkevich, Rome: Tab edizioni , 2021Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Scott, David
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Surviving and Thriving in Southern Dalarna, Sweden: Pandemic Stories from a Food Network2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we present data from a study exploring local food entrepreneurs understanding of the impacts arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. The study took place in the Dalarna province, one of Sweden's most important tourism regions. Earlier studies from this area identified an emerging local food network that has become an integral part of the Southern part of the Dalarna province's (contested) touristic landscape. The established network gained traction in 2006 with a special event organised as a "Harvest Party" (Skördefest in Swedish) (Scott & Pashkevich, 2019).As research has shown, food is no longer merely a support function that facilitates tourism but has become a significant attraction. This rise in demand for food experiences in tourism is part of a broader societal and cultural narrative where food (for many) is no longer merely sustenance but a vital leisure pursuit (Scott and Duncan, 2020). Importantly, we situate the production and consumption of food as contested spaces where individual and collective identities are represented and re-represented through often diverging ethics and morals. One of the conclusions based on our previous investigations of local food entrepreneurs' motives to become part of the was that the food festival was a way to mobilise local inhabitants and enhance the sense of solidarity both among the villagers and those involved in the broader agricultural sector.Our follow-up study's preliminary results show that the summer season of 2020 has revealed unexpected but exciting impacts of the pandemic. The 2020 "Harvest Party" was more successful than ever, returning a year-on-year increase in turnover and visitors of over 40%. The event organisers proudly reported that they had adapted appropriate practices regarding pandemic, and restrictions were rigorously adhered to, including adherence to social distancing. Many producers claimed that conditions caused by the pandemic influenced the core of the local food experience. Furthermore, visitors encounters and interactions with regional food culture were noticeably different.The circumstances of this year's event, taking place during a pandemic, resulted in new knowledge that members openly shared. This open sharing has facilitated future collaborative opportunities, including a discussion to prolong the season for the first time. By sharing knowledge and experiences, members collectively realise that the event is attractive to local folk and second homeowners and urban visitors interested in the place(s) in which the members live and work. In moving their focus outside the 'local', they recognise (from bottom-up) opportunities for tourist-driven development.

  • 10. Ren, C.
    et al.
    Jóhannesson, G. T.
    Kramvig, B.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Höckert, E.
    Twenty years of research on Arctic and Indigenous cultures in Nordic tourism: a review and future research agenda2021Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 111-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 11. Herva, V. -P
    et al.
    Varnajot, A.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Bad Santa: cultural heritage, mystification of the Arctic, and tourism as an extractive industry2020Ingår i: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 375-396Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 12.
    Heikkinen, Hannu
    et al.
    Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Finland.
    Rastad Bjørst, Lill
    Centre for Innovation and Research in Culture and Living in the Arctic, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Challenging Tourism Landscapes of Southwest Greenland: Identifying Social and Cultural Capital for Sustainable Tourism Development2020Ingår i: Arctic Anthropology, ISSN 0066-6939, E-ISSN 1933-8139, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 212-228Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we identify and discuss the possibilities, limitations, and challenges ofsustainable tourism development in Southwest Greenland through a consideration of dimensionsof social and cultural capital. We present our findings concerning the current context-specificpromises and problems of tourism development and then discuss suggestions to improve localsustainability. Our argument is that the diverse natural, cultural, and political histories of thisarea offer a range of resources, here conceptualized as dimensions of capital, for multiple smaller,decentralized, and interconnected economic activities that can together contribute to developingtourism. However, such activities in the Greenlandic context also face particular, interdependentchallenges. We suggest that the development of a series of disparate but integrated attractionsmight offer numerous opportunities but that the concomitant challenges necessitate concerted effortsby public authorities to support targeted educational programs and communication infrastructuredevelopments and improve the foundations for decentralized network economies.

  • 13.
    Della Lucia, Maria
    et al.
    University of Trento, Italy.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Coming to new life?: Envisioning sustainable development in industrial World Heritage Sites2020Ingår i: "Preceedings” of the Heritage, Tourism and Hospitality International Conference HTHIC2020: "Living Heritage and Sustainable Tourism" / [ed] Cantoni, L., De Ascaniis, S., & Elgin-Nijhuis, K. (Eds.), 2020, s. 187-198Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial areas having faced a collapse of their development model may have come to a new life by repositioning their material and immaterial professional-productive heritage in the local and global value chain and map. This contribution investigates the influence of socio-economic and institutional factors on the adoption of a new regeneration model through the process of rejuvenation of an industrial heritage site and an urban centre in the mining area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun, Sweden, a cultural World Heritage Site (WHS). Case evidence collected through the analysis of the qualitative data collection shows that the site had adopted a patronage model of regeneration. At the initial stage of its development, both local interest groups and UNESCO’s recommendations were inspired by a conservation-oriented approach. Value creation were confined within the mine site and proceeded mainly through educational activities and traditional cultural tourism. Clearly, this path dependency needs to be reconciled with new narratives including an empowerment of wider local community to participate in industrial heritage hybridization with creativity, extracting value from the site through creative and relational tourism and fostering spill over effects in the surrounding areas.

  • 14.
    Stjernström, Olof
    et al.
    Nord University, Steinkjer, Norway.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Avango, Dag
    Luleå University.
    Contrasting views on co-management of indigenous natural and cultural heritage: Case of Laponia World Heritage site, Sweden2020Ingår i: Polar Record, ISSN 0032-2474, E-ISSN 1475-3057, Vol. 56, artikel-id e4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the evaluation of the management of the Laponia World Heritage site (Laponia WHS) in northern Sweden. After inscription on the World Heritage list in 1996, difficulties emerged in establishing a common understanding about the involvement of various stakeholders into the site’s management model, the key point of contention being the influence of the representatives from indigenous Sami people and how that should be organised. In 2011, the management organisation led by Laponiatjuottjudus (the Sami name for the Laponia WHS management organisation) was established and implemented. This organisation gave Sami representatives a majority in the Laponia steering board and the position as chairperson in the board. This marked a remarkable shift in the Swedish national management system of land in not only handing over a state decision-making power to the local level but also to representatives of the indigenous population. The evaluation of the management model presented by Laponiatjuottjudus resulted in a number of responses from several stakeholders participating in a consultation process. These responses, from stakeholders with conflicting positions in relation to the issue described above, are the subject of this study. The analysis of these data collected reveals the existence of four major approaches or narratives to the Laponia WHS, with narratives connected to nature, the indigenous population and local governance, the economic effects of the existing system, and lastly the local community narrative. The study concludes that present management of Laponia WHS, the Laponiatjuottjudus, is a unique attempt to widen the management and planning process that partly interferes with the existing national planning model. At the same time, the analysis reveals that the Sami demands for influence over land management in the north still faces major challenges connected to its colonial legacy.

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  • 15. Feklistov, P. A.
    et al.
    Byzova, N. M.
    Sazanova, E. , V
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Sobolev, A. N.
    DENDROCHRONOLOGICAL STUDIES OF WOOD AT HISTORICALLY SIGNIFICANT SITES OF THE ARCTIC2020Ingår i: Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Lesnoi Zhurnal, ISSN 0536-1036, nr 5, s. 106-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of wood in the Arctic were carried out on Vaygach Island, Hooker Island (Franz Joseph Land) and Novaya Zemlya. During the expedition "Arctic Floating University - 2013", wood samples (cores) were taken from the buildings in key areas of the Arctic islands. Conforming to the wood samples we constructed tree-ring series and obtained floating chronologies, which were linked to dendroscales of standing trees with known year of each annual ring formation. Crossdating of floating chronologies was performed as follows. Dcndroscalc and floating chronology were overlapped and the synchronicity coefficient was calculated, then the dendroscale was shifted for a year and the coefficient was calculated again; the procedure was repeated until all possible options were checked. Visual similarity was assessed and the annual rings of floating chronology were dated based on the results with the maximum synchronicity coefficient, and the object was dated by the outermost ring. The year of formation of each annual ring of the buildings logs was determined by the dendrochronological method, resulting in assumption of the time of their construction, taking into account that it occurred a year or two after the tree felling. All the studied objects were located in areas with preserved history of their creation, which is highly important for confirming the objectivity of the obtained results. The dates of the buildings were determined as follows: Vaigach Island, 1945; Hooker Island (Franz Josef Land), 1936; the former bathhouse on Cape Zhelaniya (Novaya Zemlya), 1935; timber from the pillbox, 1938; the lighthouse, 1952; the frame on the coast of Ledyanaya Gavan' Bay (Novaya Zemlya), 1938; a relatively modern building on the coast of the bay, 1991. Interesting to note that according to the obtained historical records the Lighthouse was built in year 1954, while dating by annual rings shows that the logs were in 1952 and they were probably imported in advance. The years for the construction research based on the use of the dendrochronological method opens up great opportunities at determining the age of unnamed wooden in the Arctic.

  • 16. Funk, Minéa
    et al.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Representations of industrial heritage in tourism marketing materials: Analysing androcentric discourse in textual and visual content2020Ingår i: Dos Algarves: a Multidisciplinary e-journal, ISSN 2182-5580, Vol. 36, s. 41-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a post-feminist lens to examine destination-marketing material connected to three sites in Bergslagen, an area located in the central part of Sweden famous for centuries of mining activity. This region continues to have ongoing mining operations, but has also worked at developing cultural and industrial heritage interpretations of its industrial past. A rich history of development based on mines, quarries and smelting huts has created a foundation for possible reinterpretations of history for tourism and became a ground for representation of metanarratives. In this study we analyse three sites located in the area of Bergslagen ˗ Långban, Axmar Bruk (Axmar mill) and Engelsberg Bruk (Engelsberg mill). On-line textual and visual marketing materials used by these destinations allowed for the analysis of representations of the industrial heritage. Using post-feminist theory, we analysed representations of the industrial heritage in the marketing textual and visual materials of these chosen attractions. Our goal was to find the dominant representations as well as to explore what representations were missing from the stories told to the visitors. Our results show that both images and textual material continue to rely heavily on the representations of patriarchal system of Bergslagen and its industrial heritage, whereas the role of female and ‘other’ alternative narratives continue to be excluded. This study contributes to a deeper understanding of how marketing materials remain as facilitators in upholding male and female stereotypes connected to industrial heritage and the conclusions highlight the continued polarisation of gender through contemporary channels of communication.

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  • 17.
    Olsen, Julia
    et al.
    Nord Universitet, Bodø, Norway.
    Nenasheva, Marina
    NARFU, Nothern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia.
    Wigger, Karin Andrea
    Nord Universitet, Bodø, Norway.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Cruise tourism development in the Arkhangelsk region, Russian Arctic: Stakeholder perspectives on sustainability of tourism practices2019Ingår i: In search of Arctic marine sustainability: Arctic maritime businesses and resilience of the marine environment / [ed] Eva Pongrácz, Victor Pavlov & Niko Hänninen, Springer, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arkhangelsk region is a strategic area for cruise tourism development in the Russian European Arctic. The region offers its visitors a large number of unique natural, cultural, and historical sites. These attract both domestic and foreign cruise lines that provide an opportunity for their clients to explore coastal settlements and the region’s remote areas. However, it can be said that despite the variety of existing national and regional institutional arrangements, as well as the industry’s managerial practices, the sustainable development of marine tourism in the region is highly reliant on local stakeholders, such as local authorities, travel companies, and local providers of hosting/tourism activities. In order to obtain a better understanding of the sustainability of the current development practices, this chapter uses the findings from qualitative interviews conducted in the Arkhangelsk region to examine how cruise tourism in the Solovetsky archipelago, Arkhangelsk region, is managed locally and regionally. Our study emphasizes the need to implement a communication model based on the cooperation and engagement of all relevant stakeholders as a platform to address sustainability issues inherent in the growth of cruise tourism. The study thus helps to address the problems associated with cruise tourism development in the Arctic and to deepen the discussion related to the peculiarities of tourism destination development in the Russian European Arctic.

  • 18.
    Scott, David
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Dalarna, Sweden: Conflicted Touristic Representations of a Place on the Fringe2019Ingår i: Perspectives on Rural Tourism Geographies: Geographies of Tourism and Global Change / [ed] Koster Rhonda, Carson Doris, Cham: Springer, 2019, s. 63-82Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, our focus is on issues faced when developing tourism in a region located in and on the fringe. To illustrate our discussion we use the Dalarna region in southern central Sweden as an example. This region is perceived by many of those involved in tourism development as a homogenous entity. We suggest that, at least in part, this is a representation of Dalarna as the ‘Heart of Sweden’, situated in a mythologised past. In order to problematize current thinking we make use of two specific cases, namely ski resort development in the Malung-Sälen municipality in the north-west of the region and a rural festival focused on locally produced food and drink in the southern part of the region. Dalarna is represented as an imagined idyll, a land of heroic deeds and iconic images. As such, the region acts as more than merely a geographic fringe space, with its proximity to Stockholm. It also works as a kind of chronological fringe, a space between past and present. However, we suggest that late modernity disrupts the imagined idyll used by tourism developers. Dalarna is no less a modern, complex space as other regions in Sweden. It is the reality and desires of local people living in as an evolving and lived-in space that needs to be considered. Our discussion and examples illustrate the complexities that need to be taken into account to ensure sustainable, meaningful and most importantly inclusive tourism development.

  • 19.
    Baranova, Svetlana
    et al.
    Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University, Russia.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Geoecological aspects as a base for sustainable development of cultural heritage destinations2019Ingår i: Экологическое образование для устойчивого развития: Теория и педагогическая реальность / [ed] Копосова Н.Н., Козлов А.В., Киселева Н.Ю., Волкова А.В., Вершинина И.В., Арефьева С.В., Маркова Д.С., Савинов М.И., Nizhny Novgorod, Russia: Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University, Russia , 2019, s. 42-44Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [ru]

    В статье подчеркивается значимость учета геоэкологических аспектов в развитии объектов куль-турного наследия на основе концепции устойчивого развития. В качестве основного направления реализации концепции предложены особенности, принципы формирования культурного ландшафта. Определены подходы концепции культурного ландшафта. Предложен и обоснован выбор информационно-аксиологического подхода.

  • 20.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Lessons learned: uses of mining and other cultural heritage in the Arctic. Voices from Russian settlements on Svalbard2018Ingår i: Creative forces in the Polar regions: cultures, economies, innovation and change in tourism, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Focus of this study is the current stage of the tourism development of two Russian settlements on Svalbard – Barentsburg and Pyramiden. This study analyses the process of recent tourism development and investigating the settings behind the narratives used in the production of tourism experiences on the archipelago. How mining past and the history of Russian presence are interwoven into the tourism activities and what are they based on? How the stakeholders involved in the current stage of tourism development look upon the motives behind it and justifications of the Russian presence on Svalbard, what are the possible futures of this development? Study utilises mixed-method approach combining analysis of existing published material and extensive fieldwork experience resulting in participant observations and interviews with the relevant stakeholders.

  • 21.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Lamers, Machiel
    Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.
    Short-circuiting cruise tourism practices along the Russian Barents Sea coast?: The case of Arkhangelsk2018Ingår i: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 440-454Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth and popularity of polar cruise tourism in the Arctic region have raised expectations about the opportunities in this part of the world. However, the existing academic literature has never ventured further than to recall these expectations and opportunities, which means that there is hardly any insight into what is actually happening in Russian Arctic cruise tourism. This paper aims to provide a practice-based perspective with a special focus on performed and integrated practices in the production of cruise tourism along the Russian Barents Sea coast. Semi-structured interviews with key actors involved in the production of cruise tourism serve as the main source of information along with observations made during fieldwork in the Arkhangelsk region. Cruise tourism practices are facing a number of challenges in their reproduction and lack both consistency and regularity. The practice-based perspective helps to reveal how groups of actors collectively produce activities and itineraries for cruise tourists despite the structural constraints. Moreover, the paper shows how local private entrepreneurs are actively trying to configure and connect the constituting cruise tourism practices.

  • 22.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Nygaard, Vigdis
    Norut Northern Research Institute, Alta, Norway.
    Mathisen, Line
    Universitetet i Tromso, Norwegian Arctic University, Alta, Norway.
    Supporting tourism entrepreneurship in Sami areas: Financial and political instruments in Norway and Sweden2018Ingår i: Tourism Implications and Dilemmas, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite institutional efforts to address growth in tourism business in Sami area, they are still marked by weak entrepreneurship and lack of business-research collaboration for stimulating creative and innovative industrial processes. Our paper focus on the economic and political framework for entrepreneurship in the context of Sami areas in Norway and Sweden. We describe this framework and ask to what extent national financial instruments enhance or restrain scope of entrepreneurship in Sami areas. Further, we investigate how key actors involved in supporting entrepreneurship on the state, regional and local level manage (or fail) to fill the gap between national financial instruments and needs in Sami areas. One important question is; can the scope of the financial instruments and policy towards entrepreneurship in Sami Areas be changed to better catch the needs of the business, if so how? Is it possible to develop a model to encompass local place and culture specific needs of the Sami people and still fit the national policy of entrepreneurship? To address this question, we have use data obtained from a survey among applicants for entrepreneurial support (financial, networking and competence) to the Norwegian Sami parliament. Further, we have made personal interviews key individuals designing financial and supportive instruments for this particular target group, and finally interviewed Sami tourism entrepreneurs. The Sami entrepreneurs are an important source of information, because their personal knowledge as users of the financial system. Therefore, we have establish a dialogue with Sami entrepreneurs involved in our study. Involving Sami entrepreneurs more actively in research that include indigenous perspectives, can contribute to address the challenges of decolonized research within political science. Further, we have studied policy documents of the Sami Parliament in Norway and Sweden and statutes for other financial and supportive institutions relevant for entrepreneurship in Sami areas.

  • 23.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Tourism development in the Russian Arctic: Reproducing or challenging the hegemonic masculinities of the frontier2018Ingår i: Tourism, Culture & Communication, ISSN 1098-304X, E-ISSN 1943-4146, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 67-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The image of the Arctic can be understood as a part of a larger discourse of the north as an uncivilized, untamed frontier, not suitable or accessible for modern, urban people, but a place for strong adventurers, hunters, and explorers. In this study, we seek to understand how hegemonic masculinities of the north both inform and are challenged by tourism and its representations and practices in the Russian Arctic, in particular the Nenets Autonomous District (NAD). The study is based on the analysis of data collected during several field trips to the region during the period of 2012-2013 and 2014, including semistructured interviews with key stakeholders and observations of tourism practices, as well as content analysis of promotional images of selected tourism companies. Tourism in the NAD is typically adventure based: snowmobile safaris, fishing, hunting, and white-water rafting. There are also different types of indigenous tourism, such as living with reindeer herders for a period of time. The tourism industry covered herein consisted of microfirms and small businesses. The entrepreneurs were all middle-aged Russian men and the tourists were predominantly male middle class Russians from metropolitan regions, traveling as groups of friends or colleagues. The results show that despite the willingness of the tourism entrepreneurs to broaden their customer groups and offerings, the products reproduce the destination as a playground for (male) "hook and bullet" tourists. However, there are also examples of how tourism may challenge or reconstruct the understandings of typically masculine or feminine duties or roles in some specific local contexts.

  • 24.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Tourism in mining areas of northern Sweden: land of possibilities or continuous struggle?2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The northernmost Swedish province of Norbotten has being a subject for boom and bust development cycles of mining industry over several decades. During these times, companies have started massive prospecting campaigns, opened up new mines and re-opened older mines that had been closed for years, and increased production in already existing mines. The mining industry has left its legacy both in the form of immaterial and material remains. This paper focuses on an analysis of the complexities of the present day situation in the mining area of Gällivarre and the adjacent Jokkmokk Municipalities. The problems connected with the postindustrial futures, specifically in reference to the tourism development in this area, are discussed here. Indigenous and non-indigenous tourism entrepreneurs active in these two localities are asked to reflect on their relationship to industrial activities in the area (mining, hydro/wind power production, etc.). Discussion circles around social and cultural barriers between these two groups and the wider society. The stories told by the entrepreneurs represent a range of individual and collectively constructed notions of the present and future development of this area showing a contested vision. Tourism development in the region is showing fragmented/disruptive patterns confined to actions taken by either individual entrepreneurs or small groups that collaborate in the creation of experiences. The issues of every day racism towards Sami population, mistrust towards authorities on one hand and community and cultural identity revival with the help of individual entrepreneurial efforts on the other hand support the contested notion of the current development in the area, heavily influenced by the on-going and future industrial development projects.

  • 25.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Empowering whom?: politics and realities of indigenous Tourism development in the Russian arctic2017Ingår i: Tourism and Indigeneity in the Arctic / [ed] Arvid Viken, Dieter K. Müller, Channel View Publications, 2017, s. 105-121Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Processes of reinterpretation of mining heritage: the case of Bergslagen, Sweden2017Ingår i: Almatourism, E-ISSN 2036-5195, Vol. 8, nr 7, s. 107-123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [ru]

    Mining heritage is often used as a powerful tool in maintaining a sense of place and national identity and Sweden is not different in this respect. Another important underlying motive for the revival of the mining past is an opportunity of the economic revitalisation of the space marked by the deindustrialisation process. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the mining heritage is interpreted and used for the goals of tourism destination development based on the five provinces in the middle part of Sweden – area called Bergslagen. The first decade of 2000s was characterised by the prevailing top-down approach to the regeneration process of mining landscape of Bergslagen, as it was led by the cultural elite. Thus, resulting in the absence of a diverse and innovative thinking in terms of touristic development of these destinations. Municipalities in the region ended up with the multiple mining sites trying to attract visitors with the similar types of experiences based on limited representations of regional mining heritage. Furthermore, it is suggested that enhancing communication between managers of the mining sites and other tourism experiences would help to improve visitation. Additionally, the alternative representations of the heritage may allow for a wider representation of local people, as well as an awareness of local or regional heritage of Bergslagen. 

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  • 27.
    de Bernardi, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Representations and National Marketing: the Case of Indigenous Peoples in Nordic and Russian DMOs’ webpages2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 28.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Keskitalo, E. C. H.
    Representations and uses of indigenous areas in tourism experiences in the Russian Arctic2017Ingår i: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 85-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares the representation of indigenous tourism experiences in advertisement materials with representations gathered from site visits and tourism sector interviews in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in northern Russia. The study shows that a majority of the visual images and text used for marketing of the area construct a picture of an indigenous people living ‘in harmony’ with nature, representing a romanticized and historical image of indigenous communities. In contrast with these marketing images, large variations exist in everyday practices and among the numerous practical considerations related to the recent and limited development of tourism in the NAO.

  • 29.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjernström, Olof
    Umeå university.
    Lundmark, Linda
    Umeå university.
    Nature-based tourism, conservation and institutional governance: a case study from the Russian Arctic2016Ingår i: The Polar Journal, ISSN 2154-896X, E-ISSN 2154-8978, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 112-130Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses current institutional arrangements connected to the protection of natural resources in developing nature-based tourism in the territories of the north-western part of the Russian Arctic. Examples from two regions, the Arkhangelsk Oblast and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, illustrate how the different methods of nature conservation – national parks and nature reserves – are promoting or constraining the development of nature-based tourism activities. The study is based on 14 semi-structured interviews with representatives from state organisations as well as representatives from non-governmental organisations, and reviews of planning and policy documents. This paper discusses the factors shaping present institutional arrangements connected to environmental protection and the capability to establish planning schemes. The agencies responsible for nature-based tourism development often suffer from rudimentary tourism planning, inadequate tourism infrastructure and a lack of service management skills. In addition, there is evidence that mistrust and a lack of collaboration among governmental agencies and private stakeholders also limit development opportunities. Despite the difficulties experienced by authorities responsible for the measures of conservation and nature protection in the remote Arctic territories (Nenetsky State Nature Reserve), pockets of success are identifiable (e.g. Kenozersky National Park). The reality of the nature conservation efforts and the ability to develop nature-based activities is heavily dependent on individual engagement and interpersonal collaboration, which makes the best practices non-transferable to other contexts. So far, the current system of institutional governance limits the possibilities to increase the economic impact of nature-based tourism in the Russian Arctic.

  • 30. de la Barre, Suzanne
    et al.
    Maher, Patrick
    Dawson, Jackie
    Hillmer-Pegram, Kevin
    Huijbens, Edwards
    Lamers, Machiel
    Liggett, Daniela
    Müller, Dieter
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Stewart, Emma
    Tourism and arctic observation systems: Exploring the relationships2016Ingår i: Polar Research, ISSN 0800-0395, E-ISSN 1751-8369, Vol. 35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Arctic is affected by global environmental change and also by diverse interests from many economic sectors and industries. Over the last decade, various actors have attempted to explore the options for setting up integrated and comprehensive trans-boundary systems for monitoring and observing these impacts. These Arctic Observation Systems (AOS) contribute to the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of environmental change and responsible social and economic development in the Arctic. The aim of this article is to identify the two-way relationship between AOS and tourism. On the one hand, tourism activities account for diverse changes across a broad spectrum of impact fields. On the other hand, due to its multiple and diverse agents and far-reaching activities, tourism is also well-positioned to collect observational data and participate as an actor in monitoring activities. To accomplish our goals, we provide an inventory of tourism-embedded issues and concerns of interest to AOS from a range of destinations in the circumpolar Arctic region, including Alaska, Arctic Canada, Iceland, Svalbard, the mainland European Arctic and Russia. The article also draws comparisons with the situation in Antarctica. On the basis of a collective analysis provided by members of the International Polar Tourism Research Network from across the polar regions, we conclude that the potential role for tourism in the development and implementation of AOS is significant and has been overlooked.

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  • 31.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    World Heritage sites as arenas for interpretation and experience production2016Ingår i: Beyond the Great Beauty: Rescaling heritage and tourism / [ed] University of Bolonga, Center for Advanced Studies in Tourism, 2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    World Heritage sites (WHS) are often regarded as preservation projects aimed at preserving valuable natural and cultural heritage. Lately these sites have been re-evaluated as being important arenas for experience based production. This development raises important questions regarding the commodification process of heritage. Planners need to decide what artefacts, milieus and stories to include and decide how they should be related to each other in a meaningful way. These processes are complex and involve stakeholders from different planning organizations. 

    The study utilises an example from destination development connected to the WHS in Falun, Sweden. Preliminary results show that initial focus in the establishing phase of the WHS has been driven by preservation goals. This focus has often leads to the hampering of commercial initiatives. Experience based products are always dependent on strong interpretation. The interpretation has to be done in a way to connect the visitor in sensuous and imaginative ways to the heritage. This has not been in the innitial  focus of the development in this particular case. One of the reasons for this lies in the criteria set up by UNESCO, which focuses on preservation and education. In a situation where preservation prevail there is often no space left to incorporate tourism industry’s concerns. 

  • 32.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Dawson, Jackie
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Stewart, Emma
    Lincoln University, Lincoln, New Zealand.
    Governance of Expedition Cruise Ship Tourism in the Arctic: A Comparison of the Canadian and Russian Arctic2015Ingår i: Tourism in Marine Environments, ISSN 1544-273X, Vol. 10, nr 3-4, s. 225-240Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Expedition style cruise tourism represents a significant proportion of shipping activity across the Arctic. This article compares and contrasts governance structures that manage the cruise sector from case studies located in the Canadian (Nunavut) and the Russian Arctic (Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions). Analysis of sources, including interviews with key stakeholders, strategic tourism plans, and an inventory of institutional governance reveals that in both these locations there is no central authority to govern the growth of the industry, no specific cruise or yacht management plans, and no site guidelines for highly visited shore locations (other than in protected areas). The article concludes that under current conditions there are significant barriers to supporting development of the expedition cruise sector in both these Arctic regions.

  • 33.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    No place left?: Realities of the indigenous tourism development in the Arctic Russia2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism experiences based on the culture and traditional lifestyle of the indigenous people of Russian Arctic regions promoted more frequently nowadays. Nenets Autonomous okrug, northwestern Russian Arctic territory is one of the examples where this development were underway since the beginning of 2000s. Official version of this development often highlights role of tourism development not only in preservation of Nenets heritage, but also as a mean of modern reinterpretations and revitalization of ancient traditions and practices. How accurately the official version of the role played by tourism corresponds to the reality in Nenets? What are the preconditions for this development and how well the members of the indigenous community incorporated into the process of tourism development and planning? The chapter reviews the results from the participant observations, key informant interviews and content analysis of the published material conducted under the period 2011-2014 on the territory of the okrug. Realities of the development of the indigenous tourism show a clear disparity between the actions undertaken by regional authorities and local entrepreneurs utilizing indigeneity in their tourism operations. Almost a decade of development in tourism sector did not result a development of operational system for participatory decision-making, quality assurance or safety of tourism operations, but characterized predominantly by the ad-hoc arrangements connected to the shifts in regional government or decisions taken by central government in Moscow. It becomes clear that development of alternative paths for indigenous development given a low priority, as region's economic base is dominated by oil and gas exploration.​

  • 34.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Tourism development governance in the Russian Arctic: examples from Nenets AO and Sakha Republic2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges in the roles played by public and private sector organizations in the sustainable tourism development are identified for two of the Russian Arctic regions: Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Sakha Republic. A review on the existing institutional arrangements is made including the public sector (regional and local levels), private entrepreneurship, local communities and the ways the participatory decision-making process is promoted. The evaluation of the outcomes of the present institutional framework prove to be unbalanced in order to facilitate coordinated tourism development. Furthermore, the issues arising from the unclear institutional setting influencing the creation of an integrative system of tourism distribution channels. This situation weakens the roles played by all stakeholders and gives fewer incentives for the private businesses and local communities to be involved in the tourism development activities.

  • 35.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    With or without?: Realizing the benefits and risks of the increased tourism flows in the Russian Arctic2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote areas of the Russian Arctic has being increasingly utilized as pleasure peripheries for the more affluent residents of the Russian urban areas during the past decade of the 2000s. Even previously closed military settlements along the coast of the Barents and Kara Seas are now being open to the tourists. The study is based on the qualitative analysis of the experiences of two tourist companies specializing on the development of the adventure tourism experiences. The participants shared their stories on how the representatives of local political elite are trying to oppose themselves to the changing realities of the tourism development. The arguments put forward by the local residents are, however, in favor of this development claiming that tourists’ visits represent a necessary addition to their ordinary life and as one of the forces for further revitalization of the service provision and facilities that would benefit local community at first place. These opposing views should be taken into account in order to develop a strategy allowing the consolidation of the stakeholders’ viewpoints. Another serious concern, is the absence of the functioning system for the community planning that is both socially and environmentally sensitive. The reliance on nature as the source for the adventure tourism development needs to be reconsidered and adjusted to the pressures of changing climate and realities of every-day life of the Arctic rural communities.

  • 36.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Суррвая территория для сильных мужчин. Гендерные аспекты развития туризма в Арктических регионах Россиию2015Ingår i: Туризм среди снегов и льдов Северных регионов. Актуальная ситуация, цели и задачи.: Пятые Европейский Диалоги и Эвиане / [ed] Вероника Антонмарк, Allonzier-la-Calle: EURASIA, Universtite Paris 1, Pantheon Sorbonne , 2015, s. 61-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [ru]

    Освоение и развитие Арктических территорий России неразрывно связано с аспектом первооткрывательства и преодоления. Суровые природные условия северного края всегда как казалось, противоречили самому присутствию здесь женщины. Это становится особенно заметным при знакомстве с обстоятельствами проведения самых известных арктических экспедиций, состоявшихся в советский период освоения Севера. Вот, например, известнейшая эпопея экспедиции на пароходе «Семен Челюскин» (руководитель экспедиции О.Ю. Щмидт, капитан судна В.И.Воронин), перед которой была поставлена задача за одну навигацию пройти Северным морским путём. После гибели затёртого льдами парохода и героического спасения коллектива экспедиции имена челюскинцев стали известны всей стране. Любопытно, что в этом злополучном рейсе принимали участие   и женщины, в том числе и мама первого в мире ребенка, родившегося на пароходе в Карском море в честь которого девочку звали Кариной.

     Интересно оценить состояние современного информационного арктического пространства России по отношению к женщине, в особенности в условиях, когда большинство программ социально-экономического развития заточены на необходимость активного развития туристского сектора. Этот аспект развития индустрии туризма в Арктике, можно сказать, ещё не изучен. Развитие сферы услуг диктует необходимость активного вовлечения женщин в туризм в качестве основного рабочего агента. Однако в условиях Севера, туристические предложения официальных турфирм, явно не стремятся к активному привлечению женщин в качестве своих клиентов. Сознательно создается ли эта ситуация или она является логическим продолжением уже существующих традиций? Доклад, предлагаемый на ваше осуждение, посвящен более подробному описанию этого и ряда других вопросов связанных с общим имиджем Арктических регионов, создаваемым участниками туристической деятельности.

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  • 37.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Arctic Tourism: Realities & Possibilities2014Ingår i: Arctic Yearbook 2014: Scholarly Articles, Section II: Regional Economy & Properity / [ed] Dr. Lassi Heininen, Arctic Portal , 2014, s. 1-17Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses human capital in the Arctic in relation to tourism. More specifically, with an ever-increasing number oftourists recognizing the attractiveness of the Arctic, tour companies are increasingly recognizing the opportunities. The media(typically southern media) sells the image, either before or after the tourists arrive, and communities are often left to deal with therepercussions – whether those are social, economic, environmental, or the like. Many of the repercussions are negative; however,even when perceived as positive they can create tensions within small communities and showcase a variety of capacity issues.This paper focuses on the realities and possibilities of tourism in the Arctic. It offers an up-to-date descriptive overview of tourismnumbers and valuations. In addition, ‘realities’ also focuses on the current suite of challenges and ‘possibilities’ addresses criticalquestions that need to be asked as tourism grows. We are in an uncertain age and academic critique of the Arctic tourismphenomenon is growing as quickly as the numbers. This paper is almost fully circumpolar in outlook, written by individuals fromthose jurisdictions, and aims to intersect with other sectors active in the Arctic.

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  • 38.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Cruise tourism development on the territory of Russian Arctic National Park: realities and future possibilities2014Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Problems and future potentials for the further development of cruise tourism development on the territory of National Park 'Russian Arctic' is a focus for the keynote speech. Current development of the cruise ship tourism in Northwestern Russia (Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions) is characterized by a great level of institutional instability. Number of controlling authorities on state and regional level has grown dramatically over the past decade during the 2000s. However, the stakeholders on the local and regional level proved to be active and flexible agents of change which contributes to the valuable process of knowledge transfer among the destinations, for example Svalbard and National Park ‘Russian Arctic’. AECOS’s led project concerning the development of site-specific guidelines initiated several years ago resulted in the set of guidelines applied onto the sites on Franz Josef Land. These initiatives along with other actions taken by local and regional authorities of both Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions towards further development of cruise tourism allow for careful optimism.

  • 39.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Developing Nenets Indigenous Tourism: Institutional Settings and Every Day Realities2014Ingår i: ICASS VIII: Book of Abstracts, Prince George, University of Northern British Columbia: International Arctic Social Sciences Association (IASSA) , 2014, s. 75-75Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 40.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Gender relations in tourism in the Russian arctic: representations and practices2014Ingår i: Conferences at Copenhagen Business School, 23rd Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research: Value of Tourism for Destination, Copenhagen, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Remote territories of the Russian Arctic have historically been subject to conquest and exploration and depicted as a periphery for resource extraction and male adventures. Tourism has recently been introduced as an alternative source of income for indigenous groups that previously lived solely on reindeer herding. However, the tourism sector is still very small and under-developed in the area despite public policies and different national and regional projects to promote tourism. This study analyses how tourism operations in Northwestern Russia use representations of the Arctic and of gender identities in the production and promotion of tourism experiences. The representation and practices of nature- and indigenous tourism operations studied through participant observations made during field trips to the territories of Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The observations complemented with tourism stakeholders’ interviews and content analysis of promotional material from the tourism businesses in the area. The purpose of the study is to get an understanding of the content and meaning of representations and practices of tourism in the Russian Arctic.

    We analyse the cultural constructions of places shaped by gendered representations of people and indigenous culture. In what ways are indigenous men and women depicted and what types of place identities are constructed through representations and practices in tourism operations?  We follow Roy (1997) and Edensor (2000) allowing the hosts to speak and become agents in the portrayal of the contemporary tourist practices accommodating the demands of modern tourists. We find that there is a strict gender division of tasks and responsibilities within tourism in the case study area. Service operations in villages and in this region predominantly employ women (hotels, restaurants, shops, and so on); however, out in the tundra, men predominate in high status service functions such as guides within hunting and fishing trips. The results show that the promotion and tourism offers in the area strengthening the notion of (re)production of colonial representations and experiences of the place and its peoples as exotic and the “Other”. The marketing of the area stresses the possibilities to explore unspoilt and remote areas (“snowscapes”). The tourism practices in the Russian Arctic are focused on physical endurance and masculine coded activities and behaviour. 

  • 41.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Stjenström, Olof
    Department of Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Making Russian arctic accessible for tourists: analysis of the institutional barriers2014Ingår i: Polar Geography, ISSN 1088-937X, E-ISSN 1939-0513, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 137-156Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent improvements in nature protection in the European territory of Russia’s Arctic islands and archipelagoes – such as the creation of the Russian Arctic National Park – have also resulted in an increase in visitation to this area. This study uses the Key Informants’ Technique to analyze Russian tourism planning and development of this territory since 2011. The majority of the principle stakeholders identified for this study agreed that these areas have great potential for tourism development and are already attracting both foreign and Russian tourists. At the same time, impediments to foreign cruise companies and individual travelers spell rather gloomy prospects for further destination development in the area. The contradictions of the current stage of tourism development support the assumption that Russia’s territorial interests still prevail. Tourism development appears to be a top-down enterprise, organized by less experienced tourism developers and bureaucrats and without consideration for the long-term perspective.

  • 42.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    World Heritage and tourism innovation: institutional frameworks and local adaptation2014Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, nr 8, s. 1625-1640Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in heritage as a tool for destination development has recently been substantial in Sweden, especially when it comes to receiving World Heritage (WH) status. The possibility of using the WH brand in developing tourism products and marketing destinations has great potential for many heritage destinations. The aim of this paper is to discuss innovation processes within heritage tourism. The focus is on the role of WH status as a factor influencing innovative practices at different Swedish WH sites. This study uses qualitative methods, such as interviews and analysis of written material from five selected Swedish WH sites, with in-depth analysis of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun. To what extent does WH status change the preconditions for tourism development at WH destinations? What is the role of institutional frameworks in this process? This paper will show how WH may facilitate tourism innovation mainly through developing new products and marketing strategies, but also by institutional innovations concerning new forms of collaboration and networks.

  • 43.
    Boluk, Karla
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap.
    Exploring the discourses used to sell heritage in Sweden2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Heritage tourism is a form of niche tourism which has emerged as an alternative to mass tourism. However the discourses used to market some heritage products generally appeal to an elite group in society who are demanding. Thus heritage tourism is marketed and packaged in a way to appeal to an exclusive group who are interested in tailor-made products that provide some entertainment value. The aim of this paper is to investigate the marketing strategies and goals for tourism development, from the perspective of two World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Sweden including the Great Copper Mountain in Falun and the Old Church Town in Luleå. Accordingly, the discourses used to sell heritage in the context of Sweden are discussed. A mixed-methods approach was used by the authors to carry out this investigation. The results of the analysis revealed that the heritage presented in the two cases are marketed as exclusive and as such, preclude the participation of some individuals. Furthermore, it was established that enhanced communication between WHS products and Sweden and other tourism products would improve visitation.

  • 44.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Territory for brave man: Gendered tourism practices in the Arctic2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [ru]

    Освоение и развитие Арктических территорий России неразрывно связано с аспектом первооткрывательства и преодоления. Суровые природные условия северного края всегда как казалось, противоречили самому присутствию здесь женщины. Это становится особенно заметным при знакомстве с обстоятельствами проведения самых известных арктических экспедиций, состоявшихся в советский период освоения Севера. Вот, например, известнейшая эпопея экспедиции на пароходе «Семен Челюскин» (руководитель экспедиции О.Ю. Щмидт, капитан судна В.И.Воронин), перед которой была поставлена задача за одну навигацию пройти Северным морским путём. После гибели затёртого льдами парохода и героического спасения коллектива экспедиции имена челюскинцев стали известны всей стране. Любопытно, что в этом злополучном рейсе принимали участие   и женщины, в том числе и мама первого в мире ребенка, родившегося на пароходе в Карском море в честь которого девочку звали Кариной.

     Интересно оценить состояние современного информационного арктического пространства России по отношению к женщине, в особенности в условиях, когда большинство программ социально-экономического развития заточены на необходимость активного развития туристского сектора. Этот аспект развития индустрии туризма в Арктике, можно сказать, ещё не изучен. Развитие сферы услуг диктует необходимость активного вовлечения женщин в туризм в качестве основного рабочего агента. Однако в условиях Севера, туристические предложения официальных турфирм, явно не стремятся к активному привлечению женщин в качестве своих клиентов. Сознательно создается ли эта ситуация или она является логическим продолжением уже существующих традиций? Доклад, предлагаемый на ваше осуждение, посвящен более подробному описанию этого и ряда других вопросов связанных с общим имиджем Арктических регионов, создаваемым участниками туристической деятельности.

  • 45.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Hinnerth, Andreas
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    The quest for snow: Adaptation strategies of alpine skiing destinations in Sweden2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of climate change is considered one of the major challenges that the winter sport tourism industry faces today. Sälen, one of the major skiing destinations in Sweden, is situated in the southernmost part of the Swedish mountain range and is therefore one of the most vulnerable destinations when it comes to the effects of climate change. The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss adaptation strategies to climate change that have been implemented in Sälen, with a special focus on increased snowmaking. We discuss snowmaking in relation to alternative adaptation strategies such as increased summer tourism, and relate the adaptation strategies encountered in Sälen to how destinations in the Austrian Alps, which have warmer temperatures, have approached the situation. Those that we interpret as adaptation strategies are mainly focused on maintaining the mass touristic character of winter sports destinations and even extending the production of downhill skiing. These strategies of adaptation and development demand continued intensive snowmaking and an even accentuated quest for snow. However, Sälen is trying to overcome its dependence on downhill skiing as its sole and dominant activity. The strategy of developing summer tourism is problematic, however, not least in relation to the parallel advance in increased snowmaking. 

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  • 46.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Tourism development planning and product development in the context of Russian Arctic territories2013Ingår i: From Talk to Action: How Tourism is Changing the Polar Regions / [ed] Raynald Harvey Lemelin, Patrick Maher and Daniela Ligget, Thunder Bay: Lakehead University, 2013, s. 41-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian Arctic territory has a significant influence on Russia’s present socio-economic development. It is considered an important component of Russia’s economic future, which is connected to the utilisation of the natural wealth discovered there during the last decades. In addition, the Russian Arctic coast is also expected to become a vital transport route between Europe and Asia. In the outlines of the state policy of Russian Federation in Arctic until 2020, tourism is seen as a tool for the sustainable development of the local communities of the Arctic, which would make it possible to safeguard the indigenous cultural heritage, language and handcrafts. However, the plans concerning the implementation of these specific goals are less detailed. The last few years have been marked by a considerable increase in interest towards tourism development of this area. Furthermore, various stakeholders in this part of Russia have already engaged in this process, which has resulted in increased visitation to the area. This paper aims to identify these stakeholders, as well as to analyse the issues influencing the process of general tourism development in the Russian Arctic. This is achieved by re-evaluating the regional tourism planning processes and existing tourist products/profiles of the seven administrative units of the territory of the Russian Arctic from west to east. These are: Murmansk and Arkhangelsk Oblast (Nenets Autonomous Okrug), Jamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Taymyr Dolgano-Nenets Municipal Rayon (Krasnoyarsk Krai), Sakha Republic, and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.Although these territories possess unique natural and cultural characteristics that are suitable for the development of distinctive tourism products, this potential has either not been utilised or has been under-utilised. The analysis identified the clear losers and the leaders in this process. The situation often depends on the level of the engagement of the public administration, cooperation among the tourism providers, as well as private companies within the natural resource extraction sector. The system of integrated planning within the tourism sector, as well as deepening collaboration among the involved stakeholders are important conditions for a successful implementation of the desired tourism development, especially when it comes to indigenous tourism product development.

  • 47.
    Stjernström, Olle
    et al.
    Umeå University.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Who owns this land?2013Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    In the Arctic region there is plenty of space for various activities. The Arctic region is increasingly interesting from many perspectives on different geographical levels. Exploitation of natural resources such as minerals, oil, gas and timber has over the last decades put Arctic region in focus since the global warming increases the accessibility to the Arctic but also due to the fact that the region is rich of unexploited natural resources. This development challenges or threatens to environment, local population and indigenous populations rights. It also challenges the governance of the Arctic region. In the Nordic countries local governance is a natural part of the political system. Local governance includes local population and local economic interest in the governance and planning of the local and regional level. The focus on the arctic regions also involves geopolitical interests (by security reason but also by trade reason and natural resources). This means that in many cases supranational geopolitical and or global resource interests coincide with local interests and environmental interest. This study is focused on how these interests on different geographical levels relates to each other on a specific location. The location is here Franz Josephs Land in the very far north Arctic. The study focuses three main interests. International tourism in the area, environmental issues, interests and legal framework in Franz Josephs Land, and the geopolitical interest of Franz Josephs land. The latter  relates both the strategic localization of the study area but also the proximity to natural resources.

  • 48.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Circumpolar Indigenous Tourism and Empowerment in a Context of Russian Arctic Territories2012Ingår i: 3rd Conference of the International Polar Tourism Research Network (IPTRN) From talk to action: How tourism is changing the Polar Regions, Nainm Nunatsiavut (Northern Labrador), Canada, 2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Russian Arctic territory is an area which significantly influences Russian socio-economic development. It is considered as an important element for the future development of the whole nation, with the hope to utilise its natural wealth discovered during the last decades. Moreover, these considerations are now placed into the context of the faith of the indigenous people inhabiting this vast territory. In contemporary society, both national and regional policies have been influenced in an effort to find alternative ways of engaging the indigenous people in the process of development. This paper aims to identify and analyse the issues influencing process of general tourism development in the Russian Arctic. This done by the re-evaluation of regional tourism planning process and existing products, as well as the marketing strategies of the eight administrative units of the territory of the Russian Arctic, including Murmansk, Arkhangelsk (Nenets Autonomous Okrug) and Tumen oblasts (Jamal-Nenets Okrug), Krasnoyarsk Krai (Taymyr Dolgano-Nenets municipal rayon), Sakha Republic, Chukotka autonomous okrug. Although these territories possess unique natural and cultural characteristics suitable for the development of unique tourism products this potential is either not utilised or only partly utilised. It is possible to identify clear losers as well as the leaders in this process. This situation is often dependent on the level of the engagement of the public organisations, as well as private companies within the natural resource extraction sector. It is an important condition for a successful implementation of the desired tourism development, as well as for the indigenous tourism product development.

  • 49.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    How to brand Tourism on the Territory of russian Arctic Regions?2012Ingår i: Bulletin of the Institute of Economics and Social Technologies, ISSN 2304-2435, Vol. 2, s. 37-42Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [ru]

    Аннотация. Развитие туристической деятельности на российской территории Арктики привлекает все больше внимания. Количество специализированных конференций, форумов, совещаний и других мероприятий, организуемых региональными и федеральными органами управления сферой туризма, а также частными лицами резко увеличилось. Однако в большинстве случаев развитие туризма имеет спонтанный характер и нуждается в планировании на длительную перспективу. Уровень сервиса, туристических продуктов и инфраструктуры туризма в большинстве периферических регионах России значиельно отличаются по сравнению с ведущими административными центрами страны, такими как Москва и Санкт-Петербург. Одной из очевидных проблем, когда речь идет о быстро развивающемся рынке туристических продуктов, является отсутствие сотрудничества между субъектами рынка. Туроператоры из соседних регионов часто находятся в состоянии PR-войны друг с другом, и это оставляет очень мало места для сотрудничества. Это означает, что объединение этих субъектов и cоздание общей стратегии брендинга могли бы улучшить и укрепить позиции периферийных регионов на национальном и на международном уровне. 

    Ключевые слова: Арктика, туризм, инфраструктура туризма.

  • 50.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Turismvetenskap. Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Industri och samhälle, Kulturgeografi.
    Maritime tourism in Russia: Current stage of development of Russian coastal tourism2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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